Premium Essay

Micro Essay 1

In: Science

Submitted By cindyrenee1979
Words 566
Pages 3
You are given a sputum sample from a patient that may be infected with a bacterium from one of the following genera: Bacillus, Escherichia, or Mycoplasma. In a Microsoft Word document, 1. Describe the important anatomical differences among these three genera (i.e., those unique features that could be used to differentiate among them such as their shape, size, unique things found in each one, etc.). Bacillus is defined as any of a group of rod-shaped, gram-positive, aerobic or (under some conditions) anaerobic bacteria widely found in soil and water and they frequently occur in chains. Escherichia is a genus of Gram-negative, non-spore forming, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria from the family Enterobacteriaceae. In those species which are inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tracts of warm-blooded animals, Escherichia species provide a portion of the microbially derived vitamin K for their host. While many Escherichia are killer commensals, particular strains of some species are human pathogens and are known as the most common cause of urinary tract infections, significant sources of gastrointestinal disease, ranging from simple diarrhea to dysentery as well as a wide range of other pathogenic states. While E. coli is responsible for the vast majority of Escherichia-related pathogenesis, other members of the genus have also been implicated in human disease. Mycoplasma refers to a genus of bacteria that lack a cell wall. Without a cell wall, they are unaffected by many common antibiotics such as penicillin or other beta-lactam antibiotics that target cell wall synthesis. They can be parasitic or saprotrophic. Several species are pathogenic in humans, including M. pneumoniae, which is an important cause of atypical pneumonia and other respiratory disorders, and M. genitalium, which is believed to be involved in pelvic inflammatory diseases....

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Exam Essay 1 Micro

...Question 1 answer: Koch's postulates are a series of ground rules to determine whether a given organism can cause a given disease. , who developed a logical series of observations and experiments (Koch’s postulates) that proved the specific element of many infectious diseases, starting with anthrax. The series of steps worked out by Koch and others has become known as Koch’s postulates. He completed the famous postulates with anthrax. We instead use the Koch postulates because it is the best time-tested models for determining specific cause-and-effect in bacteriology. mpkb.org/home/pathogenesis/kochs_postulates Question 2 answer: Starch, glycogen, dextran and cellulose are all polymers of glucose. They differ in the type of glucose present and the bonds which link the glucose monomers together. Starch and glycogen are made from alpha-glucose. This is an isomer of glucose in which the hydroxyl (-OH) group attached to carbon number 1 is below the plane of the ring. Starch is itself composed of two types of polymer:amylose and amylopectin. In amylose, the glucose monomers are linked by 1,4 glycosidic bonds. This means that the bond connects carbon atom number 1 in one glucose to carbon atom number 4 in the other glucose. This produces an unbranched chain of glucose which then folds up to form a coil or helix. Dextran, is a slime layers of glucose polymer which bacteria secretes, and this substance causes sticky layer to develop on teeth that leads to plaque. Glycogen is......

Words: 1166 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Macro

...Free Essays Search: Sort By: Home Search Essays FAQs Tools Lost Essay? Contact View Cart / Checkout Essay Color Key Free Essays Unrated Essays Better Essays Stronger Essays Powerful Essays Term Papers Research Papers Privacy Our Guarantee Popular Essays Excellent Essays Free Essays A-F Free Essays G-L Free Essays M-Q Free Essays R-Z Essay Topics Plagiarism Donate a Paper View Cart / Checkout Differences in Macro and Micro Level Theories Rate This Paper: 1 2 3 4 5 Submit Length: 317 words (0.9 double-spaced pages) Rating: Red (FREE) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - There are many differences between macro and micro-level theories. Micro-level focuses on individuals and their interactions. For example the relationship between adult children and their parents, or the effect of negative attitudes on older people. Some criticize on micro-level theories becuase they focus on what older people do rather than on social conditionsand policies that cuase them to act the way they do. Macro-level focuses more upon social structure, social processes and problems, and their interrelationships. For example the effects of industrialization on older people's status, or how gender and income affect older people's well being. This approach tends to minimize people's ability to act and overcome the limits of social structures. Both micro and macro-leve theories can......

Words: 840 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Business

...Zoom In Zoom Out Page 1 of 2 Business Management Essay COMPANY: Starbucks Subject; “Discuss the impact macro factors may place upon your chosen organisation in the future (1-5 years) and how the organisation may positively manage this”. When speak from macro and micro perspective we must bear in mind that these are two different phenomenon’s. Micro factors can be described as factors that people and businesses keep in mind when making decisions concerning the allocation of resources, whereas macro factors can be described as the factors that are kept in mind when making decisions regarding not only specific companies but industries as a whole and economies, more over micro environmental factors are the one’s over which the business has control for example price, product and promotion whereas macro environmental factors are the one’s over which the business has no control as such as social, cultural, technological and political factors. Businesses operate in markets keeping in mind changing situations not only of their market conditions but also the trends of the economies that they operate in, so that they can adjust and survive in accordance with new situations because adaptation is a must for a business to survive and prosper otherwise a business might be forced to cease operations and shut down. Starbucks is one of top five(Caribou coffee, Tully’s ,Coffee bean and tea leaf, Peet’s Coffee) businesses in a $11 billion industry. The coffee house industry grew from......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Criminology

...Skip to NavigationSkip to Content TermPaperWarehouse.com - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research DocumentsThe Research Paper Factory JoinSearchBrowseSaved Papers Search Criminology In: Social Issues Criminology Task 1: How would you define criminology? Criminology is a social science; its main aim is to research crime and individuals who commit crime, while also looking at the criminal justice system in the hope that this information can be transformed into policies that will be effective in handling, or even eliminating crime. Although it is a specialty, it's not a single discipline. It combines the efforts of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatry, biology, law and statistics. It produces findings that can support, judges, prosecutors, lawyers, probation officers, and prison officials, giving them a better understanding of crime and criminals, and to develop improved and more appropriate sentences and treatments for criminal behaviour. Criminology centres its attention on the criminal as a person, his or hers behaviour, and what has led him or her to a life of crime. It also looks at society's reaction towards breaking laws. Task 2: Explain the difference between macro and micro theories used by Criminologists. Macro theory and Micro theory are both detailed theories that pay close attention to different aspects of crime and criminal behaviour. The Macro theory of crime and criminal behaviour explains the larger scale of crime across the......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Micro Teaching

...B 1015 UEN 1 B.Ed. DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2010 (For candidates admitted during the Academic Year 2009-2010) Optional Course — ENGLISH PAPER – I Time : 3 hours Maximum marks : 80 PART A — (10 × 2 = 20 marks) Answer any TEN questions. Each answer should not exceed 50 words. Each answer carries 2 marks. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is the process involved in reading? What is eclectic approach to syllabus construction? Distinguish between proficiency test and diagnostic test. What are the sub-skills of listening? What is item analysis? What is micro-teaching? State the mechanical skills of writing? Define a demonstration class. What is programmed learning? What is Dr. West’s New method of teaching English? 11. 12. What is a website? Write two test items for testing spelling. PART B — (6 × 5 = 30 marks) Answer any SIX questions. Each answer should not exceed 200 words. Each answer carries 5 marks. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Distinguish between measurement and evaluation. What are the barriers for effective communication? Distinguish between teaching of prose and poetry. Write a short note on measures of central tendency. Distinguish between Judgement skill and Discourse skill. Why is inductive approach to teaching grammar better than deductive approach to teaching grammar? What are the characteristics of good handwriting? What is the contribution of linguistic to the teaching of English? PART C — (2 × 15 = 30 marks) Answer BOTH the question. Each......

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Business Ethics

...BUSINESS FACULTY Course Handbook 2015–16 BUSI1314 - Business Ethics Level 5: 15 Credits Contents 1. WELCOME .......................................................................................................... 3 2. INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE ............................................................................... 4 1.1. AIMS .............................................................................................................. 4 1.2. LEARNING OUTCOMES ............................................................................................. 4 2.3 LEARNING AND TEACHING ACTIVITIES .............................................................................. 4 2.4 EXPECTED STUDY TIME ............................................................................................ 4 2.5 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS....................................................................................... 4 3. CONTACT DETAILS................................................................................................ 5 3.1 EXTERNAL EXAMINING OF YOUR COURSE AND PROGRAMMES OF STUDY ............................................ 5 4. COURSE CONTENT AND DESIGN ................................................................................ 7 4.1 PLANNED TERM DATES: ........................................................................................... 7 4.2 SESSION PLAN................................................................

Words: 2922 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Does Capitalism Improve Justice in Our Society

...Ethics Essay Assignment One: Case Study Name: Ali Hamlin-Paenga Course: Business Law and Ethics Thics Component Lecturer: James Battye Date: March 28 2015 STATEMENT OF ACADEMIC INTEGRITY I declare that this essay is entirely my own work and that it has not been copied from other peoples work. If the work and ideas of others have been used in this essay, the work has been properly cited in the text. Who Comes First Moral and ethical dilemmas within a business context are common in any workplace and not without challenges. Ethics deals with individual character and the moral rules that govern and limit our conduct. It investigates questions of right and wrong, fairness and unfairness, good and bad duty and obligation, and justice and injustice, as well as moral responsibility and the values that guide us (Shaw, Bradley, Issa, Catley, 2013). Theories and principle’s associated to morality and ethical issues allow us to be able to articulate the complex challenges that may arise. Often these theories are governed by individual values or as Shaw et al. (2013) points out our conscience developed as we internalized the moral instructions of the parents or other authority figures that raised us. This essay will discuss the consequentialist theory of utilitarianism and issues associated to making decisions based on morality. The case study tells us the factory is located in a small town and that it is the only local employer that offers decent wages. The Managing......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Elements of Marketing Process

...Explanation of the various elements of the marketing process Need help? ☎ 0115 966 7955 T he elements of the marketing process are ref erred to as "a set of controllable tools that the f irm blends to produce the response it wants in the target market, so it consists of everything the f irm can do to inf luence the demand f or its product”( Kotler and Armstrong, Principles of Marketing 2004, Tenth Edition, New Jersey Pearson Education Inc.). T he Elements of Marketing or Marketing mix which is f amously known as the “4P’s of Marketing”( stated by McCarthy in 1960) which include Product, Price, Placement or Place and Promotion. When these elements of marketing are analysed with the Easyjet case study, it gives a good example as how the 4P’s help an organization scale to new heights with increased sales and customer base. T hey are; Product:- In the respective case study as Easyjet is a airline industry, its main f leet consists of Airbus A320200, Airbus A319 and Boeing 737-700. Easyjet is a budget airliner and intended to attract business customers and leisure travelers spending lesser time travelling between destinations. T he company does not provide complimentary meals or ref reshments on board to reduce costs and increase space to accommodate more customers, whereas customers can buy items on board by using Easyjet Bistro (buy on board programme). T he onboard programme also helped the airliner to increase its revenue. Easyjet has also got other value added services like......

Words: 3017 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Djcjx

...Sydney Tri 1 2016 (JPC) Topics for Individual essay DUE Week 4 Choose any One of the topics from the following list: • Micro economics – study of individual behaviour – individual industry like education, meat industry, tourism and agriculture. Choose any ONE industry in Australia from this list and discuss the reforms been done in that industry. • Cost of production- in any industry in Australia where costs of production are an important issue and analyse what is being done in the industry. May be the industry is switching to technology or/and some substitutes have been used to overcome this problem ! • Demand and supply of certain resources in Australia and factors other than price which affect demand and supply • Market structures like Monopoly, Duopoly, Oligopoly and Monopolistic competition in any industry in Australia. Structure of the Essay • Introduction – which topic 200 words • Body- Discuss the topic in the article and with some theory -700 words • Conclusion 100 words • Reference (Harvard Reference Style) Note= - More marks for research – choosing a good article on something specific topic from the above list - There is no need to explain the theory/concepts in the essay on its own - More marks for application and your comments on the topic - You need to attach the copy of the articles with your essay. Also attach......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Tesco's Marketing Concept

...Definition of Marketing Heidi Cohen the President of Riverside Marketing Strategies explained marketing as the following: “In line with the firm’s business goals, marketing attracts consumers’ scarce resources, attention and disposable income, to drive profitable revenues. Marketing is the process of getting a product or service from a company to its end customers from product development through to the final sale and post purchase support. To this end, marketing strategy consists of business goals, target customers, marketing strategies, marketing tactics and related metrics. As a function, marketing extends across the customer’s entire purchase process including research, engagement, purchase, post-purchase (including supplemental support and returns) and advocacy. “ In other words marketing is a tool what companies use in order to convince customers according to their wants and needs in order to receive profit for the company. There are different tools and strategies for that it is changing according to the product or service what is trying to be sold. But also highly depends on the demander just as age, gender, social background, interest geographic location etc. elements of the marketing process In the following lines the four elements of marketing process will be introduced. The four stages are Situation Analysis, Marketing Strategy, Marketing Mix Decisions, finally Implementation and Control. Let’s begin with Situation Analysis. This step is often......

Words: 1797 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Essay

...Assessment 1 The constant improvement of technology has changed people's lives greatly. This essay concentrates on the digital revolution and the digital divide in the world today. Many today's technology achievements and improvements of people's quality of life should owe to the digital revolution. Digital revolution, which is also named the third industrial revolution or the third technological revolution, means the innovation of computers and the repaid spread of the communication equipments and it includes the revolution of the society and the technology, which usually refer in particular to the arguments created when these technology widely used (H.Jenkins & D.Thorburn, The Digital Revolution, the Informed Citizen, and the Culture of Democracy, 2003, p.1). However, this revolution can to some extent be a wicked problem for its search of solution could never stop and each solution of a digital solution is always a "one-shot" operation as well as the difficulty to generate a solution immediately or ultimately (J.C.Camillus, 2008, p.100). As for the first one, since digital industry is an emerging industry, the problems of the digital revolution can hardly be clarified in the foreseeable future (J.C.Camillus, 2008, p.100). Thus, the same as the wicked problem, the digital revolution has no stopping rule as well since it needs to keep finding new solutions for new problems (J.C.Camillus, 2008, p.100). For the second one, because of the lack experience in the digital......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Marketing

...ASB-1104 Introduction to Marketing Assignment 1 In view of the dynamic nature of the marketing environment, to what extent do you consider consumers to be, in practice, central to marketing activities? Name: ZHUOMING AN Student No: 500356688 Tutor: David James Introduction What is marketing? The answer is not changeless. There are some different definitions about marketing. The Chartered Institute of Marketing define that "Marketing is the management process responsible for identifying, anticipating and satisfying consumers' requirements profitably." (CIM). Taking a concern into this definition, it indicates that marketing begins before a product or service is developed. In additional, it also explain that marketing involves identifying an unsatisfied consumer need or want and determining if a profitable opportunity exists. Another definition is that “A social and managerial process by which individuals and groups obtain what they need and want through creating and exchanging products and value with others." (Kotler et al., 2005). The basic idea of this definition is that core to all marketing activities is customer satisfaction, which means marketing is an ongoing process as consumer demands and the environment is constantly changing. Products need to adapt as demands change. At the same time, marketing does not involve misleading, tricking or manipulation the customer. The Jobber also define the marketing is "The achievement of corporate goals through......

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Marketing Environment

...The Marketing Environment With the advancement of the development of technology and ideology in the modern society, sales increase for most businesses in various fields is no longer just to promote products in exchange of money. In order to aim at having more market share in the today’s world, many companies, especially multinational corporations, are going to expand their businesses with more complicated and scientific analyses and researches. Therefore, market strategies are introduced and widely used by today’s companies. However, in order to survive and even better develop their businesses, it is necessary for companies to have a good understanding of their position in the market environment, and the impact of the changing market environment on themselves. Often times, the right marketing strategies are formulated based on the good knowledge of the current marketing environment, and the relative aspects that influence them. According to the concept of Principles and Marketing, a company’s marketing environment refers to the participants and forces out of marketing who influence the marketing management in establishing and maintaining successful relationships with target customers. Marketing environment consists of two factors, one is microenvironment, which includes the actors close to the company who influence the company ability to its customers, such as the company, suppliers, marketing intermediaries, customer markets, competitors, and publics. The other is......

Words: 1333 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Marketing Information Sysems

...in order to generate the largest possible revenues (Buyer to consumer). Information is gathered through interviews, customer comment forms , consumer inquires and spending patterns gathered through loyalty cards. The information is gathered and the analysis provides insight into products and services being purchased by different demographic groups (i.e., age, gender, ethnicity, etc.), and in different locations. After this is achieved, organizations can then target their marketing and advertising of the right product to the appropriate customer groups who will most likely be purchasing that product. This essay will demonstrate how marketing information systems can provide a powerful information tool that will allow companies to make informed business decisions and mitigate investment risks associated with marketing their business products. This essay will also demonstrate the potential gains from the strategy of utilizing MIS...

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Survey Mpa

...Case Study #4: Public Budgeting-Death of a Spy Satellite Program Wideline Servius Columbus State University 1) Why does Irene Rubin at the outset argue that "public budgets are not merely technical managerial documents; they are also intrinsically and irreducibly political"? Do you agree or disagree based on your reading of the case "County Prison Overtime" Irene Rubin’ view that public budgets are not merely technical managerial documents and that they are also intrinsically and irreducibly political is because public budgets reflect the choice of government. As a general rule of thumb, government chooses to go along with programs that fit their own political agenda. Programs should reflect a general consensus about what kind or type of services that government should provide to the people. She argued that budgets should reflect priorities. Should government spend money on national defense or on public welfare? or should government spend money on the criminal justice system rather than nuclear power? She also believes that budgets should reflect broader public goals, meaning that legislators ought to listen their constituency and approve more spending to satisfy their needs. She further stated that government should be accountable. People always want to know if government is following their preferences and keep its promises. They also want to know that there isn’t any waste and want to see solid outcome. Irene also thinks that budgets should ensure that taxation is...

Words: 1427 - Pages: 6