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La Picaresca

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La picaresca

La picaresca es un género de ficción pero muy distinto por sus características que está originado en la época del silgo XVI de España. Se surgió y floreció entre el Renacimiento y el Barroco, durante el siglo de Oro. Una obra literaria que es conocido por su estilo y género picaresco, es la novela, Lazarillo de Tormes, que fue escrito por un autor anónimo. También, hay una película del genero picaresco que se llama, Carmina o revienta, que fue filmado en 2012 en España. Está filmado por un director que se llama, Paco León, que es el hijo de la protagonista, Carmina, y el hermano de la otra protagonista, María. Aunque la novela y la película tienen argumentos muy distintos, hay aspectos muy similares que muestran las características de la picaresca. La novela y la película tienen argumentos muy distintos pero se relacionan en sentido que los argumentos no van a ninguna parte. La película se trata sobre una mujer que se llama, Carmina que vive en Sevilla, España. Ella tiene un negocio donde vende productos ibéricos pero se los roban varias veces. Carmina con su hija, María, inventan diferentes maneras de recoger el dinero que le han robado para apoyar la familia que consiste de Carmina, su marido, Antonio que es un aficionado del alcohol, su hija, María y su hija, Marina que tiene cuatro años. Aunque hay muchas detalles en la película, no hay un argumento muy claro ni organizado. La novela, también no está escrito por una cronología, pero se salta de un tratado al otro. Hay muchas características que se puede definir en la picaresca en la película y la novela. En los ambos, se pueden ver que hay mucho humor y las protagonistas son de la clase baja social, quienes viven con sus ingenios y humor en una sociedad corrupta. Las dos están narrado en primera persona y es autobiográfico. Las protagonistas no tienen dirección de la vida y están aferrando por el hilo de la vida. Ambas historias se cuentan en el lenguaje del realismo. En términos de temas, se menciona mucho sobre el hambre y la sociedad corrupta en ambas historias. La película muestra mucho a Carmina en su cocina contando sobre su vida-- reflejando sobre el día, su trabajo, su marido, su peso y gordura, y comenta sobre la muerte y la vida. En la novela, se habla mucho sobre el hambre de Lázaro y las niveles de la clase en la sociedad.
Finalmente, una característica que la novela y la película ambos comparten, es la sátira. Aunque la sátira se entiende generalmente es para ser divertido, el mayor propósito es usualmente la critica social constructiva, utilizando el ingenio como arma y como una herramienta para llamar la atención tanto a particulares y cuestiones mas amplias de la sociedad. Los ambos se la muestra muy bien y muy clara la sátira. En conclusión, hay muchas características que se puede comparar en la película y novela en términos del género picaresca como se muestran el realismo, los protagonistas vienen de la clase baja, muestra el tema sobre el hambre, y hay mucho humor y sátira. La novela, Lazarillo de Tormes, y Carmina o revienta son muy buen ejemplos del género picaresco.

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