Premium Essay

Ludwig Van Beethoven's Symphony

Submitted By
Words 1472
Pages 6
Ludwig van Beethoven was born in December 1770 to a musical family living in Bonn, Germany. Although he and his family celebrated his birthday on 16 December, there is no evidence to suggest that this was his exact date of birth, with only the registry of his baptism on the 17th serving as the commonly accepted birth date of this legendary composer.

As a child, Beethoven was musically trained by his father and later by other local musicians. His talent was evident from a young age and, exploited by his father as a child prodigy, he made his first public performance at the age of 7 (he was advertised as being 6) in March 1778. Soon after, Ludwig went on to work as the Court’s Organist where his talents were recognised and encouraged. In March
…show more content…

1817-1827: The establishment of new forms and a personal style which was much more Romantic on paper and in feel. Symphony No. 9 7
Beethoven is known as the developer of the symphony. His extensive development of musical material, themes and motifs usually by modulation resulted in his works being very long and expressive. He also continued to expand the “development” section of his works, adding not only length but also substance.8 This essay will set out to discuss the aspects of the symphony that Beethoven developed with regards to: the programmatic aspects of his symphonies, which instruments he used/added to the symphony (instrumentation), the structure of the symphony, his use of forms and how he used his instruments (orchestration).

Programmatic aspects of his symphonies

Programme music is purely instrumental (without words) music which is based on an extra-musical stimulus and a programme symphony is a symphony which has a programme. The whole work usually has a subtitle and sometimes each movement has a subtitle as well.9 Programme elements can be seen in Beethoven’s 3rd Symphony (Eroica) which is associated with the concept of heroism, his 5th Symphony which can be seen as an overcoming of his fate (deafness) and the 6th Symphony (Pastoral) which has a subtitle for each movement.7 Beethoven said of his 6th that the “work can be perceived without description”, because it clearly has depictions of bird calls, a river, a storm

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

A Biographical Sketch of Ludwig Van Beethoven

...A Biographical Sketch of Ludwig van Beethoven Introduction Ludwig van Beethoven (December 1770- March 1827) was a pianist and composer- arguably the greatest and most influential composer of all time. He made his mark in history with the crucial role that he played in the transition of classical eras in art music. He had a full and varied music career and wasn’t afraid to move his numerous compositions from the tried and tested musical styles. In terms or the world’s greatest, Beethoven only comes second to the likes of Mozart or Bach. Beethoven is best known for his compositions, which include 32 piano sonatas, 5 concertos for piano, 16 string quartets and 9 symphonies (Anderson 1044). He is also known for the composition of other music, choral works and songs. Early Childhood Beethoven was born on the 16th of December, 1770 in Bonn and baptized the following day (Dalhaus & Whittall 6). His father was originally from Brabant, Belgium, but had moved to Bonn where he served as a musician at the local court. Despite his weakness for alcohol, Beethoven’s father was quite influential in shaping the music career of Beethoven as it was through him that young Beethoven was exposed to music. From an early age, Beethoven was taught music by Christiano Gottlob Neefe, a famous opera composer and conductor, and Johann van Beethoven who was his father. Johann envisioned creating a new kind of Mozart in his son and would train him every evening on returning from the court. As a......

Words: 1587 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Music Composer Profile

...Ludwig van Beethoven (December 16th, 1770 - March 26th,1827) BIOGRAPHY Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany. He was the oldest of two brothers. His childhood consisted of endless piano practice forced upon him by his alcoholic father. If Ludwig made a mistake, his father would punish him. In 1782, Beethoven published his first work, 9 Variations in C minor for the piano on a march by Earnst Christoph Dressler. By the age of 12, he was providing for his family by playing the organ and composing music. In Bonn, he studied with Christian Gottlob Neefe. Neefe once wrote about Beethoven in the Magazine of Music saying, “If he continues like this, he will be, without a doubt, the new Mozart.” For a while he also studied with composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In 1792, Vienna became his permanent residency where he studied with Austrian composer Joseph Haydn. In the early 1800’s, Beethoven’s hearing started to decline. 1814 was his faming peak. Two of his most famous works were: Wellington’s Victory op. 91 in 1813 (otherwise known as the Battle Symphony) and The Glorious Moment op. 136 in 1814. His works done between 1818 through 1826 included: the Sonara in B-flat major op. 106 in 1818, the Missa Solemnis in D-major op. 123 in 1823, the Thirty-Three Variations on a Waltz by Diabelli in Cmajor op.120 in 1823, the Symphony No. 9 in D-minor op. 125 in 1824, and his last string quartets. Throughout his life he wrote: one opera, five piano concertos, nine......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) The culmination of the Viennese Classical Style—and/or first great Romantic? The first completely freelance composer: Beethoven never held a position as a composer in residency, as had Haydn and Mozart For his success at combining tradition and personal expression he was the dominant musical figure of the 19th century, and scarcely any composer since his time has escaped his influence Beethoven’s greatness is mainly thought of in terms of instrumental composition (though in his last symphony he would try to synthesize the symphonic and vocal realms) Beethoven’s audience heard “Liberation” in his music—a successful revolutionary He chose to compose music that would express his individual ‘genius Beethoven expanded all the stylistic categories and models that he inherited Beethoven’s life was seen as a tragic and—in the age of Napoleon—as a heroic struggle He was of the generation coming of age at the time of the French Revolution (1789–1815) The revolution’s ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity, fired Beethoven’s inspiration Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon embodied the “career of talents” (meritocracy) The “heroic Beethoven” takes shape: For two years I have ceased to attend any social functions . . because I find it impossible to say to people ‘I am deaf’ - - (and yet) I will seize Fate by the throat - it shall certainly not crush me completely The Heiligenstadt Testament The Eroica (Ital.,...

Words: 692 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Heroic Joy - Beethoven's Ninth Symphony

...and affections of so many – far fewer have rivaled the profound scope and monumental artistic achievement of Ludwig van Beethoven’s ninth and final symphony. This work, whose genesis was in many ways influenced by the course of then-recent human history would ultimately help shape and define the history of civilization itself, and in doing so become firmly rooted in the world’s shared cultural patrimony – the single most eloquent representation of the universal brotherhood of Man. Beethoven’s masterwork, while the definitive choral symphony, was not his first attempt at using the human voice on a par with orchestral instruments. 1808’s Choral Fantasy (Op. 80), though on a more modest scale than the Ninth Symphony, was the composer’s first successful introduction of the voice in a large scale orchestral composition. Beethoven’s defiantly inventive departure marked a new and daring chapter in the further development of the symphonic form. And perhaps no other work has had such singular and fruitful influence on successive generations of musicians. Divers composers, impelled by Beethoven’s example, would later craft their own “choral” symphonies: Berlioz, Mendelssohn, Liszt, Mahler, and Shostakovitch, to name a few. Even so, examples such as Gustav Mahler’s massive “Symphony of a Thousand” arguably fail to rival the emotional resonance and transformative power of Beethoven’s Ninth which so moved its earliest audiences and which, in our own time, continues to speak to masses......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Listening assignment 2: Beethoven “Eroica” In 1803 Beethoven composed his Third Symphony. It was most played at a private concert during the summer a year later at the estate of Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitz and in the following year he gave a public premier in Vienna on April 7th 1805. At the time the audiences were split into 2: Those who rated the symphony a masterpiece and those who said that the piece was too long, difficult and strange. The movements in this symphony were departed in unexpected ways from Beethoven’s other writings for symphony especially with the first movement of this symphony being as long as the symphonies from a generation earlier. This symphony was first called the Bonaparte because Beethoven highly admired Napoleon Bonaparte, his hero who promised to lead humanity into a new age of liberty, equality, and fraternity. Napoleon was like a hero to Beethoven, but when the symphony became published in 1806 Beethoven realized that the things her saw in Bonaparte became illusions and he change the name of his Third Symphony from “Bonaparte” to “Sinfonia Eroica… composta per festeggiare il sovvenire di un grand Uomo” which translates to “ Heroic Symphony… composed to celebrate the memory of a great man. This great man was his original patron, Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitz. Before all of this, Beethoven started going deaf and thought that it would be wortless for him to continually compose for he thought that a deaf musician is like a blind......

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

A Bibliography and an Appreciation to a Social Inspiration; Ludwig V. Beethoven

...Least we Forget A Bibliography and an Appreciation To A Social Inspiration; Ludwig V. Beethoven LEAST WE FORGET Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Germany in 1770 and died in 1827 at the age of 56, the funeral rites took place at the church of the Holy Trinity. It is estimated that between 10,000 and 30,000 people attended… When I think of this I can’t begin to imagine that type of influence, and type of appreciation he had. In a time where there was no radio stations or Televisions, and telephones where still a couple decades away, 10,000 to 30,000 people attended one man’s funeral on paper news and word of mouth. Beethoven was no regular man, but yet a man born with talent. Beethoven who was brother of seven whom only three brothers survived making Beethoven the eldest; began learning music at a young age from his father, musician at the Court of Bonn. He Showed talent right away, and on March 26th 1778, at the age of 7 in a half, Beethoven gave his first know public performance, at Cologne. His talents surpassed his father’s ability at a young age and needed more talented teachers. He later began to learn under several renowned Instructors but things didn’t really pick up until he fell under the teachings of Gottlob Neefe. The reason that Neefe’s ability to coach Beethoven were so notable is because Neefe knew people and would began to bring the piercing stature of the young man to public interface. So began the attention of......

Words: 1234 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Music Appreciation - Classical Period

...Classical Period (1750-1825) Listening Bridge Both of these excerpts are from CONCERTOS. Listen and compare, using the following questions as guides: • What is the solo instrument in each piece? • How would you describe the orchestra that accompanies the soloist in each example? • In which piece does the orchestra and soloist play the same “theme”? • In which piece does the accompaniment part include many repeated tones? • In which piece are there more sudden and extreme changes in dynamics? • Which one has a basso continuo? • Which one features a more “singable” melody? • What purpose do you think each piece was intended to serve? |[pic]Four Seasons: Winter |[pic]Piano Concerto No. 21 C major | |[pic] |[pic] | |Antonio Vivaldi |Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart | | | | |Born: 1678 |Born: 1756 | |Died: 1741 |Died: 1791 | |Period: Baroque ......

Words: 8889 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Ludwig Van Beethoven: My Career Path In Music Industry of them is Ludwig van Beethoven. According to Jane S. Van Ingen (n.d.), "By the time Beethoven was 40 years old in 1810, he had given the world six symphonies, 15 piano sonatas, 10 quartets, five concertos, a ballet, an opera and a choral mass" (para. 1). Beethoven is one of the greatest masters in music composition with no doubt. He became so successful even though he was coming from an abusive family, became deaf at the age of 31, his love left him to marry another man and he got the custody of his nephew who hated him (Swimmer, 1998). Beethoven is my...

Words: 997 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Title: Beethoven Lives Upstairs Questions: 1. What was the story all about? It’s all about the young boy named Christoph, he met a crucial composer named Ludwig van Beethoven. Christoph eventually sees the pain and struggles of Beethoven. He also begins to see the softer side of Beethoven, they became friends and Christoph begin to appreciate Beethoven's wonderful music. 2. Who are the main characters? Ludwig van Beethoven- He was the upstairs boarder of Christoph, He bosses people around and gets away with it, he's loud, he's peculiar, and he's very angry. He’s a madman, but inside him there’s pain and struggle his dealing with. Christoph- He’s a young boy, at first he really hates Beethoven, but eventually he understands the situation of Beethoven and he has been close to him. And Beethoven thought him that Music is not something you can quit. Mother- It was Christoph’s Mother, she’s a Pianist. Uncle Kurt- He helps Christoph understand some reasons for Beethoven strange behavior and thought that Christoph should see brighter side of a person Sophie- She’s a maid, she definitely hates Beethoven, but at the end like Christoph, She eventually saw the brighter side of a person. 3. When and where was the story set? It was Monday, March 26, 1827. The story happened in the house of Christoph. 4. Who was your favorite character in the movie? Why? Beethoven, actually from the start, I don’t like him. He looks weird and acted strange, although that’s......

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Advent of Romanticism

...The Advent of Romanticism The Romantic era (1770-1870) was the term used to define the rebellion against the political and social devastation that followed the French Revolution. The Romantic era was the time when artists revolted against the classical values of balance, control, order, and proportionality promoted by neoclassical artists (Sayre 878). This revolt against the formalism of the Classical age produced a flood of emotional lyric, music, art, and poetry that peaked in works such as Ludwig van Beethoven’s (1770-1827) The Ninth Symphony (1824). The romantic characteristic of emotions, individualism, and imagination can be found in The Ninth. Francisco de Goya’s (1746-1828) Saturn Devouring One of his Children (1820-1823) posses the horrifically natural or true to life, as well as the emotional characteristics he so genially portrayed. On the softer side of the romantic scale, Percy Bysshe Shelley’s (1792-1822) Indian Girl’s Song (1819) beautifully portrayed the natural and emotional characteristics of Romanticism. There are also references to the supernatural, as well as the exotic, in this work, which most certainly leaves his readers yearning for more. Artists approached the world with an outpouring of feeling and emotional passion that came to be called Romanticism. The key characteristics of Romanticism are emotion, the exotic, nature, imagination, individualism, and the supernatural. Romanticism was an overt reaction against the Enlightenment, which......

Words: 1810 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

The Life of Richard Wagner

...after Richard was born. After Carl’s death, his mother Johanna began living with Ludwig Geyer, who was an actor and a playwright and also Carl’s friend. In 1814, Johanna married Geyer and the new family moved to Dresden. Until Richard was fourteen, he was known as Wilhelm Richard Geyer and most certainly thought that Geyer was his biological father. Geyer’s love of the theater was shared by his step-son Richard. Richard took part in his step-father’s performances, remembering once playing the part of an angel. In 1820, Wagner was enrolled at Pastor Wetzel’s school at Possendorf, near Dresden, where Wagner took some piano instruction from one of his teachers. Wagner struggled to play a scale on the keyboard, and preferred playing overtures by ear. In 1827, following the sudden death of Geyer, Wagner and his family had returned to Leipzig. As a young boy, Wagner always had an interest in music, though he had not received any serious training. As soon as he started school at the Nicolaischule, he became increasingly absorbed in the music of his time. His obsession with composing music was powered by the performances of Carl Maria von Weber, Ludwig van Beethoven, Giocomo Meyerbeer, and Vincenzo Bellini. Between 1829 and 1830, Wagner wrote his first serious compositions: two piano sonatas and string quartet, which was then followed by a piano arrangement of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony. Between 1833 and 1836, Wagner composed his first two operas, the first was Die......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Top Ten

...Top Ten Assignment The Enlightenment and Romanic Ages produced numerous masterpieces in art, music, architecture, and literature which people still enjoy today. These opus magnums along with the philosophies during the two periods are reflections of the developments in world events and cultural patterns. This paper will present two pieces of art, music, architecture, literature, and philosophy from the Enlightenment and Romanic Ages that best represents the developments patterns from that time. Philosophy in the Enlightenment Age focused on an individual’s right to life and liberty. One example of a philosopher from this age is Thomas Jefferson. He famously wrote the Declaration of Independence (1776) that the Continental Congress signed declaring the United States free from the oppression of England. The document begins with, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” (us history, 2013). Another such example of philosophy during the Enlightenment Age are the works of Thomas Paine. He wrote two of the most highly influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution. One such pamphlet is Common Sense (1776) (us history, 2011) the all-time bestselling book that advocates America’s independence from Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine were chosen as examples because we believe the......

Words: 1558 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

A Look at Classical Conditioning

...A Look at Classical Conditioning | Aaron P. Dean | | A Clockwork Orange | Outline I. A brief overview of “A Clockwork Orange” (A.C.O.) A. General Information and Plot Synopsis B. Alex DeLarge C. Thesis Statement II. Classical Conditioning D. What is Classical Conditioning? i. The Pavlovian Method a. The Basic Components * Defined Theories b. Specific examples in A.C.O. ii. John Watson’s Approach c. Emotional Conditioning * Key Elements iii. Specific examples in A.C.O. E. Tying It All Together iv. Ethical Concerns v. In the Modern Era III. Conclusion A Brief Overview of “A Clockwork Orange” General Information and Plot Synopsis A Clockwork Orange is a book written in 1962 by Anthony Burgess. However the film adaptation, made by Stanley Kubrick, was not made until 1971 and it is of this to which I will be writing. This film stars a very young Malcolm McDowell who plays the role of Alex DeLarge. Alex is a boy in his mid-to-late teens [15 or 16, I believe] who lives in a quasi-futuristic version of England. This land is controlled by a totalitarian style government, and plagued by adolescent street gangs who engage in what is affectionately referred to as ‘The Ultraviolence’ which mainly consists of vandalism, assault, drug use, theft, rape, and murder. Alex, the leader of one such gang,......

Words: 2041 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Beethoven's Musical

...For Beethoven, the sonata form is not a scheme that can be used in caprice one day and abandoned the next. This form dominates everything he imagines and composes; it is the very mark of his creation and the form of his thought – an inherent form, a natural one. (Edwin Fischer, Beethoven’s Piano Sonatas).       Beethoven’s thirty-two piano sonatas constitute a great treasure that embodies a part of the human eternity. Numerous pianists and musicologists have researched or studied them, trying to impart to their students or readers the prodigality of these true musical riches.       Beethoven holds a key role in the transformation and evolution of the sonata form. Even if he maintains the characteristics initially set by his predecessors, Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven imposes on the sonata his strong personality creating a new, impressive, form of art, in which his own life, with its joys and sorrows, is projected. With Beethoven the musical theme acquires remarkable proportions, of such strength, that it imposes itself over the listener’s attention and memory. As the French composer, Vincent d’ Indy once said, with Beethoven, the musical theme turns into an concept that spreads throughout the hole work making it easily recognizable even if harmonic, modal or tonal aspects change.       The fundamental principle of organization of the Beethoven piano sonata is the tonality. We can say that Beethoven perceived tonality as the key to any composition, since it leads to the......

Words: 2698 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Social Networking

...ˈmoːtsaʁt], English see fn.), baptismal name Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboardand violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew restless and travelled in search of a better position, always composing abundantly. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and portions of the Requiem, which was largely unfinished at the time of his death. The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized. He was survived by his wife Constanze and two sons. Mozart learned voraciously from others, and developed a brilliance and maturity of style that encompassed the light and graceful along with the dark and passionate. He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral music. He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers, and his influence on subsequent Western art music is profound; Beethoven composed his own early works in the shadow of Mozart, and Joseph Haydn wrote that......

Words: 5478 - Pages: 22