Premium Essay

Leadership for the 21st Century

In: Business and Management

Submitted By soul9252
Words 43745
Pages 175

Transforming Leadership for the 21st Century

J. Martin Hays and Choule Youn Kim


Key Words:

|Leadership |Management Education |Future Trends |
|Leadership Development |The New Millennium |Leadership Competencies |


Conventional leaders and leadership of the past are insufficient to meet the demands of the 21st Century. As we enter the new millennium, our world is characterised by unprecedented complexity, paradox, and unpredictability. Change is rapid and relentless. Today’s leaders face demands unlike any ever before faced. Standard leadership approaches that have served us well throughout much of history are quickly becoming liabilities. Conventional wisdom regarding leadership and many of its habits must be unlearned. The strong, decisive, charismatic, and independent leader and leadership we have idealised, strived to be, depended upon, and longed for may prove counter-productive in the new millennium and undermine a sustainable future. The challenges and opportunities of the 21st Century call for a new type of leader and leadership, indeed an entirely new and different way of thinking about leadership and of developing future leaders. This paper explores the nature of the nascent millennium and the leader and leadership qualities and capabilities expected to be crucial in the uncertain decades ahead. Eight general categories of leadership attributes have been identified as essential for the future. Those who possess or are developing these competence sets are Renaissance Leaders, individuals who are different and make a difference. A significant gap remains between current leadership competencies and those needed in the future....

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

21st Century Leadership

...2015 Kaleishka Echevarria Dr. Andrew (Business 302) 3/5/2015 2015 Kaleishka Echevarria Dr. Andrew (Business 302) 3/5/2015 21st Century Leadership 21st Century Leadership Bill Gates Microsoft Software Bill Gates one of the most successful entrepreneurs in the world. He is the co-founder of the world’s largest software business, Microsoft. Bill Gates leadership styles were known to be very demanding and a slightly abrasive boss who encourages creativity and innovation and recognizes individual and team achievements. Bill Gates leadership styles are best known as authoritarian (also known as autocratic). The styles of authoritarian (also known as autocratic) are characterized by individual who control over all decisions and want little input from group members. Autocratic leaders typically make choices based on their own ideas and judgments and rarely accept advice from followers. Also group member are rarely trusted with decisions or important tasks. Authoritarian leaders like to keep control. Bill Gates required so much control that he even signed off the expenses of Steve Ballmer who was second in command! Microsoft’s organization structure has been a working process for them. They have been trying to slowly experience changes in power, culture, and innovation processes, some are self-induced while others are market induced. Microsoft have been adapting to changes of its management, culture, and product line. Microsoft’s company is in the works of a big......

Words: 1851 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

21st Century Leadership

...21st Century Leadership BUS 302 February 26, 2015 Every organization requires a leader. A leader is a person who goes all the way and at the same time shows the way. A leader poses certain characteristics that determine the success of an organization. The style of leadership greatly influences the manner in which employees are able to execute their duties. Through a leadership, an organization is able to meet its goals and mission. As a result, the customers and the various stakeholders in a business will have their respective needs being met (Snell & Bohlander, 2014). Sir Richard Branson is a world renowned entrepreneur. His famousness does not come without due respect. He is one of the most ambitious business leaders in the world today. He has motivated many and continues to do so with his ever growing business empire. His way of executing certain business obligations leaves many in awe. He charts his own path that many fear walking. His success can be attributed to his leadership skills which are so unique and yield the expected results. His tenacity to make it in the business field has inspired many both young and old. Branson launched his first business at the tender age of 16 years old. Branson poses various leadership qualities such as being innovative, charismatic and motivational. These qualities have enabled Branson to stand out as one of the leading entrepreneurs in the twentieth century. However, his innovative style of leadership makes him be rated......

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

21st Century Leadership

...21st Century Leadership Toconnicer Parker Abstract Gigi Butler, also known as the Cupcake Queen, is an entrepreneur and Founder & CEO of the World Famous Gigi’s Cupcakes, a multi million dollar company with over 90 locations in 23 states across America. Gigi’s Cupcakes has established itself as the premiere cupcake company in the Unites States and can boast of 35 million dollars in annual sales. The company as a whole staffs over 500 employees through 90 and counting franchise stores and two original stores owned by Gigi Butler herself. Gigi’s directive leadership style, her attitude of not giving up and her talent to brand her business model to not favor anyone else’s has made her a standout and given her the ability to corner the cupcake market. 21st Century Leadership Gigi Butler is a proven leader. At the young age of 15, Gigi knew she didn’t want to work for anyone else. She wanted to follow in her father’s footsteps and have complete ownership of her business. This plan led her to open her own cleaning company. Her life’s dream was to become a famous country singer and the best way to support that dream was her cleaning business. She packed up everything and moved to Tennessee where she thought her dreams could definitely become a reality. Fast forward 10 years and she’s stuck in the same place. She gets a phone call from her brother with an idea about a cupcake shop and she takes it from there. Little did she know what was in store for her. Gigi took a......

Words: 1982 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

21st Century Leadership

...Lundgren and his presence indicates that excellence is mandatory. I always thought that true leaders lead by example. However, Mr. Lundgren insists that he follows, rather than leads by example. Terry Lundgren started his retail career in 1975 with Bullock’s at Macy’s Inc. He started from the bottom of the retail world and worked his way all the way up. His career path has taken him from a retail buyer to human resources to senior-level management and merchandising. He has had some significant titles under his belt and has had the privilege to be a leader at several different companies. He has received several leadership awards to include the retail industry’s pre-eminent honor, the Gold Medal Award. His leadership style is unique to the industry that he has chosen for his career, he offers innovation along with a portion of directive, supportive and achievement-oriented leadership. Oddly he does not have the same educational background as most CEO’s, he has a Bachelor’s in Business Administration and unlike most CEO’s he did not minor in any finance courses. The University of Arizona has a retailing center that is named after him. He also credits his time as a secondary veterinarian student to the reason why he thinks mistakes can be quickly change if you change them into a different course. Challenges must be addressed head on. I have had the privilege to work at Macy’s since 2006. Overall, I would say that the company is definitely a...

Words: 1717 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

21st Century Leadership Skill

...21st Century Leadership Skills - Defined January 14, 2008 by Jeff Brunson A 21st Century Leader understands that if you want engaged employees, you must develop the individual. It is this understanding that leads the 21st Century Leader to a focus on self. Not a selfish focus - but a focus on self for the benefit of others. The Brunson Level II Coaching Program and the Brunson Leadership Development Program for Groups focus on the following key skills for Leadership effectiveness and organizational impact: 7 Skills for Leadership Confidence Personal/Professional Growth Management Skills Personal study and professional application is a must for you as a Leader in the 21st Century. How well you self assess and act on that assessment determines the quality of the goals you set and the effectiveness of your action plans. The impact you deliver is dependent upon how you integrate Leadership behaviors and implement on your strategies. Communication and Connection Skills How skillful a Leader communicates is a major factor of credibility. You must consistently communicate well one-on-one and in group settings. As Leaders, it is imperative that our communication is consistent and credible. We must be able to consistently create safety for dialogue and confidently confront issues. You approach performance management and succession management as key areas for consistent communication. Messaging Skills You are the message. Your Brand is the succinct version of that message.......

Words: 2540 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Entrepreneurship Leadership in the 21st Century

...The past thirty years have witnessed the most powerful emergence of entrepreneurial activity in the world. Entrepreneurs are now described as aggressive catalysts for change in the world of business; individuals who recognize opportunities where others see chaos, contradiction, or confusion. They have been compared to Olympic athletes challenging themselves to break new barriers, to longdistance runners dealing with the agony of the miles, to symphony orchestra conductors who balance the different skills and sounds into a cohesive whole, or to top-gun pilots who continually push the envelope of speed and daring. The U.S. economy has been revitalized because of the efforts of entrepreneurs, and the world has turned now to free enterprise as a model for economic development. The passion and drive of entrepreneurs move the world of business forward as they challenge the unknown and continuously create the future (Kuratko, 2002). Several methods have been used to measure the impact of entrepreneurial ventures on the economy—for example, efforts to start a firm (which may not be successful), incorporation of a firm (which may never go into business), changes in net tax returns filed (reflecting new filings minus filings no longer received), and a substantial amount of full-time and part-time self-employment. According to the Small Business Administration, 672,000 new businesses were created in 2005; the largest in US history (even 12% higher than......

Words: 6402 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Entrepreneurial Leadership in the 21st Century

...Entrepreneurial Leadership in the 21st Century A Hybrid Theory/Philosophy of Entrepreneurial Leadership With changes in society’s, economies, and the widespread growth of technology, entrepreneurship and leadership have both grown to take on many different definitions over the past century. Economists and behaviorists have conducted numerous studies and researches over the past fifteen years, and new definitions of entrepreneurial leadership have been formed. They include characteristics such as; innovators, risk takers, transformational, visionaries, problem solvers; and having the ability to operate in dynamic markets. While the aforementioned characteristics of entrepreneurial leaders have been agreed upon by many, I believe that it’s the people that have had the biggest effect within the discipline. Case (2010) and Kouzes (2008) both stated how important people are in an entrepreneurship. Their theories spoke of how important it is to align people around the company’s priorities, empowering employees, setting the example at the top, and showing care and concern for the business and its’ people. Because more people are obtaining higher education than ever before and the use of information technology provides for instant research and quicker patents, I believe that the people will continue to drive the changes in entrepreneurial leadership. We are the most important resource in any organization. Defining Leaders An organization’s development can depend on what...

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Allan Mulally 21st Century Leadership

...I. OVERVIEW Allan Mullaly – Ceo FORD 2006-2014 The solution leader’s role is to lead and manage in a complex dynamic world. He is tasked with aligning and or transforming organizational behaviour and performance to accede to the needs of its citizens, customers, shareholders and employees. He must simultaneously grow and maintain, align and adjust their organizations. That is he must achieve sustainable performance and growth through enterprise alignment adaptation and transformation. II. CONTEXT – Mulally has worked for two companies in his professional career. – First was Boeing, which hired him as an engineer in 1969. After nearly 30 years Mulally was made president of the company's Commercial Airplanes division and 3yrs later CEO of that division. – At Boeing, Mulally ran the team that created the company's first all-glass cockpit, with no traditional dials, and implemented a host of other technological advancements. – He was no stranger to pushing the tech envelope – Became president and CEO of Ford, in Sept 2006. 68 years old – 2006 Ford was on the brink of bankruptcy. Posting its the biggest annual loss in its 103-year history—$12.7 billion – When he entered company Ford exhibited the following based on the diagnostic Performance and Behaviour Model o Unattended Environment ( disconnected with industry trends, projections, lacked customer insight o Unclear......

Words: 2935 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Assignment 2: 21st Century Leadership

...Assignment 1: Innovation from Google’s Free Food Strategy Workplace Student: Marisa Andrade Professor: ANTHONY MUSCIA Course: BUS 302 Date: October 27, 2015 In the type of job that I do it is very important if not to say critical that we have effective communication skills. For the past three years I have been working in the HR department of a small corporation. We have 314 employees. At the location were I am based we have 270 operator employees. These people are responsible for receiving the raw materials and producing the products the company sells. They are also the ones who are more exposed to suffering injuries inside the plant. And this is what takes me to one of the times I experienced effective communication in the work environment. Assignment 1: Innovation from Google’s Free Food Strategy Due Week 4 and worth 300 points Google is widely known for its workplace creativity and innovation within the technology field. Its search engine is the most extensively used search tool in the world, its data analytics are revolutionary, and it continues to raise the bar for innovation and design with Google Glass, smart watches, and mobile phones. Google has been featured in dozens of technology and business magazines. Additionally, Fortune Magazine’s list of the “Best Companies to Work For 2014” has ranked Google number one (#1). This ranking is largely due to employee benefits such as free meals, dry cleaning services, video games, massage therapy, in-door gyms, shuttle......

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

How Is Leadership Being Led in the 21st Century

...Leadership Style: What Do People Do When They Are Leading? Sherman Boyd Dr. Christopher Leigh BUS 520 Leadership and Organizational Behavior September 3, 2014 Introduction Leadership is described as a method for social control that sees an individual getting the help and support of others on finishing a particular assignment (Adair, 2005). Thus, leadership is the ability to successfully exploit and incorporate the existing resources in an organization for the achievement of the objectives and targets of such organization (Northouse, 2004). Gary Kelly is the CEO of Southwest Airlines. He has a leadership style and a set of values that has helped Southwest Airlines emerge amongst all the other airlines in the business. This report analyzes the leadership style and philosophy of Gary Kelly and how his style of leadership aligns with the culture. This report also examines his personal and organizational values and evaluates his set of values that are likely to influence ethical behavior within the organization. Finally this report determines his greatest strengths and weaknesses and discusses the quality that I believe contributes most to this his success. Background of the CEO Gary C. Kelly is the CEO and chairman of Southwest Airlines. He started his career in 1986 as a controller at Southwest Airlines. In addition to working for this airline, Kelly sits in the board as Independent Director of several trade associations and corporations. In 1989, he was promoted and served......

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Achieving and Maintaining Strategic Competitiveness in the 21st Century: the Role of Strategic Leadership

...Achieving and Maintaining Strategic Competitiveness in the 21st Century: The Role of Strategic Leadership Author(s): R. Duane Ireland and Michael A. Hitt Source: The Academy of Management Executive (1993-2005), Vol. 19, No. 4, Classic Articles from AME (Nov., 2005), pp. 63-77 Published by: Academy of Management Stable URL: Accessed: 10-05-2015 07:37 UTC REFERENCES Linked references are available on JSTOR for this article: You may need to log in to JSTOR to access the linked references. Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at info/about/policies/terms.jsp JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact Academy of Management is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to The Academy of Management Executive (1993-2005). This content downloaded from on Sun, 10 May 2015 07:37:52 UTC All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions I Academy of Management Reprinted from 1999, Vol. 13, No.......

Words: 12550 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Advantages and Disadvantages of Some Common Leadership Styles and Evaluation of How to Implement Them Best in the 21st Century

...ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES of SOME COMMON LEADERSHIP STYLES and EVALUATION OF HOW TO IMPLEMENT THEM BEST in the 21st CENTURY Name:Lei Jie Student Number:139105483 Tutor Name: Nathan Lomax Word Count:982 WORDS Module Number:MODULE LE2023 As international companies become more and more powerful, their leaders are faced with the responsibility for their survival and development. Being aware of different leadership styles could help them to make the right decisions. This essay looks at three common leadership styles, evaluates their strengths and weaknesses and examines how they may be implemented in the 21st century workplace. Although it may be difficult to classify people under specific headings, having awareness of different styles could be a benefit to managers. One leadership style identified by Goleman (2000) is the coercive style. This kind of leadership is synonymous with dictatorship, where only one person presides with absolute authority over the followers or workers(“Autocratic Leadership Style,” n.d.). The coercive leadership style is most often associated with negative leaders. People with coercive traits, a means of control, often give compulsory orders and need absolute obedience, or severe punishment is awaiting. It might inhibit the organization’s flexibility and weaken employees’ incentive. Employees’ under long-term emotional domination would feel depressed and stressful. However, today, autocratic leadership, used correctly, remains......

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Bus 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 Strayer

...COM BUS 302 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER BUS 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 - 21st Century Leadership - Strayer 1. Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of BUS 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 Strayer in order to ace their studies. BUS 302 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER To purchase this visit here: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 302 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER BUS 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 - 21st Century Leadership - Strayer 1. Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of BUS 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 Strayer in order to ace their studies. BUS 302 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER To purchase this visit here: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 302 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER BUS 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 - 21st Century Leadership - Strayer 1. Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of BUS 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 Strayer in order to ace their studies. BUS 302 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER To purchase this visit here: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BUS 302 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER BUS 302 Week 8 Assignment 2 - 21st Century Leadership - Strayer 1. Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Effects of Workingstudent

...Framework for 21st Century Learning The Partnership for 21st Century Skills has developed a vision for student success in the new global economy. 21st Century Student Outcomes and Support Systems 21ST CENTURY STUDENT OUTCOMES To help practitioners integrate skills into the teaching of core academic subjects, the Partnership has developed a unified, collective vision for learning known as the Framework for 21st Century Learning. This Framework describes the skills, knowledge and expertise students must master to succeed in work and life; it is a blend of content knowledge, specific skills, expertise and literacies. Every 21st century skills implementation requires the development of core academic subject knowledge and understanding among all students. Those who can think critically and communicate effectively must build on a base of core academic subject knowledge. Within the context of core knowledge instruction, students must also learn the essential skills for success in today’s world, such as critical thinking, problem solving, communication and collaboration. When a school or district builds on this foundation, combining the entire Framework with the necessary support systems—standards, assessments, curriculum and instruction, professional development and learning environments—students are more engaged in the learning process and graduate better prepared to thrive in today’s global economy. Publication date: 12/09 177 N. Church Avenue, Suite 305 Tucson, AZ......

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Importance Of Education In Singapore

...Education is the development of learners’ general knowledge, skills and attitudes, as well as literacy and numeracy skills and to lay the foundation for lifelong learning (UNESCO, 2013). It is more emphasized in the 21st century due to the increasing competition in the workforce. We will be focusing on education in the years after 2010, which is in the third phase of education “Ability-driven Education”, from 1997 to the present. (MOE, 1997) The 21st century competencies include communication, collaboration and information skills, civic literacy, global awareness and cross-cultural skills, literacy skills like media and technology literacy, life skills such as social and leadership skills and lastly, critical and inventive thinking skills....

Words: 2120 - Pages: 9