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Langley Lect. Notes

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By corinfox
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Todays psychologists identify themselces acording toPerspective they emphasizeSpecialty area which they practive/trained in--Obv. Bias in psyc

BIO APPROACH
Primarily concerned with neuroscience (spinal column & brain)/(peripheral syst., extended nerv. System [neurons, neurochemistry, neurotransmitters) Biological perspec. Can look @ concepts but can break them down to smaller parts –throwback to structuralism Modulate behavior w/ drugs (chemistry). Increase, decrease missing neurotransmittersMRI, CAT, etc –observe changes in the brain, associate patterns w/ specific mental functionsPsychodynamic based on Freud. Unconscious processes and early exp.Behavioralism, how behavior is acquired and modified through exp. And enviroMental health proffs. May emphasize the behavioral perspect. In explaining & treating psycho disordersBehavioralism particuarlly effective against phobias. Present spider to subj. paired w/ positive stim.Eventually, see spider and cognate the positive stim. Humanistic, Maslow & RogersPersonal growth, interpersonal relationships, mental health field emphasisCROSS CULTURAL PERSP.Emerged in 1980sEmphasizes diversity of behavior across cultures and the fact that many earlier findings were not universalSocial loafing (given example) – 1 slacker will make all slackIMPORTANT CULTURAL TERMSEthnocentrism- Belief that one's own culture or ethnic group is superior to all others (DEFAULT)Individualistic Cultures- Emphasize the needs & goals of individals vs. group (USA)Collectivistic culture-Needs and goals of group over individual (Mexico, Japan)Culture refers to the attitude, values, beliefs, and behaviors shared by a group of people AND **communicated from one generation to another.EVOLUTIONARY PERSPEC.Applies princip. Of exolution to explain psychological processesMost adaptive characteristics are perpetuated through natural…...

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