Legal 3 4

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Principles of the Australian Parliamentary System
Government)–!The!government!is!the!party!or!coalition!of!parties!that!wins!the!most!seats!in!the!House!of!Representatives!
Parliament)–!Consists!of!a!group!of!elected!representatives!and!a!person!who!represents!the!Queens.!In!the!federal!parliament!that!person!is!the!
Governor>General.!Parliaments!make!the!laws!for!a!country/state!
Crown)–!The!monarch!is!represented!by!a!governor/governor>general.!Refers!to!the!position,!power,!or!dominion!of!a!monarch.!The!monarch!as!
Head!of!State!
Separation)of)Powers)–!The!three!branches!of!power!(executive,!legislative!and!judicial)!
Federal)System)–!The!power!to!govern!is!divided!by!the!Commonwealth!and!states.!
Bicameral)–!A!bicameral!parliament!consists!of!two!chambers!or!houses!
Minister)–!A!minister!is!both!a!member!of!parliament!and!a!member!of!the!executive.!This!means!a!minister!is!usually!in!charge!of!a!government!
department!that!is!responsible!for!enacting!the!law!

!

Australian Parliamentary System
Under!the!Australian!federal!system!of!government,!the!country!is!divided!into!states!and!territories!each!with!its!own!parliament!–!making!a!total!of!9!
parliaments.!

Commonwealth,)6)States,)2)Territories!
They! are! elected! by! the! people! and! represent! the! needs! of! the! people.! Members! are! also! responsible! to! the! parliament! and! the! people! for! their! actions.!The)APS)is)based)on)the)Westminster)system)that)was)adopted)by)the)Commonwealth)constitution)in)1900,)as)originally)Australia)and)its) states) were) British) Colonies.! The! Commonwealth! and! State! Parliaments! operate! on! a! bicameral! structure! –! 2! Houses! –! Upper! and! Lower! houses.!
Exception:!QLD!and!territories!have!only!one!house!–!Lower!House.!
!

Bicameral Structure
Upper)House)
Lower)House)
Federal!Commonwealth!Parliament!–!…...

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