Premium Essay

Managing Knowledge for Innovation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By musicboxboy
Words 12885
Pages 52
Managing Knowledge for Innovation: The Role of Cooperation, Competition, and Alliance Nationality
Haisu Zhang, Chengli Shu, Xu Jiang, and Alan J. Malter
ABSTRACT
Strategic alliances play a critical role in global innovation. Firms can overcome resource constraints and achieve superior innovative performance not only by using internal resources but also by acquiring knowledge-based capabilities from alliance partners. In this study, the authors investigate how knowledge acquired from alliance partners affects organizational knowledge creation, which in turn leads to innovative performance. The authors propose that the knowledge–innovation relationship is stronger in international alliances than domestic alliances. The results from a survey of 127 German firms engaged in strategic alliances confirm that knowledge creation mediates the effect of knowledge acquisition on innovative performance and that international alliances strengthen the effect of knowledge creation on innovative performance. In addition, the authors find that interfirm cooperation and competition coexist in strategic alliances and that both factors increase knowledge acquisition, though from different motivational bases. Keywords: innovation, strategic alliance, knowledge management, cooperation, competition

A

lliances are a central element of most company business models (Kaplan, Norton, and Rugelsjoen 2010). The logic of working with a strategic partner is especially compelling in increasingly competitive global markets (Ohmae 1989) and has gained new momentum in the wake of the 2008–2009 world financial crisis (Ghemawat 2010). Yet at least half of all alliances fail (Hughes and Weiss 2007; Kaplan, Norton, and Rugelsjoen 2010), and even more underperform because of inertia and overly rigid adherence to the initial alliance agreement (Ernst and Bamford 2005).

To succeed, alliance...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Managing Crowds in Innovation Challenges

...Managing Crowds in Innovation Challenges Arvind Malhotra Ann Majchrzak Crowdsourcing for innovation is typically conducted as an “innovation challenge.” Despite the popularity of innovation challenges, there appears to be a growing consensus that innovation challenges do not succeed at generating solutions with competitive advantage potential. This article presents three ways in which managers can assure that their innovation challenges are fruitful: foster different crowd roles to encourage contribution diversity; offer knowledge integration instructions and dual incentives; and offer explicit instructions for sharing different types of knowledge. (Keywords: Creative Collaboration, Innovation, Creativity, Crowdsourcing, Open Innovation) I nnovation challenges, also known as innovation tournaments and idea contests, are a manifestation of crowdsourcing.1 When running an innovation challenge, a company posts an open call on the Web to solicit solutions from a diverse range of individuals. For example, GE’s Innovation Challenge solicited new technologies for its sustainability product line and a Lego Challenge asked the public to suggest unique Lego products as new revenue streams. By 2017, over half of consumer goods producers are projected to employ crowdsourcing for 75% of their consumer innovations.2 Despite the popularity of innovation challenges, there is a growing consensus that the current manner in which innovation challenges are implemented......

Words: 9539 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Ch01 Testbank Hih9E

...Management: Environmental Influence | Dierdorff & Rubin: Managing strategy and innovation 2. By focusing on product innovations and upgrades of its properties, McDonald’s was able to achieve strategic competitiveness and above average returns. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Medium OBJ: 01-01 TYPE: application NOT: AACSB: Business Knowledge and Analytical Skills | Management: Strategy| Dierdorff & Rubin: Managing strategy and innovation 3. Strategic competitiveness is achieved when a firm successfully formulates and implements a value-creating strategy. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Easy OBJ: 01-01 TYPE: knowledge NOT: AACSB: Business Knowledge & Analytical Skills | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Managing strategy & innovation 4. Part of McDonald’s strategy was the choice that it would remain involved in additional food concepts such as Boston Market and Chipotle. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Easy OBJ: 01-01 TYPE: application NOT: AACSB: Business Knowledge & Analytical Skills | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Managing strategy & innovation 5. Alligator Enterprises has earned above-average returns since its founding five years ago. Since no other firm has challenged Alligator in its particular market niche, the firm’s owners can feel secure that Alligator has established a competitive advantage. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Hard OBJ: 01-01 TYPE: application NOT: AACSB: Business Knowledge & Analytical Skills | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Managing the task environment 6. permanent. The......

Words: 10891 - Pages: 44

Premium Essay

Csr in Europe

...Working Paper: November 2006 Innovation: Basic Concepts and Models By S. N. Nasirpourosgoei and A-M Coles For many firms the development of new products is a major business activity, although Ettlie (2006) points out that many new products are merely copies or imitations of existing ones. The study of innovation is concerned with identifying how firms use their existing knowledge and technical resources to develop goods, processes and services that are significantly novel. Innovation is often seen as a key driver of economic growth for a country and increased firm productivity (Gann, 2003 cited in Abbott and Jeong, 2006). Trott (2005) demonstrates that the industrial revolution of the nineteenth century was fuelled by technological innovations, while Abbott and Jeong (2006) argue that there is now increasing emphasis on the importance of innovation for long-term economic success. At an organisational level, specific benefits include such factors as market growth, reductions in production cost, competitive positioning and opening up of new markets (Slaughter, 1998). For Ettlie the key questions in the study of innovation relate to the way some firms can utilise individual creativity in innovation more successfully than others. Innovation is has become a vital part of business survival and is supported by much academic study into reasons for its success and failure, for example, in 1994 – 1995, 275 books published in the US had the word ‘innovation’ in their title (Trott......

Words: 3264 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Virtual Private Networks

...Department of Technology Management and Innovation MG 7953 Global Innovation Fall 2014 Professor: Tom Helling Saturday @ 1:30-6:00 pm (see dates of class per session dates below) Contact Details: th930@nyu.edu 917-593-0946 (mobile) Course Description: This course focuses on the global dimension of technology-enabled innovation. Topics covered include: motivation for a global business outlook, how to proactively access global sources of innovation, coordination and organization of innovation-oriented activities around the world, new product development on a global basis, the role of revitalized global R&D, the growing of prominence of IT, virtual organizations and e-Business, and the increasing role of alliances and linkages with customers, suppliers, and other third parties. Course Structure: This course introduces the latest and most relevant thinking, research and best practices, with an emphasis on learning based on the experiences of actual firms around the world. Individual and team-based project work is an important part of this course. We will be discussing a number of research papers, case studies and relevant reading material during this course. Class interaction is vital to understanding many of the central themes and issues in the area of global innovation. Textbooks: Reverse Innovation, Govindarajan and Trimble, 2012 ISBN-10: 1422157644 ISBN-13: 978-1422157640 The Innovator’s Dilemma, Christensen, 2011 ISBN-10:......

Words: 1966 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Managing Global Innovation

...more top-down playbook. by Keeley Wilson and Yves L. Doz 10 Rules for Managing Global Innovation Companies are well aware that hidden in their dispersed, global operations is a treasure trove of ideas and capabilities for innovation. But it’s proving harder than expected to unearth those ideas or exploit those capabilities in global innovation projects. Some of the challenges of global projects are familiar: figuring out the right role for top executives, for example, or finding a good balance between formal and informal project management processes. But although the challenges may be familiar, the solutions are not; what works for an innovation project conducted in a single location doesn’t necessarily work for one dispersed across many sites around the world. That’s partly because many important enablers of innovation happen naturally in colocation. Single location projects draw on large reservoirs of shared tacit knowledge and trust, and when issues arise, senior management is on hand to make decisions and provide direction and support. Team members october 2012 harvard business review 85 10 Rules foR Managing global innovation share the same language, culture, and norms, enabling flexibility and iterative learning as the project unfolds. When a project spans multiple locations, many of those natural benefits—often taken for granted—are lost. Part of the challenge of dispersed innovation thus becomes how to replicate the positive aspects of colocation while......

Words: 3615 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Cte 2

...iMBA 560 Corporate Innovation Strategies Managing innovation is quite different from managing operations; and, managing uncertainty inherent in innovation requires specific tools and thinking. Whereas operations are an established process driven by existing knowledge, innovation is a learning process that creates new applied knowledge. Operations generate today’s value; but, innovation creates tomorrow’s opportunities. With many markets increasingly becoming more and more competitive, those who innovate best will win the future. During the past nine weeks, you were exposed to a variety of perspectives on innovation via case studies and a collection of readings. You analyzed company after company and situation after situation that boosted your analytical skills and exposed you to the ways companies and managers actually do things. And, you were at the scene of the action, learning the events and organizational circumstances surrounding a particular managerial situation in the innovation process. You have learned how to identify the sources of innovative success and failure inside corporations and how companies can sustain a capability to innovate. However, there is no recipe for managing innovation, because the challenges that innovation poses change over time and reflect an organization’s unique history and culture. The readings of assigned book chapters and journal articles stretch your imagination and ability to think about corporate innovation strategies......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Definitions Paper

...Stephanie Martinez OI/361 September 6, 2011 Dr. Baron Smith Definitions Innovation, design and creativity in businesses today are crucial in keeping our competitive edge. Utilizing creative people and their ideas allows us to move forward in any area of industry. I will define each concept in their business implications, and compare and contrast all three. Creativity is explained by the text Managing Innovation (2003) “creativity is not something where someone who has never worked in that field suddenly gets this marvelous idea. Creativity is relating a concept to a particular body of knowledge. The existing body of knowledge is as vital as the novel idea and really creative people spend years and years acquiring and refining their knowledge base-be it music mathematics, arts, sculpture or design” (pg1). Creative people have certain traits and personalities. Having a team of creative people is important because one person may not have all the needed traits. Creative Intelligence (2004) supported the idea that “personality is a major factor contributing to the success of productive creative people. Identified are the following key personality attributes that contribute to creativity; being imaginative, having insight or intuition, being open and perceptive, being willing to take risks, and having a high tolerance for ambiguity”. Innovation is defined in the textbook Managing Innovation (2003) as creativity and implementation combined. Creativity is coming up......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Innovation Managament

...Technology Management Course Book: Paul Trott, Innovation Management and New Product Development, 5.th Ed Learning objectives and Some Discussion Questions for Mid Term Exam • Recognise the importance of innovation • Explain the meaning and nature of innovation management • Provide an introduction to a management approach to innovation • Appreciate the complex nature of the management of innovation within organisations • Describe the changing views of innovation over time • Recognise the role of key individuals within the process • Recognise the need to view innovation as a management process. Discussion questions A number of chapters have several Pause for thought questions to help the student reflect on what they have just read to check their understanding. Examples: Not all firms develop innovative new products, but they still seem to survive. Do they thrive? This question attempts to get the students to recognise that while innovation is important it is possible to survive especially in the short term by focusing on traditional concerns such as minimising costs and generating sales. In the longer term, however, few firms will survive for long without the need to change; and that means introducing new ways of working and new products and services. If two different firms, similar in size, operating in the same industry spend the same on R&D, will their level of innovation be the same? This question......

Words: 2315 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...TL 038 INNOVATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT: A RESEARCH AGENDA SERGEY FILIPPOV; HERMAN MOOI DELFT UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF INNOVATION SYSTEMS RESEARCHER AT DELFT CENTRE FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT (THE NETHERLANDS) Abstract th Originally developed in the mid-20 century, project management has become a distinctive way to manage business activities nowadays. Another important development is virtually universal recognition of the role of innovation and technology in the corporate change, growth and profitability. It is unsurprising that development of innovation is often run as a project. Yet, theoretically both project management and innovation studies have evolved over time as distinctively separate disciplines. In this paper we make an attempt to conceptualise the innovation project management and to specify the idiosyncratic nature of innovation projects as opposed to conventional projects. By doing so, we contribute to the nascent academic debate on the interplay between innovation and project management. Key words: project management, innovation, technology 1. Introduction This paper is concerned with three topics and the interplay between them, namely “Innovation”, “Research and Development (R&D)” and “Project Management”. The interest in these topics has exploded recently as they emerged both on the policy agenda and in the corporate strategies. The contribution of technological innovation to national economic growth has been well established......

Words: 9508 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Innovation

...MGT 550B MANAGING THE INNOVATION PROCESS Course Introduction Managing the Innovation Process Panos Kouvelis Emerson Distinguished Professor of Operations & Manufacturing Management INSTRUCTOR BACKGROUND INFORMATION Managing the Innovation Process Panos Kouvelis Emerson Distinguished Professor of Operations & Manufacturing Management PANOS KOUVELIS Emerson Distinguished Professor of Operations and Manufacturing Management Director of Boeing Center on Technology, Information & Manufacturing Sr. Associate Dean & Director of Executive Programs  Has Always Been a Good Student !! (avoided “real life” as much as possible) B.S., Mechanical Engineering, NTUA M.S., Industrial & Systems Eng., USC MBA, USC Ph.D., Operations Management, Stanford Loves to Teach 4 years, Business School, UT Austin 5 years, Fuqua School of Business, Duke 14 years, Olin School of Business, Wash.U.  (My wife has decorated my home office walls with nicely framed teaching awards, “most popular professor at Olin, ***Bus. Week ranking”) Managing the Innovation Process Panos Kouvelis Emerson Distinguished Professor of Operations & Manufacturing Management PANOS KOUVELIS (cont’d.)  Consults Frequently (to any firm having money & troubles to spare) Recent “victims”: Solutia, Duke Hospital, IBM, Aerofil Tech., Express Scripts, LHB Ind., Reckitt & Beckinser, Boeing, Ingram Micro, MEMC, Spartech, MECS, Maxim, Bunge, Smurfit Stone, and Emerson. Writes a lot (“publish or......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Strategy

...Chapter 5 - Business-Level Strategy TRUE/FALSE 1. A business-level strategy is a “big picture,” highly-generalized action plan that will move an organization toward achievement of its general vision. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Page 98 OBJ: Learning Objective 1 KEY: Knowledge MSC: AACSB: Analytic | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Strategic & Systems Skills 2. A generic business strategy is one that can be used in all industries and by all types of firms. ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Page 99 OBJ: Learning Objective 1 KEY: Knowledge MSC: AACSB: Analytic | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Strategic & Systems Skills 3. Wal-Mart has not adjusted its business model since the mid 1990s. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Page 99 OBJ: Learning Objective 1 KEY: Knowledge MSC: AACSB: Reflective Thinking | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Strategic & Systems Skills 4. Competitive scope describes the breadth of the target market the organization wishes to serve. ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Page 99-100 OBJ: Learning Objective 2 KEY: Knowledge MSC: AACSB: Analytic | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Strategic & Systems Skills 5. In general, firms with a standardized product should narrowly segment their market. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Page 100 OBJ: Learning Objective 2 KEY: Comprehension MSC: AACSB: Analytic | Management: Strategy | Dierdorff & Rubin: Strategic & Systems Skills 6. Typically, the customers of organizations using the......

Words: 3275 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Nasa Case

...9-603-062 REV. OCTOBER 29, 2002 DOROTHY LEONARD DAVID KIRON Managing Knowledge and Learning at NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Downsizing at NASA over the last decade through attrition and buyouts has resulted in an imbalance in NASA’s skill mix.1 — The President’s Management Agenda, Fiscal Year 2002 By the end of this decade, many of the most experienced scientists and engineers at NASA and JPL are going to retire. If we don’t have systems in place to retain more of what they know, our institution is going to suffer. — Jeanne Holm, Chief Knowledge Architect for NASA In the spring of 2002, Jeanne Holm, Chief Knowledge Architect for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and its Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), was giving a tour of JPL. Stopping at a viewing stage above JPL’s mission control center, Holm explained the growing need for knowledge management at NASA: Almost 40% of JPL’s science and engineering workforce is currently eligible for retirement. In just four years, half of NASA’s entire workforce will be eligible. Many of these people are the most experienced project managers—the people who worked on Apollo (the mission to the Moon) and built the first space shuttle. Yet, we have few programs designed to bring their wisdom into our institutional memory. In the past 10 years, the budgets on our missions have been radically reduced, missions have multiplied ten-fold, and our scientists and engineers have been......

Words: 13757 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

New Design

...make a difference through creative Innovation” Core Competence • • Research Interest • • Innovation in socio-technical systems Cause Related Marketing. Media & Communication. Global Sales & Marketing Product and Brand Management. New Business Development. • • Dr. Jayanta Chatterjee has 42 years of teaching/research and professional experience in management at different industries and in different countries. Strategic Design of ProductService Systems • • Digital ecosystem & autopoeisis Jayanta started his career in 1972 at Siemens in Sales and Project Engineering and developed expertise in new product management. He then pioneered the introduction of advanced electronic control systems to Indian Industries at Allen-Bradley Ltd, where he rose to the position of CEO in 1990. But true to his passion he was also teaching as a visiting faculty at IIT Kanpur and at IIT Delhi during this period. Later, he co-funded Strategy Innovation Inc and became the Chief Knowledge Officer of vtPlex. In 2001 he divested out of that enterprise and joined the academia full time at Industrial & Management Engineering Department of IIT Kanpur. Visiting Professor at AIT Bangkok-School of Management & Member Academic & Research Boards of TA Pai Management Institute, Manipal & NISTADS, and New Delhi Currently he is Professor at IIT Kanpur, India, Visiting Professor at Aalto University Design Factory, Finland and member of the Advisory Council of the Knowledge Management Center at the School of...

Words: 2148 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Change Mgnt

...|1a. Module Title: |1b. Module Code: | |Crisis, Change and Creativity in Contemporary Business |BP1BS313 | |2a. Module Scheme: |2b. Name of Programme(s): | |Undergraduate |BSc(Hons) in Business and Management | |3a. Module Leader: |3b. Location: | |Ioannis Doukas (Ph.D Candidate) |Business School | |4a. Module Status: |4b. Module Credit Rating: |4c. Module Type: | |Dedicated |20 |Core Module (Compulsory Module) | |5. Programme Stage in which module is offered: | |Year 3, Semester A | |6. Total learning hours: ...

Words: 1400 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cisco

...International Journal of Innovation Management Vol. 5, No. 3 (September 2001) pp. 377–400 © Imperial College Press DEVELOPING INNOVATION CAPABILITY IN ORGANISATIONS: A DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES APPROACH BENN LAWSON Department of Accounting, The University of Melbourne Victoria, 3010, Australia e-mail: blawson@unimelb.edu.au DANNY SAMSON Department of Management, The University of Melbourne Victoria, 3010, Australia e-mail: d.samson@unimelb.edu.au Received 1 February 2001 Revised 18 August 2001 Accepted 21 August 2001 This paper draws together knowledge from a variety of fields to propose that innovation management can be viewed as a form of organisational capability. Excellent companies invest and nurture this capability, from which they execute effective innovation processes, leading to innovations in new product, services and processes, and superior business performance results. An extensive review of the literature on innovation management, along with a case study of Cisco Systems, develops a conceptual model of the firm as an innovation engine. This new operating model sees substantial investment in innovation capability as the primary engine for wealth creation, rather than the possession of physical assets. Building on the dynamic capabilities literature, an “innovation capability” construct is proposed with seven elements. These are vision and strategy, harnessing the competence base, organisational intelligence, creativity and idea management, organisational......

Words: 8853 - Pages: 36