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Local Government

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kunoorshahira
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7/27/2010

ADS 505
Local Government

Local Government: Chapter 3
Typology of Local Governments

Typology of Local Governments o Patronage

Patronage Model
The Patronage Model refers to political patronage, used in certain countries, where state resources are used to reward electoral support of certain individuals. While Whil some patronage systems are legal, others t t l l th may attribute this to corruption or favoritism in which a party in power rewards groups, families, ethnicities for their electoral support using illegal gifts or fraudulently-awarded appointments or government contracts.

Model o Economic Development Model o Welfare State Model

Patronage Model
Political leaders often have a great deal of patronage at their disposal Patronage is recognized as a power of the e ecut ve branch. executive b a c . In most countries, the ost cou t es, t e executive has the right to make many appointments.

Patronage Model
In some democracies, high-level appointments are reviewed or approved by the legislature. In other countries, such as those using the Westminster system, g y this is not the case. Other types of political patronage may violate the laws or ethics codes (nepotism and cronyism).

1

7/27/2010

Patronage Model
Low level political patronage, when not entangled in financial means, is not inherently unseemly. In the United States, t e U.S. Co st tut o t e U te the Constitution provides the president with the power to appoint individuals to government positions. He also may appoint personal advisers without congressional approval. Not surprisingly, these individuals tend to be supporters of the president.

Patronage Model
In Canada, there is a tradition that allows the Prime Minister to appoint the heads of a number of commissions and agencies; in many cases, these appointments go to y pp g people who have supported the…...

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