Leadership

In: Business and Management

Submitted By dponzi
Words 2696
Pages 11
Art Freidman- Freidman’s Appliance

1. Which University- Iowa, Michigan, and Ohio State -leadership styles does Art Freidman use?
I feel that Art Freidman uses a similar leadership style to Michigan’s employee centered style; however, I believe his main style is derived from Ohio State leadership style with a low structure and a high consideration. Under Ohio State’s leadership style a low structure can be correlated to Freidman’s decision to allow all of his team to take part in decision making and be their own bosses. The high consideration is correlated to Friedman when he allowed his employees to manage themselves and determine their own pay scale. Freidman also allowed his employees to create a work schedule that was most beneficial for them. Freidman’s logic was that if his employees were happier, there would be a greater chance that their production would increase.

2. Which specific motivation level, factor and need (from the content motivation theories) applies to Freidman’s Appliance?
I feel that the Hierarchy of Needs Theory can be correlated to Freidman’s Appliance. The Hierarchy of Needs Theory consists of five levels of needs that motivate people, which include: physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem and self-actualization. I believe that Freidman’s Appliance ensures that its employees are satisfied by meeting their self-actualization needs. I feel that Freidman’s employees are motivated by having complete control over their jobs. (83) Freidman felt his employees were not motivated, so he tried to meet their lower level needs such as their physiological and their safety needs. Freidman allowed his employees to choose their own salary; take time off when they wanted; gave them job security; and changed their working conditions. All of these changes motivated his employees to increase their performance and become more satisfied with…...

Similar Documents

Leadership

...Leadership = The ability to influence, lead, or guide others so as to accomplish a mission in the manner desired by providing purpose, direction, and motivation. Three major approaches to studying leadership are as follows: Traits approach: Leaders are born Behavior approach: How you act determines what kind of leader you will be, and what your leadership style is. Contingency approach: There is no one best way to lead. The study of leadership has produced a multitude of perspectives and theories. It is a daunting but rewarding challenge for professors to synthesize the literature and present it to aspiring leaders in a meaningful way. Introduction The study of leadership has been a popular topic for debate since scholars first recognized the impact leadership has on the success of an organization. In higher education, investigative efforts into what epitomizes leadership have played an integral part in the development of educational leadership programs. What is leadership? What are the theoretical constructs taught to aspiring leaders? The purpose of this paper is to synthesize the literature on the major approaches to the study of leadership. Major Approaches to the Study of Leadership According to Wolverton, Gmelch, Montez, and Nies (2001), leadership is the essential element that holds an organization together while moving it forward. Definitions and assumptions about leadership are numerous and varied. As early as 5000 years ago, Egyptian...

Words: 499 - Pages: 2

Leadership

...AN EVALUATION OF CONCEPTUAL WEAKNESSES IN TRANSFORMATIONAL AND CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP THEORIES Gary Yukl* State University of New York at Albany Theories of transformational and charismatic leadership provide important insights about the nature of effective leadership. However, most of the theories have conceptual weaknesses that reduce their capacity to explain effective leadership. The conceptual weaknesses are identified here and refinements are suggested. The issue of compatibility between transformational and charismatic leadership is also discussed. Finally, some methodological problems involving construct validation and theory testing are identified, and suggestions for future research are provided. INTRODUCTION In the 1970s, behavioral theories of leadership effectiveness were dominant. Examples include path-goal theory (House & Mitchell, 1974), LMX theory (Graen & Cashman, 1975), and normative decision theory (Vroom & Yetton, 1973). Since the late 1980s, theories of transformational and charismatic leadership have been ascendant. Versions of transformational leadership have been proposed by several theorists, including Bass (1985, 1996); Bennis and Nanus (1985), Burns (1978), Sashkin (1988), and Tichy and Devanna (1986, 1990). Building on the ideas of Weber (1947), refined versions of charismatic leadership have been proposed by several theorists, including Conger (1989), Conger and Kanungo (1987, 1998), House (1977), and Shamir, House, and Arthur (1993...

Words: 9931 - Pages: 40

Leadership

...|Assignment Cover Sheet Details | |Name(s) |Naseem Ahmad |Roll No.(s) |GDEC12GLM046 | |Email Address(s) |naseem.gdec12@spjain.org |Course |Organization Behaviors | |Faculty |Professor Julia Connell |Assignment |Essay | |Due Date | 27-Jan-2013 |Date Submitted |27-Jan-2013 | |Submitted by |Naseem Ahmad |Version | 1.4 | |Word Count |1975 |Total Pages | 9 | CONTRASTING STYLE OF TWO LEADERS The traces of Leader and the act to guide have always been since the beginning of mankind. Numerous theories have been evolved; definitions have been coined by various famous and renowned authors, academicians and also from the various institutes. In today’s business active world lot of attention have been shed on leaders and various notions of leadership linked with them. Peter Drucker, in his work in 1954 pointed out that “Leadership is of utmost importance. Indeed there is no substitute for it. But leadership cannot be created or promoted. It cannot be taught or learned”. In an orthodox composition on ‘Kantian theory of Leadership...

Words: 2616 - Pages: 11

Leadership

...1.0 INTRODUCTION Organisation exists for a purpose and is formed by a group of people who have different attitudes and objectives. In any organisation, there is a person who designated as the leader to formulate the objectives and lead the organisation. His or her decision on objectives will be the direction and guidance to the people in the organisation to follow. Therefore, the leadership style adopted by him or her has the direct influence to the people and the organisation. The purpose of this infopaper is to highlight the importance of choosing the appropriate leadership style in business. Research is carried out to obtain relevant information through Management and Organisation textbooks, articles in the internet and journals. This infopaper presents the established leadership styles and highlight each style characteristics. Subsequently study how people in the organisation will behave when facing such leadership style. 2.0 LEADERSHIP There are many ways of looking at leadership and many interpretations made by Management experts of its meaning. Leader occurred among the people in the organisation and has his or her own leadership style. Leadership is the form of behaviour adopted by the leader to influence others (Cherrington, 1989). In this context, the definition for leadership refers to the ability to influence people towards the attainment of organisational goals. Leadership is a ‘people’ activity, distinct from administrative paper shuffling or problem...

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Leadership

...Leadership is ever changing. As our society changes and grows so does the endless aspects of leadership in what seems to be an endless array of applications as well. One thing, however, seems to remain the same as leadership is assessed and evaluated. At the root, leadership is the interaction or relationship between people. We may organize, develop, invent, create, or even grow things but people are lead. Leadership is the capacity within people to lead others. There are a massive variety of ways leadership can be manifested, employed, or administrated within an equally massive variety of situations. However, within the context of this report, transformational leadership, it’s definition, and qualities important to transformational leaders will be the focus. As stated earlier, leadership finds a foundation in the interaction between people. Transformational leadership is an interaction between people with intent and capacity to transform people in a specific direction. Within transformational leadership are three phases; show up, speak up, and grow up. Within each phase are two key attributes to transformational leadership. In the first phase, show up, leaders must do just as the phase states. Before people will ever let leaders speak into their lives, leaders must be present in their lives. Here leaders must display qualities of care and concern for others as people and just a production level. Leaders must also be available and consistent. The old...

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Leadership

...LEADERSHIP UNCUT | Brian Evje Jan 30, 2013 Quick: Define Leadership If you don't know what your leadership is, how are you going to make it persuasive to others? Only a few people have a solid answer. When first working with a client, I ask, “What is your definition of your leadership?”   Invariably, a pause follows. The eventual response is sometimes tentative, confused, or incomplete.  This happens with new and experienced leaders, in large companies and in start-ups.  Only a few people have a solid answer. Not many leaders have a clear, concise, concrete definition of what being a leader means to them. The eminent leadership scholar Ralph Stogdill observed, “There are nearly the same number of leadership definitions as there are people who have attempted to define it.”  Here are just a few perspectives: * “The first job of a leader is to define a vision for the organization…the capacity to translate vision into reality.” (Warren Bennis) * “Leadership is a series of behaviors rather than a role for heroes.” (Margaret Wheatley) * “Leadership: the art of getting someone else to do something that you want done because he wants to do it.” (Dwight D. Eisenhower) It is no wonder then, that a ready answer is not on the lips of every leader. But the lack of a compelling, individual definition can be a serious defect. Why Define Your Leadership? When asked, “Why should I have a definition for my leadership?” I answer, “What is the cost of not understanding the...

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Leadership

...MGMT20125
Leadership and Governance Term 1 - 2013 Profile information current as at 22-Mar-2013 16:04 Assessment Tasks WRITTEN ASSESSMENT Assessment Title Assessment item 1— Essay
This assignment requires you to write an essay on why the leader’s role is critical to effective governance of organisations. Your essay topic should be informed by the extant literature on leadership and governance, especially literature which points to the need for organisations to develop forms of leadership and governance that operate effectively across shifting boundaries of the new economy. You are also required to examine literature highlighting the need for organisations to create ethical corporate culture (Caldwell et al 2008; Schwartz 2013) since ethical leadership influences group in-role performance (Walumbwa et al 2012). Finally, you will review the existing leadership research which proposes relationships between organisational leadership, leadership development, followership, organisational governance and organisational performance (Carcello 2009). Caldwell, C, Hayes, LA, Karri, R & Bernal, P 2008, ‘Ethical stewardship: implications for leadership and trust’, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 78, pp. 153-164 (online EBSCOHOST).
Carcello, JV 2009, 'Governance and the common good', Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 89, pp. 11–18 (online EBSCOHOST). Schwartz, MS, 2013, ‘Developing and sustaining an ethical corporate culture: the core elements’, Business Horizons, vol.56...

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Leadership

...Leadership has a direct cause and effect on and organizations success. Leaders determine values, change, and employee motivation. They shape organizational strategies including their execution and effectiveness. Common leadership styles include: Autocratic, Democratic, and Laissez-Faire just to name a few. Autocratic leadership is concerned with giving orders to accomplish a task quickly. Autocratic leadership is when employees are told what to do, how to do it, when to do it and then are watched to make sure it is done. Laissez-Faire leadership allows a group of people to make decisions on their own, but gives no guidance (Lussier & Achua, 2004). Democratic leadership involves a group of people making decisions with guidance from the leader. Democratic leadership encourages participation in decisions, facilitates discussion so everyone will know what to do and then allows them to do their jobs without close supervision (Professional Organizations, n.d.). Through the use of surveys, interviews and experimental research, Bohn’s concluded that leadership, or how leaders behave, has a direct relationship to overall perceptions of organizational effectiveness, or how organizations will perform. Bohn also stated that a leader who is competent, who has a strong personal sense of efficacy, and the ability to stay the course will considerable effects on the confidence of others (Hodgson, 2003). Organizational leadership plays a vital role in how the organization is run. It...

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Leadership

...Leadership Meaning of Leadership Leadership is an important function of management. It is the key to effective managerial performance. Organizational performance depends on the quality of leadership. According to Stephen Robbins: “leadership is the ability to influence a group towards the achievement of goals”. According to Hersey and Blanchard: “leadership is the process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group in efforts towards goal achievement in a given situation”. Meaning of Leadership can be categorized into two categories: i. leadership as process: As a process, leadership uses its influence of position to direct, motivate and coordinate the group activities to achieve the organizational goals. ii. Leadership as a property: The property concept of leadership believes that leaders possess basic characteristics or traits. Leaders to influence the group activities successfully, use these characteristics. This view considers leadership as a part of one’s personality. Importance of leadership: The importance of leadership can be: 1.Goal Determination: leadership provides vision, mission and direction. It is concerned with establishing goals for the organization. It integrates goals of the individual and the organization 2.Environmental adaptation: leadership is innovative and change oriented. It adapts the organization to the dynamic changes in the environment. 3.Task focus: leadership gives close attention to planning and organizing of...

Words: 2100 - Pages: 9

Leadership

...In Leadership: Review Questions MAN5355-Managerial Assessment & Development-1 Individual Work; Week 4 Anthony Freeman Instructor: Jill Heaney 1. What is the difference between a theory and a model? 2. What contingency leadership variables are common to all of the theories? 3. How does the global economy relate to contingency leadership? 4. What are the two contingency leadership theory leadership styles? 5. Do the three situational favorableness factors of the contingency leadership model (see Exhibit 4.3 on page 118) fit in only one of the three variables (follower, Leader, situation) or all contingency leadership variables (see Exhibit 4.1 on page 113)? Explain. 6. What is the difference in the outcomes of the contingency leadership and the continuum leadership models and that of the path–goal model? 7. What are the three subordinate and environment situational factors of the path–goal model? 8. What are the path–goal theory leadership styles? 9. What are the normative leadership theory leadership styles? 10. What is the primary difference between the contingency leadership model and the other leadership models (leadership continuum, path–goal, and normative leadership)? 11. What are the three substitutes for leadership? 1. Which leadership style would Fiedler say Li Chang uses? 2. Using Exhibit 4.3 on page 118, Fiedler’s contingency leadership model, what situation and leadership style are appropriate for the production department and......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Leadership

...Leadership is both an art and a science. Explain in detail. http://expertaccess.cincom.com/2012/05/is-leadership-an-art-or-a-science/ The argument for leadership as both an art and a science is a strong one. Although there are certain quantifiable skills that make for a good leader, skills that can be measured and calculated, there are also qualities that are simply harder to define. In fact, may be a combination of personality and skills that determine whether a leader rises to the forefront of an organization (Monaghan, 2012). Leadership is an art because many leadership skills and qualities cannot be learned from a book. It takes practice and hands-on experience, as well as intense personal exploration and development. However, leadership is also is a science because a growing body of knowledge and objective facts describes the leadership process and how to use leadership skills to attain organizational goals (Daft, 2011). Knowing about leadership research helps people analyze situations from variety of perspectives and learn how to be more effective as leaders. By exploring leadership in both business and society people gain an understanding of the importance of leadership to organization’s success. Studying leadership can also lead to discovery of abilities people did not know they even had, it gives them skills they can apply in the practice of leadership in their everyday life (Daft, 2011). The quantifiable part of leadership can be gauged by creating measurable......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Leadership

...Emily-Ann Walding Professor T.M. Johnson English Comp. 1 30 October 2013 Leadership Leadership is originally defined as the act or an instance of leading, but that is not other people’s definition. To some people, leadership means so much more and others not so much. Leadership is something not everyone has, but some people want. Some people tend to follow instead of lead others. Leadership is taking a role and standing up for something or someone when no one else will. Taking up for someone when he/she is being bullied, taking the lead role around school, and leading others on the right path; not the wrong one are great characteristics of leadership. Taking up for someone when he/she is being bullied definitely defines this person as a leader in some people’s eyes. People look at leadership and think of the president or high officials. When others look at leadership, they see all the little details like taking up for someone when he/she is being bullied. In today’s society, the number one cause for suicide is bullying and when someone decides to be a leader and stand up is when he/she has the role of leadership. Standing for someone that is being bullied is a characteristic not everyone has because some people do not care and others are afraid to take a stand. Taking the lead role at your school or anywhere else is a prime example of leadership. Taking a lead on a school project, helping out at the school, or just cleaning up are all great examples of...

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Leadership

... Leadership Style Case Study Page 1 Leadership Style Case Study Saundra Smith HSM/230 Cory Jones 9/26/2014 Leadership Style Case Study Page 2 The leadership style of the NCF is one that is transactional. I say this because the director sent out a memo stating that there would be grounds for employee termination if the rules were not followed. It shows that he does not want change in the organization. As long as the staff follows the rules everything will go on as usual. Transactional leadership means strong supervision, organization and group performance. This style of leadership is looking for compliance of the staff, not motivation and inspiration to move the organization forward. The leadership style of the SSS is one that is transformational. I say this because their director is inspiring them to have input and values the staff’s opinions and thoughts. The director shows that he is willing to take the time and discuss the role of the staff and the part that they play in the community. He lets them know how they can all work together to better the people of the community and make the organization move forward and advance with the times. I would definitely believe the transformational style of leadership will be best for the human services......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Leadership

... The Catalyst Leader by Brad Lomenick Name: Instruction: Date: A leader is defined as a person who influences other people towards certain goals. A leader in the basic meaning takes the lead role by example and motivates others to follow. Leadership is an important aspect of all human activities. Effective leadership helps nations during difficult times and makes a business organization successful. It enables organizations to fulfill their missions and most importantly, effective leadership in parents enables children to grow strong and healthy and become responsible and productive adults in the society. Nurturing and building leadership skills in young people is an assurance of stability and growth for the society and organizations. Brad Lomenick in his book ‘The Catalyst Leader: 8 Essentials for Becoming a Change Maker’ defines leadership and describes the hallmark traits of effective leadership. Most of the leadership approaches that Brad has identified are universal and are congruent with the academic literature on leadership. The study of leadership approaches has been an important part of the literature on organizational behavior and management. Leadership receives more interest than any other role in many organizations (Schwandt &Marquardt, 2000, p.15). Leadership concepts have been studied for a long time dating back to Plato and Caesar times (Bass, 1981, p. 28). Although there is a lack of harmony about the exact definition of leadership, a literature...

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

Leadership

...During the first half of the semester I was exposed to the concepts of leadership and the qualities that will make or break good organizational leaders. Moreover the ability to understand a person’s personality trait and how we can use to our advantage was also an important part of this course. To showcase my understanding of the subjects learned so far, I will review all the chapters done one by one and share my findings. We will start with our textbook by Lussier & Achua. Chapter 1: Who is a leader? According to Lussier and Achua (2014), in this chapter we try to understand what leadership is about, the three levels of leadership analysis, and four major leadership paradigms. In this chapter we studied why leadership is important and how companies like GE and Domino’s enhance their employees’ leadership skills set and become leaders in their industry. According to George (2015), gone are the days when managers could ensure success by relying on their knowledge of local markets, operating skills, technical understanding, and financial acumen. Today they must be skilled in aligning their multicultural organizations around the company’s mission and values. Hence this chapter helps an individual to understand the different types of leaders and their quality, and when to use them based on the situation. In this chapter we learned about the five key elements about leadership such as leader-follower, influencing, organizational objectives, change, and people...

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7