Premium Essay

Mentally Ill in Prison

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By cswy
Words 4562
Pages 19
Mentally Ill in Prison

Mentally Ill in Prison
The increase in incarcerated individuals with mental illness in the preceding decades has made the prison system a prevalent mental health provider even though they are not prepared or equipped for such task. Prison life is tough on an individual’s mental health; overcapacity, lack of privacy, violent behavior, lack of activity, inadequate health services, seclusion from family and friends, and the insecurity of what life holds after prison contribute to the inmate’s mental health. Inmates whose judgment is altered or impaired by depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and other severe mental illnesses are impacted more severely by the tribulations of prison life. Inadequate mental health services is also something mentally ill inmates face, this absconds them undertreated or mistreated. Numerous prisoners do not receive proper psychotropic medication due to the lack of mental health services and care, further impairing their capability to function. The security mission of prisons tends to overlook mental health considerations. Prison rules and codes of demeanor teach staff about security, safety, supremacy, and power. Coordinating the needs of the mentally ill with prison regulations and goals is almost impractical.
Factors of the sources and effects of the concern between prison and mental illness will be observed in this research proposal. Reforms will be provided to improve mental health requirements and defend the rights of the increasing population of mentally ill prisoners. An indication of the causes for the increase of mentally ill individuals in U.S. prisons as well as the tension between prison operations and inmates with mental illness will also be presented. The intention of this research is to take a Looking at the characteristics that address the pros and cons of…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Mentally Ill Inmates

...Introduction 3 Population of Mentally Ill Inmates in the Correctional Facilities 3 Mentally ill inmates: The Cost 4 The Treatment of Mentally Ill Inmates 6 Selection Process for Mentally Ill Inmates 7 Isolation and Restraints 9 Conclusion 11 References 12   Introduction When a person thinks about a correction facility many only think that there is only regular criminals that are perfectly well, but what they neglect to know is that it is also housed with mentally ill inmates as well. Many of the people has been brained washed by media and movies that prisoners are to be normal criminals who have done things wrong in which has lead into a correction facility but what the fail to publicize is that they are also house by people who are not mentally stable, and who may receive different treatment from regular inmates. Correctional facilities have many types of inmates and undergo various dilemmas therefore they must try to deal with the cost of the inmates, provide different treatment and must undergo special screening in order to determine if they are ill or not. Population of Mentally Ill Inmates in the Correctional Facilities The country that has the greatest rate of adult imprisonment is the United States; it has 2.2 million presently in the correctional facilities (Annaceri, 2007). Individuals with psychological problems have been progressively more imprisoned within the last three decades, most likely the consequence of the deinstitutionalization of the state......

Words: 2481 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Mentally Ill

...The Mentally Ill Veronica Rhodes HCA 430 Special Populations Instructor Avi Stein June 23, 2012 The Mentally Ill Mental illness includes many different illness that affect a person’s feelings, thinking, and daily functioning. “Serious mental illnesses include major depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and borderline personality disorder. Mental illnesses can affect persons of any age, race, religion, or income. Most people diagnosed with a serious mental illness can experience relief from their symptoms by actively participating in an individual treatment plan” (NAMI, 2011). For years, the mentally ill have been the misunderstood population. There was a time when people locked away the mentally ill because they were not accepted and not to be a part of society. Many people did not understand what was going on with the mentally ill and really did not take the time to understand the disease process. For a while the mentally ill were thought of as being just a little different, the severity of their illness was not being recognized. Now that there are several advances in science, medicine, and the human body, mental illness is a little more understood. Many people no longer dismiss the mentally ill and realize that the mentally ill really do have serious issues that need to be addressed and not just swept under the rug. There is no need for......

Words: 1897 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Discriminationcontinues to Harm the Mentally Ill Throughout the World

...Lorella Croswell 21 March 2013 Discrimination Continues To Harm the Mentally Ill; Throughout the World In recent years, the American led globalization of mental health has increased the interest of public health officials and psychiatrists throughout the world. The Cultural and social values, and attitudes of a particular society influence the beliefs that people have about mental illness. The knowledge about mental illness has spread globally, and it has begun to break down some of the barriers between cultures and countries. There has been a substantial increase in research on the stigma related to mental illness; however, the stigmatization of people with mental illness continues to cause discrimination. Stigma, myths and misconceptions lead to discrimination. In addition to the many aspects of discrimination that have been discussed it is important to know that the mentally ill in our society often lose their ability to make decisions. The stigmatizing beliefs concerning mental illness have given the public and lawmakers an opportunity to control the mentally ill. Due to discrimination, the mentally ill have blatantly suffered many human rights violations. Society can improve this situation by continuing their education effort and enforcing legislation in order to help the mentally ill feel more accepted by society. Globalization has increased the communication and interaction of people between countries and cultures; specifically, it has influenced the exchange...

Words: 1992 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Is Law Forcing Doctors to Treat Mentally Ill Prisoners a “patient” and still implement his treatment for mental illness. As well, if it is the best interest of the patient to receive treatment, then I will follow through with treatment. I realize in the end Mr. Singleton will be executed but, again, I have to treat him in the same manner as I would any other patient I come in contact with. As a medical professional it would be unethical for me to be prejudiced against Mr. Singleton by not giving treatment just because he is a prisoner. In conclusion, we must understand the Mr. Singleton’s guilt is not what is in question. He has been tried in a court of law and was found guilty and convicted of his crime. The question here is whether his conviction should be enacted because he is now mentally disabled. Medications have been proven to help; “Indeed, the purpose of administering antipsychotic medication is to allow the defendant to think and communicate rationally so he can fairly participate in the legal proceeding and assist his counsel” (Olson, p.118). Finally, Mr. Singleton’s mental disabilities began to show while he was imprisoned and ethically doctors and nurses must treat every patient without prejudice....

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mentally Ill

...Helpful Program for Mentally Ill Patients Carlethia Gordon HCA 430 Special Populations Instructor: Jeanatte Maxey September 30, 2013 This paper is to analyze the vulnerable population of mental illness. In my community there are a lot of mental ill people. There are facilities that try to help but there needs to facilities that make patients feel at home while in their care. It is my duty to build that type of program. It would be much similar to some that already exist but it will be something more special about this program that makes it stand out. The further you read you will see how this will take place. Now most facilities or institutes do not provide love they just provide medication and care. In my program there will be equal attention to all patients and then there won’t be just giving out medication there will be counseling sessions available also. The program will be for 24hours a day. The staff that I encounter will be fully trained. As the Red Cross provides me with an outline of what is taking place in my community it boost my motivation up to lend my helping hand of those who need more and better special care (Donley & Wright, 2012). This program is for anyone that is mentally ill but mostly for those are abandoned by love ones because they are different and don’t have any time to understand their problems so they are put on the streets. Statistics show that patients are stretching worldwide from......

Words: 1943 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Public's Perception of Mentally Ill Offenders

...THE PUBLIC'S PERCEPTION OF MENTALLY ILL OFFENDERS Name Institution Subject Date Attestation I appreciate the nature of plagiarism, and I am mindful of the University’s course of action on this. I, therefore, attest that this dissertation reports unique work by me throughout my University project. Signature (you must delete this, then sign and date this page) Date Acknowledgements I would like to pass my sincerest gratitude to my parents who shaped me to the person I am today. Moreover, I would like to acknowledge my supervisor and other academic staff that provided unconditional guidance and support. I would, furthermore, like to recognize my fellow students and colleagues who helped me in the facilitation of this project in various ways. In addition, I would also like to acknowledge the general public for allowing me to conduct my interviews. Last but not least, I would like to acknowledge my friends for providing their time, cooperation and tolerance before and after the study. Abstract The mentally ill offenders have arguably been viewed on an exclusionary spectrum continuum. The public has adopted punitive attitudes that have significantly hampered with restorative measures. The aim of this study is to examine the perception of the public regarding the mentally ill offenders. The sample investigated comprised of 3 most dominant ethnic groups. Out of 200 respondents there was an average of 30 participants......

Words: 12371 - Pages: 50

Free Essay

Civil Commitment and the Mentally Ill

...(Frontline,2013). Some of the major criticisms that arise with the insanity defense are: the inability to test accurately and release of violent offenders into society after acquittal. Insanity as stated before has to be proven, unfortunately there aren’t any tests that can be performed to state that an offender was actually mentally incapable of understanding his or her actions. The only real way to actually determine this is to study the behavior of this person before and after the crime. When it comes to the acquittal of an offender who has gotten off on the not guilty by reason of insanity plea (NGRI) many believe they are not held responsible for their actions. They are released (sometimes) back into society where they may or may not commit another violent crime. Because there are no reliable tests to prove insanity psychologist are needed to provide an ultimate opinion as to whether a person is mentally ill. Unfortunately this can’t be done without backlash from the public. Psychologists are needed to speak for the criminally insane so that the illness can be managed if needed. There isn’t any fixing of the issue at hand if they are locked away in a prison system. The use of psychologists helps determine whether a person should be charged with the crime they committed. The public belief taints these decisions in a way because many believe that anyone who pleads the insanity defense will automatically get off. “In fact, very few defendants actually succeed with the......

Words: 1073 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Chronically Homeless and Mentally Ill, and Their Plight to Housing

...The Chronically Homeless Mentally Ill, and Their Plight to Recovery Janelle Morrow Social Work Practice Lab Professor Williams Final Individuals described as chronically homeless are those with a protracted homeless experience whose stays in the homeless system or on the street are both frequent and long. People that are homeless are reflective of every population demographic. There is no single path to homelessness, and despite stigmatizing images, no single stereotype fits. Individuals that are chronically homeless represent a range of individual vulnerabilities and face a many of systematic barriers that impede accessing adequate housing and services. Current economic climate presents the chance for homelessness to remain high (Coalition for the Homeless, 2002a). According to research, a substantial reduction in the occurrence of chronic homelessness could be achieved by linking affordable housing with treatment and support services. Alcohol and substance abuse is known as both a precipitating factor and consequence of homelessness can effect an individual’s ability to retain housing or limit housing options offered by programs requiring sobriety, and mask underlying or related mental health issues undetected or......

Words: 1250 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill

...Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill Ed Long HSM/210 Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill How did deinstitutionalization affect New York State? After the closing of mental institutions in 1954 mental patients were discharged in the community to live normal and productive lives. At the time the number of patients released overwhelmed community services. From the time deinstitutionalization started to present day, patients being released into the community, it was and still is being opposed. Some of the affects that deinstitutionalization has on the community is it evokes local fear, diminishes personal security and higher local and state budgets. When patients were released into the community they were not prepared to serve the number of patients released therefore making a lot of them homeless, in prison and were warehoused in a different way in single- room occupancy hotels or shelters. On average these people die 20 to 25 years earlier than the general population. There have been several studies done since the start of deinstitutionalization to show the serious public health problem. Some of the natural causes of death, but preventable were cardiovascular disease, complications from diabetes and metabolic syndrome, respiratory disease due to heavy smoking, and infections including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. Last but not least, deinstitutionalization was often linked with community's reaction and negative attitudes, prejudice,......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Effect of Social Stigma on the Mentally Ill

...biogenetic causes may cause unnecessary side effects that could worsen prejudice and rejection (Kvaale, 2013). This essay will review the definitions of mental illness and stigma and the impact that social stigma has on people with these illnesses. It will look at whether increased ‘medicalization’ of mental illness, as thought by the biogenetic explanations, has any impact on public attitudes towards people with such illnesses. Perceptions on mental illness is not always accurate as definitions have mostly been biased over the years. One of the definitions used to describe the mentally ill were “mentally-disordered, mad, or crazy”. Mental illness is a well-known, medically diagnosable illness that causes impairment of one’s cognitive and social abilities. In the middle ages, people with a mental illness were thought to be examples of weakness of mankind. People with mental illnesses were put in prison as criminals and sometimes put to death (Corrigan, 2002). A wider and more up-to-date definition of mental illness refers to cognitions, emotions, and behaviours that interfere with social relationships as well as functions needed for work at home, and in school. (Johnstone 2001). Stigma itself is a difficult concept to define. It comes from the Greek word stigmata which refers to “a mark of shame or discredit”. Stigma is a multifaceted phenomenon that includes not just blame, but also negative stereotypes, and many others types of social negligence and discrimination.......

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mentally Ill and Handicapped in Corrections

...Mentally Ill and Handicapped in Corrections "Corrections is the variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizations responsible for the management of individuals who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses" (pg 8). The goals of corrections are fair punishment and community protection. These goals not only define the purpose of corrections but also serve as the criteria by which we evaluate correctional work. "Corrections can be viewed as a series of processes: sentencing, classification, supervision, programming, and revocation" (Clear, Cole, & Reisig, pg. 9). While criminals are being processed, the correctional agencies have to deal with the pressure of public opinion, fiscal constraints, and the law. This may lead to actions not seen best suited for achieving fairness or public protection. "The American corrections system today employs over seven hundred thousand administrators, psychologists, officers, counselors, social workers, and others. The federal government, the 50 states, over three thousand counties, and uncounted municipalities and public and private organizations administer corrections at an average annual cost of over $60 billion" (Clear, Cole, & Reisig, pg.13). Corrections contain many subunits, each have their own functions and responsibilities. These subunits are probation officers, halfway houses, prisons, and others. Theses subunits vary in size, goals, clientele, and organizational structure.They are either administered in......

Words: 1279 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mentally Ill and Gun Control

...Mentally Ill Offenders and Gun Control Page 1 Mentally Ill Offenders and Gun Control Page 2 Mental illness is a disease that causes mild to severe disturbances in thought and/or behavior, resulting in an inability to cope with life’s ordinary demands and routines. There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Some of the more common disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, dementia, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. Symptoms may include changes in mood, personality, personal habits and/or social withdrawal. Mental health problems may be related to excessive stress due to a particular situation or series of events. As with cancer, diabetes and heart disease, mental illnesses are often physical as well as emotional and psychological. Mental illnesses may be caused by a reaction to environmental stresses, genetic factors, biochemical imbalances, or a combination of these. With proper care and treatment many individuals learn to cope or recover from a mental illness or emotional disorder. Most people believe that mental disorders are rare and “happen to someone else." In fact, mental disorders are common and widespread. An estimated 54 million Americans suffer from some form of mental disorder in a given year. Most families are not prepared to cope with learning their loved one has a mental illness. It can be physically and emotionally trying, and can make us feel vulnerable to the opinions and......

Words: 1170 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Treatment of Mentally Ill Prisoners

...Assignment 2: Treatment of Mentally Ill Prisoners 1.0 The Treatment of Mentally Ill Prisoners The treatment of mentally ill inmates has been not only a public concern, but has also been identified by Canada’s Correctional Investigator, Howard Sapers as an issue of concern in his 2014 report to parliament. Between 1997 and 2007, offenders entering the prison system with a mental disorder grew 71% in men and 61% in women (Canadian Mental Health Association, 2012). The problem at hand is that correctional institutes and their staff are not widely trained to deal with inmates who suffer from mental disorders. The result then, is that use-of-force interventions, and placement in solitary confinement, often for extended periods of time, are used as methods of dealing with unruly behaviours exhibited by these mentally ill offenders. While there are various issues surrounding mental health in the Canadian judicial system, for the purpose of this report, the discussion will be focused around inadequate methods for dealing with behaviours presented by these inmates, namely by use-of-force and solitary confinement 1.1 Use-Of-Force Techniques In Sapers 2014 report, it is reported that “28% of all use of force interventions involved an offender with a mental health concern as identified by the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC)” (Ministry of Public Safety, 2014). This is likely due to the fact that mentally ill inmates are more likely to self-harm, have unpredictable......

Words: 1710 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Treatment of the Mentally Ill Changes

...The changes of the treatment of the mentally ill have also changed the role of the human service professional. We are now faced with treating those who are sometimes, unable to function normally and preform day to day functions necessary to survive. There needs to be services provided for these patients and research done to be able to create the most effective treatment plan which is going to vary from each client. Some careers that can be obtained in the field of human service workers are counselors, case workers, and youth care workers. A counselor would provide clinical, group, or in patient treatment to those in need of services to deal with a diagnosed mental illness. This person could possibly also provide advice on career, family, love, relationships, children, and any other aspect affecting the person at this time. A case worker or case manager would be someone who manages a case of person who typically has been placed in a group home or treatment facility. As a case manager would be responsible for documenting all progress or digression with the clinet, pair them with appropriate services needed, help to teach them day to day skills, and be their advocate with the doctors, nurses, psychologist, courts, families and any other persons involved in their care. A youth care worker would typically be someone hired at a residential treatment progrom or group home for children. This person would be responsible for the day to day care of these children. This job would......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mentally Ill Offenders

...Mentally Ill Offenders Introduction Mental illness in prisons has been sort of a pandemic for correctional systems in the United States for over the last 10 years. The number of men and women who come to prison with some form of mental illness continues to grow by the day. Offenders who do not come to prison mentally ill, will most likely release from prison with some type of mental illness at the end of their prison sentence. This paper will discuss how this population of offenders adapts when they come to prison, and how there viewed by the community. This will be examined here along with some insights on what should be done along with why this topic was chosen. Schizophrenia Many mentally ill offenders come to prison with a variety of disorders schizophrenia, manic depression (bi-polar) or major depression ( - Crime, Poverty Violence., n.d.). Schizophrenic inmates probably account for the largest segment of offenders who enter the correctional system every day and have a difficult time adapting to the confines of a correctional environment. By definition schizophrenia is an inability to think, process emotions where people tend to behave in an unacceptable manner because their mind is not able to react to the stimuli from every day life; the name schizophrenia comes from the Greek root "split mind" (Skitzophrenia., n.d.). Hallucinations, hearing voices, paranoia are just some of the...

Words: 2082 - Pages: 9