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The Endocrine System

   Give the functions of the endocrine system Define hormones, endocrine and exocrine glands Enumerate and state the location of the endocrine glands of the body Explain the role of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in endocrine function Describe how hypothalamus regulates hormone secretion from the pituitary

 Describe how the pituitary gland regulates the secretion of hormones from other endocrine glands  Describe the different endocrine glands of the body based on the following:
    Structure Hormones produced Target cells for each hormone Principal action of each hormone


 Identify the 2 major types of endocrine conditions and give examples of each


 Water balance  Uterine contractions & milk release  Growth, metabolism, & tissue maturation  Ion regulation  Heart rate & blood pressure regulation  Blood glucose control  Immune system regulation  Reproductive functions control



HORMONES Comes from the greek word hormaein which means “to excite” Mediator molecules released by the glands of the endocrine system

Overview of the Endocrine System
 System of ductless glands that secrete hormones
Hormones are “messenger molecules” Circulate in the blood Act on distant target cells Target cells respond to the hormones for which they have receptors  The effects are dependent on the programmed response of the target cells  Hormones are just molecular triggers    

ENDOCRINE GLANDS Produce hormones that EXOCRINE GLANDS are released into the Secrete products into circulatory system ducts (sweat glands, and travel some distance sebaceous glands, where they act on target mucous & digestive tissues to produce...

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