Premium Essay

Mccarthyism

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Xxlnghrns7xX
Words 1816
Pages 8
The Connection by Kathleen Orozco

P. Sepesi
English 3.1
December 5, 2011

Outline
I. Introduction

II. America in the 1600’s
A. Puritanism
B. Salem Witch Trials

III. America in the 1950’s
A. Communism
B. Joseph McCarthy

IV. McCarthyism
A. McCarthy Trials (HUAC)
B. Blacklisting
C. Elia Kazan
D. Arthur Miller

V. The Crucible
A. The Summary
B. The theme

VI. The Allegory
A. Danforth and the HUAC
B. Danforth and Joseph McCarthy
C. Elia Kazan and Abigail Williams

VII. The conclusion

The Connection The Crucible written by Arthur Miller has a symbolic meaning. It is an allegory, “a story in which people, things, and events have a symbolic meaning, often instructive.” (Agnes 17). The setting, the Salem witch trials of the 1600’s is similar to the McCarthy trials of the 1950’s. The people, the events, the details relate to one another. Miller purposely wrote his story to instruct the fact that the mentality of the people in the 1950’s was no different than the mentality of people in the 1600’s. In the 1600’s people followed a strict religion known as puritanism. The Puritans believed they were sent by God to purify the world of sin and evil. Because of this they believed they were superior to others. Consequently, when they did sin, they tended to feel guilty and blame others for their faults. This blame and guilt led to one of the most fearful times in America. The Salem witch trials happened during the 1600’s and at a time where everyone was supposed to live a life of pureness. The people from the Salem witch trials whom named names were quickly disliked in the community because of all the trouble that was caused by them (Canty 1). Everyone was supposed to live by the ways of the Puritans and when they didn’t it was unacceptable yet people still believed them because fear tended to take over. People were not thinking...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Anticomunism and Mccarthyism

...Week 1 notes Anticommunism and McCarthyism Paper Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper written between 1947 and 1954 to see how these events were covered by the media. (New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Christian Science Monitor) About anticommunism- Anti-communism is a set of beliefs, social values, or political opinions that communism or a one party system form of government that holds all power, including the economy is not acceptable. -great anti-communist frenzy in the late 1940s and early 1950s that had corrosive effects on American life. Known to many as “McCarthyism,” after the Wisconsin senator who became the most famous and notorious voice of anti-communism for a time, the post–World War II Red Scare was a widespread phenomenon that affected almost every area of American life. The early years of the Cold War coincided with a time of economic anxiety as the nation attempted to adjust to conversion from war to peace; but by the early 1950s, the American economy entered a period of high economic growth and stability. McCarthyism during this period- Whereas, McCarthyism unfairly targeted and investigated men and women for being suspected of being a communist often destroying reputations and causing employers to place suspects names on the so called "blacklist" for fear of risking his or her own reputation (especially Hollywood) destroyed by the powerful Senator Joseph McCarthy. Throughout the late 1950's and even until the......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mccarthyism

...McCarthyism McCarthyism originated in the late 1940’s during the Second Red Scare period when Senator Joseph McCarthy began making rash accusations of treason and such crimes in fear of Communist influence on American culture. A spectrum of actions resulted from this irrational, growing fear of Communism. The Red Scare began after World War II and carried out tensions from the Cold War between the two world superpowers. The House Un-American Activities Committee was created in 1938 to monitor Communist actions. This committee sought to expose any suspected Communist supporters living in the United States. Many suspected communists lost their jobs, homes, families and were even imprisoned. Government officials, Hollywood stars, and educators were targeted mostly by these exaggerated accusations. Many well-known and appreciated people were subjected to testify their beliefs, involvement with and general knowledge of the Communist Party in the United States. The Hollywood “blacklist” included those who could not be employed due to their supposed affiliations with the Communist party. The “Hollywood Ten” were a group of ten hollywood stars subpoenaed by the HUAC that took a stand and tried to defend their first amendment rights to freedom of speech and the freedom to assemble. The Committee failed to see the value in their argument and sentenced them all to six to twelve months of imprisonment. All those who were accused after the Hollywood Ten case plead the fifth and......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism

...Anticommunism and McCarthyism Travis Hall His/145 4/27/2011 Richard Pinder At the end of World War II, there was a continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars and economic competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union, commonly known as The Cold War. These two superpowers conflicted and were competitive about many things, but none greater than the difference in government. The Soviet Union, being a communist country was highly unfavorable to the majority of the world. The United States attempted to use containment as a primary strategy to keep communism away from its shores. This strong resilience prompted the phrase, anti-communism, which simply means against communism. Even though America maintained itself as a democracy, there was a sweeping fear that communism may infiltrate the American government. Senator Joseph Raymond McCarthy became the most visible public face during this period. Senator McCarthy helped to perpetuate this fear, by making claims that there were an extremely large number of Communist and Soviet spies inside the United States federal government. This brought about the coining of the phrase McCarthyism. McCarthyism has become a common phrase for making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence. McCarthy’s method used the fears of Americans to......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism Paper

...Assignments Individual Assignment: Anticommunism and McCarthyism Paper Themes of anticommunism preoccupied the American media from 1947 to 1954. Major topics included the coup in Czechoslovakia, the Korean War, the House Un-American Activities Committee, Alger Hiss, the Rosenbergs, and Joseph McCarthy. • Resources: ProQuest Historical Newspapers • Identify at least three different articles from the ProQuest Historical Newspapers (New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Christian Science Monitor) written between 1947 and 1954 to see how these events were covered by the media. • Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper about anticommunism and McCarthyism during this period, including examples or quotes from each of the three articles you located (see rubric below). • Format your paper according to APA standards. Anti-communism and McCarthyism paper Grading Criteria Content 5 Points All key elements of the assignment are covered in a substantive way within the guidelines of 700-1050 words. The paper incorporates at least three different appropriate articles from ProQuest Historical Newspapers written between 1947 and 1954, covering topics in anti-communism or McCarthyism. The paper provides insight and supports that insight on the following topics: • The differences between anti-communism and McCarthyism • The perspective from which the media covered anti-communism and McCarthyism • American foreign policy decisions impacted by......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

What Effect Did Mccarthyism Have on the Us/

...How far do you agree with the view that McCarthyism had little impact on US society in the years 1950-54? It is argued that McCarthyism had a vital impact on US society in the years 1950-54. This can be seen through the knock on effects it had on the people in America, as the fear of communism was rising as McCarthyism triggered a panic all across America during this period. The USA was already feeling very vulnerable after War as they feared communism would spread just the way It did in China, thus McCarthyism was significant as many Americans were scared that their society would come under the influence of communism. However, many historians argue that the impact John McCarthy was only short term as soon; the Red Scare was falling apart as everyone was being accused of being a communist. McCarthy influenced many Americans through radio and press and caused many Americans to panic from Communism. He raised the awareness of the impact that communism could have on American society and how it could change the American way of life, and during this period many Americans did not want any significant change as the economy was booming and prosperity was flourishing all over America, which was a major change. Therefore, people had a reason to fear Communism as Americans were living a better and more affluent life and they did not want their privileges to be taken away from them. McCarthy took advantage of this and manipulated the press, and released as many accusations as......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mccarthyism and the Red Scares Impact on the Media in the 50s/60s

...McCarthyism and The Second Red Scares impact on Media in the 1950-60s decades (Research and Analysis Paper) In 1950, fewer than 50,000 Americans out of a total US population of 150 million were members of the Communist Party(Gilder Lehrman). However following WWII the the time period of the 1950-1970 was marked as a period of mass fear of Communism. American fears of internal communist infiltration reached Its highest point since the First Red Scare of the 1920-30s. Government organizations investigated millions of americans, “asking what books and magazines they read, what unions and civic organizations they belonged to, and whether they went to church” (Gilder Lehrman). This time period was also marked by the major shift and blacklisting of celebrities primarily in show business. One of the people who took full advantage of the mass hysteria was Senator Joseph McCarthy from Wisconsin. McCarthy began his crusade by giving a speech at the Women’s Republican Club of Wheeling, in West Virginia, where he stated that he had a list of over 220 confirmed communists living in the US. The numbers of this statement dropped over the years as people began to watch him more closely. However this didn’t stop him from rising to more power, after the Republicans regained a majority in the senate, McCarthy took control of a subcommittee, and performed investigations on government agencies. Other Cold War “activists” consisted of Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey, union leader Walter......

Words: 2712 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Communism

...afraid that the Bolshevik revolution could take control. During the First World War, patriotism filled the hearts of people and the state was divided into two major groups. There was a minor group which was unrecognized on governmental affairs. The first group worked in the war industry and the other in the armed forces. During this period, one had to be patriot, communist, slackers or draft dodgers; they were all classified as suspect. Out of this patriotism the Red scare took control in 1920s (Binkley 187). The McCarthyism According to Binkley, McCarthyism also known as the second Red Scare is the act of making accusations of treachery, sedition, or treason without proper regard for evidence. It entails using unfair investigations techniques, especially in order to restrict dissent or political criticism. During the McCarthy reign, many people were accused of being communist and were detained. They claimed to be a recognized political force. McCarthyism led to increasing in the number of communism in the United States. Joseph McCarthy involved...

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

One Conflict Is the Seed of Another

...One conflict is the seed of another. Conflicts between people are a normal, natural and inevitable part of life. It is the very challenge of being challenged. We frequently only think of the immediate conflicts that occurred but not consider the seeds that it has planted. Disagreements often occur due to clash of ideas or in some cases, hatred of another, and when handled incorrectly, it will result in a domino effect. Conflicts that are out of control and affect many lives are often due to people unable to face their own personal conflicts, resulting in sabotage in not only themselves but others around them for self satisfaction. When one person falls down, another is brought down with them; it is the continuous cycle of conflict. The desperate need to construct more lies in order to cover up previous conflict would only cause more turmoil in others. This is seen in seventeen-year-old Kimberly Duthie, “the St Kilda girl,” was the centre of an infamous scandal of a sex and drug misconduct allegation against AFL manager Rickie Nixon. In an inappropriate sexual relationship with a forty-seven year old man, Kim Duthie attempted to be perceived as a victim. In response to her mistreatment and driven by media attention, she continued to be embroiled in one scandal after another, bringing anyone involved to shame. Her inappropriate involvement caused Nixon to be suspended of having his license to act as a player agent. Kim Duthie’s inner conflict ultimately spread to......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Mccarthyism

...CheckPoint: McCarthyism I believe McCarthyism had affected lives of people in the U.S. that his negative property were unfavorable. He was too aggressive, dishonest, and inappropriate. With all the fear and panic going on, this led to finger pointing, accusations, and a sense of prevalent paranoia. It created an overall fear of socialists, anarchists, and other dissidents. In McCarthyism’s mind it was all or nothing; meaning that if the citizen was not patriotic, they would be considered a suspect. With all the conflict McCarthyism creating conflict between the fellow American citizens, he also stirred up some problems in the political, economic, and social-political areas. This kind of conflict did not help the people in any way but just made it worse. With all these problems in the political field it also increased the fear and discrimination toward English speakers. I believe that this harmed the democratic goals and ideas of the United States.  I feel that it made America lose face and appear to be too aggressive in terms of foreign and domestic policy. Although it was supposed to keep a tight check on communistic activity, its aim seemed to be contradictory of America's ideologies of openness, multiculturalism, and peace position. Instead, it seemed to embody a policy that was too forceful. I also believe that it was dangerous because it was a bit hasty in generalizing and labeling that all Communists posed a definite threat to America and world peace. It caused......

Words: 282 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

His 145 Course Real Knowledge / His145Dotcom

...Entire Course (UOP) For more course tutorials visit www.his145.com HIS 145 Week 1 Anti-communism and McCarthyism Paper HIS 145 Week 2 Civil Rights in the Sixties Paper HIS 145 Week 3 The Counterculture and Sixties Movements Paper HIS 145 Week 4 The Trends of the Eighties Paper HIS 145 Week 5 The Internet Paper HIS 145 Week 5 Presidential Speech Presentation ----------------------------------------------------------- HIS 145 Week 1 Anti-communism and McCarthyism Paper (UOP) For more course tutorials visit www.his145.com Themes of anti-Communism preoccupied the American media from 1947 to 1954. Major topics included the coup in Czechoslovakia, the Korean War, the House Un-American Activities Committee, Alger Hiss, the Rosenbergs, and Joseph McCarthy. Identify at least three different articles from the ProQuest Historical Newspapers (New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Christian Science Monitor) written between 1947 and 1954 to see how these events were covered by the media. -Communism and McCarthyism during this period, including examples or quotes from each of the three articles you located. Prepare a 700 to 1,050 word paper in which you address the following: o The differences between anti-Communism and McCarthyism o The perspective from which the media covered anti-Communism and McCarthyism o American foreign policy decisions impacted by anti-Communism o How Americans’ lives changed......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Crucible

...McCarthy hearings occurred in 1947; President Truman ordered background checks of every civilian in service to the government due to a fear of people within the United States being a communist spy. The fear of communism intensified when a high ranked official Alger Hiss was convicted of being a communist spy. Senator Joseph McCarthy stepped in and convinced/alarm people within the U.S that there were Communist and Communist sympathizers that would try to overthrow the government.  As a result, he formed a special Congressional committee to investigate Americans who were suspected of Communist activities and this movement was named McCarthyism. The Crucible is a play that is universal and enduring because it uses allegory and archetypes to teach readers that fear and panic are the worst forms of chaos in society. People in both the Crucible and McCarthyism in the 1950’s panicked and were frightened to death. Fear lead people to react in such inhumane ways to save their selves. It influenced people to take extreme measures and act irrationally. The fear of witchcraft and communist spies led to people being accused of one. This created...

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Boogeyman Coming America

...The Boogeyman Coming to America Stephen King, a well-known horror novelist, has brought fear into the minds and hearts of many through his gruesome tales and horrific imagery. He makes us look twice before we turn the lights off at night. But what makes a whole society become scared? Well on two occasions, there were situations in which the society of the United States fell victim to fear. This fear brought two separate movements to try and keep the “Boogeyman” from trying to get into the United States. These movements were both commonly known as the Red Scare. This scare was willing to take anyone as it’s victim. Celebrities, politicians, or common Americans were all vulnerable to this phenomena that brought forth a Salem Witch Trial type of environment. The government of the United States of America tried to take many precautions, whether it was a success or failure, to try and prevent the spread of Communism in a country that is considered the greatest country on the Earth. Whenever there is a moment in history that brings on a mass hysteria, it shows what kind of people are really out there lurking around. This moment in history illustrates what happens during hysteria and what it makes people do in a time in which a common fear is shared amongst individuals of a society. “The scariest moment is always just before you start.” - Stephen King (269) This quote illustrates the moment in time just before the second Red Scare. Unlike the first Red Scare, this......

Words: 3891 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Witch Hunts

...fears of citizens to further the personal, political and social agendas of those individuals that conducted the trials. These two events are just two examples of how history repeated itself, where hysteria of the masses has been used as justification to trample on the basic rights that we, as humans, have come to believe as essential to our lives. I chose this research project because the effect of the McCarthy era tactics that infringed on the Constitutional rights of many Americans can be seen today in the policies and actions implemented since September 11, 2001. As an American, I am disturbed to see that we as a people and our government appear not to have learned from our past. During the eras of the Salem Witch Trials and that of McCarthyism, there existed a fear that the values of each society were being threatened from both internal and external entities. During the Court of Oyer and Terminer, influential members of the Salem community used the trials to punish ministers with in the colony who were seen as tolerant to other religions. There was a movement within the colony to relax the strict customs of the Puritans, but the community leaders wanted to maintain a tight control on their spiritual beliefs and the hard-line Puritan rule. The Community elders manipulated the people through their superstitions and fear of the devil to justify the accusations of witchcraft, which the elders used to promote the appearance of protecting the community, while maintaining a......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment Paper

...Anticommunism and McCarthyism America has survived many wars including WWI and WWII the American people have also survived the Great Depression. During these wars and the Great Depression the American people faced new challenges that could destroy the countries foundation. The challenges in America were that of Anticommunism and McCarthyism, which led to the Red Scare. The Red Scare placed fear into the American people and changed Hollywood forever. In this paper the subject to explain is the differences between Anticommunism and McCarthyism. The media coverage during this period of American history is examined and the Red Scare is described. Anticommunism and McCarthyism are often referenced and described together when teaching this era in American history. Although there is a difference between the two, both terms are often misunderstood by many Americans. The Anticommunism and McCarthyism terms were created in the 1940s and 1950s and have become intertwined confusing many people concerning their meaning. The fact is that each of the terms is closely related, but there is a fundamental difference between the two definitions. Anti-communism is “a set of beliefs, social values, or political opinions that communism or a one party system form of government that holds all power, including the economy is not acceptable” (Baughman, 2001, p. 10). On the other hand, McCarthyism investigated and targeted “unfairly” individuals that were considered (suspected)......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Crucible Essay

...Crucible Essay History repeats itself in many ways sometimes it will be a man making a simple mistake like a man forgetting to pick his dry-cleaning up or it can be something along the lines of people becoming paranoid and fighting and preparing for things that aren’t really there. The Red Scare of 1947 to the late 1950s is a perfect example of our nation repeating a history event from 1692, The Salem Witch Trials an event that our nation still remembers today innocent lives lost that definitely didn’t deserve it. One of the victims to the Red Scare Arthur Miller made a satire of it using “The Crucible” (A play based on the witch hunts) comparing the Red Scare to the Salem Witch Trials, he claims everything he was accused for is just as ridiculous and embarrassing to our country as the Salem Witch Trials were. In this Essay I will be comparing Arthur Miller's Crucible to the Red scare of the 1940's. There’s this Guy who basically claims our government is filled to the brim with communists and we need to weed them out, His name is Joseph McCarthy, he was born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin in 1909 and he died in 1957 on May 2nd due to Alcohol poisoning.(Joseph 1) On 9th February, 1950, at a meeting of the Republican Women's Club in Wheeling, West Virginia, McCarthy claimed that he had a list of 205 people in the State Department that were known to be members of the American Communist Party (late he reduced this figure to 57)(Joseph 1). Joseph McCarthy was a dirty man who in......

Words: 1605 - Pages: 7