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Macro Systems

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Macro Systems
Holly Regan
BSHS/325
February 16, 2015
Mary Carlisle

Macro Systems
What are systems in the social environment? Systems are a set of elements that are interrelated to make a functioning whole. Systems larger than a small group denotes a macro system which involves focusing on the social, political, and economic policies and conditions that affect people’s overall access to resources and quality of life. Macro practice in social work, then, consists of striving to improve the social and economic circumstance in which people live (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2010).
Empowerment is a process used to assist individuals, families, groups and communities to use their strengths to overcome the challenges they presently face by implementing resources and tools around them. Personal empowerment is in reference to an individual’s competence and strength and ability to create change and focuses on ways to develop personal power and self-efficacy. It also points toward a biased state of mind, a feeling of competence within oneself, and experiencing a sense of control.
Interpersonal empowerment refers to one’s ability to influence others and is derived from two sources. The first source is based on social status such as class, sex, and gender and the second source is power which comes from learning new skills and securing new positions in addition to successful interactions with others and the respect others have for us. Political empowerment is in reference to one’s relationship with political organizations and the process of transferring resources, capabilities and positions to those who do not have them. It also emphasizes the goals of social action and change and expects to transfer power to the society while keeping individuality.
Social work is divided into three levels or categories: micro, mezzo, and macro. Micro level means...

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