Free Essay

Literature Long Essay

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Gracie96
Words 1167
Pages 5
Literature may be read as a form of social or cultural history. Discuss in reference to one or more literary texts

Novels reflect the social and cultural issues of the time in which they were written. The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum by Heinrich Boll was written in 1974 during a time of social and cultural upheaval also commenting on the power of the media and its ability to permeate all levels of society. Heinrich Boll’s novel follows the apparent criminal Katharina Blum, whose victimization by the media leads her to kill her victimizer, Werner Totges. Boll’s novel reflects and questions West German society of the 1970s following World War 2, and from the issues it addresses the reader is shown social and cultural history of that time. This is presented through a news format allowing multiple point of view and metafiction techniques as well as reinforcing the authors point

The 1970s in West Germany led to the uprising of the Baader-Meinhof gang later known as the Red Army Faction. A left wing militant group their actions leave an undercurrent of fear and suspicion in West German society this is then felt by Katharina Blum who is labeled by the press as a “whore a communist and an atheist” . The media is portrayed by Boll by having the power to change and persuade and is a central force in the police investigation, providing places that they felt the police should next look for information. Due to the novels format the discourse has a journalistic feel the reader is encouraged to feel detached through an alienation effect the reader views Katharina’s plight provided by some sympathetic but many unsympathetic sources. It is from this kind of discourse that Katharina Blum’s honour is ruined, it is important to also note that there is no apparent objection to her treatment by anyone who ahs any relative power. The media ultimately protecting the interests of the rich and powerful, while finding a way to entertain the masses; by sacrificing an innocent woman’s reputation. By twisting and manipulating what they were told by their sources they were able to construct an image of Katharina Blum which suited their own agenda changing “ intelligent cool and level headed “ to “ ice cold and calculating”. Novels such as The Lost Honour Of Katharina Blum reveal the media as a pivotal force in West German society, a society recovering from the horrors of world war 2.

Sometimes world events go down in history, leaving an imprint of its presence on those affected. A writer interprets history in a way that a reader is able to comprehend, hence inadvertently giving a glimpse into times past. The Reluctant Fundamentalist by Mohsin Hamid is set post 9/11, an event which sparking new fear of terrorists, The war in Iraq and a wave of new protective measures. The novels protagonist Changez faces discrimination due to his race and challenges this by growing a beard. In doing so he fulfills the stereotype of a Muslim male. Both The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum and The Reluctant Fundamentalist are a reflection to the mirror of a society recovering from the horrors of World War 2 and its affects on their society and 9/11 hysteria respectively. Mohsin Hamid’s novel invites the reader to take a side, this culture clash of east and west is what causes conflict “It was right for me to refuse to participate any longer in facilitating this project of domination; the only surprise was that I had required so much time to arrive at my decision.” Changez’s monologue shows that he eventually sides with the East, the ambiguous ending further enforcing a more dangerous society following 9/11 having lost its simplicity and childlike trust. The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum though fictitious addresses some very real issues. Progress was slow and this is primarily evident in their treatment of women in the 1970s of West Germany.

Bolls novel constructs West German society as being overwhelmingly patriarchal, the men disempower Katharina in a society of male supremacy. This comes from a variety of characters one of which is Werner Totges “…how about a bang for a start…” in his apparent wish to rape Katharina we are faced with an undeniably unequal society. Though Katharina is marginalized and her reputation ruined it is her who is depicted as a “ murderers moll” and “ outlaws sweetheart” by the press. By trying to live her life independent to that of a man her integrity is questioned, by being her own boss her lifestyle is questioned ultimately saying that no woman could make as much money as she did without resorting to dishonest means such as “gentleman callers”. Boll portrays this woman as having great dignity, her confidence is viewed by the men of the novel as a challenge to their masculinity. Her crime is that she is a woman, her discourse is interpreted and challenged by police, her ending reinforcing a patriarchal society. The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum has various compounds revealing a society of complex gender roles where tension comes with change. The politics that follow history were a great factor in enforcing my understanding of The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum and The Reluctant Fundamentalist.

Heinrich Boll once called The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum a “pamphlet disguised as a novel” providing commentary on the political stratifications of 1970s West Germany. The political climate during this time was shaky due to the rise of the Red Army Faction, leftist terrorism left an indelible mark of instability. Because of the unrest of the 1960s it was easier for groups such as the Red Army Faction to become prominent. Though West Germany had attempted to denazify itself its lack of success reflects a still backward mindset “ musicals and grusicals “ accurately describes the tumultuous politics of this time. Katharina is also described as being “ radical in her helplessness her organizing ability, her intelligence”, her apparent “radical” actions are considered a threat to those in power, though in reality it is very obvious that she is anything but a communist- the enemy. Politics greatly influences the lives of many, even today in The Reluctant Fundamentalist the events of 9/11 are the catalyst for the war in Iraq, as a way of protecting Americas sense of safety and power. The narrator challenges the stereotypes connected to those of Arab appearance “ The men and women-yes the women too- of my household are working people, professionals”. He is clean shaven polite, successful and he is “ a lover of America” in spite of this following 9/11 he is demonized, and his country is threatened by an impending war which threatens to destroy the lives of many innocent people. Yet because of 9/11 the war has more to do with politics rather than an outward threat, a way of America stabilizing itself in the eyes of its citizens. These novels reveal the mechanics of societies in the past and even the present.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Sample

...How to write your assignment Andrew Hardie How to structure an essay  Introduction: What is the essay about? What is its question? How is it structured?  Main body: methods of data collection, data analysis, interpretation/discussion or discussion of relevant literature  Conclusion: summary, answer to essay question, open questions Introduction  A “roadmap” to the essay  Key phrases: “In this essay, I will discuss…” “This essay looks at/discusses/investigates…” “This essay is structured as follows:…” Main body: data analysis  Introduce your data: Where did you get them? How do they help you answer the question?  Analyse your data: What in particular do you look at and why? What do the data show you with regard to the question? How can you link results to the literature?  Key phrases: “If we look at…we can see that…” “The data clearly show that…” “With regard to… it is evident that…” Main body: literature review  Introduce your sources: What are they? How do they help you answer the question?  Discuss your sources: What points are made? How do they relate to each other? Where do you differ or agree?  Key phrases: “Author A claims/states/reports/suggests that…” “Author B further develops/opposes/critiques the view that…” “Author C‟s theory seems debatable/in need of further empirical evidence/is called into question by…” Conclusion  Sum up the argument: Where did you start out from and what......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Bleak House

...Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism. Ed. Laurie Lanzen Harris. Vol. 8. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Literature Resource Center. Web. 17 Sep. 2012. Ebsco Host- Jahn, Karen. "Fit To Survive: Christian Ethics In Bleak House." Studies In The Novel 18.4 (1986): 367. Advanced Placement Source. Web. 17 Sept. 2012. JSTOR-  Kelley, Alice Van Buren. "The Bleak Houses of Bleak House." Nineteenth-Century Fiction 25.3 (1970): 253-68. JSTOR. Web. 17 Sept. 2012. AUTHORITATIVE ESSAY - Callow, Simon. "Getting to Know Charles Dickens." The New York Times. N.p., 16 Dec. 2011. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/18/books/review/getting-to-know-charles-dickens.html?pagewanted=all&_moc.semityn.www> BLEAK HOUSE: BOOK BY A SINGLE AUTHOR: Daiches, David. A Critical History of English Literature. New York: Ronald Press, 1960. Print. BOOK IN A SERIES: Johnson, Edgar. “The Anatomy of Society.” Bleak House. Ed. A.E. Dyson. Aurora: Nashville, 1969. 136-156. Print. Rpt. of “The Anatomy of Society.” Charles Dickens; His Tragedy and Triumph. N.P., N.C., 1953. N.Pag. BOOK IN AN ANTHOLOGY Harrison, Fredrick. “Charles Dickens.” Charles Dickens. Ed. Harold Bloom. Bloom’s Literary Criticism: New York, 2008. 72-79. Print. Rpt. of “Charles Dickens.” Studies in Early Victorian Literature. N.P., N.C.,1895: 133-44. BOOK/ESSAY THAT PLACES YOUR WORK IN ITS HISTORICAL/CULTURAL CONTEXT Marks, Patricia. “Charles Dickens.” Critical Survey......

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

I Like Stuff

...prizes awarded for the best essays and such awards could help to support your University Application as evidence of outstanding academic work and independent effort. How long and of what nature should my essay be? Your essay should be between 2,000 and 2,500 words (excluding notes and bibliography) and represent original and independent work. There may be a case for writing a slightly shorter essay if one of your universities requires a shorter sample essay. Supplying an accurate word count is in any case crucial. Your essay should aim to be quite a focused piece and be a work of analysis and interpretation rather than just description. You may need to seek advice on the planning, structuring and the title of your essay. Some modifications may be necessary for scientific submissions. Where will inspiration for my essay come from? Your essay may, or may not be, a further development of normal subject work (e.g. Physics Research and Analysis, English Phillimore, History Gibbon Prize etc); it may be on subjects which have no existing prizes; it may be on a subject which is not on the curriculum (e.g. Anthropology) or which is cross-curricular (e.g. English and History of Art); or it may have emerged from Cultural perspectives lessons, the Cultural Perspectives timed essay which you take at the end of this term, be inspired by Critical Thinking work or be a ‘further developed’ praebendum essay. You should state in a covering note how and why the essay came about. Of......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Shaquaina Paper

...kjjjjjood in Literature Essay - Critical Essays Food in Literature Introduction * print Print * document PDF * list Cite * link Link Food in Literature Eating is a fundamental human activity, an activity that is both necessary for survival and inextricably connected with social function. Eating habits and rituals, the choice of dining companions, and the reasons behind these behaviors are fundamental to fostering an understanding of human society. Recent psychoanalytic theory suggests that eating practices are essential to self-identity and are instrumental in defining family, class, and even ethnic identity. Although food and related imagery have long been part of literature, psychological theories have led to the examination of food and eating as a universal experience. Themes related to food are common among all types of writing, and they are often used as a literary device for both visual and verbal impact. For example, food-related images in the theater are commonly used to create a mood or convey an idea. Food is also a significant theme in literature by and about women and in children's literature. A common setting related to food in children's literature is teatime. Usually employed to dramatize states of harmony or disharmony, teatime is used to great effect in such works as Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1866), in which Alice learns to come to terms with the world around her via her experiences at the Mad Hatter's distinctly......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nothing

...planning long term ... This study was limited to the first year college students in the University of the Visayas ... Thesis About Study Habits Free Essays 1 - 20www.termpaperwarehouse.com/subcategory/thesis...study-habits/1Cached You +1'd this publicly. Undo Free Essays on Thesis About Study Habits for students. Use our papers ... Does Social Networking Displace Study Habits And Media Use Of College Students? LSCHE: Dissertations & Theseswww.lsche.net/resources/dissertation.htmCached You +1'd this publicly. Undo Dec 6, 2010 – The Effect of Locus of Control and Attitudes Toward Intelligence on Study Habits of College Students. Boston University. Horstman, W. A. (2004) ... Introduction Of The Study Habits Free Essays 1 - 20www.studymode.com/.../introduction-of-the-study-habits-page1.htmlCached You +1'd this publicly. Undo 20+ items – Free Essays on Introduction Of The Study Habits for students. pointed out as predicting grades. It has been interplay of so many factors ... Officer in Charge- English THESIS ABSTRACT Title: The Effects of Cellular ... Study Habits - College Essay - Jeshabigwww.studymode.com › Essays › ChemistryCached You +1'd this publicly. Undo Rating: 3.7 - 3 votes Research has shown that effective study skills lead to improved academic performance. The habits that students develop during their college years will remain ... Philippine Literature On The Study Habits Of College Free Essays 1......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Marketing Fundamentals

...Application of the marketing mix is no longer relevant for firms adopting a contemporary approach to marketing. Is this statement true? Write an essay that critically assesses this statement with reference to relevant literature and briefly outline suitable practical examples of firms’ practises where appropriate. Tip: You might want to use some of the literature used in the group presentation exercise as a starting point in your literature search and consider other approaches to marketing when critically examining the role of the marketing mix. Length 2,000 word essay Deadlines You will be given both formative and summative feedback for this essay if you submit your first attempt by the first deadline date. The first deadline for submission is 3pm Thursday 24th October. Written feedback on first attempts of the essay will be released on Thursday 14th November. The second and final submission deadline for the essay is 3pm Thursday 21st November. The second submission will then be marked and you will receive an (unconfirmed) summative mark and final feedback should be by 12th December 2013. Submission A paper copy of the essay should be submitted via the reception/ submission desk in PGT reception. Make sure you receive a receipt for the submission. An electronic copy should also be submitted via TurnItin. Both a paper copy and an electronic copy (via TurnItin) must be submitted for both deadlines. Penalty for late submission The penalty for late......

Words: 1011 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Peace Keeping in Bangladesh

...Student Disability Services Essay Writing in 8 Steps Step 1:Get to grips with the scale of the task This is important because it’s much harder to cut down to the required word count if you have written too much than to plan carefully and write the right amount in the first place. Scale is also important because it will dictate the amount of detail you can include. Think about the word limit (2,000 words, 3,000 words?). How many typed pages will there be (about 500 words per page with single spacing)? Roughly how many sections do you think there will be (e.g. 6 including introduction and conclusion)? For example, each section for a 2,000 word essay would be in the range of 300 – 350 words. Think about the number of words per page (500, font 12, single spaced or 250 double spaced). A 2,000 word essay will fill about 4 (or 8) pages. If you visualise and work within a framework like this, you will be more likely to produce a piece of writing that is of about the right length. No time wasted chopping bits out. Step 2: Consider the subject of the essay / the essay title Read the essay title carefully, as every word will be important. It may be helpful to identify two different sorts of words: Content words and Instruction words. Content words relate to the subject you will be writing about. The area about which you will be demonstrating your knowledge and understanding, be it cognition, anatomy, French history, Descartes or post-impressionism. Instruction words are those that tell...

Words: 1857 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Student Disability Services

...Student Disability Services Essay Writing in 8 Steps Step 1:Get to grips with the scale of the task This is important because it’s much harder to cut down to the required word count if you have written too much than to plan carefully and write the right amount in the first place. Scale is also important because it will dictate the amount of detail you can include. Think about the word limit (2,000 words, 3,000 words?). How many typed pages will there be (about 500 words per page with single spacing)? Roughly how many sections do you think there will be (e.g. 6 including introduction and conclusion)? For example, each section for a 2,000 word essay would be in the range of 300 – 350 words. Think about the number of words per page (500, font 12, single spaced or 250 double spaced). A 2,000 word essay will fill about 4 (or 8) pages. If you visualise and work within a framework like this, you will be more likely to produce a piece of writing that is of about the right length. No time wasted chopping bits out. Step 2: Consider the subject of the essay / the essay title Read the essay title carefully, as every word will be important. It may be helpful to identify two different sorts of words: Content words and Instruction words. Content words relate to the subject you will be writing about. The area about which you will be demonstrating your knowledge and understanding, be it cognition, anatomy, French history, Descartes or post-impressionism. Instruction words are those......

Words: 1858 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

How to Critical Analysis

...Essay writing Writing skills are particularly important for management students. Once statements are made in writing, they are much more difficult to retract or change so the meanings of sentences need to be concise and clear. It is therefore vitally important to develop your skills in this more formalised and rigorous form of communication. The following suggestions should help in preparing your essay: Planning: Before you start writing it is important that you know enough about the topic to form an argument in response to the question set. Make sure you have read enough – not just textbooks or lecture notes. Planning your essay is very important. Another key step before you put pen to paper, or finger the keyboard, is to work out a structure for your essay. Making the structure explicit will help you be clear about your overall line of argument. Equally, being clear about your line of argument will help shape your sense of structure. For these reasons IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO DECIDE THE THEME AND ARGUMENT OF YOUR ESSAY BEFORE YOU START TO WRITE. However many of you will also find it useful to try writing parts of the essay in order to work out your structure and plan your argument. Writing a structure plan does NOT mean writing a list of everything you want to include in the essay – the ‘shopping list’ approach. Rather you need to think through the logical steps of the argument. What information or points do you need to make before you can argue a certain......

Words: 1153 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hungry

...Student Disability Services Essay Writing in 8 Steps Step 1:Get to grips with the scale of the task This is important because it’s much harder to cut down to the required word count if you have written too much than to plan carefully and write the right amount in the first place. Scale is also important because it will dictate the amount of detail you can include. Think about the word limit (2,000 words, 3,000 words?). How many typed pages will there be (about 500 words per page with single spacing)? Roughly how many sections do you think there will be (e.g. 6 including introduction and conclusion)? For example, each section for a 2,000 word essay would be in the range of 300 – 350 words. Think about the number of words per page (500, font 12, single spaced or 250 double spaced). A 2,000 word essay will fill about 4 (or 8) pages. If you visualise and work within a framework like this, you will be more likely to produce a piece of writing that is of about the right length. No time wasted chopping bits out. Step 2: Consider the subject of the essay / the essay title Read the essay title carefully, as every word will be important. It may be helpful to identify two different sorts of words: Content words and Instruction words. Content words relate to the subject you will be writing about. The area about which you will be demonstrating your knowledge and understanding, be it cognition, anatomy, French history, Descartes or post-impressionism. Instruction words are those that tell...

Words: 1858 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Final Essay

...The Final Essay Assignment  The Prompt As we’ve discussed all semester long, the final essay for our class will involve some research. The first part of this assignment sheet sets up the prompt and the essay’s required elements. One of the things you’ll notice about this assignment is that elements of it are modeled off of previous assignments. This is deliberate, as they’ve given you practice at this type of argumentation. This special topic section of English Composition II has focused upon the horror genre as practiced by American writers. We’ve read and discussed several works from horror authors over the course of the nation’s history, and considered in-depth longer fiction from the 20th Century horror icon Shirley Jackson. We’ve also delved into popular culture, examining comic books and, time permitting, television shows and movies. For this essay, you’ll be asked to pick another horror story (see The Topic section for some ideas) to add to this course’s discussion. In the interest of time, I suggest a short story, but you could read a novel for this project as well. More specifically, your essay should do the following things: (1) Provide your readers unfamiliar with your chosen text some context about the work, including a brief summary of the story. Likely, this would occur in your first support paragraph after your introduction. (2) Review the story. This is your opportunity to argue......

Words: 1648 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Professor

...sdfsdfsdfsdTermPaperWarehouse.com - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research Documents The Research Paper Factory * Join * Search * Browse * Saved Papers ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form * Home Page » * Historical Events Economic Development: a Comparison of Rostow and Gerschenkron In: Historical Events Economic Development: a Comparison of Rostow and Gerschenkron “Rostow’s pattern of thought of economic development is often compared and contrasted with that of Alexander Gerschenkron, though the two are more or less compatible and complementary.” Critically discuss this statement. The theory of economic development throughout history has been of significant discussion especially in regard to the works of Rostow and Gerschenkron. The differentiation between the pattern of thoughts and ideals is a hotly debated topic within economics. The ideals the two theorists create, each substantially creditable in their own right, entail degrees of correlation and variation. Leaving the conclusion, do the to patterns of economic thought complement one another or is there distinct disparity between the two.   Applied examples will be used below to analyse the extent of segregation or association between the works of Rostow and Gerschenkron. The two theories of work are mainly discussed with Asian development as it is more relevant, timely and there is significantly more information available than previous......

Words: 2849 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Research Inquiry - Angkor

...destinations for both domestic and international tourists in Cambodia. Visiting tourism sites associated with war and death has become an increasing phenomenon within the tourism world. Many debates in tourism research and literature have resulted. New literature seems to debate various touristic themes associated with sites like than Angkor Wat. This essay will draw on three of the major themes that have caused been presented within this tourism literature. Firstly, this essay will aim to analyse the Khmer Rouge’s civil war on tourism to Cambodia, and the views and perceptions of visiting sites associated with the regime. Secondly, this essay will introduce the topic of ‘dark tourism sites’, a tourism phenomenon which can be exampled with the Angkor Wat sites. Lastly, this essay will analyse two paradoxical, intertwining issues of heritage site conservation, and tourism development and promotion, and what literature views as being more important. The Cambodian civil war of the Khmer Rouge which took place in the 1970’s has undoubtedly shaped the country’s history, as well as its future. Literature providing history on Cambodia outlines this extensively. Chheang (2008) outlined the decades of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge genocidal civil war as having mass long- term effects on the country, causing it into insurgencies and isolation which...

Words: 1533 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

How to Write Novel Essay

...How to Write a novel Essay Posted in Novel Essay on 04/03/2012 01:34 am by admin1 Novel Essay as a Literature Essay Type A powerful essay can balance a detailed and logical structure with an enthusiastic and convincing writing style. This balance will help you reach goal, which is to convey information and build an effective argument regarding the chosen subject matter. As you plan, write and edit your essay, your main argument should remain at the heart of your work. Of course, the task of staying focused on your main idea may not be as easy as it seems. In addition, you will need to carefully handle other elements of the essay, such as the introduction, supporting evidence and conclusion. When dealing with a literature essay, you should offer a debatable argument about a literary work. For example, simply stating that “Mark Twain’s ‘Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ is about the adventures of a young protagonist,” will not suffice as a debatable issue. You will need to produce a more focused and opinionated topic. Your personal stance, which will appear in the form of your essay’s thesis statement, can aim to analyze character development, debate the effectiveness of writing techniques employed by the author or even draw comparisons between multiple literary works. You must be imaginative and clear when brainstorming your thesis. After your thesis statement is in place, you will use the body of the essay to support your stance using facts and examples from the text.......

Words: 1376 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

An Hour

...Narration The person telling the story is the narrator the narrator helps t shape the story for the reader. Point of view The point of view is the perspective from which the narrator tells the story. The point of view can be indentified in five ways. 1 First person It will use the Pronoun “I” and will place the narrator in the story. 2 Third person this will use the pronouns “he” or “she but will typically limit it to one characters Point of view Third Person Omniscient Will use the pronouns “he” “she” and “they however, the narrator will move in and out of the mind of several characters. Third person objective point of view will limit the intervention of the narrator. The setting and action will be described and we will listen in audience. The narrarator will not interpret for the reader. Shifting point of view The shifting point of view will shift the focus from a narrow to a broader perspective of the omniscient narrator Setting the location and the atmosphere of the story Conflict this is the struggle of opposing external or internal forces Plot This is the structure of the story. It’s the twists & turns. It you the story un folds. Plot structure Crisis / Climax The moment of truth rising action conflict builds, exposition, We learn about the various characters, the falling action crisis is over resolution the story ends. what happens at the end. Allteration This is the use of similar consant sounds. Using woods that begin with the same on......

Words: 1849 - Pages: 8