Premium Essay

Let 1 Paper 1

In: English and Literature

Submitted By warmst1
Words 776
Pages 4
10/11/2011
Let 1 Task 1
One of the most accepted theories on motivation comes from Victor Vroom, and most of the studies done on it are supportive of his theory. That’s not so say there aren’t any critics of it. There are three key components to the Expectancy Theory of Motivation by Victor Vroom: Effort Performance, Performance-Reward, and Rewards-Personal Goals. The relationship of these three key concepts can be more difficult to define based on personal experience and individual situations. However, they are simply arguments that sate that individuals will be willing to exert a high level of input if they perceive that they will get a reward that is equal to or greater than that high level of input.
The first component of this theory is Effort-Performance. According to Vroom this means that the perceived amount of effort that an individual puts into something will lead to a particular level of performance. However, the level of perceived performance that one individual sees will not be the same as another individual sees. The next component of the Expectancy Theory of Motivation is the Performance-Reward relationship. This concept examines the belief that achieving the perceived level of performance will earn a desired outcome, and that the outcome will be favorable. This may come in the form of a raise, a bonus, or even a promotion, as long as the individual finds it favorable. The final component of Vroom’s theory is the Reward-Personal Goals relationship. With this element of the theory, Vroom is stating that the organization’s reward system should be designed to satisfy an individual’s personal goals or needs. One must bear in mind that individuals within the organization will be attracted to that rewards system by varying degrees according to each individual’s personal goals. By following these components one can realize that the amount of…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Paper 1

...MacBook User’s Guide Includes setup, expansion, and troubleshooting information for your MacBook computer K Apple Computer, Inc © 2006 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors. Apple 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014-2084 408-996-1010 www.apple.com Apple, the Apple logo, AirPort, AppleTalk, Final Cut, FireWire, iCal, iDVD, iLife, iMac, iMovie, iPhoto, iPod, iTunes, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, and QuickTime are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. AirPort Express, Exposé, FileVault, Finder, the FireWire logo, iSight, MacBook, Macintosh Products Guide, MagSafe, Safari, Spotlight, SuperDrive, and Tiger are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. AppleCare, Apple Store, and iTunes Music Store are service marks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. .Mac is a service mark of Apple Computer, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a U.S. registered trademark. Intel and Intel Core are trademarks of Intel Corp. in the U.S. and other countries. The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Apple Computer, Inc. is under license. Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies....

Words: 24206 - Pages: 97

Premium Essay

Paper 1

...03 / 22 / 2013 Compensation and Benefits Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Challenges that Face Organizations in Defining their Compensation Strategy Abstract A strategy refers to the fundamental directions that an organization chooses. All organizations that pay people have a compensation strategy. Sometimes different business units within the same corporation fit different compensation strategies since they have very different competitive conditions and adopt different business strategies. Some organizations may also have written compensation strategies for all to see and understand while others may not even realize they have a compensation strategy. The following paper will address the challenges organizations are faced with today in defining their compensation strategy. The first challenge is to understand the business, the industry in which the organization operates and how the organization plans to compete in that industry, to cope with the turbulent competitive dynamics and to focus on the important factors in the business environment; such as changing customer needs, competitors’ actions, changing labor market conditions, changing laws and globalization. Managers must also become knowledgeable about competitive conditions both globally and locally. Second, the pay strategy is influenced by how it fits with other HR systems in the organization. Pay can be a supporting player, as in the high-performance approach, or it can take......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Paper 1

...accordingly. Doing so will keep average cash balances low. “You can use the time such as the time from the writing of the check until it clears the bank, accelerate collections with low credit terms and high interest rates on unpaid balances, and control disbursements by making use of discounts and good purchasing practices”(Blondin, N. 2011). The check clearing process can be somewhat time consuming however. In the past checks were to be sent via snail mail, international transfers may run into longer turnover times especially when the validity of the check must be verified. Since then, times have changed with the innovation of technology and the process is much smoother. “The Check 21 Act of 2004, which made it okay to create digital versions of paper checks for processing, spells out the rules required of check imaging, regardless of which channel the payment comes through”( WISNIEWSKI, M. 2013). This does have risks but it eliminates long lead times as well as the potential for human error. “Float is defined as the difference between the balance shown in a firm’s (or individual’s) checkbook and the balance on the bank’s records.”(Ehrhardt & Brigham 2011) This is the balance that is shown and is the delay from when the payer wrote the check and when the amount is deducted in the account. Some of the road blocks that occur with and result in float are checks by snail mail, checks going through the receiving firm, and the time it takes for an actual check to clear.......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Wgu Let 1 Task 3

...discusses employee 1 and the marketing manager describes a situation in which the coercive and reward powers are being used. The yearly bonus is the reward for employees who receive a superior rating on performance evaluations. The manager uses coercion to get the employees to work late and on their off days. The paragraph that discusses the accounting department and employee 2, who is a CPA, the expert and legitimate powers are being used. Employee 2 is the only person in the department who holds a CPA. Employee 2 uses this to his/her advantage to negotiate things in her favor. A situation discussed is employee 2’s shortened work week. The manager uses legitimate power in that his job title gives him the ability to negotiate the work week. In the end, they both achieve the results they want by using their individual powers. The paragraph that discusses employee 3 and the sales department, the referent power is being used. Employee 3 is able to persuade others to give his idea a chance based on his/her enthusiasm and the fact that others admire him. There are relationships between the bases of power in the scenario and the dependency in the organization. In the first paragraph employee 1 and the marketing manager are discussed. In this situation the reward and coercive powers are used, by rewarding employees a bonus if they receive a superior rating on their performance evaluation and coercing them to work late and on their off days. Employee 1 shows a......

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Bases of Power Let 1

... LET 1 317.1.5-10.11 Bases of Power According to Robbins & Judge (2007) power is defined as the “capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so B can act with A’s wishes.” There are five bases of power that are divided into two groups according to Robbins & Judge (2007). Formal Power The first group in the power in the power bases is formal. Formal power is based on the position held in organization (Robbins & Judge (2007). Formal Power is divided into three power bases: coercive power, reward power and legitimate power (Robbins & Judge, 2007). Coercive Power Coercive power is based on the fear of consequences when the person does not follow instructions of their leader. This type of fear can be a physical or mental pain discomfort based on the frustrations of the unknown. Conceive power can be displayed by threats of loosing job and privileges, being demoted and other types of consequential actions. Coercive power could also be used to conceal key information (Robbins & Judge, 2007). Employee 2 could possibly use conceive power based on how valuable he is his position to get more pay or even better schedule than the one he requested or other job advantages. Reward Power Reward power is power one has to reward another person. Some examples of rewards could be monetary, promotions, and recognitions. According to Robbins & Judge (2007) coercive power and reward power are counterparts of each other. Rewarding for good deeds is......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Visual Culture Let 1 Research Paper

...March 21, 2012 Effects of the Transition to a Visual Culture Lucinda Whitfield Western Governor University The world has begun to move to a culture full of visual images, this transition has even had an impact on literature and has shaped our world into a visual culture. In this paper, the writer will investigate the effects of visual literacy on society. Visual images are observed in many facets of global society. Vast amounts of information today is embedded in forms of media that does not solely rely on linguistics causing the new digital generation to have a need to develop new types of literacy skills. Messages that were once conveyed through literary texts are now communicated through other forms of media that are enhanced or supported by visual images. The emergence of a growing visual culture has led to a steady decline in literary culture and has several underlying effects. Mirzoeff argued (1998) “the visual culture defines and delimits the post-modern present in that the culture that we call postmodernism is best imagined and understood visually, just as the nineteenth century was classically represented in the newspaper and the novel” (p.5). Understanding what is seen versus what is read will likely continue to be an important acquired and needed skill for people of all ages. Several trends are believed to be contributors for the need to attain new literacy skills. In a time of reality television, movies, video gaming, and digital billboards, it is......

Words: 3257 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Let 1 Task 3

...harder and later. His constant reminder is not encouragement but more of a threat. He is implying by them not putting in extra hours they will not receive a good evaluation. This is a fear tactic to have the manager get what he wants from his employees. Employees should be able to complete adequate work results without the extra hours to receive a superior rating. This use of power could eventually come back on the manager if his employees lodge complaints with the executives. While the marketing manager is using the yearly review as a threat, Employee 1 sees it as reward power. Employee 1 knows that if he can get the bonus for a good review he will be able to pay for a vacation he wants. He uses the reward for motivation to work hard in order to get good reviews. Reward and coercive power is completely based on who is dependent on the power. Meaning it is based on the view that the power is directed to. In the case of Employee 1 he views it as reward power, where other employees may view it at coercive power. The third power displayed in the scenario is legitimate power. The accounting and marketing managers have this power. This power is shown by their given titles within the organization. This gives them the “authority to control and use organizational resources” (Robbins & Judge, 2007, p. 472). Their titles give them the power to answer questions, evaluate performance, and guide the roles of their employees. The employees are the dependents in the legitimate......

Words: 1355 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Paper 1

...that the word watched, which can also be translated “keep ready” or “vigilant,” is the same word Jeremiah uses when he tells how God was watchful over His word to perform it (Jer 1:12; cf. 31:28; 44:27). Jehovah was being faithful in keeping His word both in blessings and in cursings, which must have encouraged Daniel in anticipating the end of the captivity.” (Porteous, p. 138) Although God is a God of mercy, the people of Israel left Him no choice but to deliver His judgment. God sent faithful prophets and leaders to warn the people of Israel about repenting of their sins. People continued to live and act in a manner that differed from what was instructed by God. God’s hand was forced and Israel had to face the judgment that was promised. “And now, O Lord our God, who have brought Your people out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand and have made a name for Yourself, as it is this day—we have sinned, we have been wicked. O Lord, in accordance with all Your righteous acts, let now Your anger and Your wrath turn away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy mountain; for because of our sins and the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and Your people have become a reproach to all those around us.  So now, our God, listen to the prayer of Your servant and to his supplications, and for Your sake, O Lord, let Your face shine on Your desolate sanctuary.  O my God, incline Your ear and hear! Open Your eyes and see our desolations and the city which is called by Your name; for we......

Words: 2812 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Paper 1

...Paper #1 Poor-quality information can be found all over the internet as well as the one source of information that many people rely on heavily, Wikipedia. The one situation where Wikipedia’s poor-quality information has led me to believe incorrect information was when I was researching details on a specific football player. I was in a debate with a friend of mine on whether Rex Grossman played at University of Florida or Florida State University. I was arguing in favor of Rex Grossman attending Florida State University and my friend was arguing that Rex Grossman was a University of Florida alumni. After nearly an hour of debating, I concluded the argument by turning to Wikipedia for the correct information. Upon searching Rex Grossman’s name in Wikipedia I came to find out that he indeed attend Florida State University. When we concluded the argument my friend still felt as if he was still right and couldn’t it go. So as we were watching television he decided to search for the same information but went to a more credible source in ESPN. After my friend searched ESPN for the college that Rex Grossman attended, he actually proved to me that he did indeed attend University of Florida. After being proven wrong and let down by the poor-quality information that Wikipedia has led me to believe, I learned that finding a credible source of information can be very important in a multitude of ways. Had this same situation been work related I could have been disciplined for not......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Paper 1

...PAPER 1 – MARTIN LUTHER PRESENTED TO PROFESSOR MARK NICKENS FOR CHHI 302 – DO1 BY REV. JOSEPH T. WHITAKER, III LU23755920 LIBERTY UNIVERSITY LYNCHBURG VIRGINIA NOVEMBER 6, 2014 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 BIOGRAPHY------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- MAIN THEOLOGICAL POINTS------------------------------------------------------------------------- MAJOR EVENTS-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SIGNIFICANT WRITINGS-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CONCLUSION----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BIBLIOGRAPHY-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Introduction It has often been stated and thought that Martin Luther was the founder and originator of the Protestant Reformation. Was Martin Luther the founder of the Protestant Reformation? The historical record......

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Paper 1

...Functions of Management 1 Functions of Management paper Eugene W. Loyd III University of Phoenix Functions of Management 2 The four functions of management are to plan, be organized, leading by example and control. These functions are defined by what it would take to have a well organize management department. Management has become a very significant part of our society and workforce. Just about all human activities involve management. It is a growing field every day. Management tasks are increasing as the importance of management if needed. The first function of management which is to plan, I believe this one to be the most important one. Planning is defined as the process of setting a particular performance objective or goal if you will. With the plan you have to determine what action should be taken to accomplish the task at hand. When a manager sets a plan they can identify a desired result and ways to achieve that result. Planning is just the logical thinning through goals and making the right decisions as to what is needed to be completed in order. This will let to the manager achieving that particular organization objectives. Planning can be used by the managers for future projects. It can also be used to predict problems. A blueprint in other words! In my organization managers use this function to plan out potential problems that may arise. They set goals for each department and make sure everyone understands that objections that each department has to......

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Paper 1

...should be sent to the publishers at the undermentioned address: ISTE Ltd 6 Fitzroy Square London W1T 5DX UK ISTE USA 4308 Patrice Road Newport Beach, CA 92663 USA www.iste.co.uk © ISTE Ltd, 2006 The rights of Christophe Prévé to be identified as the author of this work have been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Prévé, Christophe, 1964Protection of electrical networks / Christophe Prévé. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN-13: 978-1-905209-06-4 ISBN-10: 1-905209-06-1 1. Electric networks--Protection. I. Title. TK454.2.P76 2006 621.319'2--dc22 2006008664 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A CIP record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 10: 1-905209-06-1 ISBN 13: 978-1-905209-06-4 Printed and bound in Great Britain by Antony Rowe Ltd, Chippenham, Wiltshire. Table of Contents Chapter 1. Network Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1. General structure of the private distribution network . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2. The supply source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3. HV consumer substations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4. MV power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.1. Different MV service connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.2. MV consumer substations . ....

Words: 31240 - Pages: 125

Premium Essay

Marketing Paper 1-1

... Market Segmentation And Product Positioning The hypothetical company for the purpose of creating a marketing plan is Healthy Hair, Inc. The company brand name is Boss and its product offering is a unisex shampoo and conditioner in one aimed primarily at African American female and males between the ages of 18-34. According to marketing research company Mintel, sales of black hair care products in 2008 exceeded $165 million. Although a third of those sales went to corporate conglomerates like L’Oreal and Alberto Culver, who own many ethnic product lines from Soft-Sheen Carson to Mizani, there are still many independent African-American players in the hair product game (Humphrey 2010). This paper will discuss 1) The marketing segment for Healthy Hair, Inc., and why this segment was selected, 2) The target market and why these customers are targeted, 3) Healthy Hair, Inc. strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT), 4) The market position for the product. Identify the marketing segment for the product and explain why this segment was selected; The Segment A market segment is a group of customers whose likes are comparable (Iacobucci, 2010). The marketing segment for the product is based on demographics, geographic, psychological, and behavior data. Demographics The product will be geared toward African American men and women ages 18-34. The education level and income for this segment is intrinsically tied to......

Words: 1384 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Let 1 Task

...plant. However, his attitude is not matching with his work. He has been proven very bad team player, as he does not treat co-workers respectfully. Even, the managers feel his attitude resent, because he claim that he is the only trained engineer in the company and no one is qualified to evaluate his performance in the company. The manager this time has opted for 360 degree performance evaluation system, and so far has evaluated his attitude with co-workers, his attitude to managers when they communicate, friendliness and neatness of workplace. Despite his extraordinary performance he has received very poor remarks in every field. This paper in this connection, will recommend three main concerns that manager should consider while evaluating the performance of engineer. The point of concern in the current evaluation form of this company includes: 1. Friendliness: A performance evaluation form should consider factor like how a person perform in team rather than his friendliness, because nature of different individual varies, and it is a fact that there are people in the world who do not prefer to be social at their workplace, and a probability is there that the engineer falls in this type of people. 2. Neatness: As the case clearly depicts that the engineer is performing extraordinarily on every task, which means that he is workaholic and keep all his focus and energy on his task instead of taking care about the neatness. Secondly, it is the responsibility of the......

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Let 1 Task 3

...LET 1 Task 3 Thomas Pepper 195297 Introduction: Corporation A was founded in 1989 and focuses on creating marketing programs for the real estate industry. The corporate mission of Corporation A is to help clients improve their real estate sales. The Corporation A team is comprised of professionals with varied backgrounds and experience levels. The company prides itself on fostering a team environment throughout the organization. Given: Employee 1 has worked in the marketing department at Corporation A for 12 years. In the marketing department, employees who earn a superior rating on their yearly performance evaluation receive a large bonus at the end of the year. Employee 1 often comes into the office on weekends or stays late to ensure the work is complete and accurate. The marketing manager encourages employees to work beyond the requisite 40 hours a week by reminding them of the yearly bonus for receiving a superior rating on their next evaluation. Employee 1 is planning to use the bonus for a well-deserved vacation that would be unaffordable without the bonus. Employee 2 is the only certified public accountant (CPA) in the accounting department at Corporation A. Employee 2 has negotiated with the accounting manager to work a four-day work week and is the only person in that department allowed to work a compressed work week. The accounting manager agreed to the shortened work week because Employee 2 is the only employee who can prepare the company’s......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5