Premium Essay

Marine Terminal Operation

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Carla18
Words 74405
Pages 298
Edition: 1.1 February 2002

Distance Education Course ML–302.5

Marine Terminal Operations

Unit 1 Marine Terminals
The three lessons in this unit will cover the topics of:


the role and function of marine terminals



terminal development



operational planning



civil engineering aspects of terminal design.

Module B: Certificate in Maritime Logistics
Diploma in Shipping Logistics—Jamaica Maritime Institute

1−1

Unit 1: Marine terminals

Marine Terminal Operations

Unit 1 ...........Activities and expectations
Agenda
To complete this unit, you will:


Read and study the text in this unit and any assigned passages in the Student Reader.



Apply the information by performing the Activities



Test yourself by doing the Practice Exercises and checking your answers. Resources
There is no textbook for this course. All the information you require is in this Study Guide. In addition, your Student Manual lists some books that you may wish to read to expand your knowledge.

Learning outcomes
When you have completed this unit you will be able to:



Explain some of the considerations in equipment selection.



Discuss the needs for storage areas.



Discuss safety and emergency response considerations.



1−2

Describe the role and functions of marine terminals.

List the broad categories of studies that are needed in planning a new terminal.

Module B: Certificate in Maritime Logistics (Course ML-302.5)
Diploma in Shipping Logistics—Jamaica Maritime Institute

Unit 1: Marine terminals

Marine Terminal Operations

Lesson 1...... Introduction to marine terminals Roles
The possible roles of a marine terminal are to:


service a country



service an urban area



service a hinterland



service a specific industrial process



be part of a...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Identification of Possible Human Errors That Can Result in Fires/Explosions During Tankers' Cargo Loading/Unloading Operations at the Xyz Marine Petroleum Terminal.

...copyrightable materials have been used with the permission of the original authors, and as such, it is automatically protected by the laws, rules, and regulations of the U.S. Copyright Office. TITLE OF REPORT IDENTIFICATION OF POSSIBLE HUMAN ERRORS THAT CAN RESULT IN FIRES/EXPLOSIONS DURING TANKERS' CARGO LOADING/UNLOADING OPERATIONS AT THE XYZ MARINE PETROLEUM TERMINAL SIGNATURE __________________________________DATE ________ PERMANENT ADDRESS 2721 Harvey Dr. Apartment #1. Menomonie, WI 54751, USA TELEPHONE # 715-235-4730 (This section to be completed by the graduate School) This final research report was submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the above stated degree on this date, and has been accepted by the Graduate School and is now ready for transmittal to the Library Learning Center for placement on microform or other storage media. (Coordinator for Graduate Studies) (Date) (This form must accompany the research paper turned in to the Graduate School) IDENTIFICATION OF POSSIBLE HUMAN ERRORS THAT CAN RESULT IN FIRES/EXPLOSIONS DURING TANKERS' CARGO LOADING/UNLOADING OPERATIONS AT THE XYZ MARINE PETROLEUM TERMINAL. by Guillermo A. Triana Cedeno A Research Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of...

Words: 15534 - Pages: 63

Free Essay

The Agile Port

...LGT3003 - 11 The agile port BILL MONGELLUZZO. Journal of Commerce. New York: Dec 11, 2006. pg. 1 Abstract (Document Summary) A benefit of the agile port model is that it provides a terminal operator with the flexibility to move back and forth between an agile port and a traditional port operation. When a terminal operator has a close working relationship with a shipping line and railroad, the carriers provide destination information on each container so the terminal operator can build full trains that the railroad simply hooks and hauls from the terminal. Full Text (1357 words) (Copyright 2006 Commonwealth Business Media. All rights reserved.) Mike Lingerfelt, president of Washington United Terminals in Tacoma, envisions the day when ocean carriers will send strings of vessels from Asia to the U.S. carrying only intermodal cargo destined for inland rail hubs such as Chicago, Atlanta and Dallas. The ships would carry little if any local cargo, allowing terminal operators to move the containers directly to intermodal trains as they are unloaded from the vessel. "Once the industry can get there, it will increase the velocity of the cargo flow through the terminal significantly," Lingerfelt said. Washington United Terminals, Hyundai Merchant Marine, the Port of Tacoma, BNSF Railway and the engineering and consulting firm TranSystems cooperated in a 2003 demonstration project of the concept known as the agile port. Vessels were block-stowed - that is, containers destined for the......

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Captain Ashraf Mabrouk

...self-starting, progressive and talented I would add value to any organization. I have gained experience in the private and public sector for the last 24 years, Specializing in marine /port operations and shipping managements. I have demonstrated success at all levels and capable to excel at Director/VP level. I can genuinely state that continuous improvement, lessen to your customer and your employees are the key success for any organization, so use KAIZEN, LEAN, Six-Sigma or any suitable tools to enhance team engagement and motivation as well as keep the wheel running. KEY ACHIEVEMENTS  Invented a new application (Port Management information System (PMIS) for ADPC with cooperation with major applications’ developer “Kongsberg IT” to automate the port operation process and invoicing, which reduce the human errors and improve data capturing and correct invoicing. It is part of the Port community system (PCS) (one window solution) Developed the required operation’s procedures and process for new built state of art Khalifa Port in Abu Dhabi (ADPC). Those sets of procedures provide the new port operators and customers with the required confident for safe and effective marine operation within the new port. Closed out and led the marine development part of Khalifa Port project during the construction and operation...

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Meli Marine

...1. Overview Meli Marine is a leading player in the container shipping industry on intra-Asia routes and has built a strong presence in the market and demonstrated very high operating margins and operating ROA from 2002 – 2007 compared to its main competitors. As Meli Marine’s CEO, David Tian seeks to steer the company towards expansion in 2008, with an option to acquire 16 vessels from Teeh-Sah Holdings. With these ships, he plans to expand to the trans-Pacific market. However, we believe this deal will not be in Meli Marine’s best interest at the moment, and the company will be better off without the acquisition. 2. Prelude to Acquisition Consideration 2.1 Market Attractiveness: Trans-Pacific route appears attractive as number of shipping lanes has grown by 48.9% between 2002 and 2007, and projected to grow by 42.9% from 2007 to 2012. Loyal customers have also approached David expressing interest in staying with Meli should they provide trans-Pacific operations. Therefore, this market can potentially be a big revenue driver if Meli’s assets are properly aligned to capitalize it. 2.2 Benefits of Diversification: Trans Pacific route, particularly outgoing flows to North America, could offer diversification of income source to Meli Marine in periods when Intra-Asia’s demand is weak. Moreover, in most cases of macroeconomic downturns, countries such as Asia in 1990s will resort to export-push policies to stimulate the economy and a race to affordable transport options;......

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Impact Study

...THE ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE Prepared for the: MARYLAND PORT ADMINISTRATION Revised January 28, 2008 Prepared by: MARTIN ASSOCIATES 941 WHEATLAND AVE., SUITE 203 LANCASTER, PA 17603 Maryland Port Administration Inter-Office Memorandum TO: DATE: File March 19, 2008 SUBJECT: MPA’s comments concerning the Martin and Associates Study of Economic Impacts to Port of Baltimore in 2006 The MPA commends the excellent work by Martin and Associates in completing a comprehensive report of the economic impacts of the Port of Baltimore in late 2007, and revised on January 28, 2008. There are two methodology changes (or new features) in the current report - induced and indirect related jobs and a new single measure of the total economic activity. Although other ports are using this enhanced methodology, the MPA chooses not to include them when speaking of the Port’s impacts for the following reasons: • In previous comprehensive studies, only the number of direct related jobs was measured. In the January 2008 study, the related impacts measure the jobs, personal income, and associated state and local taxes that occur at each stage of production of exports or consumption/use of imported cargo. This includes induced and indirect related jobs that are supported by the direct related jobs. The new change in methodology in the current study concerning total related jobs provides a very comprehensive and extremely broad view of the economic impact of the cargo moving via...

Words: 15054 - Pages: 61

Free Essay

Evergreen Marine Corp

...1.0 Introduction Evergreen Marine Corporation (EMC) was established on September 1, 1968 (evergreen-marine, 2008). The founder, Dr. Yun-Fa Chang, started the business as a secondhand general cargo ship but he expanded the business to provide his customers with a scheduled marine logistics and transportation services. In 1984, EMC made a remarkable move with a two-way Round-the-World container service (evergreen-marine, 2008). Today, Evergreen provides transport services across the lands of Asia, the Americas, Australia, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Consequently, EMC had successfully built a strong network across the globe via an advanced IT platform and exhibition logistics with value added services. 2.0 Type of services that EMC provide Coincidently, EMC is the fourth-largest containerized-freight shipping company, serving the east coast of Asia and the west coast of North America, with over 150 container ships (evergreen-marine, 2008). Its main transportation modes are ships, thus shipping is its main activity. In between, EMC is the pioneer in reefer container service, shipping perishable products across the world. ‘Moreover, Evergreen also provides services such as, freight forwarding, construction of containers, customs brokerage, warehousing, distribution and many more’ (commerce, 2011). ‘In 1992, Evergreen Group expanded its service range to the skies by launching airline EVA Air to the market’ (pancanal, 2002). EVA's planes reflected the......

Words: 1379 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Meli Marine Case

...1. Overview Meli Marine is a leading player in the container shipping industry on intra-Asia routes and has built a strong presence in the market and demonstrated very high operating margins and operating ROA from 2002 – 2007 compared to its main competitors. As Meli Marine’s CEO, David Tian seeks to steer the company towards expansion in 2008, with an option to acquire 16 vessels from Teeh-Sah Holdings. With these ships, he plans to expand to the trans-Pacific market. However, we believe this deal will not be in Meli Marine’s best interest at the moment, and the company will be better off without the acquisition. 2. Prelude to Acquisition Consideration 2.1 Market Attractiveness: Trans-Pacific route appears attractive as number of shipping lanes has grown by 48.9% between 2002 and 2007, and projected to grow by 42.9% from 2007 to 2012. Loyal customers have also approached David expressing interest in staying with Meli should they provide trans-Pacific operations. Therefore, this market can potentially be a big revenue driver if Meli’s assets are properly aligned to capitalize it. 2.2 Benefits of Diversification: Trans Pacific route, particularly outgoing flows to North America, could offer diversification of income source to Meli Marine in periods when Intra-Asia’s demand is weak. Moreover, in most cases of macroeconomic downturns, countries such as Asia in 1990s will resort to export-push policies to stimulate the economy and a race to affordable transport options; these...

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

How New Technology Impacts on Dry Bulk Terminals

...Abstract The evolution of new technology has impacted drastically on the design and layout of bulk terminals. This has led to the massive turnaround of port operations. Since, equipment are becoming more automated it results in quick freight management and lessens the inventory process in ports. Containerization has made the work easier and cheaper as it is easier for freight forwarders to send a wide array of commodities. Revolution in new computerized systems on vessels has led for the expansion in ports or the building of new wharves, and has also reduced traffic within berths. The new technology era has developed trade competition and high productivity levels. Essay A port is a harbour that has been developed of dock walls, quays, terminals and other offshore equipment, in order to facilitate the docking of ships and many different types of cargo. A port is the gateway to marine global trade, over the years marine transportation has been the most efficient means of transporting goods. Dry Bulk Terminal refers to goods that are handled in large quantities that are unpackaged and are available in uniform dimensions. Butler, M (2014) Lecture on Marine Terminals. Personal Collection of M. Butler, Caribbean Maritime Institute stated that dry bulk terminals handle commodities such as: metal ore (which includes compounds such as copper, iron, antimony, tin, manganese, aluminum ore, and bauxite), coal, coke, cement clinkers, and dry chemical products, such as soda ash,......

Words: 1455 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Terminals

...MARINE TERMINAL OPERATIONS (Resit) – February 2011 Section A Answer all Questions. Each item carries 1 mark. 1. Bulk grain usually loaded in this manner? a. b. c. d. 2. What is the rule-of-thumb for determining the storage capacity required at a crude-oil terminal? a. b. c. d. 3. using bucket elevators by port tower cranes in bags through a flexible spout twice the capacity of the largest ship four times the capacity of the largest ship six times the capacity of the largest ship eight times the capacity of the largest ship What is done with oil slops and oil-contaminated ballast? a. b. c. d. it is buried and allowed to decompose naturally using biological agents it is burnt off in very high-temperature furnaces that have very tight emission controls the oil is recovered and returned to the storage tanks the oil is recovered and used as a low-grade fuel 4. Whose responsibility is it to see that passengers have a favorable impression of a terminal? a. b. c. d. the marketing department terminal management customer service personnel all of the above Page 1 of 6 5. Approximately how many years ago did containerization become the primary method of transporting commercial cargoes? a. b. c. d. 6. Who has the primary responsibility to ensure that the company provides the services the customer requires? a. b. c. d. 7. row tier bay cell A port’s hinterland is the industrial districts......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Container Terminal Efficiency

...Running head: CONTAINER TERMINAL EFFICIENCY Container Terminal Efficiency Joshua K. Hodgin American Military University CONTAINER TERMINAL EFFICIENCY With a projected 186% [ (The Agile Port Efficient Marine Terminal) ] increase of containers moved through ports by 2025, terminals are forced to relook at how efficient cargo is being handled. Even though there are required methods by law, container terminals can be more efficient by more effective inspection processes and container handling improvements. Container terminals of today consist of robust equipment and processes that enables cargo to be transported throughout the world. Using intermodal transportation practices, the terminals very effectively transfer cargo between three different modes of transportation; ship, train, truck. The question now what improvements are being made to make processes more efficient and effective while staying in line with current laws? We will explore different innovations of terminal processes, future designs of transportation equipment and enhanced cargo inspection processes. Container terminals have the responsibility to move cargo as quickly and efficiency as possible and the Agile Port System is helping ports do just that. Innovations of Terminal Processes “An Agile Port is a marine terminal or system of terminals capable of accommodating varying cargo quantities and types while minimizing operation interruptions within the terminal” (US Department of......

Words: 1642 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Cooperation

...both laterally and strategically in order to produce innovative ideas and feasible plans for cost-effective solutions. Has excellent abilities in driving and motivating teams in order to deliver internal efficiencies, identifying opportunities for personnel development as required. Has a hands-on management style and effective communication skills, working with people at all levels to deliver results. Objective Now looking for a new and challenging position which will fully utilise existing skills and experiences, while enabling further career development. Career Summary 2010 – Present | Commercial / Business Development Manager, Milio International Ltd, Dubai, UAE. | * Responsible for the management of oil supply and logistics operations, including managing and monitoring budgets for logistics and transportation and implementing remedial action as required * Conducting negotiations for supply and transportation contracts, analysing individual documents for effectiveness, identifying areas requiring improvement and implementing appropriate actions to increase revenue levels *...

Words: 1027 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Norhern Gateway Pipeline

...Section I: Opening Statement “Petroleum production and use is fundamental to our current way of life” (Environment Canada, 2011) We will be arguing in favour of British Columbia supporting the construction of the Northern Gateway Pipeline. Throughout our brief, we will provide several arguments reinforcing our position. In addition to the questions provided by the Hearing Panel, we found it extremely important and pertinent to address economic implications of the construction and functioning of the pipeline. For this reason, these elements will be discussed in Section IV of our brief. We chose to omit a couple of Questions of Analysis in favour of expanding on others that we felt were more relevant and necessary to our argument. We hold the belief that the potential benefits of the Northern Gateway Pipeline outweigh the potential costs; reasons for which will become evident in this written submission. Section II: Questions of Fact: Answered 1. Will the pipeline be running above or below ground? The vast majority of the pipeline will be buried up to a meter underground. The only exceptions will be select water crossings where it is safer to run the pipeline above the water crossing. (Enbridge Northern Gateway Project, 2013) 2. What is the lifespan of the project? The project will have a lifespan of 30 years (Enbridge Northern Gateway Project). 3. What is being transported in the pipeline? There are 2 pipelines. One is the oil pipeline and the other is the......

Words: 3175 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Port Singapore

...eventhough the Singapore government still own 100% of the shares in this company. Moreover, Singapore was named as the best container port in Asia for the 14th time and thebest seaport for the 15th time in 2004 by the Asian freight industry. Performance Data Singapore is the busiest port in the world in terms of shipping tonnage and compares quite favorably on metrics of port operation. At any one time, there were more than 800 ships in port. In 2001 port recieved 146.265 vessels with a shipping tonnage of 960 million gross tons. Singapore is handling a throughput of 18,1 million TEUs in its four container terminals in 2003. PSA facilities can provide on average 100 container moves per hour. Recorded 280,4 container moves per hour with the ship AOL Sardonix in 2001. PSA Marine, a wholly-owned subsidiary, performed 108.048 pilotage jobs and 94.904 tug jobs in 1997. The company provides high standards of services as 99% pilotage jobs were serviced within 30 minutes and 96% tug jobs were serviced in 15 minutes. The Productivity of Port Singapore The Financial Measures of Port Singapore Operations Analyzing PSA’s Strategy As we can see the PSA’s performance data above, both productivity and financial...

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Chief Env. Scienist

...OKOROMU OMOHAN DANIEL 51, Nuru-Oniwo Street, Aguda, S/Lere, Lagos. Tel: 08022230878, 01-8503335 dan.shalom@yahoo.co.uk PERSONAL DATA ▪ Date of Birth: 16th June, 1967 ▪ State of Origin: Edo State Nationality: Nigerian ▪ Gender: Male ▪ Marital Status: Married CAREER OBJECTIVE: ▪ To develop a career with a reputable organisation, whose priorities are placed in the achievement of excellence through hard-work, integrity and result oriented services to succeed. ▪ To engage in a challenging task around with opportunities to make decision on managerial level. PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES ▪ Ability to take on tasks and accomplish them ▪ Ability to assume responsibility quickly and effectively ▪ Inter-personal skills ▪ Ability to adapt to change ▪ Excellent communication skills INSTITUTIONS ATTENDED WITH QUALIFICATIONS ▪ University of Lagos, School of M. Sc Geography Postgraduate Studies. (2007- 2008) ▪ University of Lagos, Faculty B.Sc (Hons.) Geography & Planning of Environmental Sciences, (1986-1990) Geography & Planning ▪ C.M.S. Grammar School, Bariga W.A.S.C O’Level Lagos – State (1978-1984) • Biggix Limited Corporate......

Words: 1012 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Shipping Logistics

...Strength Free Trade port Although Hong Kong is facing other cities’ port to competitive, it still has a lot of strength in this area over other Mainland cities. It will continue to do so in the foreseeable future. Free Trade port is one of the strength to Hong Kong which offers customs convenience to shippers to ship their cargoes. Compare with Guangdong’s port, as regulated by the Chinese Law, some of the large vessels are set with trade protectionist polices. Also, importing and exporting from China generally involves three types of taxes such as Value-added tax, Consumption tax and Customs duties. As a result, Hong Kong benefits exporters and importers with free trade and minimum level of regulations. Thus, they will use Hong Kong for sea transport as the city facilitates then with higher flexibility and better business environment. Zhang, S. (2013). Import-Export Taxes and Duties in China. Retrieved March 19, 2014 from http://www.china-briefing.com/news/2013/03/11/import-export-taxes-and-duties-in-china.html High Connectivity Hong Kong port has a high connectivity to other ports around the world. It is because Hong Kong is located between Europe and Pacific Ocean. It is among the world ports one of the most central ports in port networks. Hong Kong also has deep harbor in South China. It depth around 15.5 meters(Planning Department, 2004). Hong Kong is very closed to Pearl Rive Delta, which is not to our sources. It also one of the world’s largest exporter......

Words: 1133 - Pages: 5