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Male

In: Business and Management

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INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT

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Introduction To
Project Management

Project management offers a structured approach to managing projects. The purpose of this book is to outline the latest planning and control techniques used by industry, commerce, sport and domestic projects, and particularly those used by the project planning software and referred to in the Project Management Institute's (PMI) project management body of knowledge (PMBOK), and the Association of Project
Manager's (APM) body of knowledge (bok).
As the use of projects becomes more pervasive, so more managers are entering the field of project management. Their success will be helped by their ability to develop a fully integrated information and control system to plan, instruct, monitor and control large amounts of data, quickly and accurately to facilitate the problem-solving and decision-making process. To achieve these goals the project manager needs a comprehensive toolkit - as a plumber works with a bag of tools, so the project manager works with a computer producing organisation charts, work breakdown structures, barcharts, resource histograms and cash-flow statements.
Projects have traditionally been managed through a classic functional hierarchical type organisation structure, but with the increase of multi-disciplines, multi-departments, multi-companies and multi-national projects so there has been a move towards management-by-projects, project teams and matrix organisation structures. As the project manager is the single point of responsibility, it is the project manager’s job to set up a management structure which not only meets the needs of the project, but the needs of the organisation, the needs of the stakeholders and the needs of the individuals working on the project as well (see figure 1.1).
Figure 1.1: Intersecting Needs
(OBS = Organisation Breakdown Structure)

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