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Malaria, the Deadly Disease

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MALARIA; THE DEADLY DISEASE Malaria is a threat to more than 40% of the world’s population and out of the more than 300 million acute cases each year between 1.1 and 2.7 million people die each year (RBM, 2002; WHO, 2000). The report by Planet – science.com, 2013 indicates that ‘Malaria is a major cause of death. Every year there are over 200 million cases of malaria worldwide. In 2010, around 655,000 people died from malaria. Over 90% of malaria cases occur in Africa. Poverty and lack of access to simple preventative measures lead to an increased occurrence of the disease. In Northern Province of Zambia, Malaria has continued to be a threat and more than 50% of morbidity and mortality that occur are as a result of Malaria.(Northern Province Statistical Bulletin, 2011). Morbidity is the number of cases, whilst mortality is the number of deaths due to the disease. Malaria; the deadly illness caused by a bite of the mosquitoes and similar insects, can be cured and prevented through the use of anti-malarial drugs and spraying of chemicals(indoor residual spraying). I therefore, feel that the spraying of chemicals in homes and breeding places can positively reduce the number of mosquitoes and contribute to reduction in malaria cases. By so doing the cost of seeking treatment will drastically be cheap and reduced as long as human behavior, the existence of socio-cultural and traditional factors such as economic, spiritual, technological and political and all effects that contribute to how human beings behave are looked at as a thing that may bring about epidemiological causes of health and disease patterns. According to the National Health Strategic Plan, 2011 – 15, Zambia has continued to make significant progress in the fight against malaria and there is documented evidence that the malaria burden is reducing. Annual malaria incidence has dropped from 412...

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