Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By tbonjr04
Words 1475
Pages 6
Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper
Yvonne Harris
PSY/375
Matthew Warren
21 November 2011

Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper
As one progresses through the many stages of life and eventually die, there are easily identifiable periods of growth; yet the older one gets the more indiscernible relative changes become. This paper will discuss late adulthood and death, placing emphasis on the following: how individuals can promote health and wellness into late adulthood and mitigate the negative effects of aging, an analysis of ageism and stereotypes associated with late adulthood, an exploration of different views of death and dying at different points in human development, and an examination of the attitudes of various cultures towards death and dying.
Getting older does not have to mean that one gets sicker. Of course as we age our reflexes slow and the passage of time may appear more noticeably on one’s face. Yes we do get older, all of us; it is called senescence. Senescence is the process of aging and all humans go through it. But as previously stated one does not need to get sicker just because they get older. Some of the ways to promote wellness in an older adult include but are not limited to the following: exercise and dieting, eliminating unhealthy habits such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and establishing healthy personal relationships.
Older adults should be proactive in the pursuit of health and wellness, according to K.S. Berger (2008) some of the health factors that accompany aging are heart disease, diabetes and dementia. All of these health factors can be anticipated and to some point, prevented. As the body ages it is more susceptible to disease and preventive measures need to be taken so that one does not exacerbate this “naturally” occurring phenomenon; an older…...

Similar Documents

Late Adulthood and the End of Life

...Late Adulthood and the End of Life Marcia Fortson PSY 375 May 29, 2012 Judith Sugg, Ph.D. Late Adulthood and the End of Life Senescence is part of the aging process starting from adolescence. People go through various aging periods in life that will eventually lead to the late adulthood stage or old age. This is a natural stage where a person will reminisce and reflect on the various struggles they went through and accomplishments they made. The late adulthood stage is a period where reflection on the choices that were made within one’s life while growing up, whether they were good or bad, happy or sad are remembered. The different views and issues that a person will experience within the late adulthood stage will be discussed below. How Can Individuals Promote Health and Wellness into Late Adulthood and Mitigate the Negative Effects of Aging? To promote health and wellness within the late adulthood stage a person needs to get the proper rest because sleep is important for the brain and body to function properly. A senior will us selective optimization with compensation when and if they are capable of driving themselves places. It is important for seniors to take care of their nutrition and stay at a healthy stable weight. In this stage of life, fewer calories are needed but it is important for them to eat a variety of fresh fruits, vegetables including complex carbohydrates like grains and cereals (Berger, 2008). To help seniors maintain an active memory...

Words: 1063 - Pages: 5

Late Adulthood

...Late Adulthood Late adulthood is an age that I have not yet reached so in writing this paper I was a bit intimidated because I am not all that knowledgeable on this age group. I do, however, have a lot of respect for this age group because they have been through so much already in their lives and because of this I think that much can be learned from them. These are people such as my grandparents, whom I look up to vastly. Their wisdom is vast and I have learned many things from them. For this interview, I spoke with my Grandmother, Karen. She is 71 years of age. Her health is very good; in fact I forget that she is even 71 years. I would guess her to be early sixty’s. She is very active and has no trouble doing daily activities. During the summer she has a large garden she takes care of herself and she also mows her lawn on her own. All of her senses are still in great condition. She says she does not notice any difference in hearing, smell, or taste. She does wear glasses, but has her entire life. The decline in vision and hearing is greatest in individuals aged 75 years and older (Santrock 343). So, with her exceptional health, she may be good for a while. Her circulatory seems to be in good condition. She has good blood pressure and is at a healthy weight. She smoked for a large portion of her life, but she quit about ten years ago. Her lungs seem to still be pretty strong due to her exercise and high activity. She has no problems with arthritis...

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Late Adulthood Development

...LATE ADULTHOOD DEVELOPMENT Late adulthood is generally considered to begin at about age 65. Erik Erikson suggests that at this time it is important to find meaning and satisfaction in life rather than to become bitter and disillusioned, that is, to resolve the conflict of integrity vs. despair. It has been estimated that by the year 2030, Americans over 65 will make up 20% of the population. The disengagement theory states that as people age, their withdrawal from society is normal and desirable as it relieves them of responsibilities and roles that have become difficult. I have choses my friend’s grandmother Jean Traxler. She was born and brought up in Midwest. She is seventy-six years of age and she is in moderately in good physical and emotional condition. Jean is still very independent; she lives by herself and refuses to move into a senior living facility. She was married twice and has four children. Jean’s first husband dies in a car crash and her second husband died due to old age. Jean’s second husband passed away six years ago and she had been single ever since. Jean has 4 children, who range ages from 44 to 55 years of age. She has three female and one male child. Also, Jean has 15 grandchildren and three great grandchildren. Jean is actively involved in all her grandchildren’s upbringing and life. Based on my observations of Jean, I think she identifies with all five dimensions of grand parenting. Over the course of last ten years Jean has grown...

Words: 862 - Pages: 4

Late Adulthood

...Late Adulthood and Death Vee Dubb PSY/280 September 8, 2012 Jones Adam Late Adulthood and Death Most people agreed upon that “whatever has a beginning must come to a halt or reaches climax eventually”. The race of one’s life begins at conception in the womb and ends with death. This stage of life is a period of reminiscing, socializing with friends, family especially grandchildren, and maintain a sustainable health as one journey’s to dying. Meanwhile, human growth and development study made us understand that the race of one’s life is in stages from the point of conception to an infant, to a childhood stage, to an adolescent stage, to an adulthood stage, to an elderly, and finally to end of life and the study as well made us understand the extensive changes throughout lifespan; Consequently, it is known the reason why most toddlers says “No”, and why many adolescent pay attention to their body without criticizing any stage of these lifespan stages. The same concept is applicable to elders or late adulthood people and having a discriminatory ideology towards a person because of his/her age or people of late adulthood stage would be considered uncivilized or uneducated act or a novice to the study of human growth and development. Late adulthood can be a challenge because of the signs of aging from middle adult continues and increased as one aged. Late adulthood individual may face with significant changes including brittle bones, hearing impaired, visual...

Words: 1548 - Pages: 7

Late Adulthood and Death Paper

...Running Head: LATE ADULTHOOD & DEATH Late Adulthood and Death Paper Late Adulthood and Death The final years of an individual's lifespan mark the time for reflection of one's life while also spending time with family, including grandchildren, and maintaining physical and mental health throughout the entire stage of late adulthood. Quality of life in late adulthood is determined by genetics, the modification of destructive lifestyles and behaviors, and selecting healthier options not only throughout the earlier stages of development but especially in this stage for improvements to health and having an overall sense of well-being (Berger, 2008). Remaining socially active and independent for as long as possible instead of succumbing to isolating is key during this stage of adulthood (Berger, 2008). The more adults in this stage of aging that live socially active, healthy, and physically active lives while maintaining important family roles the more individuals will be refraining from the negative and stereotypical thoughts of ageism which will assist in their premature decline. High quality medical care assisted by technology can provide aging adults comfort knowing they are helping to protect and safeguard younger generations as science learns from the older generations. Ageism and Stereotypes In late adulthood, there are many stereotypes and unfavorable understandings of older adults (Emotional and Social Development in Late Adulthood, n.d...

Words: 2168 - Pages: 9

Late Adulthood

...Late adulthood (old age) is generally considered to begin at about age 65. Erik Erikson suggests that at this time it is important to find meaning and satisfaction in life rather than to become bitter and disillusioned, that is, to resolve the conflict of integrity vs despair . It has been estimated that by the year 2030, Americans over 65 will make up 20% of the population. Despite the problems associated with longevity, studies of people in their 70s have shown that growing old is not necessarily synonymous with substantial mental or physical deterioration. Many older people are happy and engaged in a variety of activities. Generology, an interdisciplinary field that studies the process of aging and the aging population, involves psychology, biology, sociology, and other fields. People typically reach the peak of their physical strength and endurance during their twenties and then gradually decline. In later adulthood, a variety of physiological changes may occur, including some degree of atrophy of the brain and a decrease in the rate of neural processes. The respiratory and circulatory systems are less efficient, and changes in the gastrointestinal tract may lead to increased constipation. Bone mass diminishes, especially among women, leading to bone density disorders such as osteoporosis. Muscles become weaker unless exercise programs are followed. The skin dries and becomes less flexible. Hair loss occurs in both sexes. There is also decreased sensitivity in all...

Words: 1225 - Pages: 5

Late Adulthood Development Report

...Later Adulthood Development Report Porshalett Burney BSHS/325 January 13, 2014 Luanne Mauro Atkinson Late Adulthood Development Report The stage of late adulthood starts, by the time an adult reaches 65. The phase of retirement becomes a reality; during the stage of late of adulthood people are very firm, in their beliefs about life. Many adults will think gracefully about their journey of life, yet many will look back, wondering if they have made the right decisions with their lives. Reaching the late adulthood can be hard for some adults, especially when there hasn’t been any planning for, health care coverage, housing, and financial support. Because all of these things come into effect to help, determine healthy living for later adults. Adults, who haven’t arranged for their senior years, tend to have regrets wishing they can rewind life’s time clock. Although later adults fear the talk of death, it is important for them to make arrangements. The fear of death is normal for later adults; it can cause a sense of despairing, which can precipitate later adults into having regrets, about how they conducted their life. During the years of late adulthood, many adults can develop a sense of depression due to the fact; usually by the time of retirement, there’s a reduction in activity. This is why it’s very important, for late adults to stay productive, during this stage of life. Staying productive can reduces the feelings, that the choices seniors have made in their...

Words: 1197 - Pages: 5

Late Adulthood

...Late adult hood (old age) is generally considered to being at 65 years old. Erik Erikson suggests this time in life is important to find meaning and satisfaction rather than becoming bitter and disillusioned. Late adult hood (old age) is generally considered to being at 65 years old. Erik Erikson suggests at this time in life it is important to find meaning and satisfaction rather than becoming bitter and disillusioned. However this is a time when people start declining physically and mentally. We have seen that, over the course of their lives, most individuals are able to develop secure attachments; reason cognitively, socially and morally. They also create families and find appropriate careers. As people enter into their 60s and beyond, the aging process leads to faster changes in their physical, cognitive, and social capabilities and needs. People tend to reach the peak of their physical strength and endurance during their twenties and then gradually decline, in later adulthood, a variety of physiological changes start to occur, including some degree of atrophy of the brain and a decrease in the rate of neural process. The respiratory and circulatory system are less efficient, bone mass diminishes, especially in women, leading to osteoporosis. The muscles become weaker unless exercise programs are followed. The skin dries and become less flexible. Hair loss will start to occur in both men and women, there is also a decrease in the sensory modalities...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

End of Life Paper

...Nicole Spates HLT-305 Magdeline Chornick 2 -11- 2015 Dear Mrs. Johnson , During your last visit we discussed the prognosis for your advanced breast cancer diagnosis and the reality that all treatment options have been exhausted. During our discussion your major concern was that you felt your pain is no longer completely controlled and you were only living to die. At that time you expressed a desire to travel to Holland and participate in its physician- assisted suicide program. As your primary care doctor and oncologist for the past fifteen years I am very empathetic and very concerned not only with your physical health but your emotional health and experiences as well. Even though we have exhausted all therapeutic treatment options; I would really like for you consider hospice care here in the United States. Because I truly believe that hospice care can provide comfort and support to you, family, and friends. Hospice care is designed for those who are nearing the end of life. All care services are provided by a team of health care professionals who maximize comfort for a terminally ill patients by reducing pain and addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs. To help families, hospice care also provides counseling, respite care and practical support. You are considering traveling to another country to end your life but if decide to stay here hospice gives you the option to receive this care in your home. In addition to hospice...

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Late Adulthood and Death

...Late Adulthood and Death Paper Late Adulthood and Death The final years of an individual's lifespan mark the time for reflection of one's life while also spending time with family, including grandchildren, and maintaining physical and mental health throughout the entire stage of late adulthood. Quality of life in late adulthood is determined by genetics, the modification of destructive lifestyles and behaviors, and selecting healthier options not only throughout the earlier stages of development but especially in this stage for improvements to health and having an overall sense of well-being (Berger, 2009). Remaining socially active and independent for as long as possible instead of succumbing to isolating is key during this stage of adulthood (Berger, 2009). In the stage of late adulthood living socially active, healthy, and physically active lives while maintaining important family roles is very important , which illiminates some stressor of aging that may be brought on by negative and stereotypical thoughts of ageism which will assist in their premature decline. High quality medical care assisted by technology can provide aging adults comfort knowing they are helping to protect and safeguard younger generations as science learns from the older generations. Ageism and Stereotypes In late adulthood, there are a lot of stereotypes and misunderstandings of older adults (Emotional and Social Development in Late Adulthood, n.d.). Ageism and perceptions against...

Words: 1362 - Pages: 6

Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper

...Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper Yvonne Harris PSY/375 Matthew Warren 21 November 2011 Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper As one progresses through the many stages of life and eventually die, there are easily identifiable periods of growth; yet the older one gets the more indiscernible relative changes become. This paper will discuss late adulthood and death, placing emphasis on the following: how individuals can promote health and wellness into late adulthood and mitigate the negative effects of aging, an analysis of ageism and stereotypes associated with late adulthood, an exploration of different views of death and dying at different points in human development, and an examination of the attitudes of various cultures towards death and dying. Getting older does not have to mean that one gets sicker. Of course as we age our reflexes slow and the passage of time may appear more noticeably on one’s face. Yes we do get older, all of us; it is called senescence. Senescence is the process of aging and all humans go through it. But as previously stated one does not need to get sicker just because they get older. Some of the ways to promote wellness in an older adult include but are not limited to the following: exercise and dieting, eliminating unhealthy habits such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and establishing healthy personal relationships. Older adults should be proactive in the...

Words: 1475 - Pages: 6

Late Adulthood

...Jamia E. Phoenix January 19, 2016 Colorado Christian University In 1973, Phillip K. Zimbardo, a psychology professor at Stanford University. Zimbardo researching how prisoners and guards learned submissive and authoritarian roles. There was an ad placed in the newspaper by Zimbardo seeking male subjects to participate in his research experiment. There was a $15 per day compensation offered to the chosen participants. There were roughly 75 people to respond to the professors ad. However there were only 25 chosen to participate in the experiment needed for a study of prison life. Zimbardo designed his experiment to go the duration of 15 days. The men who were selected to participate in the experiment were separated into two groups, the prisoners in one group, guards in the other. Zimbardo informed them all their rights would be violated and they were to be harassed. Phillip K. Zimbardo’s reason for conducting the Stanford Prison experiment was to expand upon Milgram’s research. It was Zimbardo’s desire to further investigate the impact of situational variables on human behavior. According to Christian perspective with this study we as followers of Jesus Christ should avoid being disrespectful, confrontational and dehumanizing to one another no matter one’s current social situation(s). We should approach one another with an open mind and not judging one another for our sins or wrong doings. Approaching the situations when enforcing rules is one thing but to put...

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Late Adulthood

... traditional view they will suffer unending torment The Bible uses a number of expressions to identify the various descriptions of hell. First, know that there is a difference between “hell” and the “lake of fire.” The nature of hell has attributes and characteristics in the Old Testament hell is referred to as “Sheol” which means “the grave” where people go when they die. When the saved and unsaved die, they were said to go to Sheol, a bottomless pit. Hades is another term used for hell. It was said in the book of (Luke 16:4) that the rich man went to hades at death and was tortured with fire. Hell is also described as a place of eternal retribution or eternal punishment. Speaking of the unsaved, Jesus said, “And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal” (Matt. 25:46). The punishment is eternal. Eternity is unfathomable as it challenges the human mind. We cannot grasp never-ending, but hell will last as long as heaven, for the Word of God describe these opposite concepts as “everlasting punishment” and “life eternal” (Matt. 25:46). Elmer Towns describes “everlasting punishment” used throughout the Bible to identify “duration without end.” He elaborates that eternal retribution would be horrible if we only thought of it as lasting a million years, but because it is eternal, a million years of time could be removed from its duration without in any way affecting the time of its duration. “The worst part of hell is that its...

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Late Adulthood and End of Life

...Late Adulthood and End of life PSY/375 Late Adulthood and End of Life There are numerous changes that take place during different stages of development from a child to an adolescent and beyond to adult. Changes in development in late adulthood are not as progressed as in the earlier stages of life (Preisser, 1997). Developmental stages in one’s life are an important part of the journey of life. Discussion on the end of one’s life is not a pleasant one, but it is something that everyone has to go through when it is the end of one’s life span and developmental process. Psychologist Erikson, expressed that the stages of life is a journey and when one reaches late adulthood, he or she comes to terms that his or her life path is at its end (Preisser, 1997). Erikson expressed that when one reaches late adulthood to accept his or her life and look at life in a positive manner. Integrity not despair is this stage of development according to Erikson. When an individual has a sense of integrity he or she is fully accepting his or her self, accomplishments, and can come to terms with mortality (Preisser, 1997). Once an individual can accept responsibility for what he or she achieved in life and undo any negative feelings on what his or her life portrayed this is the essential part of life. There are some individuals who have skepticism or misery over what he or she accomplished or did not accomplish in his or her life, and his is a result of thoughts of despair...

Words: 1900 - Pages: 8

Life Development in Late Adulthood and End of Life

...Late Adulthood and End of Life Verna Gillespie PSY/375 January 22, 2012 Dr. Lynn Seiser Late Adulthood and End of Life Life is a series of continuous ebbs and flows. Life span development goes through the cycles and stages of infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, early or emerging adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood; it is the definitive culmination to the end of life (Berger, 2008). Descending toward the end of life in late adulthood can be despairing, but it does not have to be if one has psychologically prepared for and has accepted that death is inevitable. Senescence, primary aging and secondary aging each take place at this stage, but perspective, quality, and joy of life is still relevant. Eric Erickson, psychologist, defines the late adulthood stage—ages 55 or 65 to death, basically as adults assessing what their lives have cultivated throughout its development. Erickson’s theory of the final stage of development sequence is “integrity versus despair” (Berger, 2008). According to Berger, Erickson proposes in this eighth stage that the two opposing forces reference: Life brings many, quite realistic reasons for experiencing despair: aspects of the present that causes unremitting pain; aspects of a future that are uncertain and frightening. And, of course, there remains inescapable death, that one aspect of the future which is both wholly certain and wholly unknowable. Thus, some despair must be acknowledged and integrated as a...

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6