Premium Essay

Medical Error Prelude

In: Science

Submitted By jmarieb4
Words 573
Pages 3
With the healthcare industry growing rapidly and the number of uninsured peoples falling just as rapidly due to the affordable care act, perceptions of patients, health, and care are important. The baseline of uninsured people in America is continuing to drop. From 2013, white citizens have dropped 5.3% from 14.3% in March of 2015 while African Americans have dropped 9.2% from 22.4% and even more impressive, is the Latino numbers dropping from 12.3% from the original 41.8% (___) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation). With these staggering changes in the amount of people being insured and seeking medical services, the preconceptions we have of patients just two short years ago is drastically different than before. “Doctors’ preconceptions and assumptions inevitably play an important part in the diagnostic process, but it is not just in the one-on-one diagnostic encounter that preconceptions affect medical interpretation.” (____)
Some of the assumptions in this case start with Nurse Karing calling Dr. Cural and the doctor assuming that he had further knowledge on his patients than his nurse. He calls the nurse incompetent and is assuming this on the idea that he has a higher intelligence than her and asserting his power over the nurse. The nurse then assumes that Dr. Cural is right as he seems to be very in touch with his patients and that she was simply over thinking it.
Mental models, whether shared or held individually, are “psychological representations of real, hypothetical, or imaginary situations” (Johnson-Laird PN 1998). Although conceptually similar, they distinguish themselves from attitudes in that attitudes, i.e., positive or negative evaluations of a situation, are considered an evaluative subcomponent of mental models; attitudes, along with knowledge and previous behaviors, are the ingredients with which mental models are

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Medication Error

...1. Critical analysis of an issue in the clinical area a) My topic is Medication Error. b) I choose this topic because during my experiences in clinical area as well my experience in Hospital where I worked, I have came across different types of medication errors which involve patients and this could be a cause for serious problems to patients and in some cases will lead to death. It is a serious matter. Also drug error can have bad effect on nurses, both personally and professionally. C) Problems that I have identified regarding this topic ISSUE 1 In Medical ward, CRF and DM patient was advised to give injection Human Mixtard 10 units BD (10 units before breakfast and 10 units before dinner). And it was advised to give the injection 20 minutes before food. But the nurse who changes the treatment chart was mistakenly written injection Human Mixtard 10 units before breakfast and 20 units before dinner. The night dose was double. But luckily it was noticed by doctor during morning round. Otherwise nobody will recognize and will give the dose as it is. And will lead patient to a serious condition. ISSUE 2 While giving tablets through NG tube, I have noticed that some nurses throw the medication when it was difficult to pass through the tube. In this case patient will not get any effect of the prescribed medication. This a serious matter in which doctor will start new drugs daily because he will be thinking there is no response for the previous drugs. He does not know what...

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Information Management

...orders, streamline operations, and ultimately improve patient safety by reducing medical errors. STRENGTH • Strong leadership and executive support • Focus on improved clinical practiced • Physician support • Leading technological hospital in the metropolitan area • Current hospital focus on patient safety • Wide-ranging: various professional groups will be impacted • Highly knowledgeable information system staff • Currently a pleasant and comfortable work environment for staff WEAKNESSES • Rising cost of resources • Limited budget constraints due to previous commitments • Lack of time for user training • New technology and staff attitude towards changes • Physician and clinical staff level of comfort with technology • Some hospitals already have CPOE OPPORTUNITIES • Desire to significantly reduce medication errors • Interest in standardizing medication ordering processes • Concerns of adequate training and assistance available for all involved clinical staff • Need for improved workflow processes in pharmacy services • Must have a positive impact on hospital efficiency THREATS • Cost of implementing the systems • Must be committed to the CPOE Market • Product maturity – time vendor has been developing CPOE products • Ability to measure hospital efficiency through CPOE data Executive Summary Computerized Physician order Entry (CPOE) will help to reduce medical errors and any adverse drug issue and that would improve the quality of care. We...

Words: 2661 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Children’s Hospital Case Study and the Relationship with the Readings from Managing Change: Equity & Action after an incident of medical errors on a patient. Patient safety became her priority. Morath attended some training that gave her a lot of impetus and skills to bring out effective management in the children’s hospital. This brought change and improved the performance of the hospital. Morath started by putting a core team of personnel in place to help in designing and launching the patient safety initiative. She took charge in the hospital and by August 1999, she had sought assistance of many people who were highly respected in the organization. Morath partnered with the hospital’s medical director to get his input and support so that she could make him understand her strategy for enhancing patient safety since she believed that leadership of the medical director would be very instrumental in creating support for the doctors and nurses in the children’s hospital. She then set out to accomplish major tasks which include making presentations to hospital staff about research on medical errors, conducted focus groups to learn more on patient safety and then developed a detailed strategic plan for the patient safety initiative (Edmundson, Roberto & Tucker, 2007). Morath provided the hospital staff with evidence on the size and scope of medical problem of medical errors in USA. She presented data from Harvard medical practice study on the frequency and causes of medical errors. She observed that many people were initially reluctant to believe that errors might be a significant problem...

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Nursing Roles

...and Patient Safety Assignment” Nurses inherently are concerned with patient safety. They are best positioned to prevent medical errors at the bedside. There is a moral and legal imperative to implement safe practices at all times. Nurses and the profession are negatively impacted when medical errors occur. Until recently the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) mandated that all patient medications be administered 30 minutes before or after a scheduled time (Department of Health & Human Services [DHHS] & Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services [CMS], 2011, December 22). Given the expanding role of nurses, the CMS mandate is now unrealistic and counter-productive. The Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) addressed this issue by creating an Acute Care Guideline for the timely administration of schedule medications. Institute for Safe Medical Practice The ISMP is dedicated to preventing medical errors by promoting safe medication administration procedures (ISMP, 2013a). The ISMP reviews all facets of safe medication administration. Medication errors frequently result in debilitating injuries or death. The ISMP posits that the most frequent medical error is medication administration. Medication error affects over 1.5 million people annually (ISMP, 2007b, p. 1). The ISMP has committed staff and resources to reduce medication errors. It has developed training and educational programs for health care staff and consumers. “30-minute rule” Challenged ...

Words: 977 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Nurse Compliance

...Increasing Nursing Compliance with Safe Medication Preparation and Administration Marie Shelly Capstone Course Increasing Nursing Compliance with Safe Medication Preparation and Administration The importance of safe medication preparation and administration in healthcare settings is being increasingly recognized. There have been numerous publications describing the transmission of bloodborne pathogens, viruses, and bacteria related to unsafe injection practices. The current field of nursing requires concerned parties to exercise a critical appraisal of research findings, and, establish a synthesis of contextual and empirical evidence that is relevant. However, practitioners have not established better alternatives regarding their practice. In addition, the essential evidence-based methods and critical skills in thinking are still lacking; yet they are ideal for the maximization of the cost-effectiveness and quality of health care (Camiletti, & Huffman, 1998). The Center for Disease Control reported that between 1998 and 2008 a total of 33 outbreaks of patient to patient transmission of HBV or HCV due to breaches of infection control by health care personal ( More than 60,000 patients were at risk and 448 patients acquired with HBV or HCV. The disease transmission was primarily from lapses in aseptic technique, the reuse of syringes and contamination of medications that were multi-dose vials. In 2001(Luby, 2001) The World...

Words: 2489 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Effective Communication in Health Care

...find a way to function through the day with a Seeing Eye dog or reading with Braille knowledge, and if a person is unable to hear they are able to function at a very high level through the use of sign language and reading lips. Communication in the healthcare field may be a little different for some people. Healthcare requires the communication to have a purpose, and that purpose is revolved around a person’s needs. A patient with good staff communication during his or her care will have a positive outcome, get well, and be discharged faster. A new breakthrough in healthcare is telemedicine where remote geographical locations will have access to specialty health services with the help of state of the art medical equipment. A patients vital signs and electronic medical record, any questions or concerns can be transmitted to a doctor miles away for his or her opinion on the care needed. Again excellent communication between all providers involved with this patient is critical. “Taking a team approach can make real difference to your experience of work in the social care sector. By making use of good interpersonal communication skills you can achieve your best, why it's good to listen... and then talk” When taking care of their patients’ healthcare staff is looking for signs to tell how they feel. This communication can come in verbal or non verbal forms. It is through those complaints, facial grimaces, or even blinks that they can access the situation and report back to...

Words: 798 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Accreditation Audit

...Accreditation Audit AFT Task 1 Roland Helmuth Western Governors University Accreditation Audit AFT Task 1 Medication Management A. Compliance Status I will be reviewing three specific areas dealing with medication management. They are the following with the correlating Joint Commission Standard following each one: 1. The hospital plans its medication management process, (MM.01.01.01). 2. Label all medications, medication containers, or other solutions on and off the sterile field, (NPSG.03.04.01). 3. Reduce the likelihood of patient harm associated with the use of anticoagulation therapy, (NPSG.03.05.01). In review of standard MM.01.01.01, I see that Nightingale Community Hospital (NCH) has a policy that speaks directly to this standard. The elements of performance are met by the policy that is in place and includes further information to make this important standard compliant with Joint Commission standards. In review of standard NPSG.03.04.01, I do not find the NCH has a policy that addresses this. Seeing that NCH has surgical and sterile procedures performed at its facility this standard needs to have a policy in place. The basis of this is patient safety related to the five rights of medication administration; Right patient, Right medication, Right dose, Right route and Right time. Even in a controlled environment of a surgical suite, this is vital to any procedure performed. In review of...

Words: 1711 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Deadly Medication Error

...Medication errors that result in death, physical and/or mental challenges are inexcusable to the patients and their loved ones. There are several types of medication errors and prevention begins with recognizing the causes and developing possible solutions in order to limit the occurrences. Prevention of these errors is an immediate need considering the analysis that they are one of the leading causes of medical grievances in the United States. Infant Death In the case study, “Understanding the Causes and Costs of Medication Errors”, a medication error lead to the death of an infant who was one day old. There were more than fifty latent and active failures that occurred throughout the series of events that lead to the infant’s death that began with the pharmacists and ended with the nursing staff. The laws that were broken in this case weren’t in the hands of a single individual or component however; there were liable parties: nursing staff, pharmacist, manufacturer, physician, health department, and hospital administration. Laws Broken The administration of a medication act is when a single dose of a prescribed drug is given to a patient by an authorized person in accordance with the federal and state laws and regulations, (Pozgar, 2009). This law wasn’t adhered to by the nursing staff involved in this case. The unauthorized nurse practitioner altered the way the medication was prescribed to the patient by administering the medication through an IV instead of an...

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Applying Theory to Practice Problem Part 1 understand the reason for the occurrence of an event (McEwen & Willis, 2014, p. 413). In different clinical settings, nurses care for patients amidst all the interruption and distraction and therefore are prone to making medical errors despite their best intentions. Medical errors are common in most healthcare settings and more so in the critical care units. According to the 1999 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, several thousand people die each year from avoidable medical errors. Medical errors have been defined in different ways by various authors but one that captures the essence of this problem is that contained in the IOM report of 1999 which described this issue as “the failure of a planned action to be completed as intended or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim” (IOM, 1999). Medical errors include but are not limited to medication errors, errors associated with medical and surgical procedures, those associated with transcription and charting activities, adverse drug events, restraint-related injuries, or mistaken identities and are more likely to occur in the emergency room, operating room and critical care units (IOM, 1999; Rogers, Dean, Hwang & Scott, 2008). The purpose of this paper is to address the serious problem of medical errors in healthcare in general and specifically the techniques critical care nurses employ to identify, correct and/or interrupt such problems (Henneman, Gawlinski, Blank, Hennema, Jordan & McKenzie,...

Words: 1875 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Accreditation Audit

...Governors University October 25,2013 The Joint Commission has identified four distinct areas of concern within our accreditation audit. They are Communication, Information Management, Infection Control and Medication Management. While each of these is important, and vital in running Nightingale, the focus of this Summary will be on Medication Management. The reasons are as follows: * Errors can lead to increased hospital stays, possible lawsuits, and increased mortality rates, all of which affects our reputation within the community and elsewhere. * Due to the severity of the possible outcomes from medication errors, our company could end up having to pay out large sums of money to deal with repercussions of these errors in legal fees, etc. * Increasing numbers of Adverse Events can lead to a moratorium set on our facility, wherein we would not be allowed to accept any new patients, thereby losing untold amounts of money. A step this drastic can take years to fully recover from. * Having to legally inform the public of each and every adverse event coming from a Medication error could also cost us untold amounts of revenue. The Joint Commission Standard focused on in this summary will be Medication Management. There are three areas covered within the Medication Management Criteria. * Planning Medication Management processes * Labeling of Medications and devices used to administer them * Reducing patient harm in conjunction with Anticoagulant Therapy...

Words: 2353 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Project Paper

...Why Are There So Many Deaths Caused By Medical Errors and What Solutions Can Decrease Them? Health Service Systems – HSM541 June 20 2015 Background Medical errors kill at least 44,000 people and perhaps as many as 98,000 people per year. Or do they kill over 180,000 per year? Maybe even 440,000 people killed by medical errors? Allen (2013) In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published a report titled “To Err Is Human: Building A Safer Health System” that leveled the healthcare community. They reported that according to two studies “perhaps as many as 98,000 people die in hospitals each year as a result of medical errors that could have been prevented”. IOM (1999) Then the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services followed up with a report in 2010 that stated “bad hospital care contributed to the deaths of 180,000 patients in Medicare alone in a given year”. Allen (2013) And finally in 2013, the numbers were once again raised. Per a report from the Journal of Patient Safety that approximately “440,000 PAEs (preventable/potential adverse events) that contribute to the death of patients each year from care in hospitals. This is roughly one-sixth of all deaths that occur in the United States each year”. They are now the U.S.’s third leading cause of death, behind only heart disease and cancer. All of the numbers mentioned in the first paragraph are medical errors that were “preventable”. Mistakes by the people you put your trust in killed you...

Words: 5284 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Wrong-Time Medication Administration Errors

...Wrong-time Medication Administration Errors NUR 45200 Quality and Safety for Professional Nursing Practice May 1st, 2016. Patient Safety/Quality Improvement Statement and Chosen Cause that will Drive Improvement Wrong-time medication administration error has been identified as one of the major components of medication errors committed my health care professionals especially nurses. Several factors or causes are responsible for this error, but nursing factor will be discussed in this essay focusing majorly on medications pass time insufficiency and med pass rule of 30 minute. Nurses are directly involved in medication administration and they can play a huge role in preventing or reducing wrong-time medication administration error. Current Knowledge of the Patient Safety Concern/Quality Improvement Issue Wrong-time medication administration error is the most common type of medication errors committed by nurses. It can simply be defined as failure to administer medications 30min before or after the due due/scheduled time. The last element of the 5 Rights -- right time -- has often been governed by the "30-minute medication rule." For as long as many nurses can remember, every hospital, unit, and nurse has passed medications by this rule, which says that a medication is "on time" if it is administered 30 minutes before or 30 minutes after the scheduled administration time (although some hospitals have policies that allow a 60-minute, rather than a 30-minute, window). Such...

Words: 1381 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Medical Errors

...To understand medication errors and to identify preventive strategies, we need to classify them and define the terms that describe them. The four main approaches to defining technical terms consider etymology, usage, previous definitions, and the Ramsey–Lewis method (based on an understanding of theory and practice). A medication error is ‘a failure in the treatment process that leads to, or has the potential to lead to, harm to the patient’. Prescribing faults, a subset of medication errors, should be distinguished from prescription errors. A prescribing fault is ‘a failure in the prescribing [decision-making] process that leads to, or has the potential to lead to, harm to the patient’. The converse of this, ‘balanced prescribing’ is ‘the use of a medicine that is appropriate to the patient's condition and, within the limits created by the uncertainty that attends therapeutic decisions, in a dosage regimen that optimizes the balance of benefit to harm’. This excludes all forms of prescribing faults, such as irrational, inappropriate, and ineffective prescribing, underprescribing and overprescribing. A prescription error is ‘a failure in the prescription writing process that results in a wrong instruction about one or more of the normal features of a prescription’. The ‘normal features’ include the identity of the recipient, the identity of the drug, the formulation, dose, route, timing, frequency, and duration of administration. Medication errors can be classified, invoking...

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Medication Errors

...In the 1999 research studies began to review the problem of medical errors and how they occurred. Studies and reports, such as the Institute of Medicine IOM report in 1999, strongly suggest that most medical errors are related to systems and processes and not individual negligence or misconduct. The IOM report recommended that the key to addressing medical errors is to focus on improving the processes used to deliver healthcare and not placing blame on the individuals involved. Approximately 1.3 million people are injured annually in the United States following "medication errors". The FDA defines a medication error as “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or harm to a patient”. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) currently review medication error reports that come from drug manufacturers and through Med Watch, the agency's safety information and adverse event reporting program. The agency also receives reports about medication errors from the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) and the U.S. Pharmacopeia. Some things the FDA has put into place to prevent medication errors: * Drug Name Review: To minimize drug name confusion, FDA reviews about 400 drug names a year that companies submit as proposed brand names. The agency rejects about one-third of the names that drug companies propose. * Drug Labels: FDA regulations require all over-the-counter (OTC) drug products (more than 100,000) to have a standardized...

Words: 896 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Essential Components of Documentation for Paraprofessionals OBJECTIVES At the completion of this training, participants will – Understand the importance of documentation – Know how to set up and maintain records – Understand the connection between accurate record keeping and the Individualized Treatment Planning process – Understand what information needs to be in progress notes – Learn how to accurately set up and maintain a medication administration record – Understand that records are confidential – Know how to conduct a quantitative review of a record – Know how to conduct a qualitative review of a record – Be able to track consumer issues through a record revised 8.08 The challenge for all service providers is to understand the “whys” of documentation while also understanding the “hows”. If we are able to understand the “whys”, the mundane tasks of everyday documentation and record keeping become something that is part of the whole instead of the dreaded work we face every day. revised 8.08 Let’s Begin With A Little Chat about Program Quality You may notice that this training seems to be mostly about paper, not people. That doesn’t mean we don’t like people In fact some of our best friends are…. well, people. revised 8.08 And it’s not that we think “Good Paper Equates to Good Program” In fact, we’ve seen some very lousy programs that have really “good paper”. We call that, “doing the wrong thing, very, very well”. revised 8.08 But...

Words: 7189 - Pages: 29