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Leadership Theories

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kmilita
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Change Management and Leadership Theories
1. Introduction
We live in a world of change impacted by the financial crisis and technological advances causing businesses that fail to evolve to fail. Change can be described as the ‘substitution or succession of one thing in place of another’ to the ‘alteration in the state or quality of anything’ (Hayes 2010).
Hurn (2012) argues that “new market opportunities will arise and these will involve the need to adapt and adjust to change in strategic thinking in order to compete and survive”. Continuous change when it happens, needs constant updating of working approaches and social advances. Orlikowsky suggests that continuous change involves individuals and groups, who will be dealing with breakdowns, exceptions, opportunities that the change will bring with it (Hayes 2010).
This analysis will show the most important theories of Change Management: Kotter’s 8 steps, Lewin and Prosci. Additionally we will look at Leadership theories such as Trait, Transformational and Great Man Theory, followed by a critical discussion on the role of Leadership in Change Management and finally an analysis in the case study of Biogen Idec Inc.
2. Literature Review
2.1. Change Management Theories
2.1.1. Kotter’s 8 Steps
In 1995 Jhon Kotter introduced an 8-step change model for helping managers deal with transformational change, Webster (2012). The model outlines an organized and effective approach of managing a major change. Kotter (2007) states that “Leaders who successfully transform businesses do eight things right (and they do them in the right order)”. Armstrong (2006) goes through the eight steps as follows: Establishing a sense of urgency. Make others see the necessity for change and they will be persuaded of the prominence of acting straightaway. Forming a powerful guiding coalition: Bring together individuals...

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