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Mccloskey

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By yolandapeoples
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In The short Story on Being an Atheist, MCcloskey argues that the cosmological proof, the teleological proof and the Ontological argument should be abandoned because they do not established with any degree of certainty, that God does exist. The cosmological argument is used to prove the existence of a necessary or eternal Creator. Philosophers argue that because the universe exists, some God like being had to cause it to come into existence. It was established that everything that exist had to have a beginning that caused them to exist, and in their opinion that cause was God who is outside of the universe. The Teleological arguments are arguments from the order in the universe to the existence of God. They are also known as arguments to design. These arguments purport to prove the existence of God from empirical facts, the premise being that the universe shows evidence of order and hence design.
The Ontological arguments is a priori argument for the existence of God, asserting that as existence is a perfection, and as God is conceived of as the most perfect being, then God must exist.
With MCcloskey or any atheist they offer no evidence on how the universe came into existence scientifically or otherwise.
On the Cosmological Argument MCcloskey says that the “mere existence of the world constitutes no reason for believing in such a being.” But according to Evans and Manis the cause of the universe is necessary because any explanation of any contingent being’s existence will be incomplete unless it culminates in the casual activity of a necessary being. Evans and Manis defines a necessary being as one that cannot fail to exist, a being that is the cause of the existence of all contingent beings. A necessary being is the only kind of being whose existence requires no further explanation. There is an ultimate explanation for the existence of a contingent...

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