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Kant's Transcendentalism

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Kant's transcendental idealism has the dual aspect of being difficult to interpret and widely discredited. Kant's relevancy has been on the decline since his day, largely due to a wide variety of attacks from modern analytic philosophy. One of their main targets has been Kant's distinction between appearances and things in themselves. This distinction is integral to Kant's entire transcendental idealism; their attacks risk undermining the entire critical philosophy. These attacks are largely based on the two world interpretation of Kant's philosophy. This perspective is the most common of Kant's viewpoint; appearances and things in-themselves occupy distinct metaphysical realms. Noumena exist independently of phenomena and cause some of them, …show more content…
This viewpoint will be contrasted with both the Lockean and Leibniz-Wolffian counterparts. Afterwards, there will be an introduction to the most common two worlds interpretation of Kant. This perspective will then be shown to lead to irreconcilable problems that undermine Kant's transcendental idealism. Following this, Allison's two aspect view will be introduced, alongside its relative merits. The paper will then analyze the various proposed problems with the two aspect view; it's lack of textual support, the "two aspect- one object" problem and the inability to deal with the problems of the two world view. The paper will then analyze Allison's response to these objections and view them as overall …show more content…
Primary qualities include aspects such as taste, colour, and sounds, while secondary qualities include aspects such as motion, figure and extension (Berkeley 27). Appearances under this standpoint are those representations that are valid only to a particular standpoint; things-in-themselves constitute the sensibility of all human beings (Kant 85). The Leibniz-Wolffian school held that appearances are the product of the senses while things-in-themselves can only be known through the faculty of understanding. Sensibility gives us access to the things that appear to us while understanding gives us the necessary properties and relations of things in themselves. Both of these schools contend their own distinction between appearances and things in

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