Premium Essay

Library and Information Science

In: Science

Submitted By ab48383
Words 2293
Pages 10
Use of Information Search Techniques and Tools on Web

By Prof. A. B. Bhosle*

A university, a college or an institution of higher learning is rightly described as community where teachers and scholars are the head, students are the body and the library is it’s heart. If the body is to perform its function properly and efficiently its hearth must be well maintained and strong in its functioning. Thomas Carlyle was not exaggerating when he described a ‘true university as a collection of books’.[1]

The library is obviously the source of power of knowledge. In higher education and research, the use of library is a matter of concerns to students, teachers, and researchers. The exponential growth of literature often creates problems for them to access appropriate literature and their use. The problem has, however, considerably been resolved with the help of information and communication technology (ICT). The use of information technology for management and handling of information and data has grown significantly even in many least-developed countries, despite their economic constraints.

The use of information technology in libraries has been profoundly affecting all aspects of information acquisition, storage, and transfer. Its magnificent development has dramatically changed the mode of library operations and information services; we have now started to speak of a new type of information source, ‘knowledge base’.[2]

Computer-based communications have not only widened the access to information and helped establish linkages with the professional colleagues and friends elsewhere, it has extensively facilitated message transmission, transfer and exchange of files and text, uploading/downloading, database access, interactive services, provision of bulletin boards and newsletters, job submission and execution, dissemination of information, and so on....

Similar Documents

Free Essay

B173 Term Paper.Pdf

...the current research, not just about the phenomenon. For each of your source papers, tell me what the authors were trying to investigate, how they did their investigation, what they found and what it means. It is possible that you have never done this kind of paper before. If you are unclear about what you are doing, ask me about it. If you think that this is just like writing a typical term paper on some topic, then you are dead wrong. Most importantly, think of this as an opportunity to show me what you can do, not as something that you have to do. I want you to discover something and to share that discovery with me. Potential Topics I suggest you look at the following journals for inspiration: Science, Nature, Journal of Fish Biology, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, California Fish and Game If you have a specific area of interest, I can suggest particular journals that you might look in. Potential topics might include the biology of particular fisheries species, historical fisheries analysis, current methods in fisheries, aquaculture, genetically-modified...

Words: 3434 - Pages: 14

Free Essay


...CITATION Exercise Provide the bibliographic citation using the style of APA and MLA for the following materials: Book a) Editor : Peter Godwin and Jo Parker Title : Information Literacy Meets Library 2.0 Publisher : Facet Publishing Place of publication : London Year of publication : c2008 ISBN : 978-1-85604-637-4 b) Author : Alfredo deSouza Title : Library and information science Subtitle : An introduction Publisher : Prentice Hall Place of Publication : New Jersey Year of Publication : c2014 ISBN : 9839422480 c) Author : Paul Robbins, John Hintz, Sarah A. Moore Edition : 2 edition Title : Environment and Society Subtitle : A Critical Introduction Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell Place of publication : New Jersey Year of publication : 2014 ISBN : 978-1118451564 Online Journal a) Author : Mark J. Mendell, Terry Brennan, Lee Hathon, J. David Odom, Francis J. Offerman, Bradley H. Turk, Kenneth M. Wallingford, Richard C. Diamond, William J. Fisk Title : Causes and prevention of symptom complaints in office buildings: Distilling the experience of indoor environmental quality investigators Journal : Facilities, 2006, Vol. 24, Issue 11/12, p. 436-444 Access date : Sunday 25 August 2013 URL : Doi : 101108/02632770610701549 b) Author : Jeremy......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Engl 135 Entire Course

...ENGL 135 ENTIRE COURSE To purchase this visit following link: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM ENGL 135 ENTIRE COURSE 1. ENGL 135 Week 1-7 All Discussion Questions 2. ENGL 135 Week 1 – Restaurant Evaluation 3. ENGL 135 Week 2 – Omnivore’s Dilemma Book Review 4. ENGL 135 Week 3 – Position Paper 5. ENGL 135 Week 4 – Research Proposal 6. ENGL 135 Week 5 – Annotated Bibliography 7. ENGL 135 Week 6 – Research Paper Draft ENGL 135 ENTIRE COURSE To purchase this visit following link: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM ENGL 135 ENTIRE COURSE 1. ENGL 135 Week 1-7 All Discussion Questions 2. ENGL 135 Week 1 – Restaurant Evaluation 3. ENGL 135 Week 2 – Omnivore’s Dilemma Book Review 4. ENGL 135 Week 3 – Position Paper 5. ENGL 135 Week 4 – Research Proposal 6. ENGL 135 Week 5 – Annotated Bibliography 7. ENGL 135 Week 6 – Research Paper Draft ENGL 135 ENTIRE COURSE To purchase this visit following link: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM ENGL 135 ENTIRE COURSE 1. ENGL 135 Week 1-7 All Discussion Questions 2. ENGL 135 Week 1 – Restaurant Evaluation 3. ENGL 135 Week 2 – Omnivore’s Dilemma Book Review 4. ENGL 135 Week 3 – Position Paper 5. ENGL 135 Week 4 – Research Proposal 6. ENGL 135 Week 5 – Annotated Bibliography 7. ENGL 135 Week 6 – Research...

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mixed Economy

...Assessment of PMI through Benchmarking Power Management Institute (PMI), NOIDA, the apex training institute of NTPC, has over the years trained a large number of professionals from NTPC, State Electricity Boards and other power utilities in the country. Also, PMI delivers programs to Power Sector companies at their locations in South Asia, Gulf and African countries. In the year 2014-15, PMI has trained 8,175 employees of NTPC and 1,190 employees of other power utilities. PMI got AICTE approval and recently launched an Executive MBA program for power professionals of the country. Given this background, an assessment of PMI through benchmarking can help in understanding its internal processes and adapting outstanding practices from other organizations considered to be best-in-class. This in turn can help in developing a framework. Goal of the Study: Evaluation of PMI through benchmarking with other Maharatna in-house training institutes. Objectives: Benchmarking PMI with respect to; 1. Infrastructure; 2. Faculty members; 3. Supporting staff; 4. Number of participants trained in the last year; 5. Course fees per participant per day and revenue thereby; 6. Future plan (expansion & diversification) Methodology: Data will be collected from secondary as well as primary sources. Secondary source data will be mainly related to the following aspects: * Permanent faculty profile of the institute; * Training programs; * Companies’...

Words: 450 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world’s books discoverable online. It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that’s often difficult to discover. Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book’s long journey from the publisher to a library and finally to you. Usage guidelines Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. We also ask that you: + Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes. + Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google’s system: If......

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

It Unit 6 Exercise 1

...1. You triangulate your research by looking for looking for information from three different and three sources are considered reliable. 2. Primary sources are actual records or artifacts while secondary sources are writings from knowledgeable people who have studied the topic. 3. Three strategies that help to narrow an internet search are using exact words, using quotations, and using plus or minus signs. 4. A few of the questions researchers should ask is if the source can be trusted, what will the author get out of this publication and do the sources clearly define fact and fiction? 5. Researchers can use documentaries, television, and radio if they are reliable sources; you use quotes and cite the sources. 6. A wiki is a more fact based source while the blog and podcast tend to be more opinion based. 7. Three of the periodical indexes available in the ITT Virtual Library are academic journals, magazines, and newspapers. 8. The information that can be found in these publications is usually more exact and current. 9. Empirical sources include observations, experiments, surveys, and interviews. Researchers use them to confirm and to challenge online and print sources. 10. One of the best benefits of conducting an interview is to gather quotes that you can use for the text of your research. 11. The strategies for conducting a follow up interview is to write down what you remember, get your quotes right, check facts, and most......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Compostion 1- Unit 6 Assigment 1:Guided Reading

...Unit 6 Assignment 1: guided reading 1. Triangulation is meant by looking for information from three different sources, by looking at different sources if they all say the same you can conclude the information is reliable 2. Primary sources are actual records or artifacts such as letters, photographs, videos by people involved in the issue. Secondary sources are writings of experts are knowledgeable people who have studied the issue. Primary source are most reliability sources because it’s been actual proof that it was real in the past. 3. The three strategies that researchers can to narrow the key terms when using internet each engines are use exact words that are you’re looking up, use key words with or minus signs use quotation marks 4. Some questions researchers can ask to determine the reliability of a source are what organization is this source associated with and why is it publishing this information, and what does the sources author or organization have to gain from publishing this information. 5. Researchers use documentaries, television and radio broadcasts as sources by depends on who made them if they are from a trust worthy site. A document is a nonfiction movie or a program television can be reliable and cited as supported for your argument 6. The difference between wikis, blogs and podcast as a rule you should never use wiki’s. Blogs or podcasts but if have to use wiki is the best to use. 9. An empirical source is observation experiments, surveys and......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Res320 Week 2 Individual Hw

...been interpreted and are the original research performed. These sources are from the source of the information. The data given from a primary source has not been translated into information by another person. Primary sources are the source of the data given. Many books of law are primary sources. A court transcript would be a primary source for an appealed case. Secondary sources have been interpreted from primary data. School textbooks are an example of a secondary source because the authors gathered the information from many primary sources. They translated that data too this secondary source. Almost all research found falls into secondary sources category. Most information on the Internet has been translated from a primary source. Tertiary sources take secondary sources and interpret them. These can be guides, timelines, and almanacs. They have condensed primary and secondary sources to create an index. Bibliographies are also an example of a tertiary source. Question 3 - What problems of secondary data quality must researchers face? How can they deal with them? There are five problems of secondary data quality: Purpose, scope, authority, audience, and format. When evaluating purpose of a secondary source a research must discover why this data exist. The researcher must also evaluate if the research is relevant to his or her research. When deciding if the information meets the purpose it is trying to achieve. The research must also determine if it is biased in......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Primary and Secondary Sources

...Primary source is a document of a period-of-time being studied. It includes diary, books, music, photographs, paintings, etc. They are created by witnesses who had experienced events during the period. I have looked into several sources, and music from the great depression interests me the most. The lyrics, melody, and tempo expressed the musicians’ subtext profoundly. By looking at the lyrics from the great depression, I have identified the most frequent topic, which was money. Even though the lyrics came with cheerful tones of melody, but the words deeply strikes my heart. Money can’t buy happiness but you can’t survive without money; people during that time were so desperate for a better life, thus they think about fortune all the time. Desperate lyrics along with ‘happy go lucky’ melody made up the music culture of 1930s American history. Primary sources are very interesting to investigate because they contain real historical evidences that bring people back to the old times. One of the strength of using primary source to understand American history is that unlike secondary source, primary source prevents deformation from the original source. It is a first person point of view from that time and place. The music delivers a strong emotion towards the great depression. Music is already an influential art; music from that period could express the feeling much greater than other primary sources. The purpose of communication is very clear in music, it combine words that......

Words: 512 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Asd Fasd

...Note-taking is the practice of recording information captured from another source. By taking notes, the writer records the essence of the information, freeing their mind from having to recall everything.[1] Notes are commonly drawn from a transient source, such as an oral discussion at a meeting, or a lecture (notes of a meeting are usually called minutes), in which case the notes may be the only record of the event. Note taking is a form of self-discipline. Importance of notetaking :You don’t have to rely on your memory later on you could be a fantastic listener to concentrate in your teacher. What is note taking? Note taking involves recording ideas and facts that you learn in class to help you remember and use them later.  The five R’s of note taking are as follows: Record, Reduce, Recite, Reflect, and Review.  Each term is defined at the Dartmouth Academic Skills Center page. Why is note taking important? You become an active part of the listening and learning process. You create a history of your course content. You have a written record to view or study later. You reinforce what is communicated verbally. Examples of note taking methods     Outline I.        Preparing to Listen Effectively A.  Read assignments before class B.  Bring appropriate materials C.  Pay attention II.     Possible Listening Barriers A.  External 1.  Hunger 2.  Climate B.  Internal       1.  Distracting thoughts       2. ...

Words: 685 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Summary of Research Process

...Summary of Research Process In the search of excellent sources, for my “what is nursing” paper, I stumbled upon the RCN Publishing Company Database. The RCN Publishing Company publishes a best selling journal for nurses and nursing students. Nursing Standard is a journal full of techniques, skills and information to make its nursing audience the best nurses that they can be. My topic, nursing is compassionate, had its best search results with the word compassion. I have not yet spoken to any nurses to gain their perspective on this topic. I am however considering interviewing my mother, who is a registered nurse, as well as a few of her coworkers. I believe that this would be a fantastic way to gain a primary source for my paper The sources that I have selected so far pass every standard on the CRAAP test. My oldest source is from 2008 while the others are from 2012 and 2013. However a much older source would be acceptable for my topic because compassion will never change. Nurses have always been kind and compassionate. These characteristics will continue to be this way for a very long time. One source is a second edition but carries the same type of information as its previous edition. All of my sources are centered around compassion, which is my main topic. I spent some time trying to find the best sources for my topic. The sources I have found have a specific audience. The audience is nurses or nursing students. I also believe that these sources are appropriate......

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Diversity and Inclusion Task 2 Wgu

...that defines what you want to learn about in your research project and acts as a guide for your research. Note: Your statement of purpose will go into the introduction of your paper. (See D1 below) I want to study Chinese and Japanese culture because I want to obtain a better understanding of these two minority cultures in the event I have students in my classroom that are from one of these minority backgrounds. B. Locate and gather sources of information from both online and local sources such as the local library, the Internet, interlibrary loan, or from organizations that directly represent the cultures you wish to study. Note: If you access a public or university library via the Internet that will be considered a local source. Note: This information will be used in your paper and cited in section G listed in APA format and identified if it is a primary or secondary source. Secondary sources: Locate at least two non-Internet sources on each culture (four sources total). Seek various types of sources (e.g., textbook, library monograph, brochure, etc.). Do not include encyclopedias as part of the four required...

Words: 3778 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Data Information

...EVALUATING HISTORICAL SOURCES Historians most often use written sources, but audio and visual materials as well as artifacts have become important objects that supply information to modern historians. Numerical data are explained in written form or used in support of a written statement. Historians must be aware of the climate of opinion or shared set of values, assumptions, ideas, and emotions that influence the way their sources are constructed and the way they perceive those sources. In addition, an individual's own frame of reference-- the product of one's own individual experiences lived--must be acknowledged by the perceptive historian in order to determine the reliability and credibility of a source in relation to others. Good historical writing includes: a clear argument that has both logical and persuasive elements interpretations that strive to be as objective as possible but openly acknowledging the underlying concerns and assumptions something new rather than simply re-hashing the work of other authors--sometimes asking old questions and finding new answers or asking questions which never have been asked a response to debates in the field of history, either by challenging or reinforcing the interpretations of other historians evidenced in the footnotes and biography Historical sources are typically divided into two categories: primary and secondary sources. Depending on the historian's intent, some sources change their designation. Determining what sort of...

Words: 1627 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...The research paper should review a topic in employment law that is of particular interest to you. For this assignment, you are to go to the library don’t forget the Keller library and seek out at least 10 articles and/or court cases on the topic. Articles should come from scholarly journals. Midterm Assignment-The Outline Your first task will be to write an outline approximately 2-3 pages in length which is due the very beginning of week 5. The purpose of the outline is to give students an opportunity to organize their research in a useful manner and to provide the blueprint for the final research paper. Further, outlining your paper will help you gain a better understanding of your ideas by arranging them according to their interrelationships. If, in this planning stage, you carefully arrange your ideas, it will provide a basic structure for the body of your paper, and make the job of writing your paper much easier. Submitting an Outline Students are expected to accomplish four tasks in the Final Draft: * draw on the Topic Page to state your thesis * analyze the primary evidence in three paragraphs; * compare the information you provide in your analysis of the primary sources with the secondary sources; and * offer a thoughtful conclusion. Narrowing the Topic After you have selected a topic of interest to you, an important task will be to narrow that topic. Probably the most common mistake in writing a review paper (besides procrastination)......

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Us History

...Vy Nguyen U.S. History What type of primary source is this? What special considerations should we keep in mind when analyzing and interpreting this type of primary source? In other words, how is this type of primary source different or unique from other types of primary sources? * This primary source is a visual document (image). What make this primary source unique are different places of the image or different drawings of the image are being sectioned of by a letters. So, we should keep in mind why the image is like that. In your own words, thoroughly describe the source. If this is a visual source, describe what you see; if this is a written source, explain what it says. * In this image I can see that in each part of the drawings are be sectioned off by a letters. In letter A, it is a big building. Above it is letter B, where people faces are surrounding a fireplace and they seem like they are praying. Across from it is letter C, it is a plot of land with a lot of people gathering around there and they seem like they are celebrating. A little above the left is letter D. It seem like they are enjoying the food together. To its right is letter I and it is a big stripped of pumpkin patch. Right by it is letter H and it is a maize field. And right above from it is letter G and it is another big plot of land. Right above it across another corn field is letter F. The image seems to be portraying a person looking over a big patch of land or protect it from anyone or...

Words: 609 - Pages: 3