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Kenya Economic State

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nabors13
Words 1635
Pages 7
Kenya
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Term Paper 3

Introduction

The republic of Kenya is located on the equator along the east coast of Africa, with a population size of 44.86 million and a population growth rate of 2.6%. The per capita GDP for the country is around $2,818.00, but with a Gini coefficient of 47.7 the wealth of the country is not evenly dispersed, leaving many to survive on much less (Cite 3,5). Forty-two percent of the population lives in poverty and 30% of them were considered undernourished in 2014 (Cite 7). There has been in a demographic shift over the past 10 years, with the crude death rate dropping to eight and the crude birth rate slowly decreasing to 35 (Cite 6). Because the death rate is slowing faster than the crude birth rate, there will be a major change in the demographic of the country through the next few generations. The country faces many hardships that can accompany population growth, such as natural resource demand, food scarcity, poverty and malnourishment.
The population growth in Kenya has increased demand on food and has exacerbated the problems that the current food shortage has already created. We can project the percentage of growth in food demand as a function of percent change in income multiplied by the income elasticity, then add the sum to the percent change in the population for the country. With this information we can estimate the amount of food demand increase that a country will be facing. Kenya’s growth in food demand is 6.79%, which creates an increasing need for food security.
Over the past ten years, limited extensification and intensification have slightly helped to increase agricultural yields for the country. From 2002 to 2012, the crop value per hectare of land increased from $517 to $917 (using the constant of 2005 US $) (Cite 2). There has been little extensification in Kenya due to the majority of their land being arid...

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