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Major Philosophical Theories


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Comparison Essay -- Major Philosophical Theories
Myria Loper
PHI 105
Michael Boen

Comparison Essay -- Major Philosophical Theories
In this easy I will talk about three of the different schools of thought; existentialism, phenomenology and hermeneutics. I will do this by comparing each school and provide examples as well as their positions.
Existentialists are mainly traditional and academic philosophers. They believe the world is irrational and focus on individuals in a confrontationally state. They also have a hard time communicating, have anxiety and self-doubt. Existentialists believe that if we do not have honesty in confronting problems we can struggle with our problems. (Moore, 2011)
Phenomenoligost interest their selves in essential structures found in stream conscious experience. (Moore, 2011). Phenomenoligist believe in phenomena’s; things manifest themselves on their own based on science. These philopsophers have a large impact not in the relms of philosophy, their impact has been more in theroies of science another words scientist are often referred to as phenomenoligost. An example of phenomenology is when you are looking at an object with both eyes open and it appears to be in the center of the table. You close one eye and it appears to be more to the left then to the right.
The last one I will talk about is hermeneutics. Hermeneutics believe and deal with the principles of interpretation. The way individuals interact with each other and how individuals preceive things. When individuals speak about hermeneutics they may be talking about the interepreatiosn of science when it comes to Scriptures. Hermeneutics deals with biblical theology. An example of hermaneutics is when a scripture is not clear. This appears in Mark 10:11, 12 "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery."
All three are very similar schools of thoughts but they also have the unique ideas behind them. Existentialism believe that invidiuals should face their struggles head on with out any honesty. Phenomeoligost want everything to be based on science whereas hermeneutics deal with bibilical theries. They all are based around thought process.

Works Cited
Moore, B. &. (2011). Philosophy: The Power of Ideas. In B. &. Moore, Philosophy: The Power of Ideas (p. 152). New York: McGraw Hill.

Moore, B. &. (2011). Philosophy: The Power of Ideas. In B. &. Moore, Philosophy: The Power of Ideas (p. 168). New York: McGraw Hill.

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