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# Literature

Submitted By Oishee
Words 1883
Pages 8
Question number 1 (a) (b) (i)

Answer total internal reflection prism drawn in correct orientation (by eye) Accept TIR

Notes

Marks 1 1 1

Accept a freehand sketch of the triangular prism Size of prism unimportant, e.g. can fill the entire square, but horizontal and vertical edges must be drawn

correct reflection of rays (by eye): (ii) Accept freehand sketch Accept correct external reflection e.g. reflection as shown below gets 1 mark for 1(b)(ii) despite the error in the 1(b)(i) response

Total

3

Page No.: 3

Question number 2 (a) (i) B- 2 cm

Notes

Marks 1

(ii) (b)

C- 8 cm Idea that in a transverse wave the direction of vibration is perpendicular to the direction of the wave; (May be shown with labels on the diagram) Idea that longitudinal wave the direction of vibration is parallel to the direction of the wave; (May be shown with labels on the diagram) A named freehand sketch of either wave indicating the two directions; e.g. Allow (for vibration) oscillation / displacement / disturbance (for direction of wave) direction of travel / energy / transfer (for perpendicular) at right angles, is ⊥ to (for parallel) the same as, // the minimum labeliing is to name of the type of wave they have drawn. Allow sine waves with appropriate arrows Allow diagrams indicating compression and rarefaction e.g. in a spring transverse Allow for 1 mark (but only if other mark is scored) a comparison of the directions of vibration of both waves without relating them to the direction of the wave e.g. transverse vibrates up and down but longitudinal vibrates back and forward

1 3

Longitudinal

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 4

Question number (c) any two of

Notes

Marks 2

MP2 speed (in a vacuum) OR speed = 3 X10 (m/s); MP3 obeys laws of reflection / refraction; MP4 obeys wave equation OR speed = frequency × wavelength; MP5 carries energy/ information; MP6 they are transverse (d) (i) D - X-rays A – absorbed by the bone X-rays OR gamma rays idea of causing damage to cancer cells e.g. cells killed/mutated/ionised/destroys;

8

MP1 can travel through vacuum OR needs no medium; “speed in a vacuum” where seen, scores 2 marks (MP1 and MP2) Accept reflect, refract, diffract

1

(ii) (iii)

2

allow symbol γ do not allow UV Independent mark Total 11

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 5

Question number (a)

Notes

Marks 2

3

temperature

boiling point of nitrogen -196

boiling point of water

in °C in Kelvin

373

ignore -273

one mark for each correct;;

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 6

Question number 3 (b) (i)

Answer Plotting to nearest half-square (minus one for each plotting error, up to max 2 marks) ;; line of best fit that intersects x-axis between -250 and -300;

Notes

Marks 3

(ii)

point (0, 0.85) circled or otherwise indicated; 1

1.5 1 0.5 0 ‐300 ‐200 ‐100 0 100

1 (b) (iii) Reading from graph to nearest small square (±5 degrees); Total 7

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 7

Question number (a) any three of

Notes

Marks 3

4

MP1 idea that there is current (in the wire/coil); MP2 idea that (the coil has) a magnetic field; MP3 idea that coil’s magnetic field interacts with field of permanent magnet; MP4 idea that there is a force on the coil/wire; Allow ideas of LHM rule, Fleming’s LHR, catapult field, attraction, repulsion MP5 Idea that current or force reverses every half turn; Allow action of a commutator described Allow ideas of electromagnetic field, electromagnet Allow - ‘magnetic fields touch / overlap’ Ignore - ‘cutting of magnetic fields’

Question number
Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Notes

Marks
Page No.: 8

4

(b)

(i)

any two of

2

MP1 increase magnetic field( e.g. stronger magnets or magnets closer or magnets curved round coil); MP2 increase current OR voltage Or more cells; Allow “use thicker wire” Ignore “stronger battery” MP3 increase number of turns (on coil); MP4 a sensible alternative suggestion e.g. use two or more sets of coils at angles, lubricate axle; Allow idea of 3 phase supply, iron stator

(ii)

Suggestion that clearly results in reversal of the current OR the cell connections OR the magnet’s field;

1

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 9

Question number 4 (c) any two of

Notes

Marks 2

MP1 Idea that force is increased (by stronger field); MP2 Idea of radial magnetic field (rather than a uniform one); MP3 Coil remains in the field for a longer time;

Allow idea that iron is magnetised Allow idea that magnetic field acts “all the way around” Allow idea that force acts over a larger part of a cycle Total 8

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 10

Question number (a) B D (b)

Answer constant velocity of 5 m/s

Notes Allow speed is 5 m/s

Marks 2

5

Idea that velocity/speed = 0 Idea of greater slope (for stage E); e.g. the gradient is steeper

Allow “stops”, “stationary”,“at rest” Allow reverse argument, provided stage A is identified e.g. “stage A has a shallower slope” Allow attempts to demonstrate through - calculation of both gradients - qualitative comparison of data 1

(c)

distance = speed × time OR distance = area under graph; attempt to find any area; attempt to total correct areas (or use trapezium method); evaluation; e.g. distance = area under graph 7 × 7 or ½ × 7 × 3 (7 × 7) + (½ × 7 × 3) = 49 + 10.5 59.5 (m)

The correct relationship can be implicit in the working 59.5 (m) with no working = full marks Allow the trapezium method e.g. 7 × ( (7+10) ÷ 2 ) = 7 × 8.5 = 59.5 (m)

4

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 11

Question number (d)

Answer Correct equation shown ; e.g. (average speed) = distance (moved) / time (taken) Substitution of correct distance and suitable time; Correct evaluation ; e.g.106.5/27 3.94 (m/s) Allow d/t

Notes

Marks 3

Allow (ecf) max 2 4.26 (m/s) (use of time = 25 s) 3.55 (m/s) (use of time = 30 s) Allow reverse argument max 2 e.g. 106.5 ÷ 4 = 26.6 (s) Total 10

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 12

Question number 6 (a) (i) any three of

Notes

Marks 3

Idea of collisions / impact (with walls); Continuous bombardment; force produced; Pressure = force ÷ area; (ii) Idea that the student is right OR the pressure decreases; AND any two of The number(or mass) of molecules stays the same; The gas volume increases;

Ignore collisions between particles

Allow idea of momentum changing

3 Both marks depend on previous correct response (e.g. pressure decreases) Allow idea that area of can in contact with gas increases OR gas particles have more space Allow mention of p1V1 = p2V2 in this context Allow “longer time between collisions” 1

Pressure is inversely proportional to volume; Particles collide with the wall less frequently; (Average speed) increases;

(b)

Total

7

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 13

Question number 7 (a)

Answer pressure difference = height (or depth) x density x g ; substitution into correct equation; evaluation; e.g. 1028 X 10 X 700 7 196 000 (Pa) (total pressure =) 72 x105 + 1 x 105 (Pa);

Notes Allow h × ρ × g (and rearrangements) Reject “gravity” for g in 7(a)(i) Allow standard form

Marks 1

(i)

(ii)

2

Allow use of g = 9.8(1) 052 080

7 059 276 or 7 1

(iii)

Allow 7 296 000 (Pa) OR answer to 7(a)(ii) + 100 000 Allow p = F/A Substitution and transposition either order

(b)

(i) (ii)

pressure = force/area Substitution into correct equation; Transformation; Evaluation; e.g. 41 × 105 = F/3.1 F= 41 × 105 x 3.1 1.271 x 107 (N) because fresh water has a lower density than sea water OR reverse argument;

1 3

12 710 000, 127.1 x 105 , 1.3 x 107 1

(c)

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 14

Question number 7 (d)

Answer any five of MP1 suitable measuring instruments mentioned; e.g. measuring cylinder and (electronic) balance MP2 method of obtaining correct mass; e.g. subtract mass of container, use of tare MP3 detail to ensure accuracy of liquid volume; e.g. burette, pipette, density bottle, account taken of meniscus MP4 equation stated - density = mass ÷ volume; MP5 suitable units used, e.g. g for mass and cm3 for volume MP6 Idea of appropriate repeating or averaging at any stage

Notes

Marks 5

Allow scales Ignore newtonmeter, weighing machine Ignore weight Allow keep temperature constant

Allow ρ=m/V Allow ml, l Allow “discard anomalous results”

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 15

Question number 8 (a)

Answer all 3 for both marks;; any two for 1 mark ; item ammeter steel spring retort stand and l rubber band ruler thermometer mass hanger mass given given Tick if needed

Notes each incorrect tick = -1

Marks 2

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 16

Qu uestion nu umber 8 (b) (i) (ii) 5.5 (in the table) 5

Answe er

Notes

Marks 1 5

sui itable scale for axes; r axe labelled wit units; es th points plotted to nearest mm square (minus one for o s s eac ch plo otting, up to m max 2 marks);; Lin (curve) of b ne best fit accepta able;

correct plot -1 for each inc Allow (ecf) a b balanced straig line of bes ght st fit f that takes a account of any plotting error rs and indicated a a anomalies

Shakil Raiman

Cell: 01614-SHAKIL (01614-742545)

Page No.: 17

Question number 8 b (iii) No / yes (no mark )

Notes

Marks 2

Idea that Hooke’s law should show (direct) proportionality; Use of data (from the table or graph) to explain that the results do not show this; e.g. ‘line is a curve’, ‘(table shows) rubber band extends unevenly’ Allow (ecf) - converse from straight drawn line, using data from their graph (not the table) e.g. ‘Yes’ AND ‘line is a straight’ Total 10

Question number 9 (a)

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