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Micro

In: Business and Management

Submitted By fartiah
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* The Micro Dimension
In this section, we will see more clearly the role of the smallest units which is the micro economic dimension. The previous section has described the macro and meso economic dimension. The macro level is the level of the individual in the organization. At the micro-level, also referred to as the local level, the research population typically is an individual in their social setting or a small group of individuals in a particular social context. Examples of micro-level levels of analysis include, but are not limited to, the following. * Alien, stateless person, asylum seeker, refugee * Person, citizen * Partnership, marriage * Families, household * Neighbourhood

* Cases of maids abuse Malaysia is also not free from issues related to abusing the maids by employer. This crime is increasingly rising despite various actions committed by certain parties to overcome this crime. There are so many kinds of abuses made by the employers on their maid. Some of them have been beaten, raped, tortured with scalding water and nearly all have been treated like slaves and not paid for months or years of exhausting work, beaten, raped, tortured with scalding water and nearly all have been treated like slaves and not paid for months or years of exhausting work. Many still bear the scars, scalds and wounds inflicted on them for example like the former case of Nirmala Bonat. This can refer to The Star Online at http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?File=/2008/4/16/nation/20960801&sec=nation According to Dr John Andrew Munro Gall, 53, from Melbourne, said his opinion was based on his experience in dealing with all types of self-infliction cases. In this case, the injuries (sustained by Indonesian maid Nirmala) did not fit lesser expectations of self-infliction but fitted self-infliction (by those with) psychological abnormality and personality disorder. He also added that hat in such cases the nature of self-infliction tended to be more severe and unusual. In addition, there are many others who still decided to remain silent than to report to the authorities because they fear the threat by the employer. The issue is one of the growing concerns in Malaysia. The abuse occurs in different levels which involved the psychological, physical, as well as economic. Foreign domestic maids have been subjected to slapping, beating, and pinching. Besides, they are often overworked maids, where they have to wake up early in the morning as early as five and working till night. In addition, they were given poor quality food in small quantities. Abuse does not just happen on the physical but also involves emotional and psychological. Siti Hajar case has opened the eyes of the rest of the Muslims. This case involves the honor and dignity of Islam seems to be mocked. Indonesian Muslim maid named Siti Hajar who has been fed with pork by her employer. This can refer to The Star Online at http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?Sec=nation&file=/2009/6/10/nation/4087508 Following this case, the negative outlook was given to Malaysian society. Indonesian maid began to doubt their safety when working in Malaysia. When this happens, most likely the number of admissions of foreign maids in Malaysia is very little. This has also triggered a period for quite some time maid. For many parents, this has resulted in higher costs to hire the women who do come, and often a longer wait for their arrival. Many families have also started to explore alternatives to live-in maids, combining various methods of childcare and domestic help. This is an opportunity for irresponsible parties to obtain illegal maid. The effect is increased illegal immigration and human trafficking. * Local media not to publish the news with integrity and true Apart from domestic abuse, unethical actions also occur among local media. This includes the news media, newspapers, and internet. Their role is to provide news that is true and transparent but still some may have been unethical not to report things right. This caused misunderstanding among the local community. The agency also plays an important role in delivering the right information. However, there are also reports stated these foreign maids were not paid their salaries, not given sufficient food and forced to eat newspaper when they tried to complain. This is wrong because agencies only act as agents between employers and workers. Salaries are paid by employers, not the agencies. Moreover, there is also a report of the maids not being provided sufficient food. The truth is, it occurred in the employers’ houses and not at the agency concerned, adding that found ample supply of food stored there for the standard norm of three meals daily. * Unethical behaviours among maids Now we will look into the unethical perspective among foreign maids. Normally, the bad practices are stealing stuff, not keep the children well and then fled when they already do not want to serve. Some severe cases as happened in early 2013, which is the story of a hapless baby left with maid and been tossed like dolls very surprising. This video started getting attention with the spread on the site You Tube. A suspect, who comes from Sukarame,Aceh, Yuliana work just one day as a maid with the victim's family. He faces two charges of allegedly slamming and tossing Mohamed Mohamed Zamri Hareez nine times that can cause death to the victim and at the same place and time, he allegedly abused Mohamed Hareez with purpose and cause injury. This is a very serious case. Who is to blame in this situation? Whether the agent? Is it maid or employer? Many questions have arisen. This case must be eradicated so that the abuse of children is not repeated. This can refer to My.sinchew.com at http://www.mysinchew.com/node/83995 * Runaway maids Another case that related to foreign maids is runaway maids. According to Human Resource Ministry (2010), 92.3% of runaway maids are Indonesian. A total of 18,716 foreign maids ran away from their employers during the whole of 2010. Indonesian maids comprised 76.7 percent of the total 247,069 foreign maid population in Malaysia as at December 2010. Multifaceted factors contribute to the unpleasant issue of runaway domestic workers. From the perspective of the runaway maids, the work environment is completely inadequate and is characterized by overwork, mistreatment by family members, poor living conditions inside the sponsor’s house, very low wages that are not paid on a regular basis or on time, and also sexual harassment which in some cases leads to the housemaids becoming pregnant. In sum, the housemaids say that when their in conclusion, the two should be accountable to each other to prevent this from happening. Overall, I have explained four key points that occur in micro level. Among these are maid abuse (employer), the issue of inaccurate reporting (local media), maid vices (maids) and runaway maid (maids).basic human rights and dignity are denied, they have little choice but to run away. * SUGGESTIONS As shown above, in this section, I would recommend some solutions to the problems that occur in the micro level. As can be seen, ways that we can do to save these maids from abuse and so on. * Campaigning for maids’ right One possible solution is through the campaigning for maids’ right. The rights of maids who want to be fought is maids have expressed are solely for equally wish to be treated as normal human beings. “We are human being so treat us like, treat like normal really. No need to be so special, just normal, we know how is our life”. Hence, through campaigning, we can encourage people nowadays to understand that's and thus dramatically improved the treatment of maids. * Introducing car bumper stickers To meet our goal of stopping domestic worker abuse, we think that it is necessary to first make the public aware of these abuses. In order to create awareness, we will make car bumper stickers and sell them for RM 3 per piece. The proceeds will be donated to an established organization or non unprofitable organization (NGO) in Malaysia which provides a shelter for runaway, abused maids in Malaysia. These bumper stickers will have phrases such as "My maid is happy" or "Honk once if your maid is happy." By reaching out to the public and getting others to buy these bumper stickers, indirectly these rights have spread around the country. I believe to create awareness to public is important as will totally solve the problem but it will be very slow in other words effective but not efficiency. It may took 10-20 years to solve the problem, by that time Indonesia might probably stop sending us workers anymore and cause us economic problem.

* Local media to be more careful in their reports on foreign maids One of the solution that has been implemented by The Malaysian Association of Employment Agencies (Pikap) urged the local media to be more careful in their reports on foreign maids, claiming there were conflicting facts in the recent news. There were concerns that such reports could trigger a misunderstanding between malaysia and the workers’ countries of origin by portraying malaysia as being not safe for foreign workers anymore. * Stop relying on foreign maids To put it differently, maybe we also can stop relying on foreign maids to do our house work. We can no longer rely on foreigners to do our domestic work. We need a broad policy to address this issue through developing an efficient and reliable system of child care and domestic services which will generate employment and business opportunities in related sectors in the country. This is because when the agent ignores the maid background, this will cause worries parents to leave their children looked after by the maid.

* Provide an incentive and extra training for foreign maids

In addition, you can certainly recruit a maid directly without the services of an agency, but it will be your responsibility to ensure you get the necessary approvals from the Immigration Departments in Malaysia and in her home country. Only women from Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, Vietnam and Laos are allowed to work here as maids or domestic helpers. Not only looking their experience but also consider hiring women who have worked before, either in Malaysia or elsewhere (this also means you can get a reference from her previous employer), and women who have children of their own or have looked after children. * Interviewing and inspection the background of maids These days, most employers can interview candidates before they leave their country of origin. The agent should be able to arrange a webcam interview, or at least a phone interview. The employer may also ask the maids or their friend if she has relatives or friends who want to work here. That's how few employers found their maid. They can directly call her in her village and speak to her directly on the phone before hiring her. Once they agreed on the terms, give her contact details to the agent, who then processed all the paperwork. It still took some time, but thought it was better than taking a punt on a complete stranger. If your maid is going to be your baby's main carer, it is important that you help your maid settle in quickly and comfortably. Make her feel welcome and ensure she has all the basic necessities. Be patient. Remember that she has left her family (and in many cases, her own children) to care for yours.
Given these points, I hope maid problem is not longer the main plagues in Malaysia. All parties need to work together and realize this. In the long run, it will clean up the image of Malaysia and indirectly related crime with employers and foreign domestic helpers can be reduced.

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