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Leiningers Theory

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Leininger’s Theory of Cultural Care Diversity and Universality (Debbies Portion)
Major concepts essential to this theory. * Leiningers theory is culturally specific and congruent care “focused on culture care preservation, accommodations, or repatterning according to the patients’ needs” (Allison, 2006, p. 61). * The theory recognizes generic or folk care as well as professional nursing care. as a new kind of nursing in the 1950’s that focused on human beings in a multicultural world. * “Culture Diversity, and Cultural Universality provided the overriding framework for the study of transcultural nursing” (Alligood 2006 p 412).

Differentiates how each theory influences patient care

* The theory differentiates itself by addressing “a deficiency in health care- the absence of cultural knowledge” (Alligood, 2006 p.411). * The theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality helps nurses become culturally sensitive and aware of individual cultures, thus being able to create a successful culturally congruent care plan that will identify with the patient. * Culture and Care are the two most important component of nursing and this theory interfaces “professional and generic care into creative and meaningful nursing that can unlock the essential ingredients for quality nursing care” (Allison, 2006, p. 413) * It recognizes that there are variations in patient care and planning and it prevents stereotyping or assumption that all patients respond to the same nursing care.(Allison, 2006)

Specific example to illustrate each approach to patient care.

* A Mexican family believed their four year old daughter was plagued by “espanto” (an emotional sickness of being frightened.), after an automobile accident. To treat her “espanto”, the child was bathed in a preparation of chamomile in an isopropyl alcohol base. After the bath, she...

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