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Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By konsongo
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Public Administration
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Institutional Affiliation
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Public administration is both a field of practice and academic discipline whereby those practicing it implement government policy while students study the implementation and are prepared to work in the public service. Classification of public sector organizations is important to simplify the meaning of the complex phenomena and to act as a guideline to policy makers and reformers. Aspiring public administrators can therefore know exactly which avenues to explore in their career as well as what exactly entails the different departments. The Louisiana department of human services belongs to the public sector following their line of duty that deals with the delivery of services and goods by and for the government at the state and local level. To better understand the concept of public sector organizations, other example organizations include social security, national defense and urban planning departments that offer products or services to the public at a lower or no cost for their overall social and economic well being (Kernaghan, Borins, Marson, & Institute of Public Administration of Canada, 2000). The different forms of public sectors include direct administrations and publicly owned corporations. Louisiana department of child and family services falls under direct administration since it is funded through taxation. The organization is characterized by no specific requirement to meet commercial success criteria and it is upon the government to determine production decisions. Publicly owned corporations on the other hand have more commercial freedom and are expected to operate in agreement with commercial criteria. Although the government may set the desired goals, production decisions are not necessarily taken by the government. The Louisiana department of human services is classified as a department public sector organization concerned with the coordination of emergency special needs shelter. The organization also works in collaboration with the office of emergency preparedness on planning for the emergency nursing home shelter.
An organizational chart refers to a diagram that clearly illustrates an organization’s structure and relationships and relative ranks of those in the position of authority. In the United States health sector, the assistant secretary of the department of human services in the state of Louisiana supervises that principle deputy assistant secretary who oversees other offices (fifteen in total) within administration for children and families. Each of the identified office in the department has its own director (also identified as commissioner) who ensures that office activities are in line with the department’s mission of enhancing the social and economic well being of individuals, children, families and the entire community. The executive division in the department of children and family services supports, supervises and manages several divisions which include programs, operations, finance and management. It is evident that public administration involves the implementation of a specified policy within the borders of a government framework by civil servants. The organization has a hierarchical organization chart whereby the executive manages the other three departments. Public administrators are entitled with the responsibility of ensuring every aspect of the local, state and federal public services are offered and carried out to help pave way for future generations (Farmer, 2010). In the case of Louisiana department of human services, the public administrators are equipped with the necessary academic knowledge to serve in the government organization. Opportunities to be promoted to positions of higher authority following competitive advantage are based on pursuance of higher education to obtain more skills necessary to complete the administrative job. The administrators are clearly in an executive position hence the need for skills in finance problem solving, policy formation, public relations, program development, human resources, critical thinking, leadership and management. The organization has a hierarchical organization chart whereby the executive manages the other three departments.
References
Kernaghan, K., Borins, S. F., Marson, D. B., & Institute of Public Administration of Canada. (2000). The new public organization. Toronto: IPAC =IAPC.
Farmer, D. J. (2010). Public administration in perspective: Theory and practice through multiple lenses. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.

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