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Law and Evidence Case Brief

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Submitted By eco296
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Brian Eco Law 202 Law & Evidence
Title of Case: In Re Winship
Legal Citation: 397 U.S. 358, 90 S. Ct. 1068, 25 L. Ed. 2d 368 (1970)
Procedural History: The District Federal Court found the defendant guilty due to the evidence that was obtained and showed during the trial. The Circuit Court of Appeals over ruled the Federal District Courts ruling because of lack of proof beyond reasonable doubt which 99% of probable cause is needed. The United States Supreme Court upheld the decision of the Circuit Court of Appeals that the need of proof beyond reasonable doubt is under the Due Process Clause which is under the fourteenth amendment.
Questions: Is it necessary to need proof beyond a reasonable doubt for Due Process when a juvenile delinquent is charged with a crime that is considered an adult offense?
Facts: Mr. Winship was charged with a crime of Larceny. However, Mr. Winship is a twelve-year-old boy so he would be considered as a juvenile and that larceny crime would never be charged to him. However, Mr. Winship was found guilty of the Larceny as an adult. The Circuit Court of Appeals ruling was overruled due to the lack of proof beyond a reasonable doubt.
Decision: The United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of the defendant split decision to show proof beyond a reasonable doubt even being a juvenile charged with an adult offense.
Judgement: The Courts found that the lesser court’s decision was correct because of the constitutional requirements for juveniles as well as adults.
Concurring Opinion: Justice Harlan states that despite the age of the defendant, the courts should not use lesser punishments in the juvenile system.
Dissenting Opinion: Justice Black stated that the Due Process Clause found under the fourteenth amendment would explicitly protect the defendant but not in cases of proof beyond reasonable doubt.
Principal of Law: Proof beyond a...

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