Premium Essay

Kingston Case

In: Business and Management

Submitted By taniavsd
Words 1035
Pages 5
1) The current allocation of indirect costs may be hiding some inequality in the way the university invests in male vs. female athletes. For example, indirect costs such as salaries for support staff, the equipment usage, vehicle leases, etc, are generally consumed more by male teams such as the football, basketball and wrestling teams, as compared to the female golf, swimming, volleyball, teams. For example, another way of allocating the indirect costs could be based on the proportion of direct cost incurred by male and female athletes, because the indirect costs, except for sports conditioning and student development, don’t tend to vary with the number of athletes. If this approach were used, the proportional indirect cost for male athletes would be 70.54% of the total and 29.46% for female athletes. This would incur a total indirect cost for the male athletes equal to $5,557,492.49 and for the female athletes equal to $2,321,005.51. So, the cost per male athlete would be $39,776.22 (= 11,256,669.49 ÷ 283), and the cost per female athlete would be $24,614.09 (=4,701,290.51 ÷ 191). As we can see, this method would indicate an increase in discrepancy.

2) Current cost per male athlete = $36,760
Current cost per female athlete = $29,084

Men Women
Direct Cost 2,346,200 2,380,285
+ Indirect Cost 3,908,067.61 3,970,430.39
Total Cost 6,254,267.61 6,350,715.39
÷ #of Students 188 191
Total Cost per Athlete 33,267.38 33,249.82
This option is fairer because it brings both direct and indirect cost between male and female athletes more in line which would comply with Title IX. The problem is that the school will not want to eliminate the male football team because it is a revenue sport and given the amount of their costs, it’s probably the major team of the entire school. A possible suggestion would be to create additional female...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

My Geography Sba

...What Coastal Features are formed by waves along a section of the Palisadoes Tombolo in Kingston and Green Wall in St. Thomas, Jamaica? By Kashaun Smith School: Wolmer’s Boys School Territory: Year: 2013-2014 Table of Contents Page Title Page Number Aim of Study Location of Study Area Methodology Presentation and Analysis of Data Conclusion Bibliography Aim of Study The aim of study is to determine and describe the coastal features observed along a section of Palisadoes Tombolo and Green Wall in St. Thomas, Jamaica. Location of Study Area Methodology On Monday, May 20, 2013, the Geography Department of Wolmer’s Boys’ School organized for students to visit sections of the South East coastline of Jamaica. The locations of study were scheduled to be Palisadoes Tombolo in Kingston and Green Wall in St. Thomas. However, due to the rainy weather we only studied the features of the Palisadoes Tombolo in Kingston on the 20th of May. The materials used to carry out the observation were: notebook, pen, maps, camera, stopwatch and textbooks. At each location, the first instruction given by the teacher was to observe and take photos of the features of the area that was being studied. This helped us to understand the structure of the area and special features and processes taking place. At all the locations a stopwatch was used to time the number of waves per minute. However, the height of the waves was all estimated at the......

Words: 1036 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Spanish resistance continued for some years after the English conquest, in some cases with the help of the Jamaican Maroons, but Spain never succeeded in retaking the island. Under early English rule, Jamaica became a haven of privateers, buccaneers, and occasionally outright pirates: Christopher Myngs, Edward Mansvelt, and most famously, Henry Morgan. The English established their main coastal town at Port Royal. By 1659, two hundred houses, shops, and warehouses surrounded the fort. The town was destroyed by an earthquake in 1692, after which Kingston became the main coastal settlement. Spanish Town has the oldest cathedral of the British colonies in the Caribbean. William penn and venables failed to conqur the Spanish in Hispaniola in 1654 and came to poorly defended Jamaica . by 1656 the small group that was left started to do well in trading. They grew and traded cooa, coffee and sugar cane. Along with the English setytlers there were settlers from Wales and Scotland who came into the island as indentured labourers to help with the trading.  The first class were the white men, who owned property, or who had professions and trades. They were well-off and spent their money freely. They were not careful in their habits, and so they died at an early age, as a rule. The second class also consisted of white men; but these were almost slaves. It was the custom in those days to send to the American colonies people who inGreat Britain had been convicted of some crime. These......

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Art of Kite Flying

...the city is tough. He is taken advantage of by people before he learns to live in the big city. Before he starts the singing career he will have to settle down and get a job. But getting a normal job in the city is very difficult to find, and in his search for a job he both goes to the rich neighbor hood and the poor slum. It is very interesting to see in this movie how the city is described and divided in this movie, and it is worth noticing that even though it is the same city, he actually travels from the third world to the western life style. It is also described how the western society in Kingston can control the third world area in form the police. Though the police have total control, they are still getting bribed by the drug lords. That is a very essential indicator of Kingston being a big city in the third world. The main problem is that the drugs are being exported out of Kingston and into America, we hear about the plain that got busted by the police and had a load of drugs worth 100.000 $. Use the lyrics of the two songs in your characterization of...

Words: 1268 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

That Night

...Professor Mason | The Night Before Graduation | Descriptive essay | | Adrian | 1/29/2012 | | Midnight had struck as my friend Niki and I were walking on Apple Street. By this time the rain had been on its way, leaving the air with a warm and humid touch. A feeling of excitement entered my ears as I heard the faint of sound of music and laughter. I found myself walking at a faster pace along this dark, winding road. Not exactly sure what to expect for the night, I could only hope that it would lead to being something to remember forever. Upon arriving to the farm, I was in astonishment, almost like confusion. It seemed like everyone I had attended high school with was there. It was a sight I will never forget; it resembled a scene from a movie or a TV show. There were hundreds of kids just enjoying themselves at a crazy and wild party. As I proceeded to walk toward the voluptuous crowd of dancing and music, Niki said, “Time to get trashed”. With complete confusion, I turned to my left only to see her mixing some concoction. The smell of alcohol had always turned my stomach inside out, but for some reason on this night when she asked me if I would like some I said yes. With my first sip, I was immediately turned off. The taste was horrendously out of this world and on top of that it burned. Instantly, I gave the drink back to her along with a slew of complaints. “Ewwww Niki. That’s horrible. How on earth can you ever drink something like that?”......

Words: 1190 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


... St.Andrew, Jamaica and a section of the coast at Hector’s River, Portland, Jamaica. Methodology To gain the information needed for the project the teacher devised a trip to go observe and investigate the coastal processes at each area. Prior to going on the trip the teacher gave students an information sheet which was needed to collect needed data, such as material present on shore, direction of winds, wave characteristics, coastal processes present at location, lastly landforms present at said area, as well as, a sketch of the area. It should also be noted that cameras were taken to obtain pictures of each site to be presented in the project. On November 4th, 2015 at about 8:30 am we made the journey to Palisadoes, Tombolo in Kingston, arriving at around 9:00 am. In which spent a time approximately 20-30 minutes. During that period the teacher explained and described the various events which are taking place, thereafter the information sheet would be filled up with the information obtained from observation and the explanation from the teacher. Afterwards the journey to Hector’s River, Portland was made in which the same was done for this site and the needed data recorded. Presentation and Analysis of...

Words: 276 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Legal Issues for Managers

...liabilities of Cena, Rock, Kofi and Punk. First and foremost delivery driver Cena failed to check his trailer was properly coupled to his truck. While driving the trailer detaches, rolling down hill colliding with Rock, a motorcyclist. Due to Cena’s negligence Rock, not wearing a crash helmet suffered severe injuries and damages to his body and motorcycle. Per Lord Atkins “we owe a duty of care if it is reasonable to foresee that another person might suffer damage as a result of our act or omissions”. (Lord Atkins) Rock may state, surely Cena had a duty of care to ensure his vehicle was suited for purpose. Nevertheless, since Rock was not wearing a helmet, Cena may argue that Rock is liable for some of his injuries. Comparably under the case of Smith V Leech Brain & Co Ltd and Another [1962] All Er 1159, Smith incurs fatal injuries when molten metal burns his lips, leading to cancer and eventual death. This being said, Smith “already had a pre-malignant condition”. The defendant argued, “Smith may have contracted cancer due to his condition, regardless of the accident”. (Smith V Leech Brain, 1962) Conversely, but for the burn, Smith may have never developed cancer. According to Thin Skull Rule “a defendant is liable for the full extent of the victim's injuries even if, due to some abnormality or pre-existing condition, the victim suffers greater harm as a result of the defendant's actions than the 'ordinary’ victim would suffer.” (Finch, E and Fafinski, S, 2007)......

Words: 1158 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Principe of Business Sba

...DELICIOUS MEALS TO YOUR DOOR” DESCRIPTION Jamaican Tings is a sole trader business that will be located at 3 Knutsford Boulevard Kingston 5. John Doe is the owner of the business he works as an accountant. Jamaican Tings will be engage in the production of tasty meals and beverages to customers. It will be align with secondary and tertiary sectors of the economy. Jamaican Tings will register with the Companies Office of Jamaica as Sole Proprietor Business, the Inland Revenue Department and the other Statutory Agencies required by Law. All workers will have to be certified under the Ministry of Health and obtain a Food Handlers Permit. GOALS * To be the leading restaurant in the corporate area by 2016 * To expand the business to other major towns in Jamaica by 2017 * To provide well prepared meals and beverages to our customers at affordable prices MISSON STATEMENT To offer quality and value to our customers; providing them with meals and beverages that are affordable and of the highest quality. With our well trained and dedicated staff we aim to satisfy all our customers need. JUSTIFICATION OF LOCATION Jamaican Tings will be located at 3 Knutsford Boulevard, Kingston 5. This location is ideal for the following: * Close proximity to the New Kingston Financial Sector market; close to the Kingston Business Hotels Tourism Market; and close enough to...

Words: 2204 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Corruption and Tribalism in Jamaican Politics

...Discuss workable solutions to the scourge of corruption and political tribalism in Jamaica. Corruption is by no means an observable fact that is confined to Jamaica alone, it is, nevertheless, considered by many to be the largest single impediment to our country’s ability to attain sustained economic growth and development. According to Rose-Ackerman 2001 corruption is defined as the dishonest behaviour that violates the trust placed in a public official. The behaviour of such unlawful actions occurs in instances when government officials and employees abuse their power for financial or non-financial gain to obtain personal benefits and or political interests for their families, or their social networks. Presently, corruption is a major global concern as there is an abundant of evidence that it has the capacity to undermine democracy, rule of law, as well as to drive fragile and developing countries, like Jamaica who is ranked eighty three (83) on the list of the world most corrupted countries. According to former Contractor General Greg Christie, “corruption has slowly deteriorated the quality of life of many in our society, as it has denied mainly the lower class citizens in Jamaica access to basic things to which they are entitled, such as water, electricity, roads, health care, housing and education.” This is as a result of many government officials not equally distributed the funding garnered to the betterment of its citizens but instead selfishly used it for......

Words: 1741 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Danger of a Single Story

...she explains that a single story is one story we hear over and over again about a person or a place and interact with that person or place through the lens of that one story. She argues that, “The single story creates stereotypes and the problem with stereotypes is not that they are untrue but that they are incomplete. They make one story become the only story”. A single story is dangerous for two reasons: it flattens our experience with another person and it can negatively affect the identity of a human being. When we engage with another person through the lens of a single story, we lose the opportunity of experiencing the depth of a person because we are simply not made up of one story, but of many stories. Similarly, and in some cases much worse, a single story can negatively shape the identity of a person when the single story we believe is not about another, but about our self. A single story is dangerous only when it is left unchallenged. When we challenge a single story we’ve been told, we gain the power to positively change the direction of another person’s life or of our own.   1     Rodriguez  2   In the book, Tattoos of the Heart by Father Gregory Boyle, he shows the significance of seeing people as equal. He shares in a vignette from his book, an experience...

Words: 2048 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Beverley Westwood 25 Lander Street, Hull HU5 9WW Tel: 01482 333333 Mobile: 07788 564354 E-mail: Linked In :Beverley Westwood Profile A high-achieving linguist who has proven communication skills and is highly adaptable, and has a high level of commercial awareness Education and Qualifications 2010 - 2014 BA Honours French University of Hull (2:1 expected) Developed excellent written communication skills by writing a 15,000 word report on ‘The French Revolution.’ Used presentation skills to give a talk to my year-group on France at War. My year in France working as a Language Assistant in a French school has developed my self-confidence and time-management skills, as well as giving me an insight into French life and culture. 2008 – 2010 Rotherham Sixth Form College A Levels in French (A), German (B), Geography (D) and General Studies (C) 2005- 2008 Allington Secondary School GCSEs in English Language, Maths, French, German, History, Geography and Biology Work Experience Sep 2013- date IPSOS UK, Hull Market Research Interviewer Conduct telephone interviews with members of the public about a range of consumer products for a major market research company. Call recipients are often reluctant to give information, so good influencing skills are necessary to encourage people to answer questions. An example is when a call recipient informed me that they could not answer my questions, as......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Maxine Kingston

...Maxine Hong Kingston is an acclaimed author of several Books. She is a remarkable writer who showed the American world more than just the stereotypical view of the mystical and a magical China. Reflecting her history through her works has made her a famous feminist writer. Her passion for writing began at the age of nine and won her first award in a journalism contest at the University of California, Berkley at the age of 16. Background History : Maxine Hong Kingston born in October 27, 1940. She was the oldest third of 8 children Her parents migrated from China. Her first language was Say Yup, a Cantonese dialect. She grew up surrounded by immigrants from her father’s Village. Since an early age storytelling was part of her everyday life and later had a great impact of her writing. Education Maxine Hong Kingston was a very dedicated and bright student. She won eleven scholarships which allowed her to attend at the University of California at Berkeley . She initially started as a engineering major but eventually switched to English Major. While attending College she meet her husband, an aspiring actor and they moved to Hawaii where they taught for ten years. In this book uses her experiences while growing up and combines them or mixes them together stories that her mother use to tell her in which incorporates Chinese culture, history, believes and myths. The Woman Warrior In 1976 while teaching creative writing at Mid-Pacific institute, Maxine Hong Kingston......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Societal Norms vs. Change

...anthropologist and the author of The Anthropological Looking Glass, communities, such as small villages from Ireland like Ballybran, need to accept change to be able to learn the more modern ways of looking at situations. Scheper-Hughes critiques the Irish villager’s ways of living and, whether or not she actually noticed, compares this village to American way of living. Villages such as Ballybran may have a different way of living, but this does not necessarily mean it should be looked at as uncivilized or the wrong way, though change may have been a wise choice for the villagers, which Scheper-Hughes was trying to imply. Furthermore, Maxine Hong Kingston, the author of No Name Woman, emphasizes on the risks and effects of change when born into such a strict community such as a woman born into Chinese customs and their role within the family. Kingston provides background on the costs and benefits of change and whether change is ever worth it or paid off in the end. The big issue here, is whether or not the costs of changing societal norms is worth the changes of outlooks, attitudes and more that come along with it. Changing community traditions can never be such a bad idea, everyone and everything...

Words: 1891 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Tongue Tied Response

...and tune out. When I am asked to answer a question or share my opinion I often become anxiety ridden and blank on whatever it is I would normally say. I think that I can attribute this partially to my high level of affect felt in class. I feel the need to perform well, and when I cannot do this I become nervous and/or frustrated. What I found surprising and heart breaking all at the same time was the level of shame that some of the authors speak of. As a child, or even adult, who moves into a new country and is expected to speak the native language, I think the hardest thing to deal with would be acceptance. When you don’t receive this acceptance you start to feel doubtful of yourself and are often encompassed by shame. Maxine Hong Kingston, author of From the Woman Warrior, explains this feeling quite well. “’A dumbness—a shame—still cracks my voice in two, even when I want to say “hello” casually, or ask an easy question in front of the check-out counter, or ask...

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...With these developments, it is obvious that conflicts between parties of different nationalities occur and liability to tax on income of foreigners especially among those engaging in trading venture. Whilst the laws affecting domicile and residence may be sufficiently settled, it is paramount for courts to pursue a detailed analysis to ascertain specific preliminary issues so as to avoid controversial rulings. Courts often handle numerous financial cases that involve what can be best described as foreign or international elements. In such cases, court must decide whether it has the jurisdiction under the Family Law Act 1975 to make a decision on such cases. In the event that it is determined that the court is invested with the jurisdiction to determine the case, the court has to consider whether there is a system of law in foreign country that also has the jurisdiction to handle the case. As it was addressed in the case Attorney General of New Zealand v Ortiz [1984] AC 1, these benefits and costs to either party if the case resolution is made in foreign country as compared with the apparent country should also be a subject of concern. [1] Legal systems in most countries around the world adopt community property regime, which takes effect at the inception of marriage or at the time of divorce. For instance, California and Massachusetts in the United States have adopted community property regimes that support equal division of assets upon divorce. However, this......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Adapted from Bernhardt & Kinnear (1988). Cases in marketing management, pp. 6-16. Plano, TX: Business Publications, Inc. Pay careful attention to the following points. They are often used by instructors to evaluate either a written or oral analysis. 1. Be complete. Each area of the situation analysis must be discussed, problems and opportunities identified, alternative presented and evaluated using the situation analysis and relevant financial analysis, and a decision must be made. An analysis that omits part of the situation analysis or only recognizes one alternative is not a good analysis. Second, each area must be covered in-depth and within insight. 2. Avoid rehashing case facts. Every case has a lot of factual information. A good analysis uses facts that are relevant to the situation at hand to make summary points of analysis. A poor analysis just restates or rehashes theses facts without making relevant summary comments. 3. Make reasonable assumptions. Every case is incomplete in terms of some piece of information that you would like to have. A good case analysis must make realistic assumptions to fill in the gaps of information in the case. For example, the case may not describe the purchase decision process for the product of interest. A poor analysis would either omit mentioning this or just state that no information is available. A good analysis would attempt to present this purchase decision process by classifying the product and drawing upon real......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2