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Micro Finance

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Submitted By jyootishbordoloi
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Microfinance in Assam: Hymns, Myths and Realities. Dr. Jyotish Bordoloi, Associate Professor, Haflong Govt. College. Ms. Brahnisikha Bordoloi,Assistant Professor, Lakhimpur Commerce College. Introduction: Microfinance has emerged as an effective method to fulfil the financial needs of small borrowers and poor sections of the society to uplift their economic conditions. In spite of creditable expansion of institutional credit network in our country majority of poor and rural population remained scarce in getting financial assistance from formal credit delivery institutions. Many credit intervention programmes floated by the government are found to be expensive, ineffective and defective. Indian experience revealed that steps taken to address the poor and poverty have not been yielding the desired result and considerable portion of aids and subsidies meant for the poor are channelized to affluent sections. Institutional mechanism involved in financing the poor through different developmental schemes unsuccessful in doing much to improve the situation and in fact many new problems arise in course of doing so. Poor recovery and siphoning of funds meant for poor have affected not only the viability of developmental schemes but also the profitability of the institutions. The shortcomings and failures of financial institutions and poverty alleviation and development programmes to meet the needs of needy small and poor borrowers kindle the micro finance concept. The impact of micro finance programmes on reduction of poverty is considerably encouraging in many countries. Many studies have revealed that micro finance has made positive impact on some socio economic variables like empowerment of women and Schedule Caste and Scheduled Tribes, child education, household nutrition. The microfinance movement has known an important growth during the last couple...

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