Premium Essay

Leadership Traits & Theories

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Brainstorm
Words 1376
Pages 6
Leadership is defined as the process through which a group or individual influences others to obtain certain objectives and goals which results to improve in the direction of an organization. It can also be defined as the ability to inspire and motivate others to take a new direction that will improve the efficiency and coherency of the group. Leaders are able to do this by applying their leadership skills and knowledge. Though leadership is learned the knowledge and skills that are processed by the leader are often influenced by their traits and attributes such as character, ethics, values and beliefs. Leadership is more strategic in nature. Management is a process of exercising supervisory, administrative and executive direction of an organization in order to improve organizational performance. An act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Managers direct are preoccupied with the right way to do things by following policy and procedure and get results from subordinates through authority. There is an ongoing argument in the field of leadership regarding whether or not leaders and managers are two completely different parts of an organization. A person can be a great manager, a great leader or both, but both these two areas often require a mastery of certain competencies and skills. While management produces consistency and order, a leader produces change and movement. A leader innovates while a manager administers, a leader develops while a manager maintains, a leader inspires trust but a manager relies on control. While a leader has a long range perspective, a manager often has a short term perspective, a leader is followed while a manager rules, a leader originates while a manager imitates, a leader asks what and why while a leader asks how and when, a leader focuses on people...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Trait Theory of Leadership

...Trait Theory of Leadership 6/29/14 Leadership Theory and Effective Management Personality in simple words means distinctive personal qualities which help one to establish one's identity. Personality traits of a human specifically leaders develops in a very natural process, which certainly can be improved further by proper guidance of parents, teachers and influential members of the community. To some extent, a child may inherit its leadership traits from its parents. Coming to the specific question how to develop a leader’s personality, it is imperative to know about the main factors that constitute the core traits of a leader. Broadly speaking these are the core traits of a leader which should be visible to their peers, Achievement drive, Honesty and integrity, Self-confidence, Cognitive ability, Knowledge of business, Emotional Maturity, Creativity. How leadership traits will develop, to a great extent, depends upon the way he or she is allowed to socialize, interact with others during their childhood, the parent's behavior with him/her, how the child is treated by his near and dear ones, the cultural environment in which he/she t is brought up, the amount of care and love it gets from its parents, the contribution made by the school, and the facilities provided to leaders in their development stages for their physical growth and mental development. Does personality change? If I get married will I assume some of the personality traits of my spouse? Will my children...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Leadership Approach Trait Theory

...Leadership Approach: Trait Theory There are many approaches to leadership within an organization. “Early leadership theories focused on what qualities distinguished leaders and followers, while subsequent theories looked at other variables such as situational factors and skill levels“(Cherry, 2013). This paper chooses to evaluate the trait approach to studying leadership. Through the course of this paper, the implications, strengths, and weaknesses of the theory will be explored. Implications of the Trait Theory As previously noted, the trait theory assumes “that people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them better suited to leadership” (Cherry, 2013). The trait theory can be applied in multiple leadership positions within multiple types of organizations. Taking the information retained from this theory and its research, managers not only assess the current personnel within leadership positions but also can assess what traits can are currently successful in alternate leadership positions. The trait theory is not dependent on any particular type or organization or sect of leadership. “Scholars taking the trait approach attempted to identify physiological (appearance, height, and weight), demographic (age, education and socioeconomic background), personality (self confidence and aggressiveness), intellective (intelligence, decisiveness, judgment, and knowledge), task related (achievement drive,......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Leadership Usuing Trait Theory

...Assignment 2 Brenda M Healy Grand Canyon University: LDR 600 Leadership Styles and Development 7/4/2014 Based on the models of Katz and Mumford, The two do have different styles of coaching. Katz used a skills approach the key concept is of a leader is Mobilizing innovation and change, Managing people and task, Communication and managing self. Coach K conceptualizes has creativity, risk and visioning the future. Coach Knight has concept ability, takes risk, and visioning the future he lacks creativity. Coach Knight has all the qualities of managing people and task. Coach Knight has coordinating, planning, controlling, and organizing. However he does not have good decisions making he is controlling vs leading, he creates conflict and manages vs leading. Coach K has all interpersonal skills needed for communication where as coach Knight is lacking listening he does have the written and oral skills to establish goals for his vision. Finally managing self again coach K has all the qualities used in keeping himself calm and professional while being all business during the games. Again coach knight is lacking qualities needed he has difficult maintaining his emotions and does have high technical thinking but low personal management. Using the above skills the two coaches fit into the middle management which is the strongest type because......

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Leadership

...Leadership = The ability to influence, lead, or guide others so as to accomplish a mission in the manner desired by providing purpose, direction, and motivation. Three major approaches to studying leadership are as follows: Traits approach: Leaders are born Behavior approach: How you act determines what kind of leader you will be, and what your leadership style is. Contingency approach: There is no one best way to lead. The study of leadership has produced a multitude of perspectives and theories. It is a daunting but rewarding challenge for professors to synthesize the literature and present it to aspiring leaders in a meaningful way. Introduction The study of leadership has been a popular topic for debate since scholars first recognized the impact leadership has on the success of an organization. In higher education, investigative efforts into what epitomizes leadership have played an integral part in the development of educational leadership programs. What is leadership? What are the theoretical constructs taught to aspiring leaders? The purpose of this paper is to synthesize the literature on the major approaches to the study of leadership. Major Approaches to the Study of Leadership According to Wolverton, Gmelch, Montez, and Nies (2001), leadership is the essential element that holds an organization together while moving it forward. Definitions and assumptions about leadership are numerous and varied. As early as 5000 years ago, Egyptian......

Words: 499 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Carol Baines - Case Study

...Graves (2013, pg.1) states “From day one a human being must learn to be persistent to walk, ride a bike, read, do algebra and run a successful business and people usually don’t succeed the first time at any of these.” In this case Carol continued to be persistent and ensured that she did not allow her hardship to impact her business or her employees.  Analysis In the life of a small business there are always some ups and downs, but when it comes to a situation when the person managing a family business suddenly passes away, most businesses close their doors as their thought process are mostly negative about business and its well-being. In Carol Baines case she decided to manage the business herself and took the immediate leadership decisions in investing for advertisement to keep up with the competition as well as worked with individuals who were working for the company. Fleenor (2012) refers to a study presented by John W. Gardner in 1989,...

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Leadership Theory Chapter 3

...Fundamentals of Leadership Concept Questions: 1. B 2. E 3.A 4. D 5. B 6. E 7. E 8. A 9. I 10. F 11. H 12. D 13. C 14. L 15. I 16. Achievement - Working hard to meet the goal in individual efforts 17. Affiliation - (opposite) - They do not want to develop relations/sociability. Would rather be follower than the leader. 18. Affiliation - Resolving disagreements to mend close bonds. 19. Power - Does not want to look weak or lacking authority over others. 20. Achievement - Eager to help w/ goals and solving responsibilities/ taking challenges and working hard. Individual, would rather do it alone and in their own way. 21. E 22. B 23. G 24. A 25. D 26. C 27. F Key Terms: Achievement Motive Theory - Attempts to explain and predict behavior and performance based on a person's need for achievement, power, and affiliation. Agreeableness Personality Dimension - Includes traits of sociability and emotional intelligence Adjustment Personality Dimension - Includes traits of emotional stability and self confidence Attitudes - Are positive or negative feelings about people, places, issues Big Five Model of Personality- categorizes traits into the dimensions of surgency, agreeableness, adjustments, conscientiousness, and open to experience. Conscientiousness Personality Dimension - includes traits of dependability and integrity Ethics - are the standards of right and wrong that influence behavior Leader Motive Profile - Attempts to explain and predict leadership......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Business Ethics

... Robert Nardelli was heavily criticized for his leadership style and methods he used during his tenure as CEO of Home Depot. The purpose of this paper is to describe Robert Nardelli’s style of leadership and take a position on whether or not his actions rose to the levels of unethical. This paper will attempt to incorporate the trait theory, behavioral theory, and situational and contingency theories then determine whether Roberts’ Nardelli’s actions were ethical or unethical. History Robert Nardelli was born in Old Forge Pennsylvania on May 17, 1948. Nardelli served in the Reserve Officers Training Corp. While serving in the reserves in 1971he earned a B.S. in business. Upon graduation Nardelli joined General Electric (GE). His father had also been employed there as an engineer and middle manager. In 1975 Nardelli went on to earn an M.B.A. from the University of Louisville, in Kentucky while working at GE. BY the year of 1988 Nardelli had climbed the corporate ladder and had become a company vice president. During his time at GE , they passed him over for a general management position so he left to take a position as a division leader with Case Equipment Co. Later, Nardelli returned to GE as the head of its appliance-manufacturing subsidiary in Canada from 1991-1992 and then held the top jobs at GE Transportation Systems from 1992–1995) and GE Power Systems 1995–2000). Under his leadership GE Power Systems’ sales grew from $5 billion to......

Words: 1184 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Leadership- Born or Trained

...proper nurturing, leadership skills get sharpened over a period of time making an individual an effective leader. Training managers does enable them to be effective leaders, however for managers to be effective leaders they do need to have some personality or traits. Corporate houses organize leadership modules and teaching of leadership skills is a mandatory module in every manager’s list of programs for management trainees. To put it in simple words, leaders can definitely be trained but it is important to have a strong and forthright personality to become an effective leader. Management education and discussions on various case studies which students undergo during their study at reputed business schools are programmed to achieve that objective of sharpening of individual’s skills. Corporate houses also organize various leadership programs for this purpose. The objective of these programs is to develop employees in their respective fields. Leadership training imparted at corporate houses also involves training their managers to be effective leaders. Organizations need their managers to be effective leader to lead their subordinates and their team such that the performance of the team is at the highest level. To summarize, training does help but in case the personality of an aspiring leader is not receptive to various management tools and techniques then no amount of training can help. Trait theory assumes that people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them......

Words: 631 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Great Man theory From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search [pic] [pic] Napoleon The Great Man Theory was a popular 19th century idea according to which history can be largely explained by the impact of "great men", or heroes: highly influential individuals who, due to either their personal charisma, intelligence, wisdom, or Machiavellianism utilized their power in a way that had a decisive historical impact. The theory was popularized in the 1840s by Scottish writer Thomas Carlyle, and in 1860 Herbert Spencer formulated a decisive counter-argument that remained influential throughout the 20th century; Spencer said that such great men are the products of their societies, and that their actions would be impossible without the social conditions built before their lifetime.[1][2][3] |Contents | |[hide] | |1 Introduction | |2 Criticisms | |3 See also | |4 References | |5 External links | [pic][edit] Introduction Carlyle commented that "The history of the world is but the biography of great men," reflecting his belief that heroes shape history through both their personal attributes and divine inspiration.[4] In his book On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History, Carlyle set out how he saw history as having turned on the decisions of "heroes", giving detailed analysis of the......

Words: 17741 - Pages: 71

Premium Essay

Toms Answer Sheet

...Portfolio In a modern day organization’s behavior, employees and suppliers have as much impact on the organization structure as customers and competitors have had in the past. Organizations are viewed as open systems, continually interacting with their environment and in dynamic state of temporary equilibrium as they adapt to environmental changes. Successful organizations are in constant state of flux in response to their environment, many companies are looking at media technologies as way to market their product and learn about their competitors. This presence could produce a large following depending on the interest in the content created and information shared. The change stemmed from the speed at which information travel in the media arena. In most cases, the information environment outside the organization is changing far more rapidly than the information environment internally. Customers, partners, prospects, and employees can find, access, and share information in a way that corporate infrastructure, security, culture, and policies inhibit. Organizations are having a difficult time responding to or taking advantage of – these new environments. The path of information regarding the organization is no longer just the role of the marketing department. Employees talk to customers, colleagues, and suppliers. They share their experiences, impressions and expectations regarding their jobs, the organization and management. The speed at which the information travels is......

Words: 8457 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Influence, Power, and Leadership Styles

...Class: EMG3301 Student Name: XXXX Prof: Zachary Gabe Date : April 30, 201X Abstract In this paper I will discuss my influence, power and leadership styles by using the concepts and theories as they relate to the study in the class. I then discuss the encounters, which I face directly or indirectly within my present or past employment. Lastly, I will discuss how will I use my personal experiences, along with what I have learned about motivating and leading others, in the future. Describe your own styles of influence, power, and leadership utilizing the concepts and theories presented in the text and video lectures.  I am very much influenced by McClelland’s theory, which clearly states that regardless of our gender, culture, or age, we all have three motivating drivers, and one of these will be our dominant motivating driver. This dominant motivator is largely dependent on our culture and life experiences. This theory helps me structure my motivation and my well being. I use the following characteristics: Achievement | * Building a strong need to set and accomplish challenging goals. * I take calculated risks to accomplish my goals. * I like to receive regular feedback on my progress and achievements. | Affiliation | * Wanting to belong to the group. * We all want to be liked. Favors collaboration over competition. | ......

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Power and Politics

...Group Dynamic December 19, 2009 George Beaini Leadership is the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals. The source of this influence may be formal, such as that provided by the possession of managerial rank in an organization (Robbins & Judge, 2009). Because management positions come with some degree of formally designated authority, a person may assume a leadership role simply because of the position he or she holds in the organization. Leaders establish direction by developing a vision of the future; then they align people by communicating this vision and inspiring them to overcome hurdles (Robbins & Judge, 2009). Throughout history strong leaders have been described in terms of their traits, trait theories of leadership differentiate leaders from non-leaders by focusing on personal qualities and characteristics. Different studies identified nearly 80 leadership traits, but only 5 of these traits were common in 4 or more studies (Robbins & Judge, 2009). A breakthrough of these studies came when researchers began organizing traits around the Big Five personality framework. It became clear that most of the dozens of traits emerging in various leadership reviews could be submitted under one of the Big Five and that this approach resulted in consistent and strong support for traits as predictors of leadership (Robbins & Judge, 2009). Extraversion is the most important trait of effective leaders when organized around the Big......

Words: 512 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Kodak and Fujifilm

...Yemer April 25, 2013 Assignment 1. Personality The summary of the big five personality traits have been used as a measure of theory that suggests the different dispositions of the traits, in personality, without overlapping. The big five personality traits consistency the following Extraversion The extraversion person is characterized as gregarious, assertive, positive emotions, surgency and the tendency to seek out stimulation and company of others. They tend to be enthusiastic, action-oriented individuals. They posse high group, visibility, like to talk and assert themselves. An extraversion indicates how outgoing and social a person is. An example is that their personality’s trait may also play a role in the type of career that they may choose in leadership. Agreeableness Have a tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than suspicious of others. Their traits reflect individual differences. Agreeable person’s value getting along with others. They are considerate, friendly, helpful trusting and willing to compromise their interests. The agreeableness is generally well tempered or not. Ex. An agreeableness correlated with good team work and skills. The believe others have good intentions. Conscientiousness The conscientiousness has a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and achievement against measure of expectations. Their traits show a preference for planned rather spontaneous behavior and organized and......

Words: 342 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Is Leadership an Art or Science?

...Is Leadership an Art or Science? Over the century, there are tons of theories about leadership. Just like trait theories, contingency theories, situation theories, behavioral theories, and etc. As I believe, different theories could demonstrate leadership in distinctive ways. Besides there are not only personality traits or characteristics of the situation could allow certain peoples take the charge. There are much more going on. Accordingly, regarding the question of leadership is an art or science. People probably will choose either art or science or both. So what leadership really is? I will say there is no correct answer. As we acknowledge that science and art are in opposite directions. They tend to seem disconnected in our educational systems also workplaces. However this is not true, they somehow are interconnected. Thus, I want to address my opinion that leadership is an art, which based on science. I would like to open the discussion with one example, let’s compare with Apple computer and IBM. The Apple computer has more features and attractive design. Many people think it as an art and IBM is more towards structure. However, we cannot deny apple is not based on science. The entire technology industry is based on science. So as leadership, which based on science but leaning to art. As many artists illustrate their works, its not so much what they want audiences to see, it is more what audiences choose to perceive within their mind. Art......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Big 5 Traist

...Running Head: PERSONALITY TRAITS Personality Traits Big 5 Traits Following are big 5 traits of personality: Extraversion: Extraversion score is low then the personality of individual is reserved, aloof and retiring. If this score is high, the individuals are fun loving, sociable and talkative. So, if people are high in this score, it might help to win the confidence of customers for business deals that is good for their performance scores during performance appraisals. Neuroticism: If the score is low of this trait, the individuals are self satisfied, secure and calm. If this score is high, the individuals are insecure, nervous and worrying. For example, people with low score might help the individuals to attain the career goals effectively. Agreeableness: If the score of this trait is low, the individuals are uncooperative, ruthless and suspicious. If the score is high, the individuals are helpful, trusting and soft hearted. People with high score of agreeableness might attain cooperation of their subordinates in achieving performance goals due to their goodwill in the organization (Ewen, 1998). Conscientiousness: Individuals with low score of this trait are unreliable, careless and lazy. In contrast, individuals with high score are reliable, hard working and organized. So, high score individuals might help them to improve their performance through their hard work. For example, an individual with high score can......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3