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Media Bias

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Introduction

Bias is the inclination on a particular side without considering the possibility of other alternatives. It results when one has already formed a judgement in his or her mind. People can be biased towards an individual, religion, and race or some actions done by people. These actions may be considered immoral by the society and hence the unfair judgement of one's character even without listening to the view of all sides. Media is a very important tool in the society. It informs people on what is going on. Many people take media especially major media companies to give the absolute truth. The media are also expected to be impartial. However, many cases of media biases have been noted. Media bias can be in some forms. Journalists and news producers may choose to present a particular story leaving out other stories that are more important. Bias may also result when a reporter takes sides and does not consider what the other sides has to say. This paper aims at comparing two articles and show any form of media bias that may exist in reporting the same story.

October 19, 2014, The Guardian reported on Ched Evans rape case. The author, Barbara Ellen was very critical of Evans and not a single time did she consider Evans’s side of the story. Evans had been involved in a sexual activity with a 19-year-old lady. The lady later claimed that Evans had raped her. Evans stood by his words that he did not rape her. He admitted to having cheated on his girlfriend on that night with the 19-year-old but claimed that the girl was too willing to sleep with him. Already, there is a controversy. There are two sides to the same story. A good reporter would not pick sides as the two people who were involved in the act came up with two sides of the same story.

Ellen is so harsh on Evans insisting that even after he served his jail term, he should not be left alone to have a normal life. She insists that rape is a heinous act that should forever be punished. She goes ahead to claim that no football club should sign him including his former club. Her bitterness towards Evans is worrying considering that Evans girlfriend was not as bitter. After Evans had been released, his girlfriend whom he had cheated on forgave her and they spent the night with him. If she could afford to do this, it possibly means that she believes Evans never raped the girl, and that’s why she forgave him for cheating on him. Due to the jail term of a charge that he refuses to have committed, Evans lost a lot and had his name tarnished. Some of this he deserved since cheating on his girlfriend is wrong. However, Elle goes ahead to suggest that he should be discriminated against for the rest of his life and constantly be reminded that he is a rapist. In her conclusion, she suggests that men should realize the power of rape. From this, it can be seen that she was not only bitter on Evans, but by all men for the simple reason that most rape cases involve men as rapists.

Another article by Lauren Veevers and Richard Moriarty from the Sun was also on Evans rape case. Unlike Elle, Veevers and Moriarty consider both sides of the story. They focus on Evans life after jail. They consider Evans side of the story as he claims that the girl was up for it. Unlike Elle, the two authors went far ahead and noted a sticker placed on Evans car. The sticker contained the words ‘’ Read the truth at www.chedevans.com. Ched Evans is innocent’’. The reporting made by this author is considerably fair to all parties. They did not denounce Evans from being a rapist neither did they judge him and with him hell on earth. The authors, not that Evans girlfriend accompanied him on the day he was out of jail, and together they spend the night at their rented house. While focused on making Evans look terrible, Veevers and Moriarty focused on how rich Evans and his girlfriend appeared. To them, life in jail for him was too much a he needed a break. Evan has friends, family, and fans, and it is most likely that they believe in his side of the story that he did not rape the girl. It was hence a time to do different things. Some fans were even pictured shouting in favor of Evans. They reported that he refused to apologize to the 19-year-old, but was sorry for cheating on his girlfriend. After reporting this, they did not pursue the issue further unlike Elle, who was disgusted by this behaviour

Psychological theories

Attributive theory

Ellen in reporting on Evans concludes that Evans personality is bad. She attributes his action on the 19-year girl to Evans corrupt personality. It is from this that she suggests that Evans should be made to feel the pain of what he did. Her judgement can also be attributed to her personality. She is a sexist. She harshly judged because she is a lady, and a lady was allegedly violated. She warns all men to be aware of the power of rape. It is clear that she considers all men to be potential rapists by bringing all men into one bracket.

Terror management theory

Ellen is very angry with Evans. She is of the opinion that Evans should not be given a second chance. She goes ahead to claim that Evans should be discriminated. It would make him suffer even after leaving jail. Her point is that a rapist should not be left to enjoy life afterwards. Her solution revolves around the terror management theory that introduces terror on some human actions so that these actions can be avoided.

Conclusion

Media bias exists in some forms. Ellen clearly takes sides and does not consider the little chance that Evans may be telling the truth. She believes that the 19-year-old was raped despite the fact that no violence was used. As a result, she wishes Evans hell on Earth. Veevers and Moriarty choose to be balanced. They do not praise Evans for what he did neither do they judge. They instead choose to focus on another side of Evans life which is the luxurious side of life. They also do not make claims on the 19-year-old hence only chose to be neutral.

References
Cain, D.M. and Detsky, A.S. (2008). Everyone's a Little Bit Biased (Even Physicians). JAMA;299(24):2893-289
Ellen, B. (2014). Like all rapists Ched Evans will never be relly free. Retrieved on 18th June 2015 from http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/oct/19/like-all-rapists-ched- evans-never-free
Heinrichs, A. (2005).The Printing Press (Inventions That Shaped the World), p. 53, Franklin Watts.
Veevers, L & Moriarty, R. (2014). Freed footie rapist insists girl was definitely up for it. Retrieved on 18th June 2015 from http://newstral.com/en/article/en/960728800/freed- footie-rapist-insists-girl-was-definitely-up-for-it-

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