# Manegerial Accounting

Submitted By strbacbarbara
Words 744
Pages 3
Week 2 Quiz
Managerial Accounting

|

Page: | 1 2 | 1. | Question : | (TCO F) For which situation(s) below would an organization be more likely to use a job-order costing system of accumulating product costs rather than a process costing system? | | | Student Answer: | | a steel factory that processes iron ore into steel bars | | | | a factory that processes sugar and other ingredients into black licorice | | | | a costume maker that makes specialty costumes for figure skaters | | | | all of these | | Instructor Explanation: | Chapter 3 | | | | Points Received: | 5 of 5 | | Comments: | | | | 2. | Question : | (TCO F) Process costing would be appropriate for each of the following except: | | | Student Answer: | | custom furniture manufacturing. | | | | oil refining. | | | | grain milling. | | | | newsprint production. | | Instructor Explanation: | Chapter 4 | | | | Points Received: | 5 of 5 | | Comments: | | | | 3. | Question : | (TCO F) Assume there was no beginning work in process inventory and the ending work in process inventory is 70% complete with respect to conversion costs. Under the weighted-average method, the number of equivalent units of production with respect to conversion costs would be: | | | Student Answer: | | the same as the units completed. | | | | less than the units completed. | | | | the same as the units started during the period. | | | | less than the units started during the period. | | Instructor Explanation: | Chapter 3 | | |

Page 2
Question : 1. (TCO F) Whether a company uses process costing or job-order costing depends on its industry. A number of companies in different industries are listed below:

Brick...

### Similar Documents

#### Manegerial Accounting

...cost ACC525 - Managerial Accounting Iglobal University Submitted by: Urveshkumar Soni Submitted to: Prof. Mahmoud Elharazi, CPA ------------------------------------------------- Date: 08/01/2015 Activity-based costing (ABC) is a method for more precisely allocating overhead to those items that essentially use it. The structure can be used for the targeted reduction of overhead costs. ABC works best in difficult environments, where there are many machines and products, and twisted processes that are not easy to sort out. Equally, it is of less use in a efficient environment where production processes are abbreviated. (Activity Based Costing - AccountingTools. (n.d.)) Cost accounting defines several different systems of approaching the cost of producing certain products in the manufacturing industry, or finishing certain jobs in the service industry. Activity-based costing (ABC) is the most widely accepted and renowned method of cost accounting. ABC is based on the accounting theory that every output needs certain activities, and every activity requires certain resources. ABC is a two-step process that first allocates costs of resources to activities and then allocates activity costs to outputs. For example, a waiter makes a specific hourly pay and work for 10 tables in a single night. Under an ABC system every table will be assigned a cost subject on what fraction of an hour was required to wait on that exact table.( Cost Accounting Practices in......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

#### System Integrity and Validation

...A. Davis, Jr. ACC/542 October 21, 2013 Irene Branum Preface In the last few weeks the accounting firm, Team D has looked into characteristics of Kudler Fine Foods and provided recommendations to update and replace existing components of the IT system. These recommendations made can yield in the company’s increased productivity, profitability, and remove potential threats. Team D determined that industry specific software is useful in comparison to customized software. Four main modules such as payroll, account payable, accounts receivable, and inventory were developed as well as enhancement of each flowchart based on the appropriate system. Team D examined the database completeness at Kudler’s intranet and developed a pivot table; therefore, making the decision-making process easy. External and internal risks were analyzed and internal control points were developed by incorporating both risks and controls into a flowchart. Team D also showed why findings and recommendations are more useful to the company in comparison to SAS70 and SAS94 audits. The team identified events that will lessen the dependence on auditing through computer and showed a brief description how the audit should be conducted. System Integrity and Validation Kudler Finer Foods has looked for recommendations regarding the company, to include computer information system, automated process of an accounting information system, data table analysis, internal control and risk evaluation, and auditing......

Words: 1182 - Pages: 5

#### The Royal Mint

...I. Introduction The Royal Mint has a unique manufacturing operation in the United Kingdom and also designated as an executive agency responsible to the treasury to the “Her Majesty's” Government. Its objective is to provide the government with coinage at a competitive price and its manufacturing requirement ranges from high volumes of standard coinage to individual service medals or commemorative coins. In the case of the Royal Mint, they follow a unique cost ceiling that their cost base must always be less than the face value of the coins being produced. In order to follow that unique cost ceiling, the researchers follow the concept of simultaneous design by being involved in initiatives to improve materials being used in both coins and dies. Then due to high inflation rate, the face value of the coin is exceeding the cost base of the raw material and with the help of using the concept of simultaneous design, the Royal Mint quickly mitigated the risk by changing the composition of the 2 Pound and 1 Pound coins to a steal core with an electroplated copper outer layer and has significantly reduced the unit cost and it added expected lifetime by using a less expensive metal base. II. Background The Royal Mint has a cost ceiling that the cost base of the material must be less than the face value of the coin being produced. In order to follow that unique cost ceiling, the Royal Mint implemented the Concept of Simultaneous Design to research on how to further......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

#### Johnson

...CHAPTER 17 PROCESS COSTING 17-1 Industries using process costing in their manufacturing area include chemical processing, oil refining, pharmaceuticals, plastics, brick and tile manufacturing, semiconductor chips, beverages, and breakfast cereals. 17-2 Process costing systems separate costs into cost categories according to the timing of when costs are introduced into the process. Often, only two cost classifications, direct materials and conversion costs, are necessary. Direct materials are frequently added at one point in time, often the start or the end of the process. All conversion costs are added at about the same time, but in a pattern different from direct materials costs. Conversion costs are often added throughout the process, which can of any length of time, lasting from seconds to several months. 17-3 Equivalent units is a derived amount of output units that takes the quantity of each input (factor of production) in units completed or in incomplete units in work in process, and converts the quantity of input into the amount of completed output units that could be made with that quantity of input. Each equivalent unit is comprised of the physical quantities of direct materials or conversion costs inputs necessary to produce output of one fully completed unit. Equivalent unit measures are necessary since all physical units are not completed to the same extent at the same time. 17-4 The accuracy of the estimates of completion depends on the care and skill of the......

Words: 13645 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

#### Memo of Law

...Memo of law Question/Issue Presented What evidence can be found during a legal discovery and how does this affect the record-keeping policy of a business organization? Applicable Law and Ethical Standards Newby v. Enron Corp. , 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 28397 (S.D. Tex. May 1, 2002) Newby v. Enron Corp. (In re Enron Cor... , 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1668, Fed. Sec. L. Rep. (CCH) P92404 (S.D. Tex. Jan. 28, 2003) United States v. Arthur Andersen LLP , 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26870 (S.D. Tex. May 24, 2002) 18 USCS § 1512 Discussion/Analysis (of Law and Facts) During a legal discovery which includes the procedures of Deposition, Interrogatories and Production of Documents there can be different evidence found depending on the area of work the business organization is involved in. An example could be that a company tried to create false documents with the intent to seem like a good investment or to avoid paying taxes. During a deposition evidence can be found that people questioned tell conflicting stories. It is crucial to be able to deliver the right documents requested during a discovery. Therefore, it is important to have an organized record-keeping policy for any organization. Furthermore, a business should keep its records as correct as possible and not be tempted to give in to fraud, changing documents or destroying important documents. A company should follow the law to keep the required documents. It would be a crime to hide, destroy and/or withhold......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

#### Toolbox

...TOOLBOX: 1) Inventory Management - Inventory Turnover Ratio = Costs of Goods Sold/ Inventory If inventory turns over 6 times, how many days does it stay on the shelves or in the warehouse? These are annual figures: 365/7 = 60 days on the shelves. Need a better specific Mission Statement. 2) Costs that do no change with volume of output are called -Fixed Costs Costs that change when volume changes are called -Variable Costs 3) Fishbone Analysis 4) Low Urg/Low Impt – Low Urg/High Imp High Urg/Low Impt – High Urg/High Imp 5) Present Value and Future Value PV x C^n = FV When comparing investments....pick the one that has a larger present value. 6) PORTER 5 Porter 5 does not cover the opportunities part of the SWOT ad Market Growth Potential. 7) HILO METHOD: Finds Slope (FC, VC) [(Total Cost From Later Year - Total Cost from Year Before Later)] / [(Units from Later Year /-Units from Year Before Later)] = VC FC = Total Cost – (VC)(UNITS) 2012 Units: 800 Total costs: 7000 2011 Units: 500 Total costs : 6100 [7000/6100] / [800/500] = \$3/unit ( VC 3(800) 2400 ... 7000-2400 FC= 4600 8) BREAKEVEN POINT BE = [FC/[P-VC] BE ( Given a total profit ) = [FC+TP]/[P-VC] QUESTION: How many units must you sell to earn \$100 000 in profit 4600+ 100 000/ [5-3] = 104600/2 = 52 300 9) FINANCIAL STATEMENT BALANCE SHEET - ASSETS = LIABILITIES + EQUITY INCOME STATEMENT- NET INCOME = REVENUE MINUS EXPENSES CASH FLOW......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

#### Andre's Hair Styling

...ACCT310 - 1304B – 07 Andre’s Hair Styling American Intercontinental University Online December 1, 2013 ABSTRACT The following information is going to contain information from Andre’s hair styling. The information is going to detail the contribution margin, the annual break-even point, as well as the operating income. Fixed costs consist of the barbers so to figure that out we must take their nine dollars and ninety cents an hour that they are paid and multiply that by the barbers forty hour work week and then multiply that by the fifty weeks that they work a year and then again multiply by the five different barbers that are working at Andre’s Hair Styling; we then get ninety-nine thousand dollars as the outcome. (\$9.90*40 hours a week*50 weeks a year* 5 barbers) = \$99,000 which added together is one hundred and twenty thousand dollars. Other expenses for Andre’s Hair Styling consists of the remaining fixed costs per month which is one thousand seven hundred and fifty and then multiply that by twelve months and we get twenty-one thousand dollars a year for other fixed expenses. (\$1,750 fixed expenses * 12 months in a year) = \$ 21,000 Now that we have done all of that calculations to begin answering the questions at hand we will go from 1-4. 1. The first task is to find the contribution margin per hair cut at the same time assuming that the barber’s compensation is a fixed cost. So we take the following in mind. Andre’s hair styling is charging twelve......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

#### Acc Cost, Volume, and Profit Formulas

...Assignment: Cost, Volume, and Profit Formulas ACC220 February 19, 2012 Assignment: Cost, Volume, and Profit Formulas In a business, it is profit that ultimately determines whether a business succeeds or fails a financial year. To aid in forming decisions, managers depend on information presented in Cost-Volume-Profit (CVP) analysis. In a CVP analysis, information is built on the interrelation of five general components. By understanding these components and how they relate to one-another, managers and accountants can also determine the contribution margin ratio. With these factors in hand, managers can predict the contribution ratios necessary to balance expenses and maximize profits. For managers to make successful decisions in business, they need to understand the components, the factors, and how they relate to one-another. Creating a CVP analysis requires knowledge of five general components: The volume of a business’ activities, the selling prices of individual units, the variable and fixed costs of producing each unit, and the net total of multiple types of units sold. The volume of business’ activities generally refers to the total units of any specific merchandise sold, which is multiplied with selling prices. Following the income of sales, the variable costs (costs to produce each unit) is subtracted to determine the contribution margin. Finally, the fixed costs (supporting budget) are subtracted from the contributions margin to determine the net income in a......

Words: 961 - Pages: 4

#### Publix

...Running Head: PUBLIX CMT Contemporary Management Technique for Publix Target Costing Rationale Publix Super Markets, Inc. is a primarily Florida established grocery store chain which employees over 120,000. Currently, Publix serves over one million customers each day and is also one of the largest employee-owned businesses in the world. Moreover, the company is one of Florida’s leading supermarkets and has tailored to most cultural trends in the grocery industry-organic foods; health foods, natural foods, prepared meals, ethnic ingredients, etc. Publix grocery has benefited from great success in the industry and has expanded out of primary market, Florida. However, with the arrival of globalization impacting margins in almost every industry, the food retailing/supermarket industry has now joined the trend. International and domestic food retailers around the globe have started to internationalize at a brisk rate and open operations around the globe (Mujtaba & Franklin, 2007). The right product pricing is one of the most important matters concerning the growth of companies’ financial performance. Prices should be low enough to draw in customers; however, simultaneously high enough to cover all costs and anticipated profits. Research in the supermarket industry indicates that nine percent of customers leave and shop elsewhere because they think prices are too high. The supermarket business is becoming more and more concentrated as large regional chains such......

Words: 3649 - Pages: 15

#### Kudler Accounting System

...Kudler Accounting System Derek Gleaves UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX BSA/310 Frank Skowron December 18, 2011 Kudler Accounting System Kudler wants to incorporate an SQL database that contains the fields found in the company's Chart of Accounts. Add a balance field and create a query that will display all of the fields of the database and run a report totaling the balance field using test data added to the database. Kudler's Chart of Accounts is currently a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and they want the Chart of Accounts upgraded to the SQL database. The new database will be used to facilitate decision making at the store and department levels. The processes of Kudler Fine Foods include inventory, payroll, accounts payable and accounts receivable. Using a new accounting information systems, will improve these processes from the old system. Key features Intergrading the new accounting system at Kudler Fine Foods has made the company gain new key features along with adding the old key features, such as; It allows the company to keep track of customer purchases. Each time a customer creates a purchase it will register to the new accounting system main computer, and shows what items were purchased along with the price paid. This new system shows the accounts receivables, this show the money being received, and the money going out. The current system at Kudler could be improved through the automation. The objective of accounts payable processing is to pay vendors at......

Words: 800 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

#### Worldcom Financial Fraud

...Final Paper: Case Study of WorldCom Financial Statement Fraud Introduction This paper will discuss the financial statement fraud committed by WorldCom by examining what led up to the fraud, who committed it and why, and the impact it caused on various stakeholders and the economy. WorldCom applied aggressive and undisclosed accounting tactics to provide financial statements that reflected a \$10 billion profit for the years 2000 and 2001, rather than the actual combined loss of \$73.7 billion that occurred (Romar, 2006). Opportunity, pressure, and rationalization were all present in this severe example of financial statement fraud which had a devastating impact on stakeholders globally. Basis for Understanding Financial Statement Fraud Prior to taking a deep dive into this specific example, it is important to first understand what constitutes financial statement fraud. Financial statement fraud can be defined as “deliberate misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures of financial statements to deceive financial statement users, particularly investors and creditors” (Wells, 2011, p. 299). Financial statement frauds can be broken down into five distinct categories: fictitious revenues, improper asset valuations, concealed liabilities and expenses, timing differences, and improper disclosures” (Wells, 2011, p. 292). The History of WorldCom “WorldCom began in Mississippi as a small provider of long distance telephone services” (Lyke, 2002). However, due to......

Words: 3888 - Pages: 16

#### Human Assets and Balance Sheet

...the business success due to their knowledge, skills and creativity. They represent a valuable resource and should be placed on the left side of the balance sheet. The benefit of treating employee as valuable assets is that companies which invest in their employees create a positive environment so that they can work and perform better financially. One example of an organization that has done this is Infosys (The Commerce Pedia, 2012), the giant Info Technology services firm in India. The entire workforce within the firm was assigned a value using an accounting model that calculates all of its employees’ collective worth. By doing this, Infosys has a significant commitment to investing in employees across all functions and levels of experience and the firm can take managerial decisions based on the availability and the necessity of human resources. After considering the influence of the human capital investment, the accounting equation should be revised as “assets = liabilities + owners' equity”, where the assets include human assets and material assets. With the recognition of the importance of human resource, it will be incorporated into the company's external financial reports to provide more reliable information. Reference: The Commerce Pedia, 2012,...

Words: 344 - Pages: 2

#### 1. Why Would Any Customer, Let Alone Large Advertising Agencies and Departmental Stores, Go to Colorscope Rather Than Go to the Large Printers Listed in Exhibit 3?

...Seyhun Shikhaliyev CASE STUDY COLORSCOPE 1. Why would any customer, let alone large advertising agencies and departmental stores, go to Colorscope rather than go to the large printers listed in Exhibit 3? The main line from the colorscope inc background are the corporate was found in march 1976, the first target customers is local customers (small agencies), and after that colorscope growth significantly that thing can be proved in 1988 sales colorscope over than USD 5 Milion and they served Big Customer, since growth they invest capital expenditure in order to improve services. In 1990 when the overall technology growth rapidly and there are more competitor than before, this situation make the condition under pressure, the first impact from this condition is price war, so the market pressure forced him to reduce his own price. After all finally in 1994 , colorscope loss signifant & long term client ( where the client omset is 80 % of his business). If colorscope want to survive in this business they must reevaluate the industry from the operation to his pricing policy. Direct Competitor 1. Larger, more technically savvy printing companies with professional salespeople pushing bundled pricing, integrating pre-press services with printing in a single package, such as R.R. Donnelley & Sons Co. and Quad Graphics. 2. Companies that competed in several different submarkets beyond catalogs, e.g. insert, comic syndications, and coupons, such as American Color......

Words: 1649 - Pages: 7

#### Salem Telephone Case Study

...Salem telephone case 1. ”Revenue hours” represent the key activity that drives costs at Salem Data Service . Which expenses in Exhibit 2 are variable with respect to revenue hours? Which expenses are fixed with respect to revenue hours? A : Variable costs : The power, hourly personal. Fixed costs : The rent, custodial service, computer leases, maintenance, computer equipment, office equipment and fixtures, salaried staff, system development and maintenance, administration, sales promotion, Corporate service. 2. For each expense that is variable with respect to revenue hours, calculate the cost per revenue hour. A : | |January |February |March | |Total revenue hours |329 |316 |361 | |Power |1546 |1485 |1697 | |Hourly personal |7896 |7584 |8664 | |Variable cost per revenue hour |28.699 |28.699 |28.700 | 3. Create a contribution margin income statement for Salem Data Service. Assume that intracompany usage is 205 hours. Assume commercial usage at the March level. A : From the text, we know...

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

#### Paper

...have may influence student success. Many students face considerable difficulty in successfully completing accounting. The amount of material typically covered is substantial and the course requires of the student a significant increase in motivation, analytical ability, and academic effort over the usual principles. Factors that are beyond the control of students but may affect their academic performance include institutional issues such as fast changing environment, large class size and heavy teaching load for the instructor. There may also be limited availability of supplemental instruction or tutoring assistance. All of these factors may adversely affect the probability of student success in understanding accounting. The purpose of this study is to investigate some of the factors that may influence student academic performance in accounting. Identifying the factors that are positively related to performance should enhance faculty understanding of the problems related to student failure in accounting. In addition, identifying these factors could result in accounting departments developing more effective curriculum, enrollment policies, and prerequisites for the intermediate accounting subject. STATEMENT FO THE PROBLEM The study wants to know the different factors that influence the 2nd year accounting students’ academic performance towards their accounting subjects Specific, the study attempts to: 1. Determine the...

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4