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Juvenile Delinquency

In: Social Issues

Submitted By ruihachiouji
Words 8056
Pages 33
2015
Richard Samante
Prof. Martinez
2015
Richard Samante
Prof. Martinez
Juvenile Delinquency in Manila
Juvenile Delinquency in Manila

CR-21
CR-21

CHAPTER I
Introduction
A. Background of the study
Delinquents is from the legislatic point of view the minors committing criminal act are not called criminals but delinquents. The persons under eighteen who commit violations of law are called delinquents. The penal codes of almost all the civilized nations make special provisions for the treatment of delinquents in law courts. There is a consensus among criminologists that delinquents should be reformed rather than punished.
Earlier, it was mentioned that, throughout most of the world, juvenile offending has been recognized for hundreds of years. It would be logical to wonder exactly how juvenile offenders in historical times were handled. For one thing, as indicated earlier, there were, however, juvenile institutions and other procedures for handling juveniles that were created in America during the 19th (Roseheim et al. 2002). Historical accounts of the development of the juvenile justice system throughout the world indicate that before separate institutions and proceedings for juveniles were established in the 19th, juveniles were often treated as if they were small adults. Even children of royal families in England, for example, were exposed to adult situations, such as sexual activity among adults, and were thought to be ready for adult roles in society if they were exposed to hardships and adult behavior as youngsters.
In America society, and this may be the case throughout the world as well, citizens and leaders were concerned for children as much as they were concerned with children, or, as Grossberg puts it, “a fear for children and a fear of children” (2002:3). This kind of tension between wanting to help juvenile offenders and wanting to punish...

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