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Literature

In: Social Issues

Submitted By rylgerona
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Review of Related Literature

A review of related literature is the process of collecting, selecting, and reading books, journals, reports, abstracts, and other reference materials. The following information may be collected:

1. Background information about the problem and related concepts.

2. Theories that explain the existence of the problem and the possible connection between certain factors and the problem

3. Data that confirms the existence and seriousness of the problem

4. General and specific findings of studies related to the problem

5. Recommendations for further study given in related studies

Why Review Literature?

A review of related literature is a must in research. The following are some of the obvious reasons;

1. It helps the researcher identify and define a research problem

2. It helps justify the need for studying a problem.

3. It prevents unnecessary duplication of a study

4. It can be a source of a theoretical basis for the study

5. It enables the researcher to learn how to conceptualize a research problem and properly identify and operationally define study variables

6. It helps formulate and refine research instruments

7. It provides lesson for data analysis and interpretation.

When to Start Reviewing Related Literature?

While the research problem is still being conceptualized, the researcher must already start reviewing literature. In identifying and defining the research problem, the researcher must be able to show evidences that the problem really exists and is worth investigating.

It is important that the researcher knows what is already known about the problem or what earlier researchers have found about it and what questions still need to be answered before the research questions or objectives are finalized.

Theories which the researchers use to explain the existence of a research...

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