Premium Essay

Lifestyle and Disease Preventing

In: Other Topics

Submitted By nihilzz
Words 1019
Pages 5
Lifestyle and disease preventing

Lifestyle diseases are those conditions usually attributes to the unhealthy ways human live their lives. They can include atherosclerosis, asthma, some kinds of cancer, chronic liver disease or cirrhosis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, metabolic syndrome, chronic renal failure, stroke and obesity. As our world becoming more and more industrialized, the pace of our lives is speeding up, those diseases appearing to increase in frequency. Lifestyle diseases have become common problems that needed our attention.

One major lifestyle disease is cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease has become the world’s major cause of death. According to statistics, it is responsible for over 30% of total global deaths (Murray & Lopez, 1996). As the average lifetime expectancy rising, the number of people at risk of cardiovascular disease is also increasing. This number could keep growing due to the increasingly sedentary lifestyle and the rapid rising in obesity children and teenagers.

There are many risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as age, family history even gender, but it is believed that serum cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking are the major modifiable factors, which are strongly relate to one’s lifestyle (Hobbs & Arroll, 2009). Positive lifestyle changes are very important to prevent and manage cardiovascular disease. Smoking is one of the strongest risk factors that for atherosclerotic disease and has effect on cardiovascular. It is estimated that about 13% of death caused by cardiovascular disease are related to smoking. Among coronary heart disease patients less than 65 years old, about 35% of coronary heart disease in men and 33% in women is attributable to smoking (Ridolfo, Stevenson, 2001). Apparently, smoking has strong effect on cardiovascular, giving up cigarette…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Prevention of Heart Disease

...Prevention of Heart Disease :  Prevention of Heart Disease What is Heart Disease? :  What is Heart Disease? Heart : The most hard-working muscle of our body – pumps 4-5 litres of blood every minute during rest Supplies nutrients and oxygen rich blood to all body parts, including itself. Coronary arteries surrounding the heart keep it nourished with blood What is coronary artery disease? :  What is coronary artery disease? Over time, fatty deposits called plaque build up within the artery walls. The artery becomes narrow. When this occurs in the coronary arteries, heart does not get sufficient blood, the condition is called coronary artery disease, or coronary heart disease Slide 4:  Myth : fat deposits at old age! It starts from 2 years of age Are Other organs Affected? :  Are other organs Affected? Brain stroke. Vascular Disease results in the stop of some organs. Coronary Heart Disease Angina MI (Heart Attack) Sudden Cardiac Death What are the symptoms of Coronary artery disease? :  What are the symptoms of Coronary artery disease? No symptoms for long period Chest pain for short period on exertion also known as Angina or minor heart attack Myocardial Infarction or major heart attack-Severe chest pain, death of heart muscle, heart failure, irregular heart beats Sudden Death How Big is the Problem ? :  How Big is the Problem ? No. 1 killer disease worldwide 12 Million deaths annually . Why Me ? :  Why Me ? Genetic .Poor handling of fats......

Words: 1653 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Health & Wellness

...Question 1 A healthy lifestyle is a way of life that can reduce the risk of various diseases in the future. Lack of exercises and eating fast foods will lead to unhealthy lifestyle. To improve the state of wellness, people can choose to have active lifestyle and healthy diet so it will help in reducing the risk of diseases such as heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes. A healthy lifestyle is defined as a condition of physical, mental and social wellbeing, active, intelligent and free from any disease (WHO, 1948). This definition stressed that the status of healthy lifestyle is not threatened by any disease that could harm human. The main importance of a healthy lifestyle is to keep the health in good condition. This lifestyle is always beneficial to physical fitness. For example, by doing regular exercising and consume foods with the right nutrients, we can avoid dangerous diseases and ensuring a person’s life be more healthy and active. Exercise such as sports, jogging will ensure our body becomes fitter and circulatory system become more orderly. The human immune system will become more efficient thus stamina and strength can be built. Healthy lifestyle also guarantees the stability of mental health which enable us to control pressures and reduce stress. For example, resting and sleeping with sufficient time helps to reduce stress, calm the mind and body, hence our metabolism is able to run smoothly. Characteristics of a healthy lifestyles: 1) Eating a......

Words: 2730 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Impact of Health Promotion

...change and it is important for nurses to focus on the areas of individual, family, community, socioeconomic, cultural and environmental. This process allows people to reach their tremendous health potential for self-change by new behaviors and improves their environment and activities for disease prevention. In addition to the concept of health promotion, it includes health information, reliable resources and health promotion activities to achieve better quality of life and well-being. Currently, Pender, Murdaugh & Parsons (2011) describes that “health promotion is behavior motivated by the desire to increase well-being and actualize human health potential” (p. 5). The purpose of health promotion is nursing practice is to incorporate with people to make choices and decisions for engaging healthy behaviors to have health lifestyles in multidimensional areas, such as cultural and socioeconomic dimensions. As changes in nursing practice and education, nurse’s professional role and responsibilities have expended and nurses have more opportunities to play a central role in peoples’ health care. To better assist people to recognize health problems and to choose effective ways for preventing diseases and promoting longevity, nurses need to work as educator, advocate, care managers, consultant, services, healer, and researcher. In many instances, nurses may have more direct contacts with patients or public than other members in the health disciplinary teams; and it is necessary......

Words: 990 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Health Promotion

...Level of Health Promotion Nursing is the key in promoting health and preventing disease/illness and disability. There are three levels of prevention phase for any disease process. Prevention consists of not only preventing diseases and other ailments, but curing them and limiting their progression Pimary Prevention phase addresses the importance of lessening the risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity and stress in order to prevent diabetes. Secondary Prevention phase intervene to slow the complications and the diabetic disease process. Tertiary Prevention is used to prevent the further complications of the diabetes and disease process after secondary prevention. This nurse will look at three journal articles related to diabetes and discuss the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention in health promotion The primary prevention article discusses about the education on Self-care. The aim of self-care concept is to maintain and improve health and is to enable the individual to take all responsibilities regarding his or her own health. Research on Type 2 diabetes shows that self-care activity such as healthy diet and exercise. Avoiding alcohol use and smoking and reducing consumption of soft drinks can also lessen and prevent diabetes. The secondary prevention article discusses prevention of diabetes among adolescent in middle school. The author emphasizes the nutrition component in order to improve the quality of foods and beverages served to students.......

Words: 935 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Registered Nurse

...Family Health Promotion in Nursing Practice February 22, 2014 Family Health Promotion Health promotion is defined as the science and art of helping people improve their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). The World Health Organization (WHO) believes health promotion allows health to be a resource and not the objective of living (WHO, 2012). This paper will review the purpose of health promotion as related to nursing practice, and how nursing roles and responsibilities have evolved in regards to health promotion and implementation on the prevention, management and long term maintenance and rehabilitation on Stroke patients, including preventing education to the public and communities, on a primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention level (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). A stroke is caused by the disruption of the blood supply to the brain, usually related to a blood vessel ruptures or blocked by a clot, as define by World Health Organization. The blockage of oxygen and nutrients to the brain’s tissues can cause permanent damage to the brain tissue. Warning signs of stroke are, sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, most often on one side of the body. Other symptoms include: confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech; difficulty seeing with one or both eyes; walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination; severe headache with no known cause; fainting or unconsciousness. The effects of a......

Words: 1663 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Lifestyle Changes and the Prevention of Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus

...diabetes diagnoses and by the year 2025 approximately 300 million people will have the disease. Diabetes can cause destructive complications leading to many medical problems such as an increase risk in cardiovascular disease, damage to the retina of the eyes, kidney disorders, peripheral vascular disease, and possible stroke. These complications that can arise from diabetes impact the quality of one’s life and are very costly not only to the patient but also the government. Diabetes type II time of onset is usually over 30 years of age and is typically associated with sedentary lifestyles and obesity. Preventing type II diabetes mellitus can be attained through prevention programs which can help reduce cost on the health care system and improve individual health such as diet and exercise programs. Modifiable Risk Factors Obesity, inactive lifestyle, hypertension, smoking, fasting plasma glucose above 125, and abnormal serum lipid levels are all modifiable risk factors. Madden et al (2008) states that type II diabetes mellitus is strongly related to these risk factors are not only modifiable but also preventable. According to Madden et al (2008) diabetes researchers are focusing their attention on trying to prevent or delay the onset type II diabetes and by doing so this can cause a considerable decrease in the danger of complications and a cut in medical cost for caring for persons with the disease. With a parallel drawn between modifiable risk factors and type II......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

A Strategy for Preventing Each Disease

...What we know about preventing cancer is still evolving, as we know it. We know that the chances for developing cancer are affected by the lifestyle choices we make. Some lifestyle changes can make a huge difference to help preventing this. A simple way but important, is to watch what we eat. There have been studies that link to being overweight and obesity to some forms of cancer. Therefore, a healthy habit of eating foods along with a regular physical activity to maintain a healthy weight will reduce considerably the chance for cancer development. Diabetes, in most cases, that we have the key to prevent ourselves from being diagnosed with this. Even if you are born or diagnose with diabetes, we can manage it to reduce or even reverse it. Prevention is simple as just changing up our daily diet by eating more healthy foods. Along with eating right, we can get more active in our daily schedule. Studies have shown that resistance and aerobic exercises can help control diabetes. Since the treatment is much harder to try to reverse the diabetes when it is full blown, incorporating some of these preventions will help prevent the disease in the future. Cardiovascular disease may be one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Even though, we may not control some of the risk factors like – sex, age, or even family history, there are some steps we can take to prevent this. The most significant risk factors for this disease is smoking or using tobacco. People that quit......

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Health Promotion in Nursing Practice

...Health Promotion in Nursing Practice Dulce Cervantes Grand Canyon University NRS 429V: Family Centered Health Promotion Health Promotion in Nursing Practice Health promotion has existed for ages slowly it has progressed to what it is now. Health promotion changed vastly over the last few decades. Health promotion is described as the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health (Edelman & Mandle, 2010, p. 14). Fundamentally it helps the public and the government in preventing and healing any given disease with minimal cost. Nurses have a key purpose in health promotion; they are educators, restore patients to their optimal health, and above all advocates by using the three levels of promotion and health, primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary In the primary level the purpose is to educate the public by taking a proactive approach to promote positive health and properly educate the public. A nurse can educate the public on numerous topics; some specific topic could be use of specific immunizations, personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, and protection from carcinogens (Edelman & Mandle, 2010, p. 16). This focus care can be done at place where it is easy for the community to access such as clinics, urgent cares, and primary care offices. Nurses can also inform the public either on a one to one basis or at medical fairs on what new health assists has been created. Women often place their loved one......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Health Promotion Pamphlet Critique

...behaviors. Brochures outlining strategies for preventing diseases such as diabetes can provide information to attain a stable lifestyle. The information however, has to be properly presented to get those results. According to Jamison (2004) implementation of even one healthy behavior can have an ubiquitous health benefit, it is therefore suggested that suitably formulated health information brochures inform and encourage the adoption of healthy behaviors (p 262). The title of the brochure is Diabetes and it is meant to educate those who want to learn more about the disease. Source and Topic Diabetes is a major problem in the Unite States. The total prevalence of diabetes in the Unite States, all ages is 18.2 million people which accounts for 6.3% of the population that has diabetes. Of this only 13.0 million has been diagnosis and 5.2 million undiagnosed cases (Center for Disease Control). Diabetes shortens life expectancy by about 13 years and is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States, taking about 300,000 lives annually. It drains the United States economy of over $130 billion a year and consumes about one in four Medicare dollars (Preventing diabetes, Part 1: Understanding and diagnosis the disease, 2007, p. 4). The diabetic health information brochure is appropriate for consumers who are interested in obtaining information about the disease and those who are trying to maintain a stable lifestyle with the disease. The brochure is published by......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

None

...Control of symptoms » cure of disease. | Health | A state of well being in which the body is vital, balanced & adaptive to its environment. | Absence of disease, pain, defect, or symptoms of illness (no theory of health). | Illness, Sickness, Disease | * Disharmony/imbalance and loss of adaptability (a defect of function/energy). * Any deviation of the body from its normal or healthy state (1st dictionary definition). | * A defect of tissue or structure. * A destructive process with a specific cause and characteristic symptoms, a particular disorder(2nd dictionary definition). | Symptoms | Manifestation of the body's attempt to heal itself, therefore, messages, signals of unattended, underlying issues; or signs that something needs balancing. | Manifestation of the disease, therefore, they are disagreeable phenomena to be eliminated or suppressed. | Patterns Of Symptoms | Symptoms are considered only in terms of their pattern. | Not addressed. | Causes Of Illness | Any action/force which interferes with the balance and movement of bio-energy: one's constitution, psyche, lifestyle, trauma, environmental stress (nature or human). | A foreign invader, an extraneous force or pathogen: distinct entities with unique causes originating outside the body for every clinical disorder. | Multiple Causes | Illness is the end result of multiple insults to the body (Pizzorno, p. 24). | Singular causes for each disorder/or disease. | Progression Of......

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Nursing Practice and the Three Levels of Prevention in Health Promotion

...Practice and the Three Levels of Prevention in Health Promotion Sarah Hughes July 14, 2013 Nursing Practice and the Three Levels of Prevention in Health Promotion In nursing practice there are three levels of prevention in health promotion- primary, secondary, and tertiary. Prevention consists of not only preventing diseases and other ailments, but curing them and limiting their progression. Primary prevention consists of health promotion and specific protection. Secondary prevention consists of early diagnosis, timely treatment, and limiting disability. Tertiary prevention consists of restoration and rehabilitation (Edelman & Mandle, 2010, p. 14). These three levels of prevention don’t necessarily flow from one into the next but do have a tendency to overlap. In three recent journal articles in nursing practice, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention in health promotion are discussed. The primary prevention article discusses how effective motivational interviewing can be in health promotion. It mentions that motivational interviewing can help people understand their lifestyle problems and help them make the necessary changes in their lifestyle to see a positive outcome, which is having a healthy life. It also mentions that it takes a bit of work from the nurse to be able to master this skill and become effective at it. The secondary prevention article discusses secondary prevention of diabetes among health promoters. It discusses how health......

Words: 1196 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Term Paper of Humanities

...My Lifestyle Changes Paper will include the six components of wellness, that being Physical, Emotional, Intellectual, Spiritual, Interpersonal and Environmental wellness. It will include my goals, my weaknesses as well as my strengths to the components of wellness as well as a plan for myself to manage all of these components. The paper will also include anticipated changes in my lifestyle that may challenge the individual components of wellness and how I plan to deal with these changes. The first component of wellness that I’ll discuss in that of Physical wellness, which requires eating well, exercising, avoiding harmful habits, responsible decision making, learning about and recognizing sicknesses and diseases, keeping regular medical and such checkups along with preventing injuries along with other physical characteristics of your body. My goals for Physical wellness are to live a healthy and active lifestyle. In order to do this I must improve on some of my weaknesses in this area, which are eating unhealthy foods. I must also learn to make some decisions that I make more responsible, as well as learning more about diseases and how I can prevent them from happening. Another key fault of mine is that I drink alcohol, it may be just a college phase, but in order to be completely physically healthy I must learn to cut down on my consumption of alcohol. Despite my weaknesses I do have many strengths in this area, some are exercising regularly which I have always tried to......

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Infectious Diseases

...Infectious diseases are now the world's biggest killer of children and young adults. They account for more than 13 million deaths a year - one in two deaths in developing countries. Over the next hour alone, 1 500 people will die from an infectious disease - over half of them children under five (WHO, 1999). The main causes of these deaths from infectious diseases occur in developing countries - the countries with the least money to spend on health care. Instead of this, in wealthy countries people are suffering from non-communicable diseases, just because of their illness related behaviour.Non communicable diseases are the top cause of death worldwide, killing more than 36 million people in 2008. Cardiovascular diseases were responsible for 48% of these deaths, cancers 21%, chronic respiratory diseases 12%, and diabetes 3% (WHO, 2011). This health inequality effects not just how people live, but often dictates how and at what age they die. In this essay I would like to reflect upon the main causes, preventions about all diseases whether it is infectious or lifestyle related diseases, and my response to the global health inequalities that is existing. According to Willi (2004) the sociological imagination consist of four interrelated parts:1) Historical factors, 2) Cultural factors, 3) Structural factors, and 4) Critical factors. I would like to explain historical factors in relation of my topic. I am born and grew up in Asian region, there People are likely to try native...

Words: 1508 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Health Promotion

...outcomes from the individual to the societal level. In the past the focus was more on disease prevention and control of communicable disease, when contagious and communicable disease like measles, polio and small pox were present. As government and health care agencies are involved communicable disease are under control and now focus on health promotion. This paper explore the concept of health , health promotion, multiple health models , nursing roles and responsibilities and multiple health models and its approach taken towards health promotion. According to each individual health is defined and can be affected by many factors. According to World Health Organization (WHO) (World Health Organization, 2003) health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. “Health is a complex state of metabolic efficiency that represents the biological integration associated with physical, mental, and emotional stability of a person. It represents the ability to identify and realize aspiration, satisfy needs and to change and or adapt to its environment. Health is therefore a resource for everyday life.” (Green, 2010) Health promotion is “the art and science of helping people discover the synergies between their core passions and optimal health, enhancing their motivation to strive for health and supporting them in changing their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health”. (Edelman & Mandle, 2010) Health......

Words: 1358 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Health Promotion in Nursing Practice

...Health promotion has become a key part of healthcare in today’s health industry. Promoting healthy lifestyles and behaviors and prevention of disease has shifted to a forefront position in the arena of healthcare. Health promotion is defined by the World Health Organization as “the process which enables people to improve control over the determinants of health and as a result to improve their own health.”(Jadelhack, 2012, p. 65) Promoting wellness and developing strategies to obtain this including confrontation of obstacles and barriers to wellness has become mainstream in nursing practice. Nurses now incorporate areas of education, practice, methodology, and research which has set them at the cutting edge in health promotion. Studies have shown that health promotion is highly cost-effective and as health costs rise, targeting diseases that are preventable such as hypertension, obesity, diabetes, COPD, and communicable diseases such as Hepatitis and HIV can greatly diminish healthcare costs. Promoting prevention rather than just curing disease after it occurs will reduce healthcare costs exponentially. In the past, nurses provided patient education arranged at teaching patients how to manage current illness, the focus was on the present. In today’s nursing the focus is now on maintaining optimum health and behaviors that promote healthy lifestyles in effect heading off disease before it occurs. The spotlight is now on future health and management of wellness and on......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5