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This is the abstract page and is labeled as the Abstract (a Level I heading, see pp. 113-115). It is never indented and is always the second page of an APA document. The abstract is the writer’s general overview of the purpose and content of the paper. The abstract is to be no more than 120 words long and is only intended to help the reader ascertain if the paper is relevant to his or her area of inquiry. The abstract is usually only one paragraph.
APA Formatting Guide Please note that page three is the actual beginning of the text of the paper, the first line of which is the full, formal title of the paper exactly as it appears on the title page. The formal title is centered on the page in uppercase and lowercase letters (a Level I heading) and is one inch from the top edge of the page. Beginning with page three, all initial lines of paragraphs are to be indented 5-7 spaces uniformly throughout the paper.
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...initial action was to elect a manager or “team coordinator.” As such, this person was to support the work efforts of the other group members. At the first meeting the team coordinator, Christine, informally analyzed and formed perceptions about each team member, including a negative perception about Mike and his priorities. Assuming that each group member also formed perceptions about the others, the group would be in the storming stage of group development. At this stage, Christine’s hostility toward Mike can be justified. During this stage of development, groups will form coalitions or cliques, for example when Mike observed the team having lunch together and assumed the team was meeting without him. The members with a similar work schedule spent more time together and developed stronger relations and understandings of the work dynamics. Christine attempted to find ways to accomplish the team goals by altering her interactions with Mike according to his interpersonal style. For example, Christine gathered his notes and attempted to be flexible around his schedule. A better understanding about the stages of group development could have assisted Christine’s leadership with the team because she would have addressed group tensions, better defined individual tasks within the group, set goals and improved relationships among the other team members. According to the narrative of the case study, Christine feels personal tension with Mike and his...

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