Premium Essay

Lit Review

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By giannalatrice
Words 4376
Pages 18
Running Head: SCIENCE BORING AND HARD

Why do Students Find Science Boring and Hard
Submitted by
Gianna LaTrice Jackson to Western Governors University, Utah on November 27, 2012

Science has always presented difficulties for students and teachers. Several things are thought to be correlated to students feeling about science and their abilities to comprehend the subject. Onocha, (1985) reported in one of his findings that teachers’ attitudes towards science is a significant predictor of pupils’ science achievement as well as their attitude. In this present paper, students find the discipline within science boring and hard. It is hypothesized that the role of the educator will have a greater effect on the student than the students past learning experiences. Also, Chidolue (1986) stated teachers’ attitudes towards Biology teaching is one of the major contributors towards explaining the variance in students’ cognitive achievement. While Odubunmi (1986) and Odunsi (1988) were able to confirm that teachers’ attitudes towards Integrated Science teaching affected their students’ attitudes and their ability to learn the subject and Oqunwuyi (2000) found significant causal relationships between the teachers’ attitude and students’ achievement in Integrated Science. The following literature reviews will make an effort to demonstrate and support the hypothesis. In the research article by Prokop, P., Tuncer, G., & Chuda, J. (2007) they address the following questions as a guide for their study. First, what are students’ attitudes towards Biology lessons? Is there any difference between the mean scores of boys and girls on the six dimensions of the Biology attitude questionnaire? Is there any difference between the mean scores of students’ of different age classes (grade levels) on the six dimensions of the Biology attitude questionnaire? Lastly, what…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Review of Related Lit

...July 2002 • NREL/TP-550-30769 A Literature Review of the Effects of Natural Light on Building Occupants L. Edwards and P. Torcellini National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute • Battelle • Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 July 2002 • NREL/TP-550-30769 A Literature Review of the Effects of Natural Light on Building Occupants L. Edwards and P. Torcellini Prepared under Task No. BEC2.4002 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute • Battelle • Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United......

Words: 23650 - Pages: 95

Free Essay

Lit Review

...There are many issues that today’s teenager has to deal with, and this causes stress. The most frequently cited reason for this stress is school related and often out of the teenager’s control. Teachers assign them “absurd quantities of mostly pointless homework that force students to work a second shift after having spent all day in school” (Kohn “Reconsider Attitudes”). A study done by Mediamark Research Inc. found that 60.2% of teens surveyed are stressed all the time or sometimes, and that 72.4% of the teens surveyed are stressed because they had a lot of school work ("Teens Want to Enjoy" 2-3). American teenagers are not the only ones with school related stress. In a survey done in Hong Kong, students were asked about what stressed them out, and school and standardized testing were the top two answers, with 25 of 40 and 27 of 40 students agreeing that those things stressed them out (“Are Teenagers Too Stressed?” 8). However, fretting about standardized testing isn’t just limited to teenagers in Hong Kong. It stresses American students out so much that it is not uncommon for a student to vomit during testing (Kalish). While these experts and studies have suggested that schoolwork and standardized tests are the specific problems that teens face, some teens might not agree, and it is necessary to find out; for this reason, my survey asks what is stressing teens out. While vomiting during a test is certainly a side effect of stress, there are many others as well. Teens......

Words: 1224 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...We live in a world where advancements in technology are constantly changing, people are connected to each other almost every waking minute of the day, and our social lives are of the upmost importance. We can look throughout history and see how big business has always found its way into the next great technological advancement, and now is no exception. The sudden burst of social media websites onto the scene has created an avenue for business to target specific and large amounts of people. This literature review will discuss just how companies have altered their marketing ways to keep up with the times in an every growing industry where the competition level is set exceedingly high. It will then narrow down to how different marketing techniques can play as an advantage/disadvantage to consumers as well as the companies that implement these strategies and provide success stories of companies that took advantage of this new age. The name that was basically given to advertising through social media websites is viral marketing. A formal definition of this term would be the tactic of creating a process where interested people can market to each other—is therefore emerging as an important means to spread-the-word and stimulate the trial, adoption, and use of products and services (Subramani, 302). In the grand scheme the ultimate goal for marketers is to create a viral marketing program consisting of many viral messages. They try and make these messages appealing as possible......

Words: 1848 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...Literature Review Sean Benton Solomon Muhammad Duane Cash Loronzo Smith BUS 3006 4/12/2015 Doctor Brim There are a ton of variables now days to a business being effective. The earth of administration is pivotal for a business to last. The three parts to the earth of administration are overseeing differences, dealing with the worldwide environment, and administration morals. Each can give an overwhelming hit to a business in the event that it is not took care of legitimately. The work power is right now in a real change in light of the fact that differing qualities is at an untouched high for organizations. Assorted qualities organization is the best approach to improvement in today's fiercely forceful overall business focus. No more can America's ventures take cover behind their nonattendance of social mental aptitude. Affiliations that search for overall business significance must handle grouped qualities – by the way they think, act and make strides. Contrasting qualities can no all the more just be about making the numbers, however rather how an affiliation treats its family authentically down to the establishments of its arrangement of activity. Most importantly, differing qualities of administration doesn't simply include Caucasians and African Americans in the commonplace American business. Around 33% of new outsiders coming to America are from Asia. This incorporates various diverse nations like Pakistan, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, and India. Every single......

Words: 1351 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Lit Review

...| Analyzing How Businesses Develop Effective Marketing Strategies on Social Networking Sites Monisha S. Cunningham Mathew Boone Claflin University The impact that social media has had on business communication is nothing short of phenomenal. “Embracing social media is no longer a strategic business option, but a necessity, and a huge opportunity”, wrote Argenti (2011). Since the beginning of the age of technology, the internet has proven to be an effective way for business to communicate, whether it be with buyers, sellers, internal, or external staff. The internet is a gateway of information and a quick way to communicate with many different people simultaneously. Information can be sent to anyone, at any time, and at any place. Not long after the spike in the popularity of the internet came the emergence of social media. Social media generally refers to media used to enable social interaction. Social media usually takes place within a social networking site. As defined by Ellison (2008), social network sites are web-based services that allow individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and view and converse with their list of connections and those made by others within the system. Since their emergence, social network sites such as MySpace, Facebook, and Twitter have attracted millions of users, many of whom use these sites on a daily basis. Furthermore, it is no...

Words: 1747 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...Literature Review Topic: Is transport, distribution and logistics in mainland China efficient? The distribution, transportation and logistics area of China is considered to be extremely intricate and complex as well as being very competitive. Companies far and wide continue to fight for a share within China as their market rapidly grows from time to time. Their economic growth has seen to have increased in the past years positioning them second to the United States. China’s current physical infrastructure has also been developing quickly over time although executives have realised that operational and regulatory processes have often hindered efficiency. This determines the fact that the logistics systems need to be enhanced and improved immensely therefore the distribution of products and services should be advocated by a reliable transportation system. However, China’s current logistics system has been met with many challenges making it exceedingly difficult. The existing infrastructure has aged over the years making it highly unlikely to meet certain demands, coupled with the lack of personnel and handling equipment. This automatically leads to higher logistics cost. Dekker, N. (2002) states that the proportion of logistics cost to total production cost is estimated at 20-30 per cent in China, compared to only 10 per cent in the developed countries. According to Speece and Kawahara (1995), Chinas railways and shipping were considered insufficient to meet certain......

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...Nutrition and Exercise and Their Effects on Obesity Management Roland Colburn AHS 401 Literature review Dr. Elder Abstract This study was important because it addressed the issues of obesity and what can be carried out to prevent it. Obesity has become cone of the nations most widespread epidemics and it continues to grow. In this study 20 peer-reviewed articles were chosen on obesity and nutrition, and then the articles were analyzed and broken down into a basic concept of obesity prevention. Most articles contained proper nutrition, exercise, and dietary guidance. After thorough research, it became evident that proper nutrition and exercise were basic necessities in combating the obesity epidemic. Introduction Obesity is one of the leading public concerns within the United States, and for a great reason, almost two-thirds of the population is either overweight or obese, and the numbers are continuously rising.(Carels et al. 2008). Obesity has been linked to many different health issues, including the number one killer in America, heart disease. Obesity has been a growing problem over the past few years, which has led many to try and reduce or reverse the incline in obesity. The programs implemented, as of late, to reduce the number considered obese have failed.(Crombie 1999). American society continues to grow in the obesity rates, which has in turn generated an......

Words: 2087 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...Family Systems Amanda Blackmon Texas A&M University- Corpus Christi Family Systems During the second session, the client explains, based off her homework, the boundaries she has place between her Mother and the outcomes of each. She states she is wanting to live her life as an adult and her Mother projects feelings of anger, frustration, and guilt due to the fact she wants to be part of her daughter’s life in a way that is child- like to the client. In the session, the client analyzed her feelings when her Mother behaves in such a way and set goals to place boundaries and to be consistent with the boundaries, as well as being a positive influence for her Mother by sending her acclimations of positive encouragement. The client is processing through the feeling she has at times when her Mother’s behavior is in such a way, and feeling she is obligated to take care of her mother because she has “burned bridges” with other family members. She faces guilt in the situation and it continues to be a vicious cycle with each episode of behavior the mother portrays. Case Conceptualization Statement of Presenting Issue Client states working on the way she reacts to certain people in her life. She has a low tolerance level for her Mother and her behaviors toward the client as a Mother herself and wanting to live her own life. The client states her Mother is the one person she has not put the past to rest and the vicious cycle continues with each episode with her......

Words: 1798 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...challenge facing the ruling group—the construction of a socialist society—was seen as a natural extension of past collaboration with North Vietnam. The revolution was simply entering a new phase in 1975, and the LPRP leaders congratulated themselves upon ousting the "imperialists" and looked forward to advice and economic as well as military support, which was not available from any neighbor or counter revolutionary state. LPRP leaders were accustomed to discussing policies as well as studying doctrine in Hanoi. They formalized governmental contacts with their mentors at biannual meetings of the foreign ministers of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam starting in 1980 and through the joint Vietnam-Laos Cooperative Commission, which met annually to review progress of various projects. Other levels of cooperation between Laos and Vietnam existed, for example, party-to-party meetings and province-to-province exchanges, as well as mass organizations for youths and women. Meetings of the commission were held regularly.[1] The primary channels for Vietnam's influence in Laos, however, were the LPRP and the LPA. In the LPRP, long-standing collaboration and consultation at the very top made special committees unnecessary, whereas in the LPA, the Vietnamese advisers, instructors, and troops on station constituted a pervasive, inescapable influence, even though they scrupulously avoided public exposure by sticking to their designated base areas. Cooperation in the military field was......

Words: 4923 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Review of Lit

...Review of Literature: Deanerys of Game of Thrones as a strong female television character There are some television programs that depict strong, hardworking women that want to prove themselves as equal as men and to show that they are not just women. Women have come a long way in todays society. Many women are now seen as strong, individual human beings that can take care of themselves and show society that they can do anything a man can do, if not better. Women crave equality, showmanship, and management. The television program, Game of Thrones, contains a character names Deanarys, that desires power and respect. She is seen as a mother figure, portrays examples of feminism, and is a character that develops into a strong woman with power. The character is a great example of women that desire to be equals. Female viewers will acknowledge the positivity and feministic lifestyle that the character portrays. The purpose of this review is to survey and overview the concepts of feministic characters on television. Women on television have been slowly transforming from generic, stereotypical women that are hardly a programs lead character. As times have been changing, women have been getting bigger, bolder roles on television programs. Female characters have transformed into women with power and control. Sharp explains that the character Jaime Sommers in the television program, The Bionic Woman, as a “new woman” in the new age of feminism. She continues to explain the......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Lit Review

...Genre Analysis: Standards of Learning Virginia Standards of Learning The Standards of Learning (SOL) is a program from the Commonwealth of Virginia. The program sets forth learning and achievement guidelines for grade K-12 in Virginia’s Public School system. These standards are what many teachers, principals, attendants, and the business community feel students should obtain before high school graduation. The SOL was a direct response to President George W. Bush’s “No Child Left Behind Law,” was signed into law on January 8, 2002. This law addresses student expected achievement in four major areas: English, Mathematics, Science, and History/Social Science. In 1998, the first year of SOL testing, two percent of commonwealth public schools met the standard for full accreditation. Standards of Learning are not administered in private schools, hear in lies one of the major issue topics for the SOL. Students will be held back if he or she doesn’t pass their SOL’s. A school’s allotted budget is mandated by it’s ability to meet achievement requirements and test school outputs by the students. The biggest issue with these required tests is students are deprived of a more hands on approach to learning and lesson plans are rushed to meet SOL deadlines. President Bush’s “No child left behind,” in the Henrico County school system simply this meant push every child through no matter what. Teachers and administrators were always working on a timeline to......

Words: 1258 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...Literature paper 2/27/14 A Simple Heart Trying to figure out how Flaubert wanted readers to view religion in his short story “A Simple Heart” is challenging at times. Felicite has been misunderstood by many regarding her representation of religion. Her innocence is not to be look at as a burden, it allows her to share a good relationship with the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit had been reduced to taxidermy as it portrayed as Felicite’s per parrot Loulou. Felicite’s spiritual world had been reduced to something not permanent made the story difficult to evaluate the seriousness in regards to religion. After reevaluating the role Loulou played on Felicite’s life. “A Simple Heart” becomes a spiritual journey. With an open mind it is apparent that Felicite is worthy of sainthood through her dedication to her religion, loved ones and hard work. Flaubert did not make religion obvious at all times during the story. Felicite was extremely selfless, illiterate maid who devoted most of her life to other people. “Felicite did protect her mistress and the children in the face of a charging bull, even staying in front of the bull until she knew her mistress and the children were safe on the other side of the fence”(1824-25). There were no remarkable measures that are standard in declaring saints but Felicite’s steady faith is enough. Everyone she is close to including her beloved parrot Loulou that she stuffs after its death eventually desert her. This......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...counseling by nurse practitioners in the primary care setting. Problem Statement There is little evidence related to counseling for obese patients by health care providers in the primary care setting which is problematic given the increasing rates of obese and overweight Americans. The majority of that small body of research evaluates and explores physicians with very little information available related to nurse practitioners. Nurse practitioners are direct care providers in the primary care setting, and to fully understand the complexities of obesity counseling, more research is required. Research Question In the primary care setting, what is the incidence of counseling obese adult patients by nurse practitioners? Literature Review A literature search was conducted on obesity in the United States, the health consequences of such, and weight counseling. The search terms included obesity, overweight, primary care, counseling, and nurse practitioner.The databases used includedCINHAL, PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCOhost, and Medline.The initial search terms were obesity and PCPs, which led to few articles. The search termsthenincludedweight and primary care practitioner, obesity and counseling, and nurse practitioner, weight and prevention.Search criteria was limited by datesfrom 2005 to present.Articles were found addressing these concepts and a discussion of the research is as follows, critiqued and synthesized. Obesity in the Primary Care Setting Obesity is a......

Words: 3570 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...Literature Review Sample (note: this is taken from a complete paper and is an excerpt) This present study uses the research conducted by Conroy and Emerson (2004) as a model for investigation. Conroy and Emerson used surveys to elicit ordered responses regarding the acceptability of particular vignettes. These vignettes have been used by other researchers and were based largely on works by Longnecker et. al. (1989), Clark (1996), Fritzsche and Becker, (1982), and Harris (1991). Many studies evaluate the ethical attitudes of females versus males. Most of these studies, more than two thirds, report a significant gender effect. Interestingly, in every case, female participants were reported as being more ethical than males (Albaum and Peterson, 2006). Borkowski and Ugras (1998) completed a meta-analysis of 47 studies and concluded that female students exhibit “stronger ethical attitudes” than men. Beltramini, Peterson, and Kozmetsky (1984) determined that there was a “consistent tendency for the females in the sample to express more concern than the males in the sample, regardless of the issue” (p. 199). Peterson et al. (1991) replicated their previous study and corroborated the earlier findings and suggested that there was a “heightened level of concern” among college students with respect for ethical issues. Not all researchers agree that women in general have a higher ethical attitude than men. Some researchers concluded that men and women make ethical......

Words: 913 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Lit Review

...of which are, police man charged for reportedly solicited $10,000 in order not to proffer charges to a motorist for breaching the Road Traffic Act (Policeman on Corruption, 2010). A policeman confessed to stealing a laptop computer from a home in Hellshire Heights (Policeman Arrested, 2012). Between the periods January – September, 2011 the JCF issue a release that reviled that 34 members of the JCF were dismissed for corruption, 7 members were dismissed for corruption and 18 civilians were charged with corrupting JCF staff (JCF Anti-Corruption, 2011). These corruption statistics damages the image of the Jamaican country which in turn discourages investors, tourist and lowers the confidence that citizens have in the JCF. This literature review was done to outline the technologies that can be implementing in the JCF to lower the corruption rate in the country and how beneficial those technologies can be to the country. As such we will discuss how the society has been impacted by the process of corruption of in JCF, how beneficial GPS, surveillance cameras and mini recording devices can be in the Jamaican society if they were implemented in the JCF and how will the implementation of GPS, surveillance cameras and mini recording devices assist in the change of behaviour of the officers on duty. How the society has been impacted by the process of corruption of in JCF. Jamaican citizens tend to overlook political corruption and the misuse of public power for private......

Words: 3010 - Pages: 13