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Learning Perspectives

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By romocast
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Learning Perspectives
Lynnette Sharrer
Grand Canyon University
EDU 313 N
June 3, 2012

Learning perspectives can be generalized into three groups; cognitive psychology, behaviorism, and social cognitive theory. The main focus of learning differs between the three perspectives, but they are similar in some ways and complement each other, which helps teachers build successful learning classrooms. According to Omrod (2011, pg. 356), “Diverse perspectives of learning often complement, rather than contradict, one another, and together, they give us a richer, more multifaceted picture of human learning than any single perspective can give us by itself.” All three perspectives can help teachers provide valuable lessons for student achievement and motivation to succeed. A brief description of the three learning perspectives and what a classroom with each perspective may look like, including lesson plans with the different perspectives is outlined in this essay. Cognitive psychology studies mental processes; how people think, perceive, learn, and remember. Cognitive psychology focuses on how people acquire, process, and store information. An internal mental phenomenon may or may not be reflected in behavior is how learning is defined, according to Omrod (2011). In cognitive psychology, new information and knowledge occurs from experiences. An important aspect of cognitive psychology is constructivism. Constructivism in theory is how learners construct knowledge from experiences, rather than absorbing the knowledge. In the cognitive psychology theory classroom, teachers should encourage students to think about classroom material in a fashion of forming resemblances and provide experiences to help students to understand the topics beings studied. Teachers should also provide frequent breaks and involve or incorporate lesson plans for physical activity in...

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