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Little Albert

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Homework: Little Albert. 1. Did the results of Watson and Rayner's experiment support their hypothesis?
- Yes, it did. The hypothesis was that most human behaviours and emotional reactions are built up on conditioned response. The result from the conditioning Watson and Rayner subject Albert to proves this hypothesis because Albert responded to the unconditioned stimulus which was brought around by the unconditioned response that is also known as fear. After combining these specific factors, the rat became the conditioned stimulus and that elicited a conditioned response from Albert. A conditioned response in this case, is fear.
2. How did Albert's response become generalised?
- Albert’s response became generalised after he was subjected to ‘conditioning’ by Watson and Rayner when he was eleven years old. They instill the fear of rats within Albert and not soon after, they present him with the same toys back when he was nine years old. Albert was afraid of the toys that look even remotely furry such as a dog, a rabbit and a Santa Claus mask. However, Albert was not afraid of the blocks that were presented to him and from there, both Watson and Rayner have concluded that Albert is afraid of furry objects and therefore they have generalised his fear based upon the results of their experiment that was conducted on him.
3. How were the principles of classical conditioning used to reduce Peter's fear of rabbits?
- The principles of classical conditioning were used to create an extinction procedure which is also known as counter-conditioning. Counter-conditioning can reduce people’s existing fears such as a fear of rabbits, loud noises and clowns. It was one of Watson’s students, Mary Cover Jones, that first developed counter-conditioning as a means of cure to combat her mentor’s classical conditioning. It would only be logical that there should be a treatment for...

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