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Leadership and the Path-Goal Theory

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Submitted By sophiesymmons
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Define leadership. What is the path-goal theory of leadership? Identify the four leadership styles of path-goal theory and explain when they are most appropriately used

In this essay leadership and the path-goal theory will be discussed, also 3 articles that examine different parts of leadership will also be reviewed. 2 articles involve experiments, one of which test the path-goal theory in Tawain, and the other studies a contingent view of leadership and the last article looks at transforming leadership for success and sustainability, with H Davenport’s own experience to discuss leadership

Leadership can be defined as the procedure of influencing others in order to reach organizations or group goals. Another way of defining leadership “is inspiring others to pursue your vision within parameters you set, to the extent that it becomes a shared effort, a shared vision and shared success” (businessnewsdaily n.d.). There are many different types of leaders and a number of diverse roles in which leaders play. Fielder’s contingency theory, the path-goal theory is one way of improving leadership roles and becoming a more enhanced leader. Path goal theory states “leaders can increase subordinate satisfaction and performance by clarifying and clearing the paths to goals and by increasing the number and kinds of rewards available of goal attainment” (Mc Williams 2010, p. 238). Path-goal theory has four styles of leadership. One style is directive leadership which is used when giving employees exact guidelines for the performance of their tasks, scheduling work, putting in standards of performance, making sure employees are following the correct rules and regulations. A second style is Supportive leadership which is shown when the leader is friendly and amenable, displays concern for employees and their welfare, treats them as equals and creates a friendly atmosphere...

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