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The role and functions of managers has become more encompassing over time, with the two types of views, the classical approach on management functions held by Henri Fayol and the contemporary theory differed to Henry Mintzberg. Rationally there were five elements of management: planning, organising, coordinating, commanding and controlling which is thought to reinforce the management functions. Mintzberg views the management roles in three groups, interpersonal informational and decisional, which embraces his ten management roles. His model is more focused on the characteristics of the managerial work rather than simply the functions of management. Despite the differences between the classical and contemporary model, the many parallels that intrinsically exist between the works inevitably reaffirm and solidify the other concept. Overall, while Mintzberg’s model is useful in illuminating the modern day nature of managerial work, it appears to be less constructive than the classical approach in achieving understanding of how organisations functions and what managers do. The classical approach of the five elements of Fayol and his principles, remains “valid and in use today,” suggests Fells in his article “Fayol stands the test of time,” those are planning, organising, leading, controlling and coordinating. Planning involves defining goals, establishing strategies for achieving those goals and developing plans. Organising is determining what tasks are to be done and who reports to whom and where decisions are to be made. While controlling and coordinating involves monitoring actual performance, comparing standards and taking action if necessary. Leading involves motivating and influencing individuals or teams as they work or dealing in any way with employee ‘s behaviour issues. Furthermore, Archer (1990) argues Fayols model “begun to be assaulted by academics in...

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