Litertaure and Civilization
English and Literature
Submitted By najwamsiliya
The Jacobean Age of English Literature coincides with the reign of James I, 1603 - 1625. During this time the literature became sophisticated, sombre, and conscious of social abuse and rivalry. The Jacobean Age produced rich prose and drama as well as the King James translation of the Bible. Shakespeare and Jonson wrote during the Jacobean Age, as well as John Donne, Francis Bacon, and Thomas Middleton.
The Caroline Age of English Literature coincides with the reign of Charles I, 1625 - 1649. The writers of this age wrote with refinement and elegance. This era produced a circle of poets known as the "Cavalier Poets" and the dramatists of this age were the last to write in the Elizabethan tradition.
The Commonwealth Period, also known as the Puritan Interregnum, of English Literature includes the literature produced during the time of Puritan leader Oliver Cromwell. This period produced the political writings of John Milton, Thomas Hobbes' political treatise Leviathan, and the prose of Andrew Marvell. In September of 1642, the Puritans closed theatres on moral and religious grounds. For the next eighteen years the theatres remained closed, accounting for the lack of drama produced during this time period. Practical View
1. A New View of Man ( From Medieval Scholasticism to Humanism)
The Word HUMANISM originally refered to a student of humanities, especially classical literature and philosophy. During the Renaissance, European intellectuals devoted themselves to the re-discovery and intense study of Greek Literature and philosophy, in particular PLATO and ARISTOTLE. This tendency was contrasted to the prevailing works of scholars whose pre-occupatiuon was chiefly theological.
PLATO ‘s (428-347 BC) philosophy affected profoundly the Humanists’ view of man. Plato believed that there was “. no weakness of the...