Premium Essay

Lagos Inequalities

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Narch
Words 5374
Pages 22
Lagos: the survival of the determined

Lagos is a city where near anarchy prevails rather than government. Lagosins respond to the chaos by relying on their own ingenuity to get by
It’s rush-hour near the stadium in Lagos where Nigeria has just lost a football match. Streams of young men run through the street to let off steam as crowds dive into the tangle of battered yellow minibuses. A dozen passengers pack into one bus, and the driver grinds into gear, lurching at full throttle to gain a six-inch lead over his competitor. The side-view mirror has to be pulled in for the bus to squeeze through. Girls balancing bags of water on their heads edge their way through the traffic to vend their wares. Toilet brushes, cutting shears, smoked fish, hankies, inflatable globes and even a steering wheel are sold by boys as the coil of traffic becomes ever more ensnared. But the action never stops for a moment. That’s Lagos—a city that moves, miraculously, against the odds. A mighty magnet It’s difficult to find the centre, let alone the logic, of this city reputed to be the most dangerous in Africa. Three bridges connect about 3,500 square kilometres of lagoon, islands, swamp and the mainland, where unlit highways run past canyons of smouldering garbage before giving way to dirt streets weaving through 200 slums, their sewers running with raw waste. So much of the city is a mystery. No one even knows for sure the size of the population—officially it’s 6 million, but most experts estimate it at 10 million (see box)—let alone the number of murders each year, the rate of HIV infection or the quantities of drugs that pass through the port of Apapa. Corruption is endemic at all levels. A bus driver doesn’t even slow down to slip a few bills into a policeman’s open palm to avoid being pulled over. The rich barricade themselves on two fortress islands, removed from the mainland,...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Importance of Icts in Aviation Industry.

...Grape: Nice snack, rich drink for your health * Written by  Blessing Ekum * Saturday, 08 February 2014 01:00 * font size * Print * Email * DISQUS_COMMENTS_COUNT:0 Comments Rate this item * * 1 * 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 (1 Vote) раскрутка сайтов Aside being a convenient snack, grapes are also excellent source of several different  nutrients that help keep you healthy. They can even prevent and help treat certain diseases says a research reported by Medical News Today. What are the health benefits of grapes? Red grapes, green grapes, purple grapes, seedless grapes, grape jelly, grape jam, grape juice... the ways to consume grapes are endless! And don’t forget wine and raisins! This popular fruit’s history goes back as far as 8,000 years, when grape vines were first cultivated in what is now the Middle East. It may surprise you to hear that  grape is actually considered to be a berry. Seventy-two million tons of these berries are grown each year worldwide, with most of them being used to produce wine—7.2 trillion gallons of wine per year, to be exact. The portability, texture, flavour and variety of grapes have made them a popular finger food in countries all over the world. The potential health benefits of consuming grapes are numerous, with past studies associating them with prevention of cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure and constipation. A selection of grapes One cup of red or green grapes contains 104......

Words: 4400 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Bonded Warehouse

...1.0 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF STUDY The hallmark of the globalization process in the world today is to create a trend of unit business that stands separate but complement the attempt at establishing an integrated network of services for the greater benefit of the people. It was explained that the activities of agencies and agents attached to the clearance of cargo from the ports has in recent times altered this process creating all sorts of bottlenecks. This has caused a negative set up to the roles of the ports from the traditional transit point of cargo to that of warehousing facilities (Ajala, 2001). The global maritime industry is inclined on the movement of cargo from one port to another. He said that the bulk of world trade owes its success to the efficiency or otherwise of the maritime industry which is arguably the most ancient yet effective means of trade (Autry, 2001). In this global trade, the ports play the most significant roles as the point of entry for cargoes. It will therefore be appropriate to describe the ports as the center point of world trade (Awoletu, 2000) Nigerian seaports are perhaps one of the very few in the world that are majorly service ports. The port industry has over the year been responsible for over 90% of the physical carriage of Nigeria's external trade (Badejo, 2002). The importance of this mode of transportation derives not only from its fundamental overriding economics and untapped marketing, but also from the lack of a more......

Words: 1890 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Eassy

...limited. But subsequently the Dangote group of company was incorporated in 1980s into the company and allied matters act. by ALhaji Alake dangote, who is currently the chairman and CEO of the company. when the company was formed, It only focused on cement manufacturing, but with time diversified into many other manufacturing services. “DANGOTE cement Emerges Nigeria Biggest Quoted Company.” By okey Nwankwo. The e-newsletter of the Dangote group.( 2011)Today Dangote group of company has grown to be one of the biggest companies in Africa, because it has its branch almost in all Africa countries, the company grew because of its excellent and quality of its goods and services to its customers. the company has it’s headquarter located in Lagos Nigeria. Dangote is a graduate of business studies from the Al Zahra University Cairo Egypt. Aliko ventured into business in 1977, when the only thing he could produce then was sugar, rice, and cement. But with time and determination he ventured into other business services like salt, noodles, water, telecom, oil and gas, and so many other businesses as well. (DANGOTE,2011)....

Words: 1321 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Saving Mr Ugwu

... The story takes place in Nigeria which is a country in Africa. The capital of Nigeria is Lagos and the Ugwu family lived there, but they moved to a more uncivilized part of Nigeria the bush because Mr Ugwu got a job there. Mr Ugwu is native though he identifies himself with Western men. He comes from the civilized part of Nigeria. He is well educated. He went to the British school in Lagos and travelled to London after his graduation and stayed there for a year and he is an accountant and it pays well. He accepts the new job even though his wife does not want him to take is “You are not a bushman, she said” but Mr. Ugwu feels he need to accept the job because he feels he has a responsibility towards the company because it is good to him and his family “When the company tells him to go somewhere, he is not in a position to argue”. He likes mentioning he has expensive things like his spacious Lagos bungalow and his crisped white European cotton shirt which emphasizes he is a civilized man. He also has a condescending attitude towards other natives” He is resented, oh not by the Baturi!... He gets on well with Europeans…. No, he sighs, it is the Hausa who resent him” even though he is native himself. The lack of thought and focus on materialism and him being a civilized man make him appear superficial. Mrs Ugwu represents the urbanized native bourgeoisie. She did not want to leave Lagos and she does not like the new place. She thinks people who live in that area is Bushmen......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Entreprenuers

...TARA FELA-DUROTOYE NIGERIAN MAKE UP ARTIST AND CEO OF HOUSE OF TARA Tara Fela-Durotoye is a Nigerian makeup artist, an entrepreneur and a lawyer. Born 6th March 1977 in Lagos Nigeria, she was raised in Lagos and had her primary and secondary education there and later graduated with a degree in law from the Lagos State University Nigeria where she started her make up business and shortly after she proceeded to London to become a well trained and certified professional makeup artist of Charles Fox, Convent Garden. Afterwards she returned to Nigeria and decided to launch her own bridal make up business in 1998, in 2000 she facilitated thefirst ever series of bridal seminars bringing together well known professionals in the makeup industry to speak to brides. Today, Tara Fela-Durotoye is the managing director and creative director of House of Tara International , a Nigerian based make up company. The organisation has over the years grown into a successful franchise enterprise of three major lines of business. First, the Make Up studio where women can seek advice from professionals on best suitable make up products and methods of application. The second is the Make Up school where aspiring makeup artist can be trained on the art and gain basic knowledge of professional makeup. Lastly, is the Tara product line comprising of beauty products and professional make up kits such as make up brushes and purses and a wider range of makeup products like lipstick, lip gloss,......

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Nation - Our Anthem

...THE NATION – OUR ANTHEM A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. – Wikipedia The Nigerian National Anthem as a musical composition that evokes to mind the history, achievement and responsibility of every single entity residing within the geographical terrain of the Nation. Arise, O compatriots. “Arise” means to emerge; become apparent. Simply put, the time has come. It is now! A “Compatriot” is a native or inhabitant (a person that is a permanent resident of a place) of one's own country. Nigeria, has since 1978, been calling you, her compatriots, to rise to the occasion of becoming apparent to a certain responsibility. Nigeria's call obey. There is a summon by the nation wherein you inhabit. It is expedient for you to note that being called by your country of residence is a privilege and never a right. To serve our Fatherland. The call is very simple – to be useful in the land of your ancestors. Service to the land of your origin can never be wrong. We live in a land where the destination is to become a Nation (a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly its own), but unfortunately those who have been given the mandate to serve are being served,......

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Lagos, Nigeria

...History Main article: History of Lagos Lagos was a war camp for members of the Benin Empire, who referred to it as Eko.[5][6] The Yoruba still use the name Eko to refer to Lagos. Lagos, which means "lakes", was a name given to the settlement by the Portuguese. The present day Lagos state has a high percentage of Awori, who migrated to the area from Isheri along the Ogun river. Throughout history, it was home to a number of warring ethnic groups who had settled in the area. During its early settlement, it also saw periods of rule by the Benin Kingdom.[9] Portuguese explorer Rui de Sequeira visited the area in 1472, naming the area around the city Lago de Curamo; indeed the present name is Portuguese for "lakes". Another explanation is that Lagos was named for Lagos, Portugal - a maritime town which, at the time, was the main centre of Portuguese expeditions down the African coast, and whose own name is derived from the Latin word Lacobriga. Lagos was formally annexed as the British Lagos Colony in 1861. This had the dual effect of crushing the slave trade and establishing British control over palm and other trades.[10] The remainder of modern-day Nigeria was seized in 1887, and when the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria was established in 1914, Lagos was declared its capital, continuing as such after the country's independence from Britain in 1960. Along with migrants from all over Nigeria and other West African nations were the returnee ex-slaves known as Creoles, who......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

International Human Resource Management

...Introduction International human resources management (IHRM) may be defined as the total knowledge, skills, innovative abilities, and aptitudes of an organization's workforce, as well as the attitudes, values, and beliefs of the individuals involved in the affairs of the organization. It is the heart and soul of business’s or organization’s success. According to Think+Up, “Human resource management is a business function focusing on the staffing needs and responsibilities of a company. Because employees are often the largest business asset in a company, companies may spend copious amounts of time and effort evaluating their human resource management systems”. In today’s organizations, to guarantee their viability and ability to contribute, IHRM managers need to think of themselves as strategic partners. In this role, the IHRM person contributes to the development of and the accomplishment of the organization’s business plan and objectives. The IHRM business objectives are established to support the attainment of the overall strategic business plan and objectives. The tactical IHRM representative is deeply knowledgeable about the design of work systems in which people succeed and contribute. This strategic partnership impacts IHRM services such as the design of work positions hiring, reward, recognition and strategic pay, performance development, appraisal systems, career and succession planning, and employee development (Heathfield, n.d.). The globalization of human......

Words: 4261 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Education

...to conduct site built.Ability to carry out project Management.Occupational safety and health in theory and practicesStructural analysis calculation for reinforced concrete design in accordance to BS 8110.Excellent Oral and written communication skills Self motivated and target oriented Good interpersonal skills with ability to work effectively as a teamAble to accept responsibility and work with minimum supervision Ability to work under pressure and being a team leader. * Computer SkillsAbility to work with Microsoft Office applications (Word, Excel, Power point proficiently)Ability to work with AUTOCAD 2D and 3D, with five years experience in the use of AUTOCAD. * Trainings Huawei Technologies co limited Idejo Street Victoria Island Lagos State (2011)3 days Training on Turnkey Site Construction Huawei Technologies co limited Kano State...

Words: 765 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Nigerian Culture

...Working in Nigeria has been a popular choice for expats ever since the large oil reserves were tapped. But for the locals, doing business in Nigeria may be connected with informal employment and corruption. Read on for a brief overview on working in Nigeria, from employment sectors to business etiquette. Nigeria will be a very different place than home to most expats who start working there. While there are many different rules of conduct among the diverse cultures of the nation, business etiquette tends to be the same wherever you might go in Nigeria. We have compiled some useful info below; keep it in mind to make your first impression a good one! First Steps Establishing a personal relationship with your colleagues and superiors is common in Nigeria. You can expect the first two hours to be spent on getting to know your business contacts. Family and health matters are very important in Nigeria, and they will inevitably be brought up. Please don’t try to rush through this process or impose your own agenda at these initial meetings. For things to go smoothly afterwards, it is important to be pleasant and agreeable. The matter of addressing people might be hard to get used to for expats from “first-name office cultures”. You should always wait until you are invited to use someone’s first name. Until then, Nigerians prefer the use of Mr./Mrs./Ms. and surname. Titles are of utmost importance, too. Many Nigerians will insist on being addressed with full titles at all times...

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Impact of School Quality and Socio-Economic Variables on Students Performance

...UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS NIGERIA INTERNAL & EXTERNAL ADVERTISEMENT Applications are invited from suitably qualified candidates into the following positions: A. Medical Centre 1. Chief Medical Officer 2. Deputy Chief Medical Officer 3. Medical Laboratory Scientist 1 4. Assistant Medical Laboratory Technician B. Geography Department 1. Technologist II C. Works and Physical Planning Department 1. Builder II 2. Engineer II (Civil) 3. Quantity Surveyor II 4. Architect II D. Radio Unilag 1. Station Manager 2. Deputy Chief News Editor 3. Principal News Editor 4. Senior News Editor 5. Senior Production Officer 6. Studio Manager II 7. Senior Broadcast Engineer QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE A. Medical Centre 1. Chief Medical Officer (CONMESS 7): Prospective candidates should possess M.B.B.S., BDS or equivalent plus NYSC Discharge Certificate or Evidence of Exemption. SSCE/NECO/WASC/GCE O/L credits in 5 subjects including English and Mathematics is compulsory. He/she must have at least 18 years relevant post qualification experience. Higher degree in relevant health discipline is mandatory OR Fellowship of Medical Post Graduate College or equivalent. In addition, candidate must be duly registered with the Medical & Dental Council of Nigeria. 2. Deputy Chief Medical Officer (CONMESS 6): Prospective candidates should possess M.B.B.S., BDS or equivalent plus NYSC Discharge Certificate or Evidence of......

Words: 1728 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Konga

...Story of Konga.com,Written by African Business Magazine- Its founder, Sim Shagaya, a former soldier, followed it up with DealDey, a daily deal site that follows in the footsteps of Groupon. Shagaya is not finished yet. In March, he told the Economist Nigeria Summit that the next step was to create a platform for Nigerian businesses to streamline their sales process and join the e-commerce revolution – a Nigerian eBay. Shagaya’s journey is a demonstration of the promise and the direction of Nigeria’s technology industry. The country’s economic rebasing in 2014 demonstrated how far the technology industry has come. Driven by the rise of ICT and telecoms, the new baseline for the economy showed that the service sector was 240% larger than under the previous estimates. The sheer numbers are incredible: Penetration of cellphones in Nigeria is 68% and around a quarter of Nigerians have a smartphone. There are nearly 130 million active mobile connections in the country, up from less than 90 million in 2010 and only a handful at the start of the millennium. With a growing, urbanising population of nearly 170 million people and GDP growth predicted at more than 6.5% per annum for the next four years, the potential commercial opportunity is huge, particularly considering the current gaps in the market. Internet penetration is only around 33%, and just 9.1% of households have internet access directly. Despite the huge appetite for technology, the price of bandwidth is yet to......

Words: 666 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Electronic Conflict

...Electronic Conflict (1) ---Original message--- From: Victoria Bashorun Sent: 28 February 2006 10:49 To: All Users Cc: Management Subject: Physical Violence and quarrelling on company premises This message is specifically for all Adonis Staff. Our attention has been drawn to series of quarrels and fighting on company premises. Please refer to page 8, item 3, A - M of the company’s terms and conditions of service. This is a breach of our service conditions and subject to summary dismissal. Henceforth Management will not condone this ugly incident in the company’s premises any more. You are please requested to comport yourselves in an orderly and official manner so as to avoid summary dismissal for fighting, quarrelling, shouting at the top of your voice, physical violence towards another staff member, insubordination, destruction of company property etc. Be warned! Victoria Bashorun HR Manager. Reactions From: Chiemeka Chigozie Sent: 28 February, 2006 4:28 PM To: Victoria Bashorun Cc: All Users; Management Subject: RE: Physical Violence and quarrelling on company premises. Madam, Yours below refers. It will be interesting to know from your department if there is a double standard in handling issues like this in Adonis? Or are there some people those...

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Resume

...BELEMA SOPHIE DYEGH 8294 Bobolink Avenue, Cincinnati Ohio. 45231. bellachidera@yahoo.com, phone-15132932947 OBJECTIVE: TO BE AN EXCEPTIONAL PROFESSIONAL STRENGTH A good team player and very receptive to different views and opinion. Ability to work under pressure. Competent and driven by desire to accomplish set tasks. Ability to exercise good and positive judgment. Ability to generate positive ideas in handling critical tasks. A confident personality blended with a strong work ethic. Quick to assimilate and adapt with a cheerful nature. Ability to Influence peers and others. WORK EXPERIENCE PNC BANK 072012-DATE 11984 Montgomery Road Cincinnati, OH. 45249 Branch Financial Sales Consultant (BFSC) As a Financial Specialist for PNC, I have a unique opportunity to demonstrate our Brand Promise by making it easy for customers to achieve their financial goals with confidence, I do this by leveraging all PNC Lines of Businesses, including PNC Investments. I guide customers to the channel(s) best suited for them, deepen the overall relationships, and grow revenue by increasing share of wallet with targeted customers. I am a key resource to enable Financial Advisors to focus on customers with greater wealth and investment needs. I support a branch within the region, and I am a sales leader for PNC. In this pivotal role, I am a “Financial Concierge”, and I focus on providing a best in class client experience. I establish and develop strong......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Student

...Library Philosophy and Practice 2011 ISSN 1522-0222 Poor Reading Habits Among Nigerians: The Role of Libraries A.J. Aina Systems Librarian E-Library unit J.I. Ogungbeni Systems Librarian E-Library unit J.A. Adigun Ag. HOD Technical Services Department Fatiu Ademola Akesode Library Lagos State University (LASU) Ojo, Lagos Nigeria T.C. Ogundipe Librarian 1 The Nigerian French Language Village Badagry, Lagos State, Nigeria Introduction Comprehension is at the centre of reading. Collins and Cheek (1999) describe reading as a process that requires the use of complex thought processes to interpret printed symbols as meaningful units and comprehend them as a thought unit in order to understand a printed message. According to Rubin (2002), reading is a total integrative process that starts with the reader and includes the affective, perceptual, and cognitive domains.  Okebukola (2004) affirms that, through reading, humans have the tools to transmit knowledge to each succeeding generation; it  allows one to listen to the wisdom and people of the ages. This is emphasized by many different religious traditions. The Apostle Paul admonished Timothy “study to show yourself approved unto God (11 timothy 2:15). Islam holds acquisition of knowledge (literacy, reading, etc.) in high esteem. The holy Qur’an reveals that the first communication (injunction) between Allah and Prophet Muhammad was knowledge-based, - Iqraa, meaning “read” or “recite” (Qur’an 96: 1-5).  Douglas (2000) asserts that......

Words: 4016 - Pages: 17