Mango

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Tahsina10
Words 19030
Pages 77
INTRODUCTION:
Bangladesh (Mangifera indica L.) belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, is an important and popular fruit of Bangladesh. It has a unique position in respect of nutritional quality, taste, consumer’s preference etc., among the fifty kinds of fruits grown in Bangladesh (Ahmad, 1985). The fruit is believed to have originated in the Eastern India, Asam, Burma or in the Malayan region (Mukherjee, 1997).
Mango is now recognized as one of the choicest fruits in the world market for its excellent flavour, attractive color and delicious taste. It has medium calorific and high nutritional values. Carbohydrate content in ripe mango pulp is 16.9% (Salunkhe and Desai, 1984). Besides, mango contains appreciable quantity of provitamin A, vitamin C and soluble sugar (Samad et al., 1975). The unripe fruits contain nearly 50% more vitamin C than the ripe ones and in mineral content, mango holds an average position among fruits and in containing iron, unripe mango is the first and ripe fruit, about the 16th position among all major fruits (Hossain, 1989). The fruit has really of immense value in respect of money and prosperity. In Bangladesh it is called as “King of the fruit”.
Due to certain limitations of soil and climate conditions, the mango grows better in some selective areas of Bangladesh. The leading mango growing districts are Nawabgonj, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Dinajpur and Kushtia. It is grown over wide geographical areas particularly in India, Pakistan, Brazil, Mexico, the Philippines, Malayasia, Indonesia, Thailand, Burma and Srilanka. It has gained popularity in Egypt, South – East Africa, Hawaii and Northwest Australia. Producing 9.64 million tons of fruits from an area of 1.17 million hectare, India is the single largest producer of mangoes with approximately 66% of the world mango production (Jacobi et al., 2001). Mango ranks third among the tropical fruits…...

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