Premium Essay

Long Term Effects of Exercise

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Sam0321
Words 405
Pages 2
1. What are the long term effects of exercise on… a) the cardiovascular system b) the respiratory system c) the muscular system d) the skeletal system

a. The long-term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system are the heart becomes bigger and its walls become thicker and the coronary arteries become better at supplying the heart with blood. It will be able to pump more blood per min which makes the heart more capable of a higher heart rate, stroke volume and minute volume. b. The long-term effects of exercise on the respiratory system are increasing the air sacks in the lungs, clearing out any mucus that may be in any of them, increasing the vital capacity of the lungs and tidal volume of the lungs as well as increasing the strength of the diaphragm muscle. The lungs will become healthier and produce a greater number of alveoli. c. The long-term effects of exercise on the muscular system are the tendons (a connective tissue that connect muscle to bone) become stronger, our aerobic energy system become more efficient, slow twitch fibres increase in size. Also our muscles hypertrophy become bigger and individual muscle fibres become thicker becoming able to cope with lactic acid. Lastly the chemical reaction in our muscle that produces energy increase in quantity and the removal of lactic acid is faster. d. The long-term effects of exercise on the skeletal system are the mineral content of our bones increases and bones get denser, the ligaments become stronger and stretch slightly and the cartilage thickens.

2. Answer the questions below… a) What is the difference between anaerobic and aerobic respiration. b) Give an example of when you would work aerobically in sport. c) Give an example of when you would work anaerobically in sport.

a. Aerobic respiration is where energy is made...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Low Fat Diets with Exercise Versus Diet Pills

...Low Fat Diet with Exercise Versus Diet Pills University of Phoenix Low Fat Diet with Exercise Versus Diet Pills "If it is too good to be true, then it probably is". In the United States of America, obesity has become a concern for the common public. People get increasingly attracted to anything that claims a quick and effective weight loss technique. Although most people understand that they can lose weight through dieting and regular exercising, they get easily fascinated about the advertisements of diet pills that offer a slim physique within a few months without the hazards of exercising or diet control. This paper is comparing and contrasting the two methods for weight loss: exercising with a balanced low fat diet versus taking prescription diet drugs. Eating a healthy diet and regular exercising can help obese Americans to lose more weight in the long term than do unsafe diet pills. Obese people depend on different methods to lose their weight when they make a decision to shed their extra weight. The most accepted method is to change the diet into a balanced and low fat diet with doing adequate physical exercise. Another method is the use of diet pills to lose weight, which has become very popular among Americans recently. Healthier options of dieting are always good for losing weight. The human body uses food for energy, and any excess energy is stored as fat. When body is set to use these stored fat, the weight losses. The most effective way to do this is...

Words: 1480 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Unit 5

...assessment for each of the major components of fitness | M1 explain the results of the fitness assessment and measure against relevant public service entrance test | D1 evaluate results of the fitness assessment, analyse strengths and recommend improvements | P2 describe the structure and function of the muscular-skeletal,cardiovascular and respiratory systems | | | P3 undertake a fitness activity,record and identify the short-term effects of exerciseon the major human bodysystems | M2explain the short and long term effects of exerciseon the major human bodysystems | | P4 describe the lifestyle factors that can affect health | M3explain the effects ofidentified lifestyle factors onhealth and fitness, whenapplying for public service and long-term employment | D2Evaluate the effects ofidentified lifestyle factors onhealth and fitness, whenapplying for public service and long-term employment | P5 Provide lifestyle improvement strategies that can have a positive effect on health | M4Explain lifestyle improvement strategies to justify their positive effect on health | | P6Plan a six week health-related physical activity programme based on personal results | | | Task: Below you must describe the entrance fitness requirements and tests of the different public services (P1/U5) * minimum of 3 PUBLIC SERVICES | FITNESS TESTS | | In order to join the Regular or Territorial Army you...

Words: 2802 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Random

...Personal Food Diary Guidelines Purpose The purpose of this assignment is to increase self-awareness of the student by analyzing personal nutritional intake and activity routine throughout the course. In turn, the student will be able to help others modify their diet and activity, and improve overall wellness. An examination of a personal food and activity assessment will provide the student with essential data from which to change their health and wellness behaviors. Course Outcomes This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes: CO #1 Assess whether nutritional intake provides basic nutrients for optimal health and wellness. (PO #1, PO #2) CO #2 Describe nutritional needs for optimal health and wellness throughout the life span. (PO #1, PO #2) CO #3 Discuss the psychological, sociological, economical, and cultural implications of food on nutritional status. (PO #1, PO #2) CO #4 Describe evidence-based interventions and modifications in nutrition therapy that can positively influence the outcome of disease and illness. (PO #1, PO #8) Due Date Refer to Course Calendar for campus requirements. Online will submit by Sunday, Unit 7 11:59 pm MT. Total Points Possible: 100 Requirements 1. Create a concept map document based on the food and activity journal throughout the course using www.chooseMyPlate.gov. The discussion questions in units 1, 3, 5, & 7 will provide you with questions on what aspect of diet to focus on. You......

Words: 1481 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Body Systems

...BTEC 90 Credit/Extended Diploma in Public Services Unit 5 Physical Preparation, Health and Lifestyle for the Public Services Learner Resource Pack Introduction The human body is a very complex piece of machinery. It is made up of many different systems that work together to allow us to take part in a wide range of sports and everyday activities. It is important that anyone working with clients in the sport and exercise industry has a good understanding of how each of these systems works and copes with the stresses of exercise. This unit will explore the structure and the functions of the skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular and respiratory systems and how each of them is affected by exercise. It will also focus on the energy systems and their role in sport and exercise performance. Section One - The Structure and Function of The Skeletal System and How it Responds to Exercise Part 1.1: The structure of the skeleton system The skeleton provides us with a complex framework of bones, joints and cartilage without which we could not stand upright or move. It consists of 206 bones which can be divided into the axial and appendicular skeleton. The axial and appendicular skeleton The axial skeleton provides the supportive structure of the skeleton and is made up of the skull, vertebral column, sternum and ribs. The appendicular skeleton is made up of the upper limbs, shoulder girdle, lower limbs and hip girdle and......

Words: 6709 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Investment

...THE EQUITY OPTIONS STRATEGY GUIDE JANUARY 2001 Table of Contents Introduction Option Terms and Concepts s s s s s s s s s s s s s s 2 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 What is an Option? Long Short Open Close Leverage and Risk In-the-money, At-the-money, Out-of-the-money Time Decay Expiration Day Exercise Assignment What’s the Net? Early Exercise/Assignment Volatility Long Call Long Put Married Put Protective Put Covered Call Covered Put Bull Call Spread Bear Put Spread Collar Strategies s s s s s s s s s Glossary For More Information 1 Introduction The purpose of this booklet is to provide an introduction to some of the basic equity option strategies available to option and/or stock investors. Exchange-traded options have many benefits including flexibility, leverage, limited risk for buyers employing these strategies, and contract performance guaranteed by The Options Clearing Corporation (OCC). Options allow you to participate in price movements without committing the large amount of funds needed to buy stock outright. Options can also be used to hedge a stock position, to acquire or sell stock at a purchase price more favorable than the current market price, or, in the case of writing (selling) options, to earn premium income. Options give you options. You’re not just limited to buying, selling or staying out of the market. With options, you can tailor your position to your own financial situation, stock market......

Words: 12669 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Public Services

...assessment for each of the major components of fitness | M1 explain the results of the fitness assessment and measure against relevant public service entrance test | D1 evaluate results of the fitness assessment, analyse strengths and recommend improvements | P2 describe the structure and function of the muscular-skeletal,cardiovascular and respiratory systems | | | P3 undertake a fitness activity,record and identify the short-term effects of exerciseon the major human bodysystems | M2explain the short and long term effects of exerciseon the major human bodysystems | | P4 describe the lifestyle factors that can affect health | M3explain the effects ofidentified lifestyle factors onhealth and fitness, whenapplying for public service and long-term employment | D2Evaluate the effects ofidentified lifestyle factors onhealth and fitness, whenapplying for public service and long-term employment | P5 Provide lifestyle improvement strategies that can have a positive effect on health | M4Explain lifestyle improvement strategies to justify their positive effect on health | | P6Plan a six week health-related physical activity programme based on personal results | | | Task: Below you must describe the entrance fitness requirements and tests of the different public services (P1/U5) * minimum of 3 PUBLIC SERVICES | FITNESS TESTS | | Your fitness will be tested during the two-day selection...

Words: 3491 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Decreasing Low Grade Systemic Inflammation Through Exercise

...tissue secreting cytokines (Niklas et al, 2005), decreased circulatory levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10), and elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. (4) This essays aims to show the role that exercise can play in reducing inflammation, and will examine this effect in an obese, type II diabetic population. This reduced inflammation will be looked at in terms of three different mechanisms; the first is a reduction of visceral fat from exercise, leading to a decrease in adipokine secretion, the second is the increased release of anti-inflammatory cytokines from skeletal muscle contraction, and the third is the release of adrenal hormones, leading to a release of anti-inflammatory catecholamines. Inflammation can be acute or chronic and is indicated by a ‘two-to four-fold increase in circulating pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines’ (Woods et al, 2009) and by the presence of proteins such as CRP. The inflammation response can be due to trauma or as a result of factors such as obesity. Obesity can lead to persistent low-grade inflammation, as adipokines expand in visceral fat. This leads to an increase of the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g. IL-6 and TNF) and a decrease in anti-inflammatory molecules (e.g. IL-10 and Cortisol). Exercise has been shown to have the opposite effect to this, reducing the amount of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the blood. Type II Diabetes, or...

Words: 2935 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Exercise

...Types of exercise Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types,[7] depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: Flexibility exercises, such as stretching, improve the range of motion of muscles and joints.[8] Aerobic exercises, such as cycling, swimming, walking, skipping rope, rowing, running, hiking or playing tennis, focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance.[9] Anaerobic exercises, such as weight training, functional training, eccentric training or sprinting and high-intensity interval training, increase short-term muscle strength.[10] Categories of physical exercise Strength training Agility training Eccentric training Resistance training Interval training Continuous training Sometimes the terms 'dynamic' and 'static' are used. 'Dynamic' exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow. Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly (during the exercise). Categories Physical exercise is used to improve physical skills. Physical skills fall into the following general categories: Cardiovascular/respiratory endurance, Stamina, Strength, Flexibility, Power, Speed, Coordination, Agility, Balance, and Accuracy.[11] Metabolic equivalent of task The Compendium of Physical Activities was developed for use in epidemiologic studies to standardize the......

Words: 2039 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Diet Pills

...Since the human race has become fat, they have discovered dieting. However, with dieting it requires time, patience, exercise and proper dieting. A vast amount of people just don’t have the time for all that anymore, so they have reduced themselves to a quicker and sometimes un-healthy alternative: diet pills and supplements. Over the counter (known as OTC) diet pills and supplements are a savior and a demon in the same breath. They both have positive and negative effects on the body, both long term and short term. These same supplements can also cause damage to your mental and physical state if not taken properly and with consideration. Sadly, the negative will outweigh the positive in the end, these pills and supplements will prove to be more damaging in long term usage. Although there are negative side effects of both OTC diet pills and supplements, there are positive short and long term effects as well. For years people have been flash dieting, trying to shed a few pounds quickly and thus resort to a magic pill that has an urban myth that you will drop the weight in no time, with no work. However, this just isn’t so but they do have right now benefits that the user may favor temporarily. Usually these diet pills also known as diuretics, can cause you to lose a quick 2-7 pounds within a week or two. How is this done you ask? The first few pounds are water weight. It looks on the scale but in actuality, it has dehydrated your body and deprived it of much needed water.......

Words: 964 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A Prescription or Gym Membership

...people. There are many options when choosing a plan to lose weight. Taking a pill that will magically shed the weight versus hours in a gym and monitoring calories appeals to many people. If the traditional method of losing weight through diet and exercise does not produce results, a non-traditional method could be the answer. There are questions to ask before choosing a method. How much weight loss is needed to improve health? How quickly is the weight loss needed? What lifestyle changes are required? How much can I afford financially? Weight loss occurs when the calories burned are greater than the calories ingested over a period of time. Two of the most common prescription or over-the-counter drugs are appetite suppressors and fat absorption inhibitors. There are also many natural herbs and supplements that claim to shed fat or increase metabolism. The natural way to lose weight is through diet and exercise. Limiting calories and increasing physical activity will cause a person to lose weight. Prescription drugs require doctor visits and are regulated by medical staff. Supplements can be purchased over-the-counter and are rarely approved by the Federal Drug Administration. Losing weight with diet and exercise on your own can be the least costly method. Taking a walk outside in a park is free. A minimal investment of some good tennis shoes may be all that is required. Switching your diet to all organic foods may cost more at the grocery store, but......

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Statistic

...[pic] Current Liabilities, Contingencies, and the Time Value of Money OVERVIEW OF EXERCISES, PROBLEMS, AND CASES Estimated Time in Learning Objective Exercises Minutes Level 1. Identify the components of the current liability category of 1 10 Easy the balance sheet. 2 10 Easy 3 10 Easy 2. Examine how accruals affect the current liability category. 4 20 Mod 5 15 Mod 6 10 Mod 7 15 Mod 8 15 Mod 3. Demonstrate an understanding of how changes in current liabilities 9 5 Easy affect the statement of cash flows. 10 5 Mod 11 5 Mod 4. Determine when contingent liabilities should be presented on the 12 15 Mod balance sheet or disclosed in notes and how to calculate their amounts. 5. Explain the difference between simple and compound interest. 13 20 Mod 6. Calculate amounts using the future value and present value concepts. 14 5 Easy 15 5 Mod 16 10 Mod 17 10 Mod 24* 10 Diff 25* 10 Diff 7. Apply the compound interest concepts to some common 18 5 Mod accounting situations. 19 10 Mod 20 10 Diff 24* 10 Diff 25* 10 Diff 8. Demonstrate an understanding of the deductions 21 15 Mod and expenses for payroll accounting. (Appendix 9A) 22 20 Mod 9. Determine when compensated absences must be 23 10 Diff accrued as a liability. (Appendix 9A) *Exercise, problem, or case covers two or more learning objectives Level = Difficulty levels:......

Words: 11002 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Business

...CHAPTER 3 The Accounting Information System ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE | | | | |Brief | | | |A | |B | |Study Objectives | |Questions | |Exercises | |Exercises | |Problems | |Problems | | | | | | | | | | | | | |1. Analyse the effect of business | |1, 2, 3 | |1 | |1, 2, 3, 4, 13 | |1A, 2A | |1B, 2B | |transactions on the basic accounting | | | | | | | | | | | |equation. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |2. Explain what an account is and how it | |4 | | | | | | | | | |helps in the recording process. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ...

Words: 8864 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Administration

...Yermack, participants at the 2003 NBER Universities Research Conference of Corporate Governance, the 2004 AFA Meetings in San Diego, seminars at Arizona State University, Baruch College, Indiana University, Ohio State University, Penn State University, Rice University, Rutgers University, Southern Methodist University, University of Georgetown, University of Houston, University of Illinois, and University of Pittsburgh for helpful comments. All errors are the responsibility of the authors. The Impact of performance-based compensation on misreporting Abstract This paper examines the effect of CEO compensation contracts on misreporting. We find that the sensitivity of the CEO’s option portfolio to stock price is significantly positively related to the propensity to misreport. We do not find that the sensitivity of other components of CEO compensation, i.e., equity, restricted stock, long-term incentive payouts and salary and bonus have any significant impact on the propensity to misreport. Relative to other components of compensation, stock options are associated with stronger...

Words: 14024 - Pages: 57

Free Essay

Major Depressive vs. Exercise Treatment

...Major Depressive Disorder and the Treatment of Aerobic Exercise Therapy Melissa Young Abnormal Psychology SUNY Geneseo 9/20/10 The article “Exercise Treatment for Major Depression: Maintenance of Therapeutic Benefit at 10 Months” is based on a study from the year 2000, of two different treatment methods in regards to Major Depressive Disorder(MDD). This study (the Standard Medical Intervention and Long-term Exercise, or SMILE study), follows both aerobic exercise therapy and sertraline(Medicated) therapy. This longitudinal experiment was conducted with the possibility to develop a practical application to the present and future treatment of MDD. According to the article; “Aerobic exercise has been prescribed for the treatment of a wide range of medical disorders”, and “exercise may have a number of psychological benefits(p.633).” Given this positive outlook on exercise in the medical and psychological world, it is presumed that the exercise treatment will show positive results in this experiment. Researching more about exercise therapy could open up possible doors for the present and future world of treatment for mental disorders. In the SMILE study, 156 adult volunteers aged 50 and older, with MDD were randomly selected to participate in three different treatment groups. The three treatment groups included aerobic exercise therapy, sertraline therapy, and a combination of both exercise and medication. The independent variable was the different methods of treatment...

Words: 990 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Dont Know

...Short-term effects The short-term effects of exercise is an increase in your heart rate. In real life, you heart rate will begin to rise before you even start to exercise because your brain realises you are going to work out and releases adrenalin to speed up your heart in preparation for the upcoming exertion. This is called "the anticipatore response." Heart rate will continue to rise in direct proportion to the intensity of exercise until maximum heart rate is achieved. Stroke volume--the amount of blood pumped out of the left ventricle by each beat--increases by up to 80 millilitres per beat. Cardiac output--the volume of blood the heart pumps in a period of one minute--increases from the typical 5 litres per minute, to up to 40 litres per minute, during strenuous exercise. Short-term changes in blood flow. At rest, the muscles require only about 15 to 20 per cent of the total amount of blood circulating through the body. During exercise the hardworking muscles demand more oxygen from the cardiovascular system, up to 80 per cent. In response, blood is shunted away from the digestive organs, kidney and liver and redirected to the skeletal muscles. Blood flow to the skin also increases. The blood vessels serving the skin dilate to allow more blood to the surface of the body. This helps to cool the body down during exercise.Your body uses by-products of carbon dioxide to buffer the hydrogen ions in your bloodstream. Hydrogen ions are electrically charged particles in your......

Words: 459 - Pages: 2