Submitted By sangha12
Marburg disease is a very rare but severe hemorrhagic fever. It can affect either human or animals. Marburg HF is caused by Marburg virus, a genetically unique zoonotic (or, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filo virus family. The five species of Ebola virus are the only other known members of the filo virus family (Bausch DG, 2008). 31 people became ill after the first outbreak in laboratories of Marburg and Frankfort Germany in 1967. Reported death was total of seven. The first people infected had been exposed to African green Monkeys while researching. Treatments for Marburg which includes balancing the patient's fluids and electrolytes, maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure, replacing lost blood and clotting factors, and treatment for any complicating infections.
Anthrax is very rare but serious disease but it is caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis. It is usually found in soil and commonly affects wild animals. People can get sick too if they came in contact with it. Ciprofloxacin and doxycycline are two of the antibiotics that could be used to prevent anthrax. Anthrax can be used as bioterrorism, Bacillus anthracis, the bacteria that causes anthrax, is one of the most likely agents to be used in a biological attack. If we do have an outbreak, People need to report it right of the way so they do not infect the other people. Medically we always have to have plan be if plan a does not work. Like have enough PPE for an outbreak.
Bausch DG, Sprecher AG, Jeffs B, et al. Treatment of Marburg and Ebola hemorrhagic fevers: A strategy for testing new drugs and vaccines under outbreak conditions. Antiviral Research. 2008;78(1):150-61.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Anthrax, 2014